Montereau-Fault-Yonne

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Montereau-Fault-Yonne
Montereau-Fault-Yonne - City center seen from North bank - 1.jpg
Bridges over rivers Seine (foreground), Yonne (background) and statue of Napoléon
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Coat of arms
Location of Montereau-Fault-Yonne
Montereau-Fault-Yonne
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Montereau-Fault-Yonne
Ile-de-France region location map.svg
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Montereau-Fault-Yonne
Coordinates: 48°23′07″N2°57′03″E / 48.3853°N 2.9508°E / 48.3853; 2.9508 Coordinates: 48°23′07″N2°57′03″E / 48.3853°N 2.9508°E / 48.3853; 2.9508
Country France
Region Île-de-France
Department Seine-et-Marne
Arrondissement Provins
Canton Montereau-Fault-Yonne
Intercommunality CC Pays de Montereau
Government
  Mayor (20202026) James Chéron [1]
Area
1
9.1 km2 (3.5 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018) [2]
20,712
  Density2,300/km2 (5,900/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
77305 /77130
Elevation47–121 m (154–397 ft)
(avg. 53 m or 174 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Montereau-Fault-Yonne (French pronunciation:  [mɔ̃tʁo fot‿jɔn] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen )), or simply Montereau, is a commune in the Seine-et-Marne department in the Île-de-France region, which in turn is in north-central France.

Contents

Name

The city takes its name from its geographical position on the confluence of the Yonne and the Seine rivers. Fault, also spelled faut comes from the verb faillir ("to fail") in its old meaning to fall. Montereau is where the Yonne falls into the Seine.

Sights

John XXIII Square, in Surville. Montereau-Fault-Yonne - Surville - Place Jean XXIII - 2.jpg
John XXIII Square, in Surville.

The town is split in three by the rivers, ville basse situated on the southern shore and Surville on the hill to the north. The old town centre is located in ville basse while Surville is an assembly of high rise buildings, erected after World War II, and is in many ways a typical cité in the Île-de-France. Some of these high rise buildings are now (2005) going to be destroyed and replaced by individual houses. The old château-park in Surville (now the site of a high school Lycée André Malraux) however gives a very nice view over the confluent and the Seine-et-Marne region. On the east side, between the two rivers, are the port and an industrial park.

History

In 1359, the King of Navarre Charles II of Navarre, who held the town because of his Champagne ascent, lost it to the regent of France (the future king Charles V).

Plaque commemorating the murder of John the Fearless, on the bridge crossing the Yonne river. Montereau-Fault-Yonne - Plaque commemorating assassination of John the Fearless.jpg
Plaque commemorating the murder of John the Fearless, on the bridge crossing the Yonne river.

John the Fearless was killed on the town's bridge in September, 1419 by Tanneguy du Chastel and the sire de Barbazan, during a conference with the dauphin (who became in 1422 Charles VII). An inscription on the bridge recalls the event. In the collegiate church Notre-Dame-et-Saint-Loup there is a sword which has long been said to be John the Fearless', but actually this sword is certainly more recent. [3]

In 1420, Philip the Good, the son of John the Fearless, seized the town, which remained for eight years in the hands of the Anglo-Burgundian coalition. However, at the end of a long siege, the king Charles VII, helped by Chabannes and Dunois, managed to take it again.

In 1567, during the Wars of Religion, Condé briefly seized the town.

In 1587, the inhabitants of Montereau sided with the Catholic League, but in 1590 they accepted the legitimacy of the new king Henry IV.

Statue of Napoleon, erected during the Second Empire on the bridge of Montereau. Montereau-Fault-Yonne - Statue of Napoleon - 1.jpg
Statue of Napoleon, erected during the Second Empire on the bridge of Montereau.

Montereau was also the place of one of the last victories of Napoleon on 14 February 1814.

In January 2012, the mayor proposed development of Napoleon's Bivouac, a commemorative theme park at a projected cost of 200 million euros. [4] The plans remain in dispute and nothing has been built.

Demographics

Inhabitants of Montereau-Fault-Yonne are called Monterelais. [5]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
17933,115    
18003,364+1.10%
18063,453+0.44%
18213,945+0.89%
18314,153+0.52%
18364,494+1.59%
18414,450−0.20%
18464,942+2.12%
18515,465+2.03%
18566,063+2.10%
18616,217+0.50%
18666,748+1.65%
YearPop.±% p.a.
18726,714−0.08%
18767,041+1.20%
18817,306+0.74%
18867,709+1.08%
18917,672−0.10%
18968,041+0.94%
19017,929−0.28%
19068,213+0.71%
19118,617+0.97%
19218,853+0.27%
19269,314+1.02%
19319,965+1.36%
YearPop.±% p.a.
19369,322−1.33%
19468,962−0.39%
195410,119+1.53%
196214,121+4.25%
196819,789+5.79%
197521,568+1.24%
198219,413−1.49%
199018,657−0.50%
199917,625−0.63%
200716,802−0.60%
201216,682−0.14%
201720,206+3.91%
Data since 1962 : Population without double counting, Data since 2006 : Municipal population
Source: EHESS [6] and INSEE [7]

The canton, which belonged to the arrondissement of Fontainebleau in the beginning, was attached to Provins in 1926. As of 2017, it has 21 communes and 67,876 inhabitants. [8]

Hospital

Montereau has a campus of the Centre hospitalier Sud Seine et Marne.

Economy

Historically, the city has sported a strong industrial base and thus has strong blue collar roots. In recent decades, unemployment has become an increasing problem, especially within the immigrant community in Surville.

Twin towns

Montereau is twinned with the British town of Otley, north of Leeds.

See also

Related Research Articles

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References

  1. "Répertoire national des élus: les maires". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  2. "Populations légales 2018". INSEE. 28 December 2020.
  3. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-03-31. Retrieved 2011-08-22.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. Laurent, Ottavi (8 February 2012). "A New Napoleonic Campaign for Montereau". Foundation Napoleon. Archived from the original on 29 September 2013.
  5. http://www.habitants.fr/habitants_montereau-fault-yonne_77305.html
  6. Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Montereau-Fault-Yonne, EHESS. (in French)
  7. Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  8. Téléchargement du fichier d'ensemble des populations légales en 2017, INSEE