Monticello, Arkansas

Last updated
Monticello, Arkansas
Downtown Monticello, Arkansas 006.jpg
Drew County Arkansas Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Monticello Highlighted 0546580.svg
Location of Monticello in Drew County, Arkansas.
Coordinates: 33°37′38″N91°47′38″W / 33.62722°N 91.79389°W / 33.62722; -91.79389 Coordinates: 33°37′38″N91°47′38″W / 33.62722°N 91.79389°W / 33.62722; -91.79389
Country United States
State Arkansas
County Drew
Government
  Type Mayor-council government
  MayorPaige Chase
Area
[1]
  Total10.91 sq mi (28.27 km2)
  Land10.90 sq mi (28.23 km2)
  Water0.01 sq mi (0.04 km2)
Elevation
292 ft (89 m)
Population
  Total9,467
  Estimate 
(2017) [2]
9,627
  Density883.29/sq mi (341.04/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
71655-71657
Area code(s) 870
FIPS code 05-46580
GNIS feature ID0052144
Website monticelloarkansas.us

Monticello /mɒntɪsɛl/ is a city in, and the county seat of, Drew County, Arkansas, United States. [3] As of the 2010 census it had a population of 9,467. [4]

A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, China, Romania, Taiwan and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, and historically in Jamaica.

Drew County, Arkansas County in the United States

Drew County is a county located in the southeast region of the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 18,509, making it the thirty-ninth most populous of Arkansas's seventy-five counties. The county seat and largest city is Monticello. Drew County was formed on November 26, 1846, and named for Thomas Drew, the third governor of Arkansas.

Arkansas State of the United States of America

Arkansas is a state in the southern region of the United States, home to over 3 million people as of 2018. Its name is of Siouan derivation from the language of the Osage denoting their related kin, the Quapaw Indians. The state's diverse geography ranges from the mountainous regions of the Ozark and the Ouachita Mountains, which make up the U.S. Interior Highlands, to the densely forested land in the south known as the Arkansas Timberlands, to the eastern lowlands along the Mississippi River and the Arkansas Delta.

Contents

Founded in 1849 in the Arkansas Timberlands very near the Arkansas Delta region, the city has long been a commercial, cultural and educational hub for southeast Arkansas. With a historically agriculture- and silviculture-based economy, Monticello has diversified to include growth from the medical sector and the University of Arkansas at Monticello (UAM).

Arkansas Timberlands forested region

The Arkansas Timberlands is a region of the U.S. state of Arkansas generally encompassing the area south of the Ouachita Mountains, south of Central Arkansas and west of the Arkansas Delta. With several different definitions in use by various state agencies, the Arkansas Timberlands is essentially a region known for dense pine and cypress forests covering hilly terrain and lining numerous rivers. Modern settlement created a significant logging industry and subsequent clearance agriculture which provided the basis of the local economy until the discovery of petroleum. Local tourism is largely based on the popularity of deer hunting and bass fishing. Attractions there include Marks' Mills Battleground Historical Monument, Jenkins' Ferry Battleground Historical Monument, Overflow National Wildlife Refuge, Felsenthal National Wildlife Refuge, South Arkansas Arboretum, Arkansas Museum of Natural Resources, White Oak Lake State Park, Poison Springs Battleground State Park, Millwood State Park, and Pond Creek National Wildlife Refuge. The Arkansas Timberlands is the birthplace of former President of the United States Bill Clinton.

Arkansas Delta

The Arkansas Delta is one of the six natural regions of the state of Arkansas. Willard B. Gatewood Jr., author of The Arkansas Delta: Land of Paradox, says that rich cotton lands of the Arkansas Delta make that area "The Deepest of the Deep South."

Silviculture economic use and conservation of forests and forest products

Silviculture is the practice of controlling the growth, composition, health, and quality of forests to meet diverse needs and values.

History

When Drew County was formed in 1846, its citizens decided that a new town should be built to serve as the county seat. In 1849, land was donated for the town site. The first courthouse was built in 1851, and a second courthouse was erected in 1857. Two trials were held in that courthouse in March and September 1859 to consider whether the slave Abby Guy should be freed. The first trial resulted in a hung jury but the second jury of 12 local men found in her favor and she was set free. [5]

During the Civil War, several small skirmishes were fought around Monticello. The Rodger's Female Academy was used as a hospital for Confederate soldiers. [6]

American Civil War Civil war in the United States from 1861 to 1865

The American Civil War was a civil war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865, between the North and the South. The most studied and written about episode in U.S. history, the Civil War began primarily as a result of the long-standing controversy over the enslavement of black people. War broke out in April 1861 when secessionist forces attacked Fort Sumter in South Carolina shortly after Abraham Lincoln had been inaugurated as the President of the United States. The loyalists of the Union in the North proclaimed support for the Constitution. They faced secessionists of the Confederate States in the South, who advocated for states' rights to uphold slavery.

Confederate States Army Army of the Confederate States

The Confederate States Army (C.S.A.) was the military land force of the Confederate States of America (Confederacy) during the American Civil War (1861–1865), fighting against the United States forces. On February 28, 1861, the Provisional Confederate Congress established a provisional volunteer army and gave control over military operations and authority for mustering state forces and volunteers to the newly chosen Confederate president, Jefferson Davis. Davis was a graduate of the U.S. Military Academy, and colonel of a volunteer regiment during the Mexican–American War. He had also been a United States Senator from Mississippi and U.S. Secretary of War under President Franklin Pierce. On March 1, 1861, on behalf of the Confederate government, Davis assumed control of the military situation at Charleston, South Carolina, where South Carolina state militia besieged Fort Sumter in Charleston harbor, held by a small U.S. Army garrison. By March 1861, the Provisional Confederate Congress expanded the provisional forces and established a more permanent Confederate States Army.

Geography

Monticello is located west of the center of Drew County at 33°37′38″N91°47′38″W / 33.62722°N 91.79389°W / 33.62722; -91.79389 (33.627183, −91.793787). [7] U.S. Routes 425 and 278 intersect in the city, west of downtown. U.S. 425 leads north 50 miles (80 km) to Pine Bluff and south 29 miles (47 km) to Hamburg, while US 278 leads west 16 miles (26 km) to Warren and east 26 miles (42 km) to McGehee.

U.S. Route 425 highway in the United States

U.S. Route 425 is a north–south United States highway, first commissioned in 1989. Its route number is a "violation" of the usual AASHTO numbering scheme, as it comes nowhere near its implied "parent", US 25.

U.S. Route 278 highway in the United States

U.S. Route 278 is a parallel route of U.S. Route 78. It currently runs for 1,074 miles (1,728 km) from Hilton Head Island, South Carolina to Wickes, Arkansas at U.S. Route 71/U.S. Route 59. It is longer than its parent highway, US 78. US 278 passes through the states of South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, and Arkansas. This highway passes through the cities and towns of Augusta, Covington, Atlanta, Powder Springs, Hiram, Dallas, Rockmart, and Cedartown, Georgia; Gadsden and Cullman, Alabama; Tupelo, Oxford, and Greenville, Mississippi; and Monticello and Hope, Arkansas.

Pine Bluff, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Pine Bluff is the tenth-largest city in the state of Arkansas and the county seat of Jefferson County. It is the principal city of the Pine Bluff Metropolitan Statistical Area and part of the Little Rock-North Little Rock-Pine Bluff Combined Statistical Area. The population of the city was 49,083 in the 2010 Census with 2017 estimates showing a decline to 42,984.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Monticello has a total area of 11.0 square miles (28.6 km2), of which 0.02 square miles (0.04 km2), or 0.14%, is water. [4]

United States Census Bureau Bureau of the United States responsible for the census and related statistics

The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy. The Census Bureau is part of the U.S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States.

Climate

Monticello lies in the humid subtropical climate zone (Köppen Cfa). The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters.

Climate data for Monticello, Arkansas (1981–2010 normals)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)83
(28)
85
(29)
89
(32)
96
(36)
98
(37)
104
(40)
109
(43)
107
(42)
108
(42)
96
(36)
89
(32)
82
(28)
109
(43)
Average high °F (°C)53
(12)
58
(14)
67
(19)
75
(24)
82
(28)
89
(32)
92
(33)
92
(33)
87
(31)
76
(24)
65
(18)
55
(13)
74
(23)
Average low °F (°C)33
(1)
38
(3)
44
(7)
52
(11)
61
(16)
69
(21)
72
(22)
71
(22)
64
(18)
53
(12)
44
(7)
36
(2)
53
(12)
Record low °F (°C)−6
(−21)
−6
(−21)
11
(−12)
22
(−6)
36
(2)
46
(8)
52
(11)
49
(9)
35
(2)
24
(−4)
11
(−12)
0
(−18)
−6
(−21)
Average precipitation inches (mm)4.68
(119)
5.16
(131)
5.16
(131)
4.79
(122)
5.04
(128)
4.08
(104)
3.59
(91)
2.85
(72)
2.96
(75)
4.63
(118)
5.10
(130)
5.64
(143)
53.68
(1,364)
Source: The Weather Channel [8]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1880 891
1890 1,28544.2%
1900 1,57922.9%
1910 2,27444.0%
1920 2,3784.6%
1930 3,07629.4%
1940 3,65018.7%
1950 4,50123.3%
1960 4,412−2.0%
1970 5,08515.3%
1980 8,25962.4%
1990 8,116−1.7%
2000 9,14612.7%
2010 9,4673.5%
Est. 20179,627 [2] 1.7%
U.S. Decennial Census [9]

As of the census [10] of 2000, there were 9,146 people, 3,592 households, and 2,316 families residing in the city. The population density was 852.0 inhabitants per square mile (329.0/km2). There were 3,972 housing units at an average density of 370.0 per square mile (142.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 64.96% White, 32.62% Black or African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.70% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.58% from other races, and 0.98% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.29% of the population.

There were 3,592 households out of which 32.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.5% were married couples living together, 18.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.5% were non-families. 29.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the city, the population was spread out with 25.8% under the age of 18, 16.1% from 18 to 24, 25.9% from 25 to 44, 18.7% from 45 to 64, and 13.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $26,821, and the median income for a family was $36,615. Males had a median income of $32,029 versus $21,546 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,113. About 14.8% of families and 20.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.5% of those under age 18 and 20.2% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Monticello operates under a mayor-council government, with two aldermen representing the city's four wards on the city council. Aldermen are elected to two-year terms. The mayor, city attorney, and municipal judge are elected to four-year terms.

Education

Primary and secondary

Most of Monticello is served by the Monticello School District while small portions are served by the Drew Central School District. [11]

The Monticello School District consists of Monticello Elementary School (grades K to 2), Monticello Intermediate School (grades 3 to 5) Monticello Middle School (grades 6 to 8), and Monticello High School (grades 9 to 12).

The Drew Central School District primarily serves the outlying areas of Monticello. It consists of Drew Central Elementary School (grades PreK to 4), Drew Central Middle School (grades 5 to 8), and Drew Central High School (grades 9 to 12).

Monticello also has two private academies. Monticello Christian Academy serves grades K through 12, and Grace Christian Academy serves grades K through 8.

Athletics

High School football is a popular community event; the Monticello High School Billies won the AAA (now AAAAA) state championship in 1994 and in 2009.; [12] the Monticello Middle School football team was undefeated in the years from 2005-2008.[ citation needed ] The Drew Central High School football team was recently reincorporated after a fire destroyed the team's equipment.[ citation needed ]

Post-secondary

Monticello is the home of the University of Arkansas at Monticello.

Media

Radio stations

Newspaper

Notable people

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References

  1. "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Aug 22, 2018.
  2. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved March 24, 2018.
  3. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  4. 1 2 "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Monticello city, Arkansas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved October 13, 2015.
  5. Mahan, Russell, Abby Guy: Race and Slavery on Trial in an 1855 Southern Court; Historical Enterprises, Santa Clara, Utah, 2017.
  6. DeArmond-Huskey, Rebecca. "Monticello (Drew County)". The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture. Central Arkansas Library System. Archived from the original on 16 June 2010. Retrieved 9 December 2009.
  7. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Archived from the original on 2012-03-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  8. "Monthly Averages for Monticello, AR (71655)" (Table). The Weather Channel. Archived from the original on May 27, 2014. Retrieved May 26, 2014.
  9. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  10. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  11. "SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP (2010 CENSUS): Drew County, AR Archived 2018-04-23 at the Wayback Machine ." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on October 15, 2017.
  12. fearlessfriday.com. "Monticello Billies on FearlessFriday.com". www.fearlessfriday.com. Archived from the original on 2 October 2017. Retrieved 23 April 2018.