Morbihan

Last updated
Morbihan
Mor-Bihan  (Breton)
Vannes - prefecture (1).JPG
Prefecture building of the Morbihan department, in Vannes
Drapeau fr departement Morbihan.svg
Blason departement fr Morbihan.svg
Morbihan-Position.svg
Location of Morbihan in France
Morbihan.png
Map of Morbihan
Coordinates: 47°50′N02°50′W / 47.833°N 2.833°W / 47.833; -2.833 Coordinates: 47°50′N02°50′W / 47.833°N 2.833°W / 47.833; -2.833
Country France
Region Brittany
Prefecture Vannes
Subprefectures Lorient
Pontivy
Government
   President of the Departmental Council David Lappartient [1]
Area
1
  Total6,823 km2 (2,634 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019) [2]
  Total759,684
  Rank 31st
  Density110/km2 (290/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number 56
Arrondissements 3
Cantons 21
Communes 249
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

Morbihan ( /ˈmɔːrbiən/ MOR-bee-ən,[ citation needed ]French:  [mɔʁbi(j)ɑ̃] ; Breton : Mor-Bihan [moːrˈbiː(h)ãn] ) is a department in the administrative region of Brittany, situated in the northwest of France. It is named after the Morbihan (small sea in Breton), the enclosed sea that is the principal feature of the coastline. It had a population of 759,684 in 2019. [3] It is noted for its Carnac stones, which predate and are more extensive than the Stonehenge monument in Wiltshire, England.

Contents

Three major military educational facilities are located in Guer, including École Spéciale Militaire de Saint-Cyr, the national military academy for officers.

History

Morbihan is one of the original 83 departments created on 4 March 1790 during the French Revolution. It was created from a part of the Duchy of Brittany.

In 1945 cadets from École Spéciale Militaire de Saint-Cyr, France's foremost military academy for officers, were relocated to Camp Coëtquidan (Camp de Coëtquidan) in Guer. This has been developed to include also the École militaire interarmes (inter-services military school), for non-commissioned officers; and École Militaire du Corps Technique et Administratif (military school of the technical and administrative corps).

Geography

Morbihan, part of the region of Brittany, is surrounded by the departments of Finistère, Côtes-d'Armor, Ille-et-Vilaine, and Loire-Atlantique, and the Atlantic Ocean on the southwest.

The Gulf of Morbihan has many islands: 365 according to legend. There are actually between 30 and 40, depending on how they are counted. There are also many islets that are too small for any development. Of these islands, all but two are privately owned: l'Île-aux-Moines and l'Île-d'Arz. Owners of the others include movie stars, fashion designers, and other wealthy "glitterati".

In the department of Morbihan, but outside the Gulf, there are four inhabited islands:

Meaban, an island just outside the Port du Crouesty, is an ornithological reserve. Visitors are forbidden there.

Principal towns

The most populous commune is Lorient; the prefecture Vannes is the second-most populous. As of 2019, there are 6 communes with more than 15,000 inhabitants: [3]

CommunePopulation (2019)
Lorient 57,246
Vannes 53,719
Lanester 23,124
Ploemeur 17,778
Hennebont 16,062
Pontivy 15,064

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1801401,215    
1821416,224+0.18%
1831433,522+0.41%
1841447,898+0.33%
1851478,172+0.66%
1861486,504+0.17%
1876506,573+0.27%
1881521,614+0.59%
1891544,470+0.43%
1901564,000+0.35%
1921556,047−0.07%
1936542,000−0.17%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1946506,884−0.67%
1954520,966+0.34%
1962530,833+0.23%
1968541,000+0.32%
1975563,588+0.59%
1982590,889+0.68%
1990619,723+0.60%
1999643,293+0.42%
2006693,498+1.08%
2011727,083+0.95%
2016747,548+0.56%
Sources: [4] [5]

Art and culture

Many residents support maintenance and use of the Breton language, and there are numerous advocates of bilingual education.

The painter Raymond Wintz (1884–1956) depicted locations around the Gulf of Morbihan.

Politics

As of 2014, the préfet of Morbihan is Jean-François Savy, previously head of the Prefectures of Ardennes and of Hautes-Alpes. [6] The president of the Departmental Council is David Lappartient, elected in July 2021.

Current National Assembly Representatives

ConstituencyMember [7] Party
Morbihan's 1st constituency Hervé Pellois La République En Marche!
Morbihan's 2nd constituency Jimmy Pahun MoDem
Morbihan's 3rd constituency Nicole Le Peih La République En Marche!
Morbihan's 4th constituency Paul Molac La République En Marche!
Morbihan's 5th constituency Gwendal Rouillard La République En Marche!
Morbihan's 6th constituency Jean-Michel Jacques La République En Marche!

Tourism

See also

Related Research Articles

Loire-Atlantique Department of France

Loire-Atlantique is a department in Pays de la Loire on the west coast of France, named after the river Loire and the Atlantic Ocean. It had a population of 1,429,272 in 2019.

Côtes-dArmor Department of France

The Côtes-d'Armor, formerly known as Côtes-du-Nord, are a department in the north of Brittany, in northwestern France. In 2019, it had a population of 600,582.

The École spéciale militaire de Saint-Cyr is a French military academy, and is often referred to as Saint-Cyr. It is located in Coëtquidan in Guer, Morbihan, Brittany. Its motto is Ils s'instruisent pour vaincre, literally meaning "They study to vanquish" or, more freely put, "Training for victory". French cadet officers are called saint-cyriens or cyrards. France's other most senior military education institute is the École de guerre (EdG), located in the École militaire complex, in Paris.

Carnac Commune in Brittany, France, known for its Neolithic standing stones.

Carnac is a commune beside the Gulf of Morbihan on the south coast of Brittany in the Morbihan department in north-western France.

École militaire Military facility southeast of the Champ de Mars, Paris

The École militaire is a complex of buildings in Paris, France, which house various military training facilities. It was founded in 1750 by King Louis XV and is located in the 7th arrondissement of Paris, southeast of the Champ de Mars.

Gulf of Morbihan Body of water

The Gulf of Morbihan is a natural harbour on the coast of the department of Morbihan in southern Brittany, France. Its English name is taken from the French version, le golfe du Morbihan, though it would be more precisely called 'the Morbihan' as its Breton name 'Ar Mor Bihan' means 'the little sea'., as opposed to the Atlantic Ocean outside,. Legend says that there are as many islands in the Gulf as there are days of the year. In fact the gulf has about 40, depending on the tides. Many islands are private property, except the largest two, Île-aux-Moines and Île-d'Arz.

Coëtquidan

Camp Coëtquidan is a French military educational facility located in the Morbihan department of Brittany in France. It forms a part of the commune of Guer and covers an area of approximately 64 km².

Vannes Prefecture and commune in Brittany, France

Vannes is a commune in the Morbihan department in Brittany in north-western France. It was founded over 2,000 years ago.

Auray is a commune in the Morbihan department, administrative region of Brittany, northwestern France.

Guer Commune in Brittany, France

Guer is a commune in the Morbihan department in Brittany in north-western France.

Île-dArz Commune in Brittany, France

Île-d'Arz is an archipelago of nine islands and a commune in the Morbihan department, Brittany, northwestern France, only 6 kilometres to the southwest of Vannes.

Arrondissement of Vannes Arrondissement in Brittany, France

The arrondissement of Vannes is an arrondissement of France in the Morbihan department in the Brittany region. It has 99 communes. Its population is 279,964 (2016), and its area is 2,416.2 km2 (932.9 sq mi).

Île-aux-Moines Commune in Brittany, France

Île-aux-Moines is a commune in the Morbihan department in the region of Brittany in northwestern France.

Locminé Commune in Brittany, France

Locminé is a commune in the Morbihan department and Brittany region of north-western France.

Baden, Morbihan Commune in Brittany, France

Baden is a commune in the Morbihan département in Brittany in northwestern France.

Larmor-Baden Commune in Brittany, France

Larmor-Baden is a commune in the Morbihan department of Brittany in northwestern France. The inhabitants of Larmor-Baden are called in French Larmoriens.

Plouharnel Commune in Brittany, France

Plouharnel is a commune in the Morbihan department of Brittany in north-western France. Inhabitants of Plouharnel are called in French Plouharnelais. There are two railway stations in the commune of Plouharnel, both on the Auray–Quiberon railway which is operated in summer only: Plouharnel-Carnac and Les Sables-Blancs. At Auray station connections to Paris and other places in France are offered.

Saint-Avé Commune in Brittany, France

Saint-Avé is a commune in the Morbihan department of Brittany in north-western France. It's the 8th most populated commune of the Morbihan department and the 32nd of the Brittany region with its population of 11,787 inhabitants in 2018.

The Combined Arms School or Joint military school, known as École Militaire Interarmes or EMIA, is a military school of the French Army intended to train officers who have risen from the ranks. It was founded in 1942 and based in a rural location, Coëtquidan (Morbihan) along with Saint-Cyr military school.

François Lecointre French general

François Gérard Marie Lecointre is a French army general who served as the Chief of the Defence Staff between 2017 and 2021. As a captain, with Lieutenant Bruno Heluin as the company commanding officer, he was one of the two heroes of the Battle of Vrbanja Bridge in 1995, the last fixed bayonet charge combat of the French Armed Forces.

References

  1. "Répertoire national des élus: les conseillers départementaux". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 4 May 2022.
  2. "Téléchargement du fichier d'ensemble des populations légales en 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2021.
  3. 1 2 Populations légales 2019: 56 Morbihan, INSEE
  4. "Historique du Morbihan". Le SPLAF.
  5. "Évolution et structure de la population en 2016". INSEE.
  6. "Le préfet du Morbihan". Morbihan Prefecture website.
  7. Assemblée Nationale. "Assemblée nationale ~ Les députés, le vote de la loi, le Parlement français". Assemblee-nationale.fr. Retrieved 2019-09-04.