Montereau-Fault-Yonne

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Montereau-Fault-Yonne
Commune

Montereau-Fault-Yonne - City center seen from North bank - 1.jpg

Bridges over rivers Seine (foreground), Yonne (background) and statue of Napoléon
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Montereau-Fault-Yonne
Location within Île-de-France region
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Montereau-Fault-Yonne
Coordinates: 48°23′07″N2°57′03″E / 48.3853°N 2.9508°E / 48.3853; 2.9508 Coordinates: 48°23′07″N2°57′03″E / 48.3853°N 2.9508°E / 48.3853; 2.9508
Country France
Region Île-de-France
Department Seine-et-Marne
Arrondissement Provins
Canton Montereau-Fault-Yonne
Intercommunality CC Pays de Montereau
Government
  Mayor (2008–2014) Yves Jégo (UDI)
Area1 9.1 km2 (3.5 sq mi)
Population (2012)2 16,682
  Density 1,800/km2 (4,700/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 77305 /77130
Elevation 47–121 m (154–397 ft)
(avg. 53 m or 174 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Contents

2 Population without double counting : residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Montereau-Fault-Yonne (French pronunciation:  [mɔ̃.tʁo fot jɔn] ), or simply Montereau, is a commune in the Seine-et-Marne department in the Île-de-France region in north-central France.

The commune is a level of administrative division in the French Republic. French communes are analogous to civil townships and incorporated municipalities in the United States and Canada, Gemeinden in Germany, comuni in Italy or ayuntamiento in Spain. The United Kingdom has no exact equivalent, as communes resemble districts in urban areas, but are closer to parishes in rural areas where districts are much larger. Communes are based on historical geographic communities or villages and are vested with significant powers to manage the populations and land of the geographic area covered. The communes are the fourth-level administrative divisions of France.

Seine-et-Marne Department of France

Seine-et-Marne is a French department, named after the Seine and Marne rivers, and located in the Île-de-France region.

In the administrative divisions of France, the department is one of the three levels of government below the national level, between the administrative regions and the commune. Ninety-six departments are in metropolitan France, and five are overseas departments, which are also classified as regions. Departments are further subdivided into 334 arrondissements, themselves divided into cantons; the last two have no autonomy, and are used for the organisation of police, fire departments, and sometimes, elections.

Name

The city takes its name from its geographical position on the confluence of the Yonne and the Seine rivers. Fault, also spelled faut comes from the verb faillir ("to fail") in its old meaning to fall. Montereau is where the Yonne falls into the Seine.

Yonne Department of France

Yonne is a French department named after the river Yonne. It is one of the eight constituent departments of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté and is located in the northwest of the region, bordering Île-de-France. It was created in 1790 during the French Revolution. Its prefecture (capital) is Auxerre and its postcode number is 89.

Sights

John XXIII Square, in Surville. Montereau-Fault-Yonne - Surville - Place Jean XXIII - 2.jpg
John XXIII Square, in Surville.

The town is split in three by the rivers, ville basse situated on the southern shore and Surville on the hill to the north. The old town centre is located in ville basse while Surville is an assembly of high rise buildings, erected after World War II, and is in many ways a typical cité in the Île-de-France. Some of these high rise buildings are now (2005) going to be destroyed and replaced by individual houses. The old château-park in Surville (now the site of a high school Lycée André Malraux) however gives a very nice view over the confluent and the Seine-et-Marne region. On the east side, between the two rivers, are the port and an industrial park.

History

In 1359, the King of Navarre Charles II of Navarre, who held the town because of his Champagne ascent, lost it to the regent of France (the future king Charles V).

Charles II of Navarre King of Navarre 1349–1387 and Count of Évreux 1343–1387

Charles II, called Charles the Bad, was King of Navarre 1349–1387 and Count of Évreux 1343–1387.

Champagne (province) Province in France

Champagne is a historical province in the northeast of France, now best known as the Champagne wine region for the sparkling white wine that bears its name. It was founded in 1065 near the city of Provins and was made up of different counties descended from the early medieval kingdom of Austrasia.

Charles V of France King of France

Charles V, called "the Wise", was King of France from 1364 to his death, the third from the House of Valois. His reign marked a high point for France during the Hundred Years' War, with his armies recovering much of the territory held by the English, and successfully reversed the military losses of his predecessors.

Plaque commemorating the murder of John the Fearless, on the bridge crossing the Yonne river. Montereau-Fault-Yonne - Plaque commemorating assassination of John the Fearless.jpg
Plaque commemorating the murder of John the Fearless, on the bridge crossing the Yonne river.

John the Fearless was killed on the town's bridge in September, 1419 by Tanneguy du Chastel and the sire de Barbazan, during a conference with the dauphin (who became in 1422 Charles VII). An inscription on the bridge recalls the event. In the collegiate church Notre-Dame-et-Saint-Loup there is a sword which has long been said to be John the Fearless', but actually this sword is certainly more recent. [1]

John the Fearless 14th/15th-century Duke of Burgundy

John the Fearless was Duke of Burgundy as John I from 1404 until his death. A scion of the royal house of France, he played an important role in French affairs during the early 15th century, in particular the struggles to rule the country for the mentally ill King Charles VI and the Hundred Years' War with England. His rash, unscrupulous, and violent political dealings contributed to the eruption of the Armagnac–Burgundian Civil War in France, and culminated in his assassination in 1419.

Tanneguy III du Chastel (1369–1449) was a Breton military leader of the Hundred Years' War.

Arnaud Guillaume, Seigneur de Barbazan, was a counsellor and butler to Charles VII of France and later a general during the Hundred Years' War who earned for himself the name of the Irreproachable Knight.

In 1420, Philip the Good, the son of John the Fearless, seized the town, which remained for eight years in the hands of the Anglo-Burgundian coalition. However, at the end of a long siege, the king Charles VII, helped by Chabannes and Dunois, managed to take it again.

Philip the Good 15th-century Duke of Burgundy

Philip the Good was Duke of Burgundy as Philip III from 1419 until his death. He was a member of a cadet line of the Valois dynasty, to which all the 15th-century kings of France belonged. During his reign, Burgundy reached the apex of its prosperity and prestige and became a leading center of the arts. Philip is known in history for his administrative reforms, his patronage of Flemish artists such as Jan van Eyck and Franco-Flemish composers such as Gilles Binchois, and the capture of Joan of Arc. In political affairs, he alternated between alliances with the English and the French in an attempt to improve his dynasty's position. As ruler of Flanders, Brabant, Limburg, Artois, Hainaut, Holland, Zeeland, Friesland and Namur, he played an important role in the history of the Low Countries.

Charles VII of France 15th-century king of France

Charles VII, called the Victorious or the Well-Served, was King of France from 1422 to his death in 1461, the fifth from the House of Valois.

In 1567, during the Wars of Religion, Condé briefly seized the town.

In 1587, the inhabitants of Montereau sided with the Catholic League, but in 1590 they accepted the legitimacy of the new king Henry IV.

Statue of Napoleon, erected during the Second Empire on the bridge of Montereau. Montereau-Fault-Yonne - Statue of Napoleon - 1.jpg
Statue of Napoleon, erected during the Second Empire on the bridge of Montereau.

Montereau was also the place of one of the last victories of Napoleon on 14 February 1814.

Demographics

Inhabitants of Montereau-Fault-Yonne are called Monterelais. [2]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
17933,115    
18003,364+1.10%
18063,453+0.44%
18213,945+0.89%
18314,153+0.52%
18364,494+1.59%
18414,450−0.20%
18464,942+2.12%
18515,465+2.03%
18566,063+2.10%
18616,217+0.50%
18666,748+1.65%
18726,714−0.08%
YearPop.±% p.a.
18767,041+1.20%
18817,306+0.74%
18867,709+1.08%
18917,672−0.10%
18968,041+0.94%
19017,929−0.28%
19068,213+0.71%
19118,617+0.97%
19218,853+0.27%
19269,314+1.02%
19319,965+1.36%
19369,322−1.33%
19468,962−0.39%
YearPop.±% p.a.
195410,119+1.53%
196214,121+4.25%
196819,789+5.79%
197521,568+1.24%
198219,413−1.49%
199018,657−0.50%
199917,625−0.63%
200616,768−0.71%
200716,802+0.20%
200816,275−3.14%
200916,266−0.06%
201216,682+0.85%
Data since 1962 : Population without double counting, Data since 2006 : Municipal population
Source: Cassini, [3] INSEE [4]
Montereau-Fault-Yonne

The canton, which belonged to the arrondissement of Fontainebleau in the beginning, was attached to Provins in 1926. It has 14 communes and 33,934 inhabitants.

Economy

Historically, the city has sported a strong industrial base and thus has strong blue collar roots. In recent decades, unemployment has become an increasing problem, especially within the immigrant community in Surville.

Twin towns

Montereau is twinned with the British town of Otley, north of Leeds.

See also

Related Research Articles

Provins Subprefecture and commune in Île-de-France, France

Provins is a commune in the Seine-et-Marne department in the Île-de-France region in north-central France.

The following is a list of the 23 cantons of the Seine-et-Marne department, in France, following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:

Yonne (river) river in France

The Yonne is a river in France, a left-bank tributary of the Seine. It is 292 kilometres (181 mi) long. The river gives its name to the Yonne département. It rises in the Nièvre département, in the Morvan hills near Château-Chinon. It flows into the river Seine at Montereau-Fault-Yonne.

Arrondissement of Fontainebleau Arrondissement in Île-de-France, France

The arrondissement of Fontainebleau is an arrondissement of France in the Seine-et-Marne department in the Île-de-France region. Since the January 2017 reorganization of the arrondissements of Seine-et-Marne, it has 85 communes.

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Montereau may refer to:

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Canton of Montereau-Fault-Yonne Canton in Île-de-France, France

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Yves Jégo French politician

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References

  1. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-03-31. Retrieved 2011-08-22.
  2. http://www.habitants.fr/habitants_montereau-fault-yonne_77305.html
  3. http://cassini.ehess.fr/ Population par commune avant 1962 (résultats publiés au journal officiel ou conservés aux archives départementales)
  4. INSEE: Population depuis le recensement de 1962 [ permanent dead link ]