Morlaix

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Morlaix

Montroulez
Vue de Morlaix.JPG
Morlaix with its viaduct in the background
Blason ville fr Morlaix (Finistere).svg
Coat of arms
Location of Morlaix
Morlaix
France location map-Regions and departements-2016.svg
Red pog.svg
Morlaix
Bretagne region location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Morlaix
Coordinates: 48°34′42″N3°49′36″W / 48.5783°N 3.8267°W / 48.5783; -3.8267 Coordinates: 48°34′42″N3°49′36″W / 48.5783°N 3.8267°W / 48.5783; -3.8267
Country France
Region Brittany
Department Finistère
Arrondissement Morlaix
Canton Morlaix
Intercommunality Morlaix Communauté
Government
  Mayor (20142020) Agnès Le Brun
Area
1
24.82 km2 (9.58 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018) [1]
14,729
  Density590/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
29151 /29600
Elevation0–104 m (0–341 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Morlaix (French pronunciation:  [mɔʁlɛ] ; Breton : Montroulez) is a commune in the Finistère department of Brittany in northwestern France. It is a sub-prefecture of the department.

Contents

Leisure and tourism

The old quarter of the town has winding streets of cobbled stones and overhanging houses constructed of stone and timber. Many have religious and secular sculptures on their façades.

One of these houses is "la Maison dite de la duchesse Anne", or the "so-called Duchess Anne’s house", which is now a museum, open to the public. This house is said to be one of the oldest in the town. Local legend [2] has it that it derives its name from the fact that the Duchesse Anne of Brittany visited the house during her Tro Breizh pilgrimage. This seems unlikely, though, as construction on the house started in the 1520s [3] and Anne of Brittany died in 1514.

The Museum of the Jacobins in Morlaix, housed in a former convent, traces the history of Finistère.

Morlaix is a popular location for sea sports enthusiasts with a diverse array of activities on offer including surfing, sand buggying and kite flying. Visitors can also find beautiful coastal paths for walks. Inland activities include bowling, golf, horse-riding and many more. There are also a cinema and a swimming pool. [4]

Marina

A tidal river that almost completely dries out at low tide reaches the town of Morlaix where there is a lock into a marina. [5]

Transport

Breton language

The municipality launched a linguistic plan concerning the Breton language through Ya d'ar brezhoneg on 27 June 2008.

In 2008, 6.45% of primary-school children attended bilingual schools. [7]

The Diwan school in Morlaix, founded around 1988, was originally located in very old apartments. In January 2008 the mayor offered the Diwan school a move to a more suitable location, an empty school. In June 2008 the new mayor decided that the Diwan school should move location once again. The town council wanted to use their building to open a new public school. However the replacement building chosen for the Diwan school was in a very bad shape. [8]

Population

Inhabitants of Morlaix are called in French Morlaisiens.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1793 10,393    
1800 9,351−10.0%
1806 9,937+6.3%
1821 9,781−1.6%
1831 9,596−1.9%
1836 9,740+1.5%
1841 10,539+8.2%
1846 11,529+9.4%
1851 12,393+7.5%
1856 12,904+4.1%
1861 14,008+8.6%
1866 14,046+0.3%
YearPop.±%
1872 14,389+2.4%
1876 15,183+5.5%
1881 15,346+1.1%
1886 16,013+4.3%
1891 16,300+1.8%
1896 16,027−1.7%
1901 16,086+0.4%
1906 15,984−0.6%
1911 15,262−4.5%
1921 13,931−8.7%
1926 13,959+0.2%
1931 14,073+0.8%
YearPop.±%
1936 13,944−0.9%
1946 15,121+8.4%
1954 15,037−0.6%
1962 18,866+25.5%
1968 19,919+5.6%
1975 19,237−3.4%
1982 18,348−4.6%
1990 16,701−9.0%
1999 16,004−4.2%
2008 15,574−2.7%
2015 14,830−4.8%

Economy

Brit Air, a regional airline and Air France subsidiary, is at Morlaix Airport in Morlaix. [9] In 2013 the airline merged with HOP! [10]

Education

Morlaix has six public primary schools, four private primary schools, [11] three public junior high schools, two public senior high schools/sixth-form colleges, [12] two private junior high schools, and one public senior high/sixth-form. [13]

Public schools:

Private schools:

Personalities

born in the 15th century
born in the 16th century
born in the 18th century
born in the 19th century
Louis Le Guennec was born in the Hotel called Francois du Parc. Plaque Louis Le Guennec.JPG
Louis Le Guennec was born in the Hôtel called François du Parc.
born in the 20th century

International relations

Morlaix is twinned with:

See also

Related Research Articles

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Diwan (school)

Diwan is a federation of Breton-medium schools in Brittany.

Léon Fleuriot French linguist and Celtic scholar

Léon Fleuriot was a French linguist and Celtic scholar, specializing in Celtic languages and the history of Gallo-Roman and Early Medieval Brittany.

Ploujean is a former commune of Finistère which is part of Morlaix since February 22, 1959.

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Plourin-lès-Morlaix Commune in Brittany, France

Plourin-lès-Morlaix is a commune in the Finistère department of Brittany in north-western France. It lies within the arrondissement of Morlaix.

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Édouard Corbière

Jean Antoine René Édouard Corbière was a French sailor, shipowner, journalist and writer, considered to be the father of the French maritime novel. He was the father of poet Tristan Corbière.

References

  1. "Populations légales 2018". INSEE. 28 December 2020.
  2. "France Today", Retrieved on 13 January 2020
  3. "Maison dite de la Duchesse Anne - Official Site", Retrieved on 13 January 2020
  4. Touristic information at Frenchproperty.com
  5. "Introduction to the Port of Morlaix - Plaisance Baie de Morlaix", Retrieved on 20 May 2013.
  6. 12 - Article paru dans Morlaix Magazine de Mars 2007; Accessed 22 August 2013
  7. (in French)Ofis ar Brezhoneg: Enseignement bilingue
  8. 50 Breton schoolchildren call for support, Eurolang [ permanent dead link ]
  9. "Présentation Archived 2009-04-08 at the Wayback Machine ." Brit Air . Retrieved on 21 May 2009.
  10. "Air France Launches New Low-Cost Airline 'Hop!' Archived 2013-06-16 at archive.today ." Reuters . 26 March 2013. Retrieved on 26 April 2013.
  11. "Education - Jeunesse." Morlaix. Retrieved on September 5, 2016.
  12. 1 2 3 "Les collèges et lycées publics." Morlaix. Retrieved on September 5, 2016.
  13. 1 2 3 "Les collèges et lycées privés." Morlaix. Retrieved on September 5, 2016.
  14. 1 2 "Les établissements scolaires morlaisiens." Morlaix. Retrieved on September 5, 2016.