Monte Carlo

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Monte Carlo

Munte Carlu  (Ligurian)
Monaco Monte Carlo 1.jpg
A view of Monte Carlo
Monte Carlo in Monaco.svg
Monte Carlo in Monaco (ward shown)
France location map-Regions and departements-2016.svg
Red pog.svg
Monte Carlo
Location in relation to France
Coordinates: 43°44′23″N7°25′38″E / 43.73972°N 7.42722°E / 43.73972; 7.42722 Coordinates: 43°44′23″N7°25′38″E / 43.73972°N 7.42722°E / 43.73972; 7.42722
Country Flag of Monaco.svg  Monaco
Government
  TypePrincipality
Area
  Urban
0.30 km2 (.234 sq mi)
Population
   Quarter and ward of Monaco 15,200 (in the quarter)
 3,500 (in the ward)
Postcode
98000

Monte Carlo ( /ˌmɒntiˈkɑːrl/ , Italian:  [ˈmonte ˈkarlo] ; French : Monte-Carlo [mɔ̃te kaʁlo] , or colloquially Monte-Carl [mɔ̃te kaʁl] ; Monégasque : Munte Carlu; lit.'"Mount Charles"') is officially an administrative area of the Principality of Monaco, specifically the ward of Monte Carlo/Spélugues, where the Monte Carlo Casino is located. Informally, the name also refers to a larger district, the Monte Carlo Quarter (corresponding to the former municipality of Monte Carlo), which besides Monte Carlo/Spélugues also includes the wards of La Rousse/Saint Roman, Larvotto/Bas Moulins and Saint Michel. The permanent population of the ward of Monte Carlo is about 3,500, while that of the quarter is about 15,000. Monaco has four traditional quarters. From west to east they are: Fontvieille (the newest), Monaco-Ville (the oldest), La Condamine, and Monte Carlo.

Contents

Monte Carlo is situated on a prominent escarpment at the base of the Maritime Alps along the French Riviera. Near the quarter's western end is the world-famous Place du Casino, the gambling center which has made Monte Carlo "an international byword for the extravagant display and reckless dispersal of wealth". [1] It is also the location of the Hôtel de Paris, Café de Paris and Salle Garnier (the casino theatre which is the home of the Opéra de Monte-Carlo). The quarter's eastern part includes the community of Larvotto with Monaco's only public beach, as well as its new convention center (the Grimaldi Forum), and the Monte-Carlo Bay Hotel & Resort. At the quarter's eastern border, one crosses into the French town of Beausoleil (sometimes referred to as Monte-Carlo-Supérieur), and 8 kilometres (5 mi) to its east is the western border of Italy.

History

Charles III of Monaco was responsible for turning the Monte Carlo district and Monaco into a thriving town. CharlesIIIMonaco.jpg
Charles III of Monaco was responsible for turning the Monte Carlo district and Monaco into a thriving town.

In 1856, Charles III of Monaco granted a concession to Napoleon Langlois and Albert Aubert, to establish a sea-bathing facility for the treatment of various diseases, and to build a German-style casino. [2]

St Charles Church, Monte Carlo Eglise st charles Monaco.jpg
St Charles Church, Monte Carlo

The initial casino opened in La Condamine in 1862, but was unsuccessful. It relocated several times, before reaching its present location in the "Les Spélugues" (The Caves) area of Monte Carlo. Success came slowly, largely because Monaco was inaccessible from much of Europe. The railway, installed in 1868, brought with it an influx of people, and Monte Carlo grew in wealth. [2]

Saint-Charles Church on Monte Carlo's Avenue Sainte-Charles was completed in 1883. It was restored in its centenary year. [3] [4]

The municipality of Monte Carlo was created in 1911, when the Constitution divided the principality of Monaco into three municipalities. Monte Carlo encompassed the existing neighborhoods of La Rousse/Saint Roman, Larvotto/Bas Moulins, and Saint Michel. The municipalities merged in 1917, after accusations that the government used them to "divide and conquer". Since then, they are wards (quartiers). Today, Monaco is divided into 10 wards, with an eleventh planned (but currently postponed) to encompass land reclaimed from the sea (see the "Administrative divisions" section of Monaco for additional details).

The quarter of Monte Carlo was served by tramways from 1900 to 1953. It linked all parts of Monaco (see transportation in Monaco). In 2003 a new cruise ship pier was completed in the harbour at Monte Carlo.

Geography

Monte Carlo has an area of 28.14 hectares (or 0.28 square kilometers) and faces the Mediterranean Sea, bordered on the west by Moneghetti and La Condamine, on the north by Saint Michel and on the east by La Rousse and Larvotto.

Climate

Monte Carlo has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification: Csa), which is influenced by oceanic climate and humid subtropical climate. As a result, it has warm, dry summers and mild, rainy winters. [5]

Climate data for Monte Carlo, Monaco
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)12.5
(54.5)
13.1
(55.6)
14.5
(58.1)
16.7
(62.1)
19.8
(67.6)
23.3
(73.9)
26.4
(79.5)
26.6
(79.9)
24.2
(75.6)
20.8
(69.4)
16.2
(61.2)
13.5
(56.3)
19.0
(66.2)
Daily mean °C (°F)8.7
(47.7)
9.4
(48.9)
10.9
(51.6)
13.2
(55.8)
16.4
(61.5)
19.9
(67.8)
22.9
(73.2)
23.0
(73.4)
20.5
(68.9)
17.0
(62.6)
12.4
(54.3)
9.6
(49.3)
15.3
(59.5)
Average low °C (°F)4.9
(40.8)
5.6
(42.1)
7.2
(45.0)
9.7
(49.5)
13.0
(55.4)
16.4
(61.5)
19.3
(66.7)
19.3
(66.7)
16.9
(62.4)
13.2
(55.8)
8.6
(47.5)
5.7
(42.3)
11.7
(53.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches)82.7
(3.26)
76.4
(3.01)
70.5
(2.78)
62.2
(2.45)
48.6
(1.91)
36.9
(1.45)
15.6
(0.61)
31.3
(1.23)
54.4
(2.14)
108.2
(4.26)
104.2
(4.10)
77.5
(3.05)
768.5
(30.26)
Average precipitation days6.86.46.16.35.24.11.93.14.05.87.06.062.7
Mean monthly sunshine hours 148.8152.6201.5228.0269.7297.0341.0306.9240.0204.6156.0142.62,668.7
Percent possible sunshine 53555458586673716760525160
Source 1: Hong Kong Observatory [6]
Source 2: Weather Atlas (possible sunshine) [7]
Climate data for Monaco
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)12.3
(54.1)
12.5
(54.5)
14.0
(57.2)
16.1
(61.0)
19.4
(66.9)
23.0
(73.4)
25.8
(78.4)
25.9
(78.6)
23.8
(74.8)
19.9
(67.8)
16.1
(61.0)
13.4
(56.1)
18.5
(65.3)
Average low °C (°F)8.1
(46.6)
8.2
(46.8)
9.6
(49.3)
11.6
(52.9)
14.8
(58.6)
18.5
(65.3)
21.2
(70.2)
21.5
(70.7)
19.3
(66.7)
15.6
(60.1)
11.9
(53.4)
9.3
(48.7)
14.1
(57.4)
Average precipitation days5.95.26.76.05.62.81.32.54.57.57.76.862.5
Source: Monaco website [8]
Climate data for Monte Carlo
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average sea temperature °C (°F)13.4
(56.2)
13.0
(55.5)
13.4
(56.1)
14.6
(58.4)
18.0
(64.3)
21.8
(71.3)
23.1
(73.6)
23.6
(74.4)
22.2
(71.9)
19.6
(67.2)
17.4
(63.3)
14.9
(58.9)
17.9
(64.3)
Mean daily daylight hours9.010.012.013.015.015.015.014.012.011.010.09.012.1
Average Ultraviolet index 1245788753214.4
Source: Weather Atlas [7]

Sport

Monte Carlo Casino Le casino de Monte-Carlo.JPG
Monte Carlo Casino

Monte Carlo is host to most of the Circuit de Monaco, on which the Formula One Monaco Grand Prix takes place. It also hosts world championship boxing bouts, the European Poker Tour Grand Final and the World Backgammon Championship as well as the Monaco International Auto Show (Fr: Salon International de l'Automobile de Monaco [9] ), fashion shows and other events. Although the Monte Carlo Masters tennis tournament is billed as taking place in the community, its actual location is in the adjacent French commune of Roquebrune-Cap-Martin. The Monte Carlo Rally is one of the longest running and most respected car rallies; from 1973 to 2008 and again from 2012, it marks the start of World Rally Championship season, having also served as the curtain-raiser for the Intercontinental Rally Challenge between 2009 and 2011. The rally, however, takes place outside the Monte Carlo quarter and is run mostly on French roads.

Tourism

Monte Carlo has been visited by royalty as well as the public and movie stars for decades. Monte Carlo is one of Europe's leading tourist resorts, although many of the key tourist destinations are in other parts of Monaco, including such attractions as Monaco Cathedral, the Napoleon Museum, the Oceanographic Museum and aquarium, and the Prince's Palace, all of which are in Monaco-Ville.

Salle Garnier

Entrance to the Salle Garnier, home of the Opera de Monte-Carlo Casino de Montecarlo, Monaco, 2016-06-23, DD 04.jpg
Entrance to the Salle Garnier, home of the Opéra de Monte-Carlo

The Opéra de Monte-Carlo or Salle Garnier was built to designs of the architect Charles Garnier, who also designed the Paris opera house now known as the Palais Garnier. Although much smaller, the Salle Garnier is very similar in style with decorations in red and gold, and frescoes and sculptures all around the auditorium. It was inaugurated on 25 January 1879 with a performance by Sarah Bernhardt dressed as a nymph. The first opera performed there was Robert Planquette's Le Chevalier Gaston on 8 February 1879, and that was followed by three more in the first season.

Other famous twentieth-century singers to appear at Monte Carlo included Titta Ruffo, Geraldine Farrar, Mary Garden, Tito Schipa, Beniamino Gigli, Claudia Muzio, Georges Thill, and Lily Pons.

Hôtel de Paris

Hotel de Paris Monte-Carlo 2016 Hotel de Paris - Monaco 02.jpg
Hôtel de Paris Monte-Carlo

The Hôtel de Paris, established in 1864 by Charles III of Monaco, is located on the west side of the Place du Casino in the heart of Monte Carlo. It belongs to the Société des bains de mer de Monaco (SBM), and is part of the elite Palace Grand Hotels in Monaco with the Hotel Hermitage, the Monte-Carlo Beach Hotel on Monte-Carlo Bay Hotel & Resort, the Metropole Hotel and Fairmont hotel.

The hotel has 106 rooms divided into four groups based on type of view, decoration and luxury. [10] The Exclusive City View offers 20 rooms, the Superior Courtyard has 29 large rooms, the Exclusive Sea View 59 and the Exclusive Casino has six.

Additionally, there are 74 suites and junior suites which are grouped similarly, offering more luxury than the rooms. There are single and double suites as well as courtyard junior suites and Sea/Casino Junior suites. [10] There is also one Presidential suite. [11]

In October 2014, a renovation project began, to create a garden courtyard, add a new spa, fitness and pool area, exceptional suites, and a “rooftop villa” with a private garden and pool. [12]

Cultural depictions

Monte Carlo has been the setting of many films, books, television shows, and video games.

Films

Literature

Music

Television

Video games


Panorama of La Condamine and Monte Carlo from the lookout near the Prince's Palace of Monaco in Monaco-Ville. Monaco pano.jpg
Panorama of La Condamine and Monte Carlo from the lookout near the Prince's Palace of Monaco in Monaco-Ville.
Monaco city panorama from train station, May 2015 Monaco city panorama May 2015.jpg
Monaco city panorama from train station, May 2015

Twin cities

Monte Carlo's twin cities are:

Notable residents

See also

Related Research Articles

Monaco Principality forming an enclave within France

Monaco, officially the Principality of Monaco, is a sovereign city-state and microstate on the French Riviera close to the Italian region of Liguria, in Western Europe. Bordered by France to the north, east and west, it is lapped by the Mediterranean Sea to the south. The principality is home to 38,682 residents, of whom 9,486 are Monégasque nationals; it is widely recognised for being one of the most expensive and wealthiest places in the world. The official language is French, although Monégasque, Italian and English are spoken and understood by a sizeable group.

Politics of Monaco

The politics of Monaco take place within the framework of a constitutional monarchy, with the Prince of Monaco as head of state, with some powers devolved to several advisory and legislative bodies.

Transport in Monaco

Transport in Monaco is facilitated with road, air, rail, and water networks. Rail transport is operated by SNCF and its total length is 1.7 km. Monaco has five bus routes operated by Compagnie des Autobus de Monaco. There are also two other bus routes which connect Monaco with neighboring regions such as Nice and Menton.

Opéra de Monte-Carlo

The Opéra de Monte-Carlo is an opera house which is part of the Monte Carlo Casino located in the Principality of Monaco.

La Condamine Ward of Monaco

La Condamine is the central Ward in the Principality of Monaco. Its landmarks include Port Hercules, the Rainier III Nautical Stadium, and the Princess Antoinette Park. Its farmer's market at the Place d'Armes dates from 1880 and is a great source of local pride for its "authentic Monegasque" essence.

Charles Garnier (architect) French architect

Jean-Louis Charles Garnier was a French architect, perhaps best known as the architect of the Palais Garnier and the Opéra de Monte-Carlo.

La Rousse Ward of Monaco

La Rousse is the northernmost Ward in the Principality of Monaco. La Rousse was incorporated in Monte Carlo. Since 2018 it is home to a police station near the border with France.

Larvotto Ward of Monaco

Larvotto is the easternmost ward in the Principality of Monaco. It is part of the quarter of Monte Carlo. It has an estimated surface area of 21 hectares and access to the Mediterranean Sea. In 2008, it had a population of 5,443, making it the most populated ward in Monaco.

Saint Michel, Monaco Ward of Monaco

Saint Michel is a northern central residential area; part of the traditional Quartier of Monte Carlo in the Principality of Monaco. It is also one of the ten modern administrative Wards of Monaco.

Monte Carlo Casino

The Monte Carlo Casino, officially named Casino de Monte-Carlo, is a gambling and entertainment complex located in Monaco. It includes a casino, the Opéra de Monte-Carlo, and the office of Les Ballets de Monte-Carlo.

Outline of Monaco Overview of and topical guide to Monaco

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Monaco:

The Société des Bains de Mer, officially the Société Anonyme des Bains de Mer et du Cercle des Etrangers à Monaco, is a publicly traded company registered in the Principality of Monaco. SBM manages and owns the Monte Carlo Casino, the Opéra de Monte-Carlo, and the Hôtel de Paris in Monte Carlo.

Hôtel de Paris Monte-Carlo

The Hôtel de Paris Monte-Carlo is a hotel located in Monaco, It was opened in 1863 as part of the development of Monaco by the Société des Bains de Mer (SBM) under the auspices of Charles III of Monaco.

Hôtel Hermitage Monte-Carlo

The Hôtel Hermitage Monte-Carlo is a palace style Belle Époque in the heart of Monaco on the French Riviera. It belongs to the Société des bains de mer de Monaco. It was built in 1890 and 1896 the architect Nicolas Marquet with the participation of Gustave Eiffel.

Monte-Carlo Bay Hotel & Resort

The Monte-Carlo Bay Hotel & Resort is a resort located in the neighborhood of Larvotto, Monaco. The hotel is part of the Société des bains de mer de Monaco.

Avenue Princesse Grace

The Avenue Princesse Grace is an avenue in the Larvotto ward of Monaco. It is named after Grace Kelly, Princess consort of Monaco. It is the most expensive street in the world according to Engel & Völkers. In other words, property along this street is on average worth $17,750 per square foot and each square metre £73,000.

Architecture of Monaco

Monaco is known for its wide range of architecture for a small country. The geography of Monaco, which consists of sharp hills and narrow coastline, influences the Monacan architecture. The narrow roads have led to architectural construction being built into the hills in limited amounts of space. This limited space has, more recently, the issue of construction in Monaco has created social disruption.

Marie Charlotte Blanc German businesswoman

Marie Charlotte Blanc was a German socialite and businesswoman. She was a prominent member of high society in Monaco and France. After the death of her husband, François Blanc, she operated the Monte Carlo Casino.

Café de Paris (Monaco) Coffehouse and restaurant

The Café de Paris is a coffeehouse and restaurant in the Belle Époque style of the 1900s, located in Monte Carlo and next to the Casino de Monte-Carlo, on the Place du Casino, facing the Hôtel de Paris. It is owned and managed by the Société des bains de mer de Monaco.

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