Monte Carlo

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Monte Carlo
Monte-Carlo  (French)
Munte Carlu  (Ligurian)
Monaco Monte Carlo 1.jpg
A view of Monte Carlo
Monte Carlo in Monaco.svg
Monte Carlo in Monaco (ward shown)
Europe blank laea location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Monte Carlo
Location in relation to Europe
Coordinates: 43°44′23″N7°25′38″E / 43.73972°N 7.42722°E / 43.73972; 7.42722 Coordinates: 43°44′23″N7°25′38″E / 43.73972°N 7.42722°E / 43.73972; 7.42722
CountryFlag of Monaco.svg  Monaco
Established1 June 1866
Government
  TypePrincipality
  Prince of MonacoAlbert II
Area
  Urban
0.30 km2 (.234 sq mi)
Population
   Quarter and ward of Monaco 15,200 (in the quarter)
 3,500 (in the ward)
Postcode
98000

Monte Carlo ( /ˌmɒntiˈkɑːrl/ ; Italian:  [ˈmonte ˈkarlo] ; French : Monte-Carlo [mɔ̃te kaʁlo] , or colloquially Monte-Carl [mɔ̃te kaʁl] ; Ligurian : Munte Carlu [ˈmuŋte ˈkaɾlu] ; lit.'"Mount Charles"') is officially an administrative area of the Principality of Monaco, specifically the ward of Monte Carlo/Spélugues, where the Monte Carlo Casino is located. Informally, the name also refers to a larger district, the Monte Carlo Quarter (corresponding to the former municipality of Monte Carlo), which besides Monte Carlo/Spélugues also includes the wards of La Rousse/Saint Roman, Larvotto/Bas Moulins and Saint Michel. The permanent population of the ward of Monte Carlo is about 3,500, while that of the quarter is about 15,000. Monaco has four traditional quarters. From west to east they are: Fontvieille (the newest), Monaco-Ville (the oldest), La Condamine, and Monte Carlo.

Contents

Monte Carlo is situated on a prominent escarpment at the base of the Maritime Alps along the French Riviera. Near the quarter's western end is the "world-famous Place du Casino, the gambling center ... that has made Monte Carlo an international byword for the extravagant display and reckless dispersal of wealth". [1] It is also the location of the Hôtel de Paris, Café de Paris and Salle Garnier (the casino theatre which is the home of the Opéra de Monte-Carlo). The quarter's eastern part includes the community of Larvotto with Monaco's only public beach, as well as its new convention center (the Grimaldi Forum), and the Monte-Carlo Bay Hotel & Resort. At the quarter's eastern border, one crosses into the French town of Beausoleil (sometimes referred to as Monte-Carlo-Supérieur), and 8 kilometres (5 mi) to its east is the western border of Italy.

History

Charles III of Monaco was responsible for turning the Monte Carlo district and Monaco into a thriving town. CharlesIIIMonaco.jpg
Charles III of Monaco was responsible for turning the Monte Carlo district and Monaco into a thriving town.

In 1856, Charles III of Monaco granted a concession to Napoleon Langlois and Albert Aubert, to establish a sea-bathing facility for the treatment of various diseases, and to build a German-style casino. [2]

St Charles Church, Monte Carlo Eglise st charles Monaco.jpg
St Charles Church, Monte Carlo

The initial casino opened in La Condamine in 1862, but was unsuccessful. It relocated several times, before reaching its present location in the "Les Spélugues" (The Caves) area of Monte Carlo. Success came slowly, largely because Monaco was inaccessible from much of Europe. The railway, installed in 1868, brought with it an influx of people, and Monte Carlo grew in wealth. [2]

Saint-Charles Church on Monte Carlo's Avenue Sainte-Charles was completed in 1883. It was restored in its centenary year. [3] [4]

The municipality of Monte Carlo was created in 1911, when the Constitution divided the principality of Monaco into three municipalities. Monte Carlo encompassed the existing neighborhoods of La Rousse/Saint Roman, Larvotto/Bas Moulins, and Saint Michel. The municipalities merged in 1917, after accusations that the government used them to "divide and conquer". Since then, they are wards (quartiers). Today, Monaco is divided into 10 wards, with an eleventh planned (but currently postponed) to encompass land reclaimed from the sea (see the "Administrative divisions" section of Monaco for additional details).

The quarter of Monte Carlo was served by tramways from 1898 to 1931. It linked all parts of Monaco (see transportation in Monaco). In 2003 a new cruise ship pier was completed in the harbour at Monte Carlo.

Geography

Monte Carlo has an area of 28.14 hectares (or 0.28 square kilometers) and faces the Mediterranean Sea, bordered on the west by Moneghetti and La Condamine, on the north by Saint Michel and on the east by La Rousse and Larvotto.

Climate

Monte Carlo has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification: Csa), which is influenced by oceanic climate and humid subtropical climate. As a result, it has warm, dry summers and mild, rainy winters. [5]

Climate data for Monte Carlo, Monaco
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)12.5
(54.5)
13.1
(55.6)
14.5
(58.1)
16.7
(62.1)
19.8
(67.6)
23.3
(73.9)
26.4
(79.5)
26.6
(79.9)
24.2
(75.6)
20.8
(69.4)
16.2
(61.2)
13.5
(56.3)
19.0
(66.2)
Daily mean °C (°F)8.7
(47.7)
9.4
(48.9)
10.9
(51.6)
13.2
(55.8)
16.4
(61.5)
19.9
(67.8)
22.9
(73.2)
23.0
(73.4)
20.5
(68.9)
17.0
(62.6)
12.4
(54.3)
9.6
(49.3)
15.3
(59.5)
Average low °C (°F)4.9
(40.8)
5.6
(42.1)
7.2
(45.0)
9.7
(49.5)
13.0
(55.4)
16.4
(61.5)
19.3
(66.7)
19.3
(66.7)
16.9
(62.4)
13.2
(55.8)
8.6
(47.5)
5.7
(42.3)
11.7
(53.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches)82.7
(3.26)
76.4
(3.01)
70.5
(2.78)
62.2
(2.45)
48.6
(1.91)
36.9
(1.45)
15.6
(0.61)
31.3
(1.23)
54.4
(2.14)
108.2
(4.26)
104.2
(4.10)
77.5
(3.05)
768.5
(30.26)
Average precipitation days6.86.46.16.35.24.11.93.14.05.87.06.062.7
Mean monthly sunshine hours 148.8152.6201.5228.0269.7297.0341.0306.9240.0204.6156.0142.62,668.7
Percent possible sunshine 53555458586673716760525160
Source 1: Hong Kong Observatory [6]
Source 2: Weather Atlas (possible sunshine) [7]
Climate data for Monaco
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)12.3
(54.1)
12.5
(54.5)
14.0
(57.2)
16.1
(61.0)
19.4
(66.9)
23.0
(73.4)
25.8
(78.4)
25.9
(78.6)
23.8
(74.8)
19.9
(67.8)
16.1
(61.0)
13.4
(56.1)
18.5
(65.3)
Average low °C (°F)8.1
(46.6)
8.2
(46.8)
9.6
(49.3)
11.6
(52.9)
14.8
(58.6)
18.5
(65.3)
21.2
(70.2)
21.5
(70.7)
19.3
(66.7)
15.6
(60.1)
11.9
(53.4)
9.3
(48.7)
14.1
(57.4)
Average precipitation days5.95.26.76.05.62.81.32.54.57.57.76.862.5
Source: Monaco website [8]
Climate data for Monte Carlo
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average sea temperature °C (°F)13.4
(56.2)
13.0
(55.5)
13.4
(56.1)
14.6
(58.4)
18.0
(64.3)
21.8
(71.3)
23.1
(73.6)
23.6
(74.4)
22.2
(71.9)
19.6
(67.2)
17.4
(63.3)
14.9
(58.9)
17.9
(64.3)
Mean daily daylight hours9.010.012.013.015.015.015.014.012.011.010.09.012.1
Average Ultraviolet index 1245788753214.4
Source: Weather Atlas [7]

Sport

Monte Carlo Casino Le casino de Monte-Carlo.JPG
Monte Carlo Casino

Monte Carlo is host to most of the Circuit de Monaco, on which the Formula One Monaco Grand Prix takes place. It also hosts world championship boxing bouts, the European Poker Tour Grand Final and the World Backgammon Championship as well as the Monaco International Auto Show (Fr: Salon International de l'Automobile de Monaco [9] ), fashion shows and other events. Although the Monte Carlo Masters tennis tournament is billed as taking place in the community, its actual location is in the adjacent French commune of Roquebrune-Cap-Martin. The Monte Carlo Rally is one of the longest running and most respected car rallies; from 1973 to 2008 and again from 2012, it marks the start of World Rally Championship season, having also served as the curtain-raiser for the Intercontinental Rally Challenge between 2009 and 2011. The rally, however, takes place outside the Monte Carlo quarter and is run mostly on French roads.

Tourism

Monte Carlo has been visited by royalty as well as the public and movie stars for decades. Monte Carlo is one of Europe's leading tourist resorts, although many of the key tourist destinations are in other parts of Monaco, including such attractions as Monaco Cathedral, the Napoleon Museum, the Oceanographic Museum and aquarium, and the Prince's Palace, all of which are in Monaco-Ville.

Salle Garnier

Entrance to the Salle Garnier, home of the Opera de Monte-Carlo Casino de Montecarlo, Monaco, 2016-06-23, DD 04.jpg
Entrance to the Salle Garnier, home of the Opéra de Monte-Carlo

The Opéra de Monte-Carlo or Salle Garnier was built to designs of the architect Charles Garnier, who also designed the Paris opera house now known as the Palais Garnier. Although much smaller, the Salle Garnier is very similar in style with decorations in red and gold, and frescoes and sculptures all around the auditorium. It was inaugurated on 25 January 1879 with a performance by Sarah Bernhardt dressed as a nymph. The first opera performed there was Robert Planquette's Le Chevalier Gaston on 8 February 1879, and that was followed by three more in the first season.

Other famous twentieth-century singers to appear at Monte Carlo included Titta Ruffo, Geraldine Farrar, Mary Garden, Tito Schipa, Beniamino Gigli, Claudia Muzio, Georges Thill, and Lily Pons.

Hôtel de Paris

Hotel de Paris Monte-Carlo 2016 Hotel de Paris - Monaco 02.jpg
Hôtel de Paris Monte-Carlo

The Hôtel de Paris, established in 1864 by Charles III of Monaco, is located on the west side of the Place du Casino in the heart of Monte Carlo. It belongs to the Société des bains de mer de Monaco (SBM), and is part of the elite Palace Grand Hotels in Monaco with the Hotel Hermitage, the Monte-Carlo Beach Hotel, Monte-Carlo Bay Hotel & Resort, the Hotel Metropole and Fairmont hotel.

The hotel has 106 rooms divided into four groups based on type of view, decoration and luxury. [10] The Exclusive City View offers 20 rooms, the Superior Courtyard has 29 large rooms, the Exclusive Sea View 59 and the Exclusive Casino has six.

Additionally, there are 74 suites and junior suites which are grouped similarly, offering more luxury than the rooms. There are single and double suites as well as courtyard junior suites and Sea/Casino Junior suites. [10] There is also one Presidential suite. [11]

In October 2014, a renovation project began, to create a garden courtyard, add a new spa, fitness and pool area, exceptional suites, and a “rooftop villa” with a private garden and pool. [12]

Cultural depictions

Monte Carlo has been the setting of many films, books, television shows, and video games.

Films

Literature

Music

Television

Video games

Panorama of La Condamine and Monte Carlo from the lookout near the Prince's Palace of Monaco in Monaco-Ville. Monaco pano.jpg
Panorama of La Condamine and Monte Carlo from the lookout near the Prince's Palace of Monaco in Monaco-Ville.
Monte Carlo city panorama from train station, May 2015 Monaco city panorama May 2015.jpg
Monte Carlo city panorama from train station, May 2015

Twin cities

Monaco's twin cities are:

Notable residents

See also

Related Research Articles

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Opéra de Monte-Carlo

The Opéra de Monte-Carlo is an opera house which is part of the Monte Carlo Casino located in the Principality of Monaco.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">La Condamine</span> Ward of Monaco

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Charles Garnier (architect)</span> French architect

Jean-Louis Charles Garnier was a French architect, perhaps best known as the architect of the Palais Garnier and the Opéra de Monte-Carlo.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Charles III, Prince of Monaco</span> Prince of Monaco

Charles III was Prince of Monaco and Duke of Valentinois from 20 June 1856 to his death. He was the founder of the famous casino in Monte Carlo, as his title in Monegasque and Italian was Carlo III. He was born in Paris, the only son of Florestan, Prince of Monaco, and Maria Caroline Gibert de Lametz.

La Rousse Ward of Monaco

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Larvotto Ward of Monaco

Larvotto is the easternmost ward in the Principality of Monaco. It is part of the quarter of Monte Carlo. It has an estimated surface area of 21 hectares and access to the Mediterranean Sea. In 2008, it had a population of 5,443, making it the most populated ward in Monaco.

Monte Carlo Casino Casino in Monaco

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The Hôtel de Paris Monte-Carlo is a hotel located in Monaco. It was opened in 1864 as part of the development of Monaco by the Société des bains de mer de Monaco. It has undergone a $280 million and more than four years complete renovation and reopened in March 2019.

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Marie Charlotte Blanc</span> German businesswoman

Marie Charlotte Blanc was a German socialite and businesswoman. She was a prominent member of high society in Monaco and France. After the death of her husband, François Blanc, she operated the Monte Carlo Casino.

Café de Paris (Monaco) Coffehouse and restaurant

The Café de Paris is a coffeehouse and restaurant in the Belle Époque style of the 1900s, located in Monte Carlo and next to the Casino de Monte-Carlo, on the Place du Casino, facing the Hôtel de Paris. It is owned and managed by the Société des bains de mer de Monaco.

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