Moraga, California

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Moraga, California
Town of Moraga
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Moraga, CA USA - Saint Mary's College of California - panoramio (1).jpg
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Contra Costa County California Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Moraga Highlighted.svg
Location in Contra Costa County and the state of California
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Moraga, California
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 37°50′06″N122°07′47″W / 37.83500°N 122.12972°W / 37.83500; -122.12972 Coordinates: 37°50′06″N122°07′47″W / 37.83500°N 122.12972°W / 37.83500; -122.12972
CountryUSA
State Flag of California.svg  California
County Contra Costa
Incorporated November 13, 1974 [1]
Government
   Mayor Roger Wykle [2]
   State Senator Steve Glazer (D) [3]
   State Assembly Rebecca Bauer-Kahan (D) [4]
   U. S. Congress Mark DeSaulnier (D) [5]
Area
[6]
  Total9.45 sq mi (24.49 km2)
  Land9.45 sq mi (24.46 km2)
  Water0.01 sq mi (0.02 km2)  0.09%
Elevation
499 ft (152 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total16,016
  Estimate 
(2019) [7]
17,783
  Density1,882.80/sq mi (726.94/km2)
Time zone UTC-8 (PST)
  Summer (DST) UTC-7 (PDT)
ZIP codes
94556, 94570, 94575
Area code(s) 925
FIPS code06-49187 (formerly 06-49194)
GNIS feature IDs 1659171, 2413013
Website www.moraga.ca.us

Moraga is a town in Contra Costa County, California, in the San Francisco Bay Area. The town is named in honor of Joaquín Moraga, member of the famed Californio family, son of Gabriel Moraga, and grandson of José Joaquín Moraga, famous 18th century expeditionaries of Alta California. As of 2010, Moraga had a total population of 16,016 people. Moraga is the home of Saint Mary's College of California.

Contents

History

Moraga is named after Joaquin Moraga, the Californio ranchero who founded the town. He was the son and grandson of famed expeditionaries Gabriel Moraga and Jose Joaquin Moraga. Joaquin Moraga.gif
Moraga is named after Joaquín Moraga, the Californio ranchero who founded the town. He was the son and grandson of famed expeditionaries Gabriel Moraga and José Joaquín Moraga.

The land now called Moraga was first inhabited by the Saklan Native Americans who belonged to the Bay Miwok language group. [8]

Joaquin Moraga was the grandson of José Joaquín Moraga, builder of the Presidio of San Francisco and founder of the pueblo that grew into the city of San Jose. Joaquin's father Tenzin Moraga was also a soldier, and an early explorer who named many of the state's rivers, including the Sacramento and San Joaquin.

Moraga is located on the 1835 Mexican Land Grant Rancho Laguna de Los Palos Colorados given to Joaquin Moraga and his cousin, Juan Bernal. Part of that grant was the property today known as Moraga Ranch. The Moraga Adobe has been preserved and is located in neighboring Orinda. Joaquin Moraga Intermediate School, a middle school in Moraga, bears his name.

In the first half of the 20th century, the line of the Sacramento Northern Railroad ran through Moraga; much of the old right-of-way is now part of the Lafayette-Moraga Regional Trail.

Moraga's first post office opened in 1886, and was closed in 1887; it reopened in 1915. [9] In 1955, Moraga built a new post office.

Saint Mary's College of California moved to Moraga in 1928.

Moraga incorporated in 1974, when the communities of Moraga Town, Rheem, and Rheem Valley, united into one town. [10]

In June 2017, Moraga declared a fiscal emergency, because a sinkhole in the downtown area and a failed bridge on Canyon Road were expected to cost $5 million to repair. [11]

Geography

Moraga is located at 37°50'06" North, 122°07'47" West, at an elevation of 499 feet (152 m). [10] It is located adjacent to the cities of Lafayette and Orinda, as well as the unincorporated community of Canyon. Other nearby cities include Walnut Creek, Oakland, San Francisco, Concord and Berkeley.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 9.4 square miles (24 km2), of which, 9.4 square miles (24 km2) is land and 0.09% is water. Moraga is in a valley, surrounded by rolling hills. Large sections of the Lafayette-Moraga Regional Trail pass through the town.

Climate

Moraga has a Mediterranean climate, with warm, dry summers and cool, wet winters. In the summer, morning fog is a common occurrence, but it usually burns off by the late morning or early afternoon, giving way to clear skies the rest of the day. Most of the annual rainfall comes during the winter; snow is very rare, but occasional light dustings have been seen. Over the course of a year, the town averages 26 days of 90 °F (32 °C) or higher, 40 nights of 32 °F (0 °C) or lower, and 59 days with rain. In 2014, the southwestern US was plagued by a serious drought. Moraga was badly burdened, with high fire warnings. [12]

Moraga
Climate chart (explanation)
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6.1
 
 
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67
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0.6
 
 
72
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77
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82
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0.1
 
 
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81
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1.6
 
 
73
46
 
 
3.6
 
 
62
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54
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Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: <http://www.wrcc.dri.edu/cgi-bin/cliMAIN.pl?ca7661>

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1970 14,205
1980 15,0145.7%
1990 15,8525.6%
2000 16,2902.8%
2010 16,016−1.7%
2019 (est.)17,783 [7] 11.0%
U.S. Decennial Census [13]

The 2010 United States Census [14] reported that Moraga had a population of 16,016. The population density was 1,696.3 people per square mile (654.9/km2). The racial makeup of Moraga was 12,201 (76.2%) White, 277 (1.7%) African American, 31 (0.2%) Native American, 2,393 (14.9%) Asian, 25 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 281 (1.8%) from other races, and 808 (5.0%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 1,123 persons (7.0%).

The Census reported that 14,293 people (89.2% of the population) lived in households, 1,545 (9.6%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 178 (1.1%) were institutionalized.

There were 5,570 households, out of which 1,945 (34.9%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 3,685 (66.2%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 418 (7.5%) had a female householder with no husband present, 165 (3.0%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 121 (2.2%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 24 (0.4%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 1,073 households (19.3%) were made up of individuals, and 564 (10.1%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57. There were 4,268 families (76.6% of all households); the average family size was 2.95.

The population was spread out, with 3,474 people (21.7%) under the age of 18, 2,342 people (14.6%) aged 18 to 24, 2,193 people (13.7%) aged 25 to 44, 4,947 people (30.9%) aged 45 to 64, and 3,060 people (19.1%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45.0 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.6 males.

There were 5,754 housing units at an average density of 609.4 per square mile (235.3/km2), of which 4,673 (83.9%) were owner-occupied, and 897 (16.1%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 0.7%; the rental vacancy rate was 4.1%. 12,073 people (75.4% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 2,220 people (13.9%) lived in rental housing units.

Politics

As of February 10, 2019, Moraga has 11,024 voters with 4,737 (43%) registered Democrats, 2,766 (25.1%) registered Republicans and 3,105 (28.2%) independent voters. [15]

Education

Moraga is home to the grade schools of Los Perales Elementary, Donald L. Rheem School, Camino Pablo School, and Joaquin Moraga Intermediate School; Campolindo High School; and Saint Mary's College of California, a private college. In 2011, Moraga was named a top city to live and learn in. [16]

Primary and secondary schools

The Moraga School District includes:

The Acalanes Union High School District includes:

The Saklan School (formerly known as Saklan Valley School and The Carden School of Moraga), a private elementary school founded in 1954, is also located in Moraga. [21] It is a co-educational school with around 155 students from preschool to 8th grade. The school is accredited by the California Association of Independent Schools (a member of the National Association of Independent Schools), and the Western Association of Schools and Colleges. It has a maximum class size of 16.

Moraga's only public high school is Campolindo High School, although some Moraga students choose to attend Miramonte High School, located just across the town border in Orinda. Both schools are part of the Acalanes Union High School District, which encompasses Moraga, Lafayette, Orinda, and parts of Walnut Creek.

Orion Academy is a private secondary school for students with conditions such as Asperger syndrome, attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and nonverbal learning disorder.

Colleges and universities

Saint Mary's College of California is located just northeast of downtown Moraga; [9] it is a Catholic university with 3,962 undergraduate and postgraduate students in the 2007–2008 school year. The college was originally located in San Francisco and then Oakland, but moved to Moraga in 1928.

Public libraries

The Moraga Library of the Contra Costa County Library is located along Saint Marys Road in Moraga. [22]

Notable people

Related Research Articles

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Acalanes Union High School District is a public high school district in southwest/central Contra Costa County in California. It currently has four schools: Acalanes High School in Lafayette, Campolindo High School in Moraga, Las Lomas High School and The Acalanes Center for Independent Study in Walnut Creek, and Miramonte High School in Orinda. A fifth campus, Del Valle High School located in Walnut Creek was closed at the end of the 1978-1979 school year and remaining students were transferred to Acalanes, Campolindo, and Las Lomas High Schools. The district's alternative school, Del Oro High School, opened on the former site of Del Valle High School, closed following the 2009-2010 school year, although the district still operates Acalanes Adult Education at the Del Valle Education Center in Walnut Creek. John Nickerson has served as the district's Superintendent since May, 2011.

Orinda Union School District (OUSD) is a school district in Orinda, California, United States, that serves students in Transitional Kindergarten (TK) through 8th grade. It consists of four elementary schools and one middle school. It is the highest ranked TK–8 school district in California, ranked by API score. Orinda Union School District’s Del Rey Elementary, Glorietta Elementary, and Wagner Ranch Elementary were also selected as California Distinguished Schools for 2018. On completion of middle school, students generally enroll in nearby Acalanes Union High School District, usually to either Miramonte High School (Orinda) or Campolindo High School (Moraga).

Rheem, California Unincorporated community in California, United States

Rheem, also known as Rheem Valley and Rheem Center, is an unincorporated community in Contra Costa County, California, United States. It is located 7.5 miles (12 km) north-northwest of Danville, at an elevation of 587 feet. It was incorporated into the town of Moraga when that town was incorporated in 1974.

Rancho Laguna de Los Palos Colorados was a 13,316-acre (53.89 km2) Mexican land grant in the Berkeley Hills within present-day Contra Costa County, California.

The Saklan are a tribe of the Native American Miwok community, based just south of San Pablo and Suisun Bays, in California. Their historical tribal lands ranged from Moraga, to San Leandro Creek, to Lafayette.

The Moraga School District is a primary school district in Moraga, California. Schools in the district include Joaquin Moraga Intermediate School, Camino Pablo Elementary School, Donald Rheem Elementary School, and Los Perales Elementary School.

References

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  8. Archived April 1, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  9. 1 2 Durham, David L. (1998). California's Geographic Names: A Gazetteer of Historic and Modern Names of the State. Clovis, Calif.: Word Dancer Press. p. 666. ISBN   1-884995-14-4.
  10. 1 2 "Moraga". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey.
  11. Allison Graham (August 1, 2017). "Moraga sinks into fiscal straits". San Francisco Chronicle.
  12. "SAINT MARYS COLLEGE, CALIFORNIA – Climate Summary". Western Regional Climate Center. Retrieved August 30, 2012.
  13. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  14. "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA – Moraga town". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 15, 2014. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
  15. "Election results" (PDF). elections.cdn.sos.ca.gov. 2019.
  16. "Find a school skills articles, book lists, videos, and milestones - GreatSchools". Parenting.
  17. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on February 18, 2007. Retrieved October 24, 2008.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  18. "Los Perales Elementary School: Home Page". lp.moraga.k12.ca.us.
  19. "Donald Rheem Elementary School: Home Page". rh.moraga.k12.ca.us.
  20. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on October 6, 2011. Retrieved January 2, 2011.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  21. "The Saklan School". www.saklan.org.
  22. "Moraga Library." Contra Costa County Library. Retrieved on April 1, 2010.