Montefiascone

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Montefiascone
Comune di Montefiascone
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Coat of arms
Location of Montefiascone
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Montefiascone
Location of Montefiascone in Italy
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Montefiascone
Montefiascone (Lazio)
Coordinates: 42°32′25″N12°02′13″E / 42.54028°N 12.03694°E / 42.54028; 12.03694
Country Italy
Region Lazio
Province Viterbo (VT)
Frazioni Le Coste, Le Grazie, Le Mosse, Zepponami
Government
  MayorMassimo Paolini
Area
[1]
  Total104.93 km2 (40.51 sq mi)
Elevation
590 m (1,940 ft)
Population
 (30 November 2017) [2]
  Total13,520
  Density130/km2 (330/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Montefiasconesi or Falisci
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
01027
Dialing code 0761
Patron saint St. Margaret of Antioch
Saint dayJuly 20
Website Official website
Grave of Bishop Fugger featured in Est! Est! Est! legend. Est est est Fugger.jpg
Grave of Bishop Fugger featured in Est! Est! Est! legend.

Montefiascone is a town and comune of the province of Viterbo, in Lazio, central Italy. It stands on a hill on the southeast side of Lake Bolsena, about 100 km (60 mi) north of Rome.

Contents

History

The name of the city derives from that of the Falisci (Mons Faliscorum, "Mountain of the Falisci"). Later, it was controlled by the Etruscans. It was suggested that Montefiascone occupies the site of the Etruscan Temple called Fanum Voltumnae, at which the representatives of the twelve chief cities of Etruria met in the days of their independence. Under the Empire, the festival was held near Volsinii.

Cathedral of Montefiascone Montefiascone kirche.jpg
Cathedral of Montefiascone

The first documents mentioning Montefiascone are from 853 CE, when it belonged to the bishop of Tuscania. In 1058 and 1074 the Popes Stephen IX and Gregory VII, respectively, stopped here. In 1093 the fortress was besieged by Emperor Henry IV. The importance of the fortress was confirmed by Emperor Frederick Barbarossa's visit in 1185.

In the following two centuries, as a Papal possession, Montefiascone lived its period of highest splendour. The Castle was often residence of Popes, and was consequently enlarged and embellished. During Avignon Papacy, it was the main residence of the Papal legate Cardinal Albornoz. In 1463, however, it was already decaying, as in the words of by Pope Pius II. The decline increased after the plague of 1657 and the earthquake of 1697.

It became part of the new Kingdom of Italy in 1870. It was damaged by two Allied bombings in May 1944.

Main sights

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References

  1. "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. Population data from Istat
  3. Kennet, Wayland; Elizabeth Young (1990). Northern Lazio - an Unknown Italy. London: John Murray.

Sources

Wikisource-logo.svg This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain : Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Montefiascone". Encyclopædia Britannica . 18 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 765.