Monterey County, California

Last updated

Monterey County, California
County of Monterey
Monterey Bay Aquarium.jpg
Main Street, Salinas.jpg
Pebble Beach Golf Links, hole 7.jpg
Nuestra Senora del la Soledad chapel.JPG
Big Sur June 2008.jpg
Images, from top down, left to right: Monterey Bay Aquarium, Main Street in Salinas, the seventh hole at Pebble Beach Golf Links, Mission Soledad, Big Sur Coastline
Seal of Monterey County, California.png
Monterey County, California
Interactive map of Monterey County
Map of California highlighting Monterey County.svg
Location in the state of California
CountryUnited States
State California
Incorporated February 18, 1850 [1]
Named for Monterey Bay
County seat Salinas
Largest citySalinas
Government
  Type Council–CAO
  BodyBoard of Supervisors
  ChairLuis A. Alejo
  Vice ChairGlenn Church
  Board of Supervisors [2]
Supervisors
  • Luis A. Alejo
  • Glenn Church
  • Chris Lopez
  • Wendy Root Askew
  • Mary L. Adams
  County Administrative OfficeClaudia Escalante
Area
  Total3,771 sq mi (9,770 km2)
  Land3,281 sq mi (8,500 km2)
  Water491 sq mi (1,270 km2)
Highest elevation
[3]
5,865 ft (1,788 m)
Population
 (2020)
  Total439,035
  Density134/sq mi (52/km2)
Time zone UTC-8 (Pacific Time Zone)
  Summer (DST) UTC-7 (Pacific Daylight Time)
Area codes 805, 831
Website www.co.monterey.ca.us

Monterey County ( /ˌmɒntəˈr/ ( Loudspeaker.svg listen ) MON-tə-RAY), officially the County of Monterey, is a county located on the Pacific coast in the U.S. state of California. As of the 2020 census, its population was 439,035. [4] The county's largest city and county seat is Salinas. [5]

Contents

Monterey County comprises the Salinas, California, Metropolitan Statistical Area. It borders on the southern part of Monterey Bay, after which it is named. (The northern half of the bay is in Santa Cruz County.) Monterey County is a member of the regional governmental agency: the Association of Monterey Bay Area Governments.

Scenic features along the coastline - including Carmel-by-the-Sea, Big Sur, State Route 1, and the 17 Mile Drive on the Monterey Peninsula - have made the county famous around the world. Back when California was under Spanish and Mexican rule, the city of Monterey was its capital. Today, the economy of the county is mostly based on tourism in its coastal regions, and on agriculture in the region of the Salinas River valley. Most of the county's inhabitants live near the northern coast or in Salinas Valley; the southern coast and inland mountainous regions are sparsely populated.

History

Gaspar de Zuniga, 5th Count of Monterrey, namesake of Monterey Bay and thus the city and the county. GaspardeZugnigayAcevedo (cropped).jpg
Gaspar de Zúñiga, 5th Count of Monterrey, namesake of Monterey Bay and thus the city and the county.

Monterey County was one of the original counties of California, created in 1850 at the time of statehood. Parts of the county were given to San Benito County in 1874. The area was originally populated by Ohlone, Salinan and the Esselen tribes.

The county derives its name from Monterey Bay. The bay was named by Sebastián Vizcaíno in 1602 in honor of the Conde de Monterrey (or Count of Monterrey), then the Viceroy of New Spain. [6] Monterrey is a variation of Monterrei, a municipality in the Galicia region of Spain where the Conde de Monterrey and his father (the Fourth Count of Monterrei) were from.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 3,771 square miles (9,770 km2), of which 3,281 square miles (8,500 km2) is land and 491 square miles (1,270 km2) (13%) is water. [7] The county is roughly 1.5 times larger than the state of Delaware, and roughly similar in population and the size to Santa Barbara County.

Adjacent counties

Counties and bodies of water adjacent to Monterey County, California

Santa Cruz County to the north, San Benito County, Fresno County, and Kings County to the east as well as San Luis Obispo County to the south.

National protected areas

In October 2019, the Bureau of Land Management ended a five-year moratorium on leasing federal land in California to fossil fuel companies, opening 725,000 acres (1100 sq. miles; 29,000 ha) to drilling in San Benito, Monterey, and Fresno counties. [8]

Marine protected areas

Flora and fauna

Monterey County has habitat to support the following endangered species:

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1850 1,872
1860 4,739153.2%
1870 9,876108.4%
1880 11,30214.4%
1890 18,63764.9%
1900 19,3804.0%
1910 24,14624.6%
1920 27,98015.9%
1930 53,70591.9%
1940 73,03236.0%
1950 130,49878.7%
1960 198,35152.0%
1970 250,07126.1%
1980 290,44416.1%
1990 355,66022.5%
2000 401,76213.0%
2010 415,0573.3%
2020 439,0355.8%
U.S. Decennial Census [9]
1790–1960 [10] 1900–1990[ better source needed ] [11]
1990–2000 [12] 2010 [13] 2020 [14]

2020 census

Monterey County, California - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / EthnicityPop 2010 [13] Pop 2020 [14] % 2010% 2020
White alone (NH)136,435120,07732.87%27.35%
Black or African American alone (NH)11,3009,0512.72%2.06%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH)1,3611,3140.33%0.30%
Asian alone (NH)23,77725,1235.73%5.72%
Pacific Islander alone (NH)1,8681,8590.45%0.42%
Some Other Race alone (NH)7412,1700.18%0.49%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH)9,57214,1202.31%3.22%
Hispanic or Latino (any race)230,003265,32155.41%60.43%
Total415,057439,035100.00%100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

Income, education and poverty 2013

Median Household Income across the populated northern half of Monterey County, as of 2014. American FactFinder - Results - Google Chrome 2016-03-15 17.52.05.png
Median Household Income across the populated northern half of Monterey County, as of 2014.
Percent of affluent households (i.e. $150k annual income or higher) across census tracts in most populated area of the county. Share Affluent Households Monterey County.png
Percent of affluent households (i.e. $150k annual income or higher) across census tracts in most populated area of the county.

Generally, the western/southern parts of the Monterey Peninsula, Carmel Valley, Creekbridge (Salinas), and eastern parts of Prundale were the county's most affluent and educated (see dark blue on map). These areas had a median household income significantly above that of the California or the U.S. overall (typically above $95,000 vs. $60,000 for California and $52,000 for the U.S.) [16] and comprised roughly 8%-10% of neighborhoods (as defined by Census Block Groups). [17] Educational attainment was at least on part with, or above, state and national levels, [18] in these areas while the percentage of people living in poverty was typically a third or less than national and statewide average (with the exception of South Salinas). [19]

Social deprivation (poverty and low levels of educational attainment) was concentrated in the central and eastern parts of Salinas, and central areas of Monterey, Seaside, Marina, Soledad and King City. In central and eastern Salinas up to 46% of individuals lived below the poverty line and those without a secondary educations formed a plurality or majority of residents. [18] [19] Overall, the Salinas metropolitan area, defined as coterminous with Monterey County, was among the least educated urban areas in the nation.

Most affluent neighborhoods

Roughly 8% of neighborhoods, as defined by Census Block Groups, had a median household income above $100,000 per year, about 60% above the national median. This coincided with the top 20 census block groups in the county listed below. [16] [17]

Most affluent neighborhoods (Median Household Income above $100k/yr.) [17] [20]

RankneighborhoodCensus Reference/Geo-UnitMedian Household Income
1Carmel Valley (North-West)Block Group 1, Census Tract 116.02$152,411
2 Mount Toro Foothills, Salinas ValleyBlock Group 3, Census Tract 107.01$143,508
3Jacks Peak, MontereyBlock Group 1, Census Tract 132$142,143
4Mount Toro Foothills, Salinas ValleyBlock Group 2, Census Tract 107.02$141,364
5Skyline Forest, MontereyBlock Group 3, Census Tract 128$130,221
6Yankee Point, CarmelBlock Group 3, Census Tract 117$126,389
7Carmel Valley (North-West)Block Group 3, Census Tract 116.02$122,056
8Carmel Valley (North-West)Block Group 4, Census Tract 116.02$118,159
9Carmel Valley (North-West)Block Group 2, Census Tract 110$118,125
10Carmel Valley (North-West)Block Group 4, Census Tract 110$115,667
11Carmel (East, outside of city limits)Block Group 2, Census Tract 117$115,357
12Jacks Peak, MontereyBlock Group 2, Census Tract 132$113,750
13Skyline Forest, MontereyBlock Group 5, Census Tract 128$111,500
14City of Carmel (Southern half)Block Group 1, Census Tract 118.02$110,962
15Las Palmas, Salinas ValleyBlock Group 2, Census Tract 107.01$110,918
16Pebble Beach, Monterey Peninsula Country ClubBlock Group 4, Census Tract 119$107,500
17Mount Toro Foothills, Salinas ValleyBlock Group 1, Census Tract 107.02$105,511
18Carmel Valley (North-West)Block Group 1, Census Tract 116.04$104,902
19City of Carmel (Northern half)Block Group 2, Census Tract 118.01$101,984
20Creekbridge (incl. Falcon Meadows), SalinasBlock Group 2, Census Tract 106.03$100,673
141*United StatesN/A$53,046
104*CaliforniaN/A$61,094
154*City of SalinasN/A$49,264

* Asterisk denotes a hypothetical rank among Monterey County's 226 Census Block Groups (e.g. if the U.S. overall was a Census Block Group in Monterey County, it would be the 141st most affluent of 226).

Least affluent neighborhoods

About 4.5% of neighborhoods, as defined by Census Block Groups, had a median household income below $30,000 per year, about 60% below the national median. This coincided with the 10 poorest of the 20 lowest income neighborhoods listed in the table below. [16] [17]

Least affluent neighborhoods (Median Household Income of $34.1k or less) [17] [20]

RankneighborhoodCensus Reference/Geo-UnitMedian Household Income
1Downtown SalinasBlock Group 1, Census Tract 13$21,411
2Central SeasideBlock Group 3, Census Tract 137$22,994
3East Salinas (Del Monte Ave.)Block Group 1, Census Tract 7.01$23,250
4Downtown MontereyBlock Group 1, Census Tract 127$24,911
5Central Marina (Del Monte Blvd.)Block Group 3, Census Tract 142.01$25,464
6Hebbron Heights, East SalinasBlock Group 2, Census Tract 5.01$26,211
7East Salinas (Del Monte Ave.)Block Group 3, Census Tract 7.01$26,771
8East Salinas (Del Monte Ave.)Block Group 2, Census Tract 7.02$26,875
9Hebbron Heights, East SalinasBlock Group 1, Census Tract 5.01$28,750
10Downtown MontereyBlock Group 2, Census Tract 127$29,070
11West Santa Rita, SalinasBlock Group 1, Census Tract 105.06$30,250
12North-Central Salinas/ChinatownBlock Group 2, Census Tract 18.02$30,625
13Central King CityBlock Group 2, Census Tract 113.02$31,579
14Central King CityBlock Group 1, Census Tract 113.02$33,043
15Central SoledadBlock Group 3, Census Tract 111.01$33,110
16East SeasideBlock Group 1, Census Tract 135$33,242
17East Salinas (Del Monte Ave.)Block Group 3, Census Tract 7.02$33,244
18East SoledadBlock Group 1, Census Tract 111.02$33,616
19East SalinasBlock Group 3, Census Tract 8$33,938
20North Salinas (E. Bernal Drive./Natividad Rd.)Block Group 3, Census Tract 4$34,057
86*United StatesN/A$53,046
118*CaliforniaN/A$61,094
73*City of SalinasN/A$49,264

* Asterisk denotes a hypothetical rank among Monterey County's 226 Census Block Groups (e.g. if the U.S. overall was a Census Block Group in Monterey County, it would be the 86th poorest of 226).

2011

Thematic map showing percentage of households speaking only English at home. Thematic map showing percentage of households speaking only English at home.png
Thematic map showing percentage of households speaking only English at home.

Places by population, race, and income

2010

The 2010 United States Census reported that Monterey County had a population of 415,057. The racial makeup of Monterey County was 230,717 (55.6%) White, 12,785 (3.1%) African American, 5,464 (1.3%) Native American, 25,258 (6.1%) Asian (2.8% Filipino, 0.7% Korean, 0.6% Chinese, 0.6% Japanese, 0.4% Vietnamese, 0.4% Indian), 2,071 (0.5%) Pacific Islander, 117,405 (28.3%) from other races, and 21,357 (5.1%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 230,003 persons (55.4%); 50.2% of Monterey County is Mexican, 0.8% Salvadoran, and 0.5% Puerto Rican. [28]

2000

As of the census [29] of 2000, there were 401,762 people, 121,236 households, and 87,896 families residing in the county. The population density was 121 people per square mile (47/km2). There were 131,708 housing units at an average density of 40 per square mile (15/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 55.9% White, 3.8% Black or African American, 1.1% Native American, 6.0% Asian, 0.5% Pacific Islander, 27.8% from other races, and 5.0% from two or more races. 46.79% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 6.3% were of German and 5.4% English ancestry according to Census 2000. 52.9% spoke English, 39.6% Spanish and 1.6% Tagalog as their first language.

There were 121,236 households, out of which 39.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.0% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.5% were non-families. 21.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.14 and the average family size was 3.65.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 28.4% under the age of 18, 10.9% from 18 to 24, 31.4% from 25 to 44, 19.3% from 45 to 64, and 10.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 female residents there were 107.3 male residents. For every 100 female residents age 18 and over, there were 107.7 male residents.

The median income for a household in the county was $48,305, and the median income for a family was $51,169. Men had a median income of $38,444 versus $30,036 for the women. The per capita income for the county was $20,165. About 9.7% of families and 13.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.4% of those under age 18 and 6.8% of those age 65 or over.

Government

At the local level, Monterey County is governed by the Monterey County Board of Supervisors. Like all governing bodies in California, the Monterey County Board of Supervisors is empowered with both legislative and executive authority over the entirety of Monterey County and is the primary governing body for all unincorporated areas within the County boundaries. The Board has five elected members, each of whom represents one of five districts. Taken together, the five districts comprise the entirety of the county. [30]

Current board members:

The Board conducts its meetings in the county seat, Salinas, and is a member of the regional governmental agency, the Association of Monterey Bay Area Governments. [31] [32]

Supervisorial Districts

Supervisorial district boundaries are divided roughly equally according to population, using data from the most recent census. [33] In addition, any redistricting changes should approximately comply with both California law as well as the federal Voting Rights Act. [33] Boundaries are adjusted decennially based on data reported by the United States Census Bureau for the most recent census. [33] The next supervisorial election will be held on March 8, 2022. [34]

District 1

The 1st District is geographically the smallest supervisorial district in Monterey County and is entirely within the city limits of the city of Salinas. [30] [35]

Luis Alejo represents the 1st District on the Board of Supervisors. [36] His current term expires in December 2020. [37]

District 2

As the northernmost supervisorial district in Monterey County, the 2nd District includes the communities of Boronda, Castroville, Las Lomas, Moss Landing, Pajaro, Prunedale, Royal Oaks, the northern neighborhoods of the city of Salinas, and those portions of the community of Aromas that are located within Monterey County. [30] [38]

John Phillips is currently the Supervisor for the 2nd District. [39] His current term expires in December 2022. [37]

District 3

The 3rd District covers the majority of the Salinas Valley and southern Monterey County, extending to its border with San Luis Obispo County. The district includes the unincorporated communities of Spreckels, Chualar, and Jolon; the eastern portion of the city of Salinas; the cities of Gonzales, Greenfield, Soledad, and King City; the military installations at Fort Hunter Liggett and Camp Roberts; and portions of the Los Padres National Forest. [30] [40]

The 3rd District is represented by Chris Lopez. [41] His current term expires in December 2022. [37]

District 4

The 4th District includes the southwest portion of the city of Salinas, the cities of Del Rey Oaks, Marina, Seaside, Sand City, and the former military installation at Fort Ord. [30] [42]

Wendy Root Askew currently holds the seat for 4th District Supervisor. [43] Her current term expires in December 2024. [37]

District 5

The 5th District is geographically the largest of the five supervisorial districts, and covers most of the Monterey Peninsula and southern coastline of Monterey County down to the southern county border with San Luis Obispo County. The 5th District includes the cities of Carmel-by-the-Sea, Monterey, and Pacific Grove; the unincorporated communities of Carmel Valley, Big Sur, Pebble Beach, San Benancio, Corral de Tierra, and Jamesburg; military installations at the Presidio of Monterey, the Defense Language Institute, and the Naval Postgraduate School; and the Ventana Wilderness area of the Los Padres National Forest. [30] [44] [45]

Mary L. Adams is currently the 5th District Supervisor. [30] Her current term expires in December 2020. [37]

State and federal Representatives

In the United States House of Representatives, Monterey County is split between two districts:

In the California State Assembly, Monterey County is split between the 29th Assembly District , represented by Democrat Robert Rivas, and the 30th Assembly District , represented by Democrat Dawn Addis. [46]

In the California State Senate, Monterey County is split between the 12th Senate District , represented by Republican Shannon Grove, and the 17th Senate District , represented by Democrat John Laird. [47]

Policing

The Monterey County Sheriff provides court protection, jail management, and coroner service for the entire county. It provides patrol and detective services for the unincorporated areas of the county. Incorporated municipalities within the county that have their own municipal police departments are: Monterey, Pacific Grove, Salinas, King City, Marina, Seaside, Sand City, and Gonzales.

Politics

Voter registration

Cities by population and voter registration

Overview

For most of the 20th century, Monterey County was a Republican stronghold in presidential elections. From 1900 until 1992, the only Democrats to carry the county were Woodrow Wilson, Franklin Roosevelt, and Lyndon Johnson. Since 1992, the county has become a Democratic stronghold in Presidential and congressional elections, with George H. W. Bush in 1988 being the last Republican to win Monterey County.

United States presidential election results for Monterey County, California [49]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.%No.%No.%
2020 46,29928.24%113,95369.52%3,6712.24%
2016 34,89526.16%89,08866.78%9,4257.06%
2012 37,39030.27%82,92067.13%3,2082.60%
2008 38,79729.89%88,45368.15%2,5331.95%
2004 47,83838.38%75,24160.36%1,5741.26%
2000 43,76137.23%67,61857.53%6,1555.24%
1996 39,79436.66%57,70053.15%11,06410.19%
1992 36,46131.25%54,86147.01%25,36721.74%
1988 50,02249.83%48,99848.81%1,3611.36%
1984 55,71057.16%40,73341.79%1,0271.05%
1980 47,45254.67%29,08633.51%10,25611.82%
1976 40,89651.02%36,84945.97%2,4083.00%
1972 47,00457.04%32,54539.49%2,8593.47%
1968 33,67050.16%28,26142.10%5,1937.74%
1964 24,57937.90%40,09361.83%1720.27%
1960 33,42856.26%25,80543.43%1800.30%
1956 29,51459.54%19,93240.21%1270.26%
1952 30,57862.51%18,05136.90%2860.58%
1948 17,23350.59%15,70446.10%1,1263.31%
1944 12,24645.82%14,34253.66%1400.52%
1940 11,81044.01%14,75855.00%2650.99%
1936 7,56537.70%12,26761.13%2351.17%
1932 6,20039.37%8,94256.77%6083.86%
1928 7,22863.12%4,13836.13%860.75%
1924 4,74461.07%88611.41%2,13827.52%
1920 4,81767.76%1,77124.91%5217.33%
1916 3,59944.81%3,87848.28%5556.91%
1912 10.01%3,39246.26%3,93953.72%
1908 2,48653.64%1,61634.87%53311.50%
1904 2,45359.17%1,41534.13%2786.71%
1900 1,96450.10%1,82546.56%1313.34%
1896 1,87845.82%2,14952.43%721.76%
1892 1,70941.65%1,60639.14%78819.21%
1888 1,87548.55%1,86648.32%1213.13%
1884 1,47650.72%1,38147.46%531.82%
1880 1,26050.36%1,20548.16%371.48%

According to the California Secretary of State, as of April 2008, Monterey County has 147,066 registered voters.[ citation needed ] Of those voters, 72,550 (49.3%) are registered Democratic, 42,744 (29.1%) are registered Republican, 5,488 (3.7%) are registered with other political parties, and 26,284 (17.9%) declined to state a political party. Except for Sand City, all of the other cities, towns, and the unincorporated area of Monterey County have more individuals registered with the Democratic Party than the Republican Party. In Sand City, the Republicans have the advantage by 1 voter.

In August 2018, it adopted a flag designed by a Nob Hill resident. [50]

Crime

The following table includes the number of incidents reported and the rate per 1,000 persons for each type of offense.

Cities by population and crime rates

Media

Television service for the community comes from the Monterey-Salinas-Santa Cruz designated market area (DMA). Radio stations Monterey-Salinas-Santa Cruz area of dominant influence (ADI) or continuous measurement market (CMM). Local newspapers include the Monterey County Herald , Monterey County Weekly, Salinas Californian and the Carmel Pine Cone.

Home prices

As of December 2005, Monterey County ranked among America's ten most expensive counties, with Santa Barbara County topping the list with a median home price of $753,790. In Monterey County, the median home price was $699,900. In the northern, more densely populated part in the county, the median home price was even higher, at $712,500, making it the fourth most expensive housing market in California. The disparity between the median household income of roughly $48,305 and the median home price of $700k has been cause for recent concern over excluding potential home buyers from the market. The end of the United States housing bubble has caused prices to drop substantially, with median home prices having fallen to $280,000 as at September 2008. [54]

Transportation

Major highways

Public transportation

Monterey County is served by Amtrak trains and Greyhound Lines buses. Monterey-Salinas Transit provides transit service throughout most of Monterey County, with buses to Big Sur and King City as well as in Monterey, Salinas and Carmel. MST also runs service to San Jose, California in Santa Clara County

Airports

Communities

Cities

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Other places

Population ranking

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2020 census of Monterey County. [55]

county seat

RankCity/Town/etc.Municipal typePopulation (2020 Census)
1 Salinas City163,542
2 Seaside City32,366
3 Monterey City30,218
4 Soledad City24,925
5 Marina City22,359
6 Greenfield City18,937
7 Prunedale CDP18,885
8 Pacific Grove City15,090
9 King City City13,332
10 Gonzales City8,647
11 Castroville CDP7,515
12 Carmel Valley CDP6,189
13 Del Monte Forest CDP4,204
14 Carmel-by-the-Sea City3,220
15 Las Lomas CDP3,046
16 Pajaro CDP2,882
17 Aromas (partially in San Benito County )CDP2,708
18 Pine Canyon CDP1,871
19 Boronda CDP1,760
20 Del Rey Oaks City1,592
21 Elkhorn CDP1,588
22 Chualar CDP1,185
23 Spreckels CDP692
24 San Ardo CDP392
25 Lockwood CDP368
26 Sand City City325
27 San Lucas CDP324
28 Moss Landing CDP237
29 Bradley CDP69

Education

School districts include: [56]

Unified:

Secondary:

Elementary:

See also

Notes

  1. Other = Some other race + Two or more races
  2. Native American = Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander + American Indian or Alaska Native
  3. 1 2 Percentage of registered voters with respect to total population. Percentages of party members with respect to registered voters follow.

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sacramento County, California</span> County in California, United States

Sacramento County is a county located in the U.S. state of California. As of the 2020 census, the population was 1,585,055. Its county seat is Sacramento, which has been the state capital of California since 1854.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Los Angeles County, California</span> Most populous county in the United States and in California

Los Angeles County, officially the County of Los Angeles, and sometimes abbreviated as L.A. County, is the most populous county in the United States and in the U.S. state of California, with 9,861,224 residents estimated as of 2022. It is the most populous non–state-level government entity in the United States. Its population is greater than that of 40 individual U.S. states. At 4,083 square miles (10,570 km2) and with 88 incorporated cities and many unincorporated areas, it is home to more than one-quarter of California residents and is one of the most ethnically diverse counties in the United States. Its county seat, Los Angeles, is also California's most populous city and the second-most populous city in the United States, with about 3.9 million residents. In recent times, statewide droughts in California have placed great strain on the County’s water security.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Alameda County, California</span> County in California, United States

Alameda County is a county located in the U.S. state of California. As of the 2020 census, the population was 1,682,353, making it the 7th-most populous county in the state and 21st most populous nationally. The county seat is Oakland. Alameda County is in the San Francisco Bay Area, occupying much of the East Bay region.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">San Bernardino County, California</span> County in southern California, United States

San Bernardino County, officially the County of San Bernardino, is a county located in the southern portion of the U.S. state of California, and is located within the Inland Empire area. As of the 2020 U.S. Census, the population was 2,181,654, making it the fifth-most populous county in California and the 14th-most populous in the United States. The county seat is San Bernardino.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Merced County, California</span> County in California, United States

Merced County, is a county located in the northern San Joaquin Valley section of the Central Valley, in the U.S. state of California.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Santa Cruz County, California</span> County in California, United States

Santa Cruz County, officially the County of Santa Cruz, is a county on the Pacific coast of the U.S. state of California. As of the 2020 census, the population was 270,861. The county seat is Santa Cruz. Santa Cruz County comprises the Santa Cruz–Watsonville, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the San Jose–San Francisco–Oakland, CA Combined Statistical Area. The county is on the California Central Coast, south of the San Francisco Bay Area region. The county forms the northern coast of the Monterey Bay, with Monterey County forming the southern coast.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Stanislaus County, California</span> County in California, United States

Stanislaus County is a county located in the San Joaquin Valley of the U.S. state of California. As of the 2020 census, the population was 552,878. The county seat is Modesto.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Aromas, California</span> Census-designated place in California, United States

Aromas is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) in Monterey County and San Benito County, California, United States. The population was 2,708 at the 2020 census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Boronda, California</span> Census-designated place in California, United States

Boronda is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) in Monterey County, California, United States. The population was 1,760 at the 2020 census. Boronda is located directly west of Salinas and is named after José Eusebio Boronda, a Californio ranchero, and located on the lands of his Rancho Rincón del Sanjón.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Castroville, California</span> Unincorporated community in California, United States

Castroville is an unincorporated town and census-designated place (CDP) in Monterey County, California, United States. At the time of the 2020 census the population was 7,515, up from 6,481 in 2010. Castroville is known for its artichoke crop and for the annual Castroville Artichoke Festival, leading to its nickname as the "Artichoke Center of the World".

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Elkhorn, California</span> Census-designated place in California, United States

Elkhorn is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) in Monterey County, California, United States.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Gonzales, California</span> City in the state of California, United States

Gonzales is a city in Monterey County, California, United States. Gonzales is located 16 miles (26 km) southeast of Salinas, at an elevation of 135 feet (41 m). The population was 8,647 at the 2020 census, up from 8,187 at the 2010 census. Gonzales is a member of the Association of Monterey Bay Area Governments. Gonzales won the Culture of Health Prize from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation in 2019.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Greenfield, California</span> City in the state of California, United States

Greenfield is a city in Monterey County, California, United States. It lies in the Salinas Valley, 33 miles (53 km) southeast of Salinas, at an elevation of 289 feet (88 m). As of the 2020 census, the population was 18,937, up from 16,330 in the 2010 census. Its most well-known public event is the annual Harvest Festival. Greenfield is a member of the Association of Monterey Bay Area Governments.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Salinas, California</span> City in California, United States

Salinas is a city in California and the county seat of Monterey County. With a population of 163,542 in the 2020 Census, Salinas is the most populous city in Monterey County. Salinas is an urban area located along the northern limits of the Monterey Bay Area, lying just south of the San Francisco Bay Area and 10 miles (16 km) southeast of the mouth of the Salinas River. The city is located at the mouth of the Salinas Valley, about eight miles (13 km) from the Pacific Ocean, and it has a climate more influenced by the ocean than the interior.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Soledad, California</span> City in the state of California, United States

Soledad is a city in Monterey County, California, United States. It is in the Salinas Valley, 21 miles (34 km) southeast of Salinas, the county seat. Soledad's population was 24,925 at the 2020 census, down from 25,738 in 2010. Soledad's origins started with Mission Nuestra Señora de la Soledad, founded by the Spanish in 1791, under the leadership of Fermín de Lasuén. Catalina Munrás began developing the town of Soledad on her Rancho San Vicente in the 1860s, which eventually incorporated as a city in 1921. Today, Soledad is a notable tourist destination, owing to the heavily restored mission, its proximity to Pinnacles National Park, and its numerous vineyards, as part of the Monterey wine region.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Muscoy, California</span> Census-designated place in California, United States

Muscoy is a census-designated place (CDP) in San Bernardino County, California, United States. The population was 10,644 at the 2010 census, up from 8,919 at the 2000 census. Muscoy shares ZIP code 92407 with the communities of Verdemont, Devore Heights, Rosena Ranch and Arrowhead Farms in northwestern San Bernardino. Residents enjoy a semi-rural setting with large lots where they can raise horses and other livestock, nursery plants, and fruit trees. For this reason, much of Muscoy is included in the county Additional Agriculture (AA) overlay, which specifies the types and quantities of animals that may be kept on each parcel. A distinctive feature of Muscoy life today is motor vehicles and equestrians sharing the roadways.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Carmel Valley Village, California</span> Unincorporated community in California, United States

Carmel Valley Village is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) in Monterey County, California, United States. In 1946, Byington Ford and Tirey L. Ford Jr. developed the Carmel Valley Village, which included an airpark, shops, and homes. At the time of the 2020 census the CDP population was 4,524, up from 4,407 at the 2010 census. In November 2009, a majority of residents voted against incorporation.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Del Monte Forest, California</span> Census-designated place in California, United States

Del Monte Forest is a census-designated place (CDP) in Monterey County, California. As of the 2020 census, the CDP had a total population of 4,204, down from 4,514 at the 2010 census. The census area includes the separate well-known community of Pebble Beach.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Santa Clara County, California</span> County in California, United States

Santa Clara County, officially the County of Santa Clara, is the sixth-most populous county in the U.S. state of California, with a population of 1,936,259, as of the 2020 census. Santa Clara County and neighboring San Benito County together form the U.S. Census Bureau's San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara metropolitan statistical area, which is part of the larger San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland combined statistical area. Santa Clara is the most populous county in the San Francisco Bay Area and in Northern California. The county seat and largest city is San Jose, the 10th-most populous city in the United States, California's third-most populous city and the most populous city in the San Francisco Bay Area.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Monterey County Board of Supervisors</span>

The Monterey County Board of Supervisors is the central governing body for Monterey County, California. The Board is made up of five elected officials, each of whom represent a distinct geographical district within the County.

References

  1. "Chronology". California State Association of Counties. Retrieved February 6, 2015.
  2. "Board of Supervisors | Monterey County, CA".
  3. "Junipero Serra Peak". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved March 16, 2015.
  4. "Monterey County, California". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved January 30, 2022.
  5. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  6. Gudde, Erwin G. (1949). California Place Names. Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press. p. 222. ASIN   B000FMOPP4.
  7. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved September 28, 2015.
  8. Jake Johnson (October 5, 2019), "Merging 'Loyalty to the Oil Industry' and 'Grudge Against California,' Trump Opens 725,000 Acres to Fossil Fuel Drilling", Common Dreams, retrieved October 5, 2019
  9. "Census of Population and Housing from 1790-2000". US Census Bureau . Retrieved January 24, 2022.
  10. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved September 28, 2015.
  11. Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 24, 2015. Retrieved September 28, 2015.
  12. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved September 28, 2015.
  13. 1 2 "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Monterey County, California". United States Census Bureau .
  14. 1 2 "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Monterey County, California". United States Census Bureau .
  15. Bureau, U.S. Census. "American FactFinder - Results". factfinder.census.gov. Archived from the original on February 14, 2020. Retrieved June 14, 2016.
  16. 1 2 3 "MEDIAN HOUSEHOLD INCOME IN THE PAST 12 MONTHS (IN 2013 INFLATION-ADJUSTED DOLLARS)". American Fact Finder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on December 26, 2014. Retrieved December 27, 2014.
  17. 1 2 3 4 5 "MEDIAN HOUSEHOLD INCOME IN THE PAST 12 MONTHS (IN 2013 INFLATION-ADJUSTED DOLLARS)". American Fact Finder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on December 26, 2014. Retrieved December 26, 2014.
  18. 1 2 "EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT FOR THE POPULATION 25 YEARS AND OVER". American Fact Finder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on December 26, 2014. Retrieved December 26, 2014.
  19. 1 2 "POVERTY STATUS IN THE PAST 12 MONTHS BY HOUSEHOLD TYPE BY AGE OF HOUSEHOLDER". American Fact Finder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on December 26, 2014. Retrieved December 26, 2014.
  20. 1 2 "Map Index". American Fact Finder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved December 26, 2014.
  21. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B02001. U.S. Census website. Retrieved 2013-10-26.
  22. 1 2 U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B03003. U.S. Census website. Retrieved 2013-10-26.
  23. 1 2 U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19301. U.S. Census website. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  24. 1 2 U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19013. U.S. Census website. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  25. 1 2 U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19113. U.S. Census website. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  26. 1 2 U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates. U.S. Census website. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  27. U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B01003. U.S. Census website. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  28. "2010 Census P.L. 94-171 Summary File Data". United States Census Bureau.
  29. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  30. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "Monterey County Supervisors and Their Districts". Board of Supervisors, County of Monterey. Retrieved December 26, 2018.
  31. "Attend a Board Meeting". Board of Supervisors, County of Monterey. Archived from the original on August 13, 2012. Retrieved September 21, 2012.
  32. "AMBAG Board of Directors". Association of Monterey Bay Area Governments. Archived from the original on November 10, 2012. Retrieved September 20, 2012.
  33. 1 2 3 "Districts and Redistricting, Monterey County Elections". Monterey County Elections Department. Archived from the original on April 29, 2014. Retrieved September 21, 2012.
  34. "Elected Officials County Offices" . Retrieved April 13, 2020.
  35. "Monterey County Supervisorial District 1 Map" (PDF). County of Monterey. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 1, 2012. Retrieved September 21, 2012.
  36. "Monterey County 1st District Supervisor Luis Alejo". Board of Supervisors, County of Monterey. Retrieved December 26, 2018.
  37. 1 2 3 4 5 "Board of Supervisors". County of Monterey. Retrieved April 13, 2020.
  38. "Monterey County Supervisorial District 2 Map" (PDF). County of Monterey. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 1, 2012. Retrieved September 21, 2012.
  39. "District 2 - Supervisor John M. Phillips" . Retrieved April 13, 2020.
  40. "Monterey County Supervisorial District 3 Map" (PDF). County of Monterey. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 1, 2012. Retrieved September 21, 2012.
  41. "District 3 - Supervisor Chris Lopez". County of Monterey. Retrieved April 13, 2020.
  42. "Monterey County Supervisorial District 4 Map" (PDF). County of Monterey. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 1, 2012. Retrieved September 21, 2012.
  43. "Jane Parker, Supervisor Fourth District". Board of Supervisors, County of Monterey. Retrieved September 21, 2012.
  44. "Monterey County Supervisorial District 5 Map (North District 5)" (PDF). County of Monterey. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 1, 2012. Retrieved September 21, 2012.
  45. "Monterey County Supervisorial District 5 Map (South District 5)" (PDF). County of Monterey. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 1, 2012. Retrieved September 21, 2012.
  46. "Communities of Interest - Counties". California Citizens Redistricting Commission. Archived from the original on October 23, 2015. Retrieved September 24, 2014.
  47. "Communities of Interest - Counties". California Citizens Redistricting Commission. Archived from the original on October 23, 2015. Retrieved September 24, 2014.
  48. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 California Secretary of State. February 10, 2013 - Report of Registration Archived July 27, 2013, at the Wayback Machine . Retrieved 2013-10-31.
  49. Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved September 1, 2018.
  50. Johnson, Jim (September 8, 2018). "Monterey County gets first-ever flag as final design chosen". Monterey Herald. Retrieved September 8, 2018.
  51. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Office of the Attorney General, Department of Justice, State of California. Table 11: Crimes 2009 Archived December 2, 2013, at the Wayback Machine . Retrieved 2013-11-14.
  52. Only larceny-theft cases involving property over $400 in value are reported as property crimes.
  53. 1 2 3 United States Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation. Crime in the United States, 2012, Table 8 (California). Retrieved 2013-11-14.
  54. "Mish's Global Economic Trend Analysis: C.A.R. Median Home Prices Down 47% From Peak". globaleconomicanalysis.blogspot.com.
  55. "Explore Census Data". United States Census Bureau. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 3, 2021.
  56. "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: Monterey County, CA" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau . Retrieved July 25, 2022. - Text list

Coordinates: 36°14′N121°19′W / 36.24°N 121.31°W / 36.24; -121.31