Montolieu

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Montolieu
Montaulieu vu du pont.jpg
A general view of Montolieu
Blason ville fr Montolieu (Aude).svg
Coat of arms
Location of Montolieu
France location map-Regions and departements-2016.svg
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Montolieu
Languedoc-Roussillon-Midi-Pyrenees region location map.svg
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Montolieu
Coordinates: 43°18′36″N2°12′57″E / 43.31°N 2.2158°E / 43.31; 2.2158 Coordinates: 43°18′36″N2°12′57″E / 43.31°N 2.2158°E / 43.31; 2.2158
Country France
Region Occitanie
Department Aude
Arrondissement Carcassonne
Canton La Malepère à la Montagne Noire
Government
  Mayor (20082014) Edouard Ricard
Area
1
23.65 km2 (9.13 sq mi)
Population
 (2016-01-01) [1]
870
  Density37/km2 (95/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
11253 /11170
Elevation123–407 m (404–1,335 ft)
(avg. 200 m or 660 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Montolieu is a commune in the Aude department in southern France.

The commune is a level of administrative division in the French Republic. French communes are analogous to civil townships and incorporated municipalities in the United States and Canada, Gemeinden in Germany, comuni in Italy or ayuntamiento in Spain. The United Kingdom has no exact equivalent, as communes resemble districts in urban areas, but are closer to parishes in rural areas where districts are much larger. Communes are based on historical geographic communities or villages and are vested with significant powers to manage the populations and land of the geographic area covered. The communes are the fourth-level administrative divisions of France.

Aude Department of France in Occitanie

Aude is a department in Southern France, located in the Occitanie region and named after the Aude River. The departmental council also calls it "Cathar Country" after a group of religious dissidents active in the 12th century.

In the administrative divisions of France, the department is one of the three levels of government below the national level, between the administrative regions and the commune. Ninety-six departments are in metropolitan France, and five are overseas departments, which are also classified as regions. Departments are further subdivided into 334 arrondissements, themselves divided into cantons; the last two have no autonomy, and are used for the organisation of police, fire departments, and sometimes, elections.

Contents

Sometimes referred to as "Village of Books", Montolieu contains fifteen bookshops, mostly specializing in second-hand and antiquarian books. Many artists also live and work in Montolieu, with five workshops and galleries of painters and sculptors and three photographers' studios. It also contains a substantial cactus garden, the Cactuseraie d'Escaïre-Figue. In 1989, Michel Braibant, a bookbinder in Carcassonne, initiated the Village of the Book in Montolieu. He created the Association « Montolieu Village du Livre », and founded the Arts and Crafts Museum of the Book. -Starting in 1991, bookshops and craftpersons of the book such as bookbinders and calligraphers set up shop in Montolieu. -A museum is created, le "Musée des Arts et Métiers du Livre" -The Paper Mill in Brousse is restored and reactivated. -Periodical cultural events are organized, such as "The Spring of Books", "Lire en Fête" and "Cuvée spéciale" -Nearly fifty buildings were renovated, and about fifteen beds and breakfast progressively opened up. -In 1992, Montolieu reopened its primary school.

Book town

A book town is a town or village with a large number of used book or antiquarian book stores. These stores, as well as literary festivals, attract bibliophile tourists. A number of the book towns are members of the International Organisation of Book Towns.

Cactus Family of mostly succulent plants, adapted to dry environments

A cactus is a member of the plant family Cactaceae, a family comprising about 127 genera with some 1750 known species of the order Caryophyllales. The word "cactus" derives, through Latin, from the Ancient Greek κάκτος, kaktos, a name originally used by Theophrastus for a spiny plant whose identity is not certain. Cacti occur in a wide range of shapes and sizes. Most cacti live in habitats subject to at least some drought. Many live in extremely dry environments, even being found in the Atacama Desert, one of the driest places on earth. Cacti show many adaptations to conserve water. Almost all cacti are succulents, meaning they have thickened, fleshy parts adapted to store water. Unlike many other succulents, the stem is the only part of most cacti where this vital process takes place. Most species of cacti have lost true leaves, retaining only spines, which are highly modified leaves. As well as defending against herbivores, spines help prevent water loss by reducing air flow close to the cactus and providing some shade. In the absence of leaves, enlarged stems carry out photosynthesis. Cacti are native to the Americas, ranging from Patagonia in the south to parts of western Canada in the north—except for Rhipsalis baccifera, which also grows in Africa and Sri Lanka.

The Cactuseraie d'Escaïre-Figue is a botanical garden specializing in cactus. It is located in Montolieu, Aude, Languedoc-Roussillon, France, and opens daily except Mondays.

Each year: -Montolieu welcomes over 52 000 visitors. -2,000 students from primary and high schools discover our workshops.

Today, Montolieu offers the following: -Used and antiquarian bookshops -Working craftspeople of books and art. -The Arts and Crafts of the Book Museum. -Graphic and plastic art galleries and expositions. -Bibliophilia stocks. -Educational activities around the Book and its craft. -Many artists, sculptors, painters, photographers and musicians. -A heritage classified as historical monument. -An intermunicipal tourism office, from the Cabardes to the Canal du Midi.

Since its creation, Montolieu Village du Livre has facilitated the continuation and development of many shops and services, allowing its economy and employment to thrive. These include: Bars, restaurants, coffee shops and bed-and-breakfast places. A market place, a tobacco/newspaper store, a baker, a hairdresser. A pre-school and a primary school. Doctors and a drugstore. A swimming pool, a campsite, tennis courts, and a soccer field. Some organic farmers, and an organic vegetable vending machine. And fifteen bookstores, seven artists' workshops and seven craftspeople of the book. The population of the village is eight hundred.

Population

Historical population
YearPop.±%
17931,410    
18001,421+0.8%
18061,457+2.5%
18211,644+12.8%
18311,727+5.0%
18361,758+1.8%
18411,650−6.1%
18461,529−7.3%
18511,575+3.0%
18561,481−6.0%
18611,402−5.3%
18661,508+7.6%
18721,528+1.3%
18761,468−3.9%
18811,414−3.7%
18861,411−0.2%
18911,407−0.3%
18961,458+3.6%
19011,480+1.5%
19061,465−1.0%
19111,260−14.0%
19211,070−15.1%
19261,032−3.6%
19311,064+3.1%
19361,035−2.7%
19461,016−1.8%
1954986−3.0%
1962899−8.8%
1968896−0.3%
1975837−6.6%
1982852+1.8%
1990807−5.3%
1999786−2.6%
2008757−3.7%

See also

Communes of the Aude department Wikimedia list article

The following is a list of the 433 communes of the Aude department of France.

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References

  1. "Populations légales 2016". INSEE . Retrieved 25 April 2019.