Montigny-le-Bretonneux

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Montigny-le-Bretonneux
Montigny le Bx Mairie.jpg
The city hall
Blason ville fr Montigny-le-Bretonneux (Yvelines).svg
Coat of arms
Montigny-le-Bretonneux map.png
Location (in red) within Paris inner and outer suburbs
Location of Montigny-le-Bretonneux
Montigny-le-Bretonneux
France location map-Regions and departements-2016.svg
Red pog.svg
Montigny-le-Bretonneux
Location (in red) within Paris inner and outer suburbs
Ile-de-France region location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Montigny-le-Bretonneux
Montigny-le-Bretonneux (Île-de-France (region))
Coordinates: 48°46′16″N2°02′00″E / 48.7711°N 2.0333°E / 48.7711; 2.0333 Coordinates: 48°46′16″N2°02′00″E / 48.7711°N 2.0333°E / 48.7711; 2.0333
Country France
Region Île-de-France
Department Yvelines
Arrondissement Versailles
Canton Montigny-le-Bretonneux
Intercommunality Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines
Government
  Mayor (20202026) Lorrain Merckaert
Area
1
11.65 km2 (4.50 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018) [1]
32,575
  Density2,800/km2 (7,200/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
78423 /78180
Elevation150–171 m (492–561 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Montigny-le-Bretonneux (French pronunciation:  [mɔ̃tiɲi lə bʁətɔnø] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen )) is a commune in the Yvelines department in the Île-de-France region in north-central France. It is located in the south-western suburbs of Paris, 24.5 kilometres (15.2 miles) from the centre of Paris, in the "new town" of Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines, of which it is the central and most populated commune.

Contents

History

Montigny-le-Bretonneux, the 8th town of the Yvelines department by population, has 33,000 inhabitants and is the central and principal town of the Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines district. It is situated at the heart of Yvelines, between the Vallée de Chevreuse and the Forest of Rambouillet in the south, and the towns of Versailles and Saint-Germain-en-Laye in the north.

The history of the town reflects that of a small traditional French village, devoted to agriculture. The growth of the new town in the 1970s actually initiates the change from the village of Montigny-le-Bretonneux (1292 inhabitants in 1970) to the town (10,063 in 1980).

The town is found 25 km (16 miles) south west of Paris, and 5 km (3 miles) from Versailles, and at the heart of an agglomeration of 150,000 people, of which Montigny is the largest commune.

After two decades of steady urbanization, Montigny-le-Bretonneux is now essentially completed, although the opportunity to create new housing is still there. In 2002, the State has decreed the end of the Operation of National Interest Statute establishing the new district of Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines, whose seven member municipalities have opted for a new intercommunal principal, the “Community of Agglomeration”.

Montigny-le-Bretonneux has now passed the building phase – the frenzy of building that characterised the town is suitably balanced between neighbourhoods and business areas. Montigny has become a haven for St. Quentinois wishing to settle there. The parks were born in the 1970s and 1980s with the rise of the new town are and were in principle built to rehabilitate the economic heritage and to adapt to technological standards now imposed on businesses. Its economy is rooted primarily in the service sector (1,590 businesses). Furthermore, several major headquarters of international companies have settled in the city (for example; SAIPEM, BMW France et COGEMA).

Recent developments in Montigny-le-Bretonneux include the national velodrome built between 2011 and 2014, supported by the State, the French Cycling Federation, local authorities and a pool of business partners, and the Faculty of Medicine (UFR des sciences de la santé Simone Veil), part of the Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines University.

Population

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 265    
1800 277+0.63%
1806 300+1.34%
1821 266−0.80%
1831 301+1.24%
1836 303+0.13%
1841 288−1.01%
1846 308+1.35%
1851 315+0.45%
1856 300−0.97%
1861 290−0.68%
1866 313+1.54%
1872 338+1.29%
1876 332−0.45%
1881 333+0.06%
1886 246−5.88%
1891 328+5.92%
1896 340+0.72%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 339−0.06%
1906 332−0.42%
1911 275−3.70%
1921 323+1.62%
1926 375+3.03%
1931 402+1.40%
1936 458+2.64%
1946 501+0.90%
1954 532+0.75%
1962 543+0.26%
1968 937+9.52%
1975 1,550+7.46%
1982 14,093+37.07%
1990 31,687+10.66%
1999 35,216+1.18%
2007 34,038−0.42%
2012 33,680−0.21%
2017 32,929−0.45%
Source: EHESS [2] and INSEE (1968-2017) [3]

Events in the town

The town organises annual events for which the community comes together to celebrate. Some are listed below:

Transport

Montigny-le-Bretonneux is served by Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines station on Paris RER line C on the Transilien La Défense suburban rail line, and on the Transilien Paris – Montparnasseline N suburban rail line.

Neighbourhoods

The community has nine neighbourhoods. They are Manet, Pas du Lac, Plan de l'Eglise, Plan de Troux Prés, Saint Quentin, Sourderie Nord, Sourderie Sud, and Village. [5]

Education

Institut Culturel Franco-Japonais - Ecole Japonaise de Paris Institut culturel franco-japonais - Ecole japonaise de Paris a Montigny-le-Bretonneux le 19 avril 2015 - 02.jpg
Institut Culturel Franco-Japonais – École Japonaise de Paris

15 schools serve école maternelle (preschool) students, and 15 schools serve école élémentaire (elementary) students. There are two groupes scolaires, or combined preschools and elementary schools. [6]

Public secondary schools:

Private schools:

The rainbow symbolises the radiance and vitality of the town. The dominant green colour symbolises the green space of the community, and the Ferme du Manet and leisure facilities in the town. The four white stones and lily are the historical reference; under l’ancien Regime, important boundaries marking royal properties were marked with a white stone, engraved with initials or a crest. At Montigny, the crest was a lily flower. Four were planted at a crossroads leading to Versailles, Trappes, Montigny and Bois d’Arcy.

International relations

Montigny-le-Bretonneux twinnings Montigny le Bx Jumellage.jpg
Montigny-le-Bretonneux twinnings

Montigny-le-Bretonneux is twinned with: [11]

Curiously, the signpost pictured on the right implies that all the twin towns, be they in Germany, Romania, UK, Ireland, Spain or Italy, are in the same direction from Montigny.

See also

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References

  1. "Populations légales 2018". INSEE. 28 December 2020.
  2. Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Montigny-le-Bretonneux, EHESS. (in French)
  3. Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  4. call before :Avenue du Pas du Lac
  5. "Présentation de la ville Archived 2013-11-04 at the Wayback Machine ." Montigny-le-Bretonneux. Retrieved on 27 December 2011.
  6. "Écoles maternelles-primaires." City of Montigny-le-Bretonneux. Retrieved on 27 December 2011.
  7. Home. Collège Alberto Giacometti. Retrieved on September 4, 2016.
  8. Home. Collège de La Couldre. Retrieved on September 4, 2016.
  9. Home. Collège Les Prés. Retrieved on September 4, 2016.
  10. Home. Collège Lycées Saint François d'Assise. Retrieved on September 4, 2016.
  11. "Jumelages". montigny78.fr (in French). Montigny-le-Bretonneux. Retrieved 2019-11-19.