|Elevation||3,841 m (12,602 ft)|
|Prominence||2,062 m (6,765 ft)|
Ranked 10th in the Alps
|Isolation||60.4 km (37.5 mi)|
|Listing|| Ultra |
Alpine mountains above 3000 m
|Coordinates||44°40′03″N07°05′30″E / 44.66750°N 7.09167°E Coordinates: 44°40′03″N07°05′30″E / 44.66750°N 7.09167°E|
|Parent range||Cottian Alps|
|First ascent||August 30, 1861 by William Mathews and Frederic Jacomb with guide Michel Croz|
|Easiest route||South Face scramble|
 Monte Viso or Monviso (Italian pronunciation: [moɱˈviːzo] ; Occitan : Vísol; Piedmontese: Brich Monviso or Viso) is the highest mountain of the Cottian Alps. It is located in Italy close to the French border. Monte Viso is well known for its pyramid-like shape and, because it is higher than all its neighbouring peaks by about 500 m, it can be seen from a great distance, including from the Piedmontese plateau, the Langhe, the Theodulpass in the Zermatt ski area, the col du Galibier and the summits of the Mont Blanc massif. On a very clear day it can be seen from the spires of Milan Cathedral.[ citation needed ]
It has been suggested that Monte Viso could be one of the mountains which inspired the Paramount logo.[ citation needed ] In Italy it is also known as Il Re di Pietra ("The Stone King") because of its prominence within the western Italian Alps. It was declared a cross-border UNESCO biosphere reserve in 2013.
It is also a mountain of the birth of the longest river of Italy, River Po.
On the northern slopes of Monte Viso are the headwaters of the Po, the longest Italian river, the so-called Pian del Re (2,020 m). The Monviso group is surrounded by the Valle Po, Valle Varaita and, on the French side, the Guil valley. The northern sector of the group, from the Punta Gastaldi to the Col de la Traversette, is located on the French border.
According to the SOIUSA (International Standardized Mountain Subdivision of the Alps) the mountain can be classified in the following way: 
Monte Viso is the location of a neolithic jadeite quarry, at an elevation of 2000 to 2400 metres. Its productivity peaked around 5000 BC. The jadeite was used to make cult axes, which are found all over western Europe. One such ceremonial axe head was found as far away as a small hill called Tristia in Western Ireland and is on display in the National Museum of Ireland – Archaeology, Dublin.
In ancient times the mountain was known as Vesulus. 
Monte Viso was climbed for the first time on August 30, 1861 by William Mathews, Frederick Jacomb, Jean-Baptiste Croz and Michel Croz. The first woman to summit the mountain was Alessandra Boarelli (1838–1908) on 16 August 1864.
Monte Viso is mentioned by various authors, Italian and non-, including Dante, Petrarch, and Chaucer. Dante mentions the mountain in a long simile in Canto XVI of the Inferno as the source of the Montone River:
Come quel fiume c'ha proprio cammino
prima dal Monte Viso 'nver' levante,
da la sinistra costa d'Apennino
Chaucer cites the mountain in the prologue to the Clerk's Tale in his Canterbury Tales, in a passage adapted from Petrarch's Latin version of his "Tale of Griselda":
A prohemie, in which discryveth he,
Pemond, and of Saluces the contree,
And speketh of Appenyn, the hilles hye,
That been the boundes of West Lumbardye,
And of Mount Vesulus in special,
Wher as the Poo out of a welle smal,
Taketh his first spryngyng and his cours
That eastward ay encresseth in his cours
To Emele-ward, to Ferare and Venyse;
The which a long thyng were to devyse.
(Geoffrey Chaucer, "The Clerk's Tale," from The Canterbury Tales)
The Valle Po is a valley of the Cottian Alps in the province of Cuneo, Piedmont, northern Italy.
The Pellice is a 53-kilometre (33 mi) Italian torrent, which runs through the Metropolitan City of Turin. The stream is a tributary of the Po River, into which it flows near Villafranca Piemonte.
Monte Granero is a peak in the Cottian Alps, in western Piedmont, northern Italy. It has an elevation of 3,170 m. It is located between the Val Pellice and the Valle Po, not far from the boundary with France.
Monte Meidassa is a peak in the Cottian Alps, in western Piedmont, northern Italy. The slightly higher Monte Granero is located nearby.
SOIUSA is a proposal for a new classification system of the Alps from the geographic and toponomastic point of view. It was designed by Sergio Marazzi, Italian researcher and author of the Orographic Atlas of the Alps SOIUSA. His book was presented with the patronage of the Italian Alpine Club on 23 Jan 2006, but has yet to receive any formal acceptance.
Mottarone is a mountain in the Western Alps of Piedmont, north-western Italy, with an elevation of 1,492 m. It is located between the province of Verbano-Cusio-Ossola and that of Novara.
Pointe de Paumont or Cima del Vallone is a mountain of Savoie, France and of the Province of Turin, Italy. It lies in the Cottian Alps range. It has an elevation of 3,171 metres above sea level.
The Punta Ramiere or Bric Froid is a mountain in the Cottian Alps belonging to the department of Hautes-Alpes (FR) and the province of Turin (IT). It's the highest peak of the long stretch of the Po/Rhone water divide starting from the Aiguille de Scolette (north) and ending with the Monviso group (south).
Varaita Valley is a valley in south-west of Piedmont, in the Province of Cuneo - Italy.
Monte Cresto (2,548 m) is the third highest peak of the Province of Biella after Monte Mars (2,600 m) and Monte Bo (2,556 m).
Bric Ghinivert or Eiminàl is a mountain of the Cottian Alps located in Italy.
Monte Politri or Bric Rosso is a 3,026 m a.s.l. mountain of the Cottian Alps, located in Italy.
Monte Albergian is a 3,041 m a.s.l. mountain of the Cottian Alps, located in Italy. A battalion of 3rd Alpini Regiment, which during World War I earned a Silver Medal of Military Valor, was named after Monte Albergian.
Punta Tempesta is a 2,679 m a.s.l. mountain of the Cottian Alps, located in Italy.
Corno Bussola is a 3,023 metres high peak on the Italian side of the Pennine Alps.
The Viso Mozzo is a 3,019 metres high mountain on the Italian side of the Cottian Alps.
The Cima Mongioia or simply Mongioia or Bric de Rubren is a 3,340 metres high mountain of the Cottian Alps.
The Punta Cornour is a 2,868 metres high mountain on the Italian side of the Cottian Alps.
Alessandra Boarelli was an Italian mountaineer and, in 1864, became the first woman to summit Monviso in the Alps.
The Monte Birrone is a 2,131-metre (6,991 ft) high mountain in the Cottian Alps, belonging to the Italian province of Cuneo.