Monte Sant'Angelo

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Monte Sant'Angelo
Comune di Monte Sant'Angelo
Sanctuaire San Michele de Monte Sant'Angelo.JPG
Shrine of St Michael
Monte Sant'Angelo-Stemma.png
Coat of arms
Location of Monte Sant'Angelo
Italy provincial location map 2016.svg
Red pog.svg
Monte Sant'Angelo
Location of Monte Sant'Angelo in Italy
Italy Apulia location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Monte Sant'Angelo
Monte Sant'Angelo (Apulia)
Coordinates: 41°42′N15°58′E / 41.700°N 15.967°E / 41.700; 15.967 Coordinates: 41°42′N15°58′E / 41.700°N 15.967°E / 41.700; 15.967
Country Italy
Region Apulia
Province Foggia (FG)
Frazioni Marina di Monte Sant’Angelo (Macchia), Ruggiano
Government
  MayorPierpaolo d'Arienzo
Area
[1]
  Total242 km2 (93 sq mi)
Elevation
796 m (2,612 ft)
Population
 (28 February 2017) [2]
  Total12,303
  Density51/km2 (130/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Montanari
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
71037
Dialing code 0884
Patron saint St. Michael
Saint daySeptember 29
Website Official website
Official nameThe Sanctuary of San Michele
Part of Longobards in Italy: Places of the Power (568–774 A.D.)
Criteria Cultural: (ii)(iii)(vi)
Reference 1318-007
Inscription2011 (35th session)
Area0.31 ha (0.77 acres)
Buffer zone306.22 ha (756.7 acres)

Monte Sant'Angelo (Foggiano: Mónde) is a town and comune of Apulia, southern Italy, in the province of Foggia, on the southern slopes of Monte Gargano.

Contents

History

Monte Sant'Angelo as a town appeared only in the 11th century. Between 1081 and 1103, Monte Sant'Angelo was the capital of a large Norman dominion under the control of Count Henry, who was a vassal of the Byzantine Empire. The grotto which houses the Sanctuary of Saint Michael the Archangel where according to legend, St. Michael appeared in 490, 492 and 493, has been the site of many famous pilgrimages, which started from Mont Saint-Michel. Pope John Paul II visited the sanctuary in 1987.

In the 17th century the city became part of the Kingdom of Naples, to which it belonged until the unification of Italy in 1861.

Archaeology

In 2019 archaeologists of the Ludwig Maximilian University announced that they have uncovered traces of a Hellenistic temple dated to the 2nd B.C. and multiple cisterns. [3]

Main sights

The most important attraction of Monte Sant'Angelo is the Sanctuary of Monte Sant'Angelo, built in the 13th century by Charles I of Anjou. On June 25, 2011 the World Heritage Committee added the Sanctuary of San Michele Arcangelo in Monte Sant'Angelo to the UNESCO World Heritage List. The Sanctuary is one of the seven groups of historic buildings included in the World Heritage Site "Longobards in Italy. Places of the power (568-774 A.D.)".

Other sights of Monte Sant'Angelo include:

Economy

Monte Sant'Angelo's economy is still largely based on agriculture and breeding. A certain tourist importance is related to the presence of the Sanctuary of Saint Michael the Archangel.

Employment

The majority of the working population own farmland, raise cattle, run bakeries, restaurants, or stores. Often stores and businesses are family owned.

The population of Monte Sant'Angelo remains relatively small due to lack of employment in town. Often, young men leave to find work elsewhere. Due to this the majority of the population is retired and elderly.

Transportation

Monte Sant'Angelo can be reached by road through the Foggia-Monte Sant'Angelo SP.55 provincial road. The SP.89 provincial road passes through the frazione of Macchia.

International relations

Monte Sant'Angelo is twinned with:

See also

Related Research Articles

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References

  1. "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. All demographics and other statistics from the Italian statistical institute (Istat)
  3. Traces of 2,200-Year-Old Temple Found in Italy
  4. Monte Santangelo – Il castello