Morris Iemma

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Morris Iemma
Morris Iemma cropped.jpg
40th Premier of New South Wales
Elections: 2007
In office
3 August 2005 5 September 2008
Deputy John Watkins
Preceded by Bob Carr
Succeeded by Nathan Rees
Constituency Hurstville (1991–1999)
Lakemba (1999–2008)
Personal details
Born (1961-07-21) 21 July 1961 (age 58)
Sydney, Australia
Political party Labor Party
Spouse(s)Santina Raiti
Education Narwee Boys' High School
University of Sydney
University of Technology, Sydney
ProfessionUnion official and adviser

Morris Iemma ( /ˈjɛmə/ ; born 21 July 1961) is a former Australian politician who was the 40th Premier of New South Wales. He served from 3 August 2005 to 5 September 2008. From Sydney, Iemma attended the University of Sydney and the University of Technology, Sydney. A member of the Labor Party, he was first elected to the Parliament of New South Wales at the 1991 state election, having previously worked as a trade union official. From 1999, Iemma was a minister in the third and fourth ministries led by Bob Carr. He replaced Carr as premier and Leader of the New South Wales Labor Party in 2005, following Carr's resignation. Iemma led Labor to victory at the 2007 state election, albeit with a slightly reduced majority. He resigned as premier in 2008, after losing the support of caucus, and left parliament shortly after, triggering a by-election. He was replaced as premier by Nathan Rees.

Contents

Background

Iemma was born in Sydney, the only child of Giuseppe and Maria Iemma, migrants from Martone, Calabria, Italy. Maria Iemma worked in the clothing trade, and Giuseppe Iemma, a communist [1] [2] supporter in Italy, worked as a machine labourer. Morris joined the Labor Party when he was 16. He was educated at state schools in Sydney, including the now-closed Narwee Boys' High School, and has an economics degree from the University of Sydney and a law degree from the University of Technology, Sydney.

In 1997 Iemma married Santina Raiti, with whom he has four young children.

Iemma is a member of the dominant right-wing faction of the New South Wales branch of the Australian Labor Party. From 1984 to 1986 he was an official with the Commonwealth Bank Employees Union. He then worked as an adviser to Senator Graham Richardson who held the environment and social security portfolios in the Bob Hawke and Paul Keating federal governments.

Parliamentary career

In 1991 Iemma was elected to the New South Wales Legislative Assembly for the seat of Hurstville, [3] defeating a sitting Liberal member, with the slogan "A local who listens". When the seat of Hurstville was abolished in 1999, he won a tough pre-selection battle for the safe seat of Lakemba, which included part of the old seat of Hurstville. Iemma held Lakemba until his resignation in 2008. [3]

Iemma was Minister for Public Works and Services and Minister Assisting the Premier on Citizenship (1999-2003), and as Minister for Sport and Recreation (2001-2003), and was Minister for Health (2003-2005). [4] His tenure as Health Minister was generally free of major controversy, although he has said of the Health portfolio: "it is one of the biggest and most difficult jobs in government". [4]

Premier

First ministry

When Bob Carr announced his intention to retire as New South Wales Premier on 3 August 2005, Iemma immediately announced his candidacy to succeed him as leader of the NSW Labor Party and thus as Premier. Police Minister Carl Scully was also a candidate, but on 29 July he withdrew. Iemma was the only candidate when the Labor Caucus met on 2 August to elect a new leader. He was formally appointed by Professor Marie Bashir, the Governor of New South Wales, on 3 August. [5]

Iemma immediately faced a number of resignations. Deputy Premier and Treasurer Andrew Refshauge, and senior minister Craig Knowles, once considered a potential leader himself, both declared they would leave politics. [5] Iemma took the Treasury portfolio for himself. Among his first policy moves as new Premier, Iemma announced the immediate repealing of the vendor tax (a tax on investment property) that was introduced by the Carr government in 2003.

Opinion polls in August showed that Labor under Iemma's leadership was maintaining the lead over the Liberal opposition it had enjoyed under Carr, despite Iemma's relatively low profile. [5] His short-term position was improved by the sudden resignation of Liberal leader John Brogden. This was seen in the results of the by-elections on 17 September caused by the resignation from Parliament of Carr, Refshauge and Knowles. [5] Labor retained all three seats - Maroubra (Carr's seat) very easily, Macquarie Fields (Knowles's seat) comfortably, despite a substantial swing to the Liberals, and Marrickville (Refshauge's seat) despite a strong challenge from the Greens. In Marrickville, where the Labor candidate was Education Minister Carmel Tebbutt (switching from the Legislative Council), the Labor primary vote increased in the absence of a Liberal Party candidate. [6]

Despite its relatively short term in office, the Iemma Government faced significant service delivery problems in transport, health care and future water supplies. Sydney newspapers consistently asserted that Iemma's government was more interested in "spin" than policy development. [7] Other embarrassments beset his premiership. For example, in February 2006, while awaiting the start of a COAG media conference in Canberra, while chatting to Victorian Premier Steve Bracks and not realising cameras were operating, Iemma was recorded as saying:

"Today? This fuckwit who's the new CEO of the Cross City Tunnel has ... been saying what controversy? There is no controversy." [8]

Nevertheless, in the months leading up to his first election as Labor leader, he maintained a comfortable lead in various opinion polls and was re-elected in the March 2007 election. [9] Labor was returned with 52 seats compared to 35 for the Coalition.

Second ministry

On 15 July 2007, after several failures on the NSW rail system, Iemma claimed that the government was at war with rail unions. [10] In November 2007 the Iemma government lifted the ban on genetically modified canola production and started the process of privatising the state's electricity system. On 3 May 2008 the New South Wales ALP's State Conference rejected, by 702 to 107 votes, the Iemma government's plans to privatise the state's electricity system. [11]

Resignation and post-political career

On 5 September 2008, Iemma announced his resignation as Premier after losing the support of his caucus faction over the details of a proposed cabinet reshuffle sparked by the resignation of Deputy Premier John Watkins. Iemma had proposed that five other Ministers also depart, including Treasurer Michael Costa and Health Minister Reba Meagher. Iemma's faction, Centre Unity, supported the sacking of the Treasurer but not the other four Ministers. Faced with this rejection, Iemma resigned. [12] The caucus unanimously selected Nathan Rees as his Premier in his stead. [13]

Iemma resigned from parliament on 19 September 2008, ending his 17-year political career, [14] and forcing a by-election in the seat of Lakemba, [15] won by Robert Furolo. [16]

In May 2009, Iemma was admitted to hospital suffering from an acute brain inflammation—viral meningitis. As a result, he lost movement in his legs and underwent physiotherapy with the goal of recovering full use of his legs. [17] [18] Iemma has served as chair of the South Eastern Sydney Local Health District Board since 1 January 2011 and on the boards of the Cancer Institute NSW and the Sydney Cricket & Sports Ground Trust. [18]

In January 2013, there was speculation that Iemma was considering standing for the Division of Barton in the Australian House of Representatives for Labor at the 2013 federal election to replace former Attorney-General Robert McClelland who on that day announced that he would be retiring from parliament after 17 years. [19] Iemma, however, decided not to contest the preselection in Barton, [20] and the preselection instead went to Steve McMahon. [21]

In November 2012 and March 2014 Iemma was called before the NSW Independent Commission Against Corruption (ICAC) in relation to allegations of corrupt behaviour by Eddie Obeid regarding a dispute between Australian Water Holdings and Sydney Water; and in relation to allegations of corrupt behaviour by Ian Macdonald and Obeid regarding the issuing of lucrative mining licences near Bylong. [22] [23] [24] Both Obeid and Macdonald were found by ICAC to have acted in a corrupt manner regarding the issuing of mining licences and criminal charges were laid. [25] [26]

Honours

The Morris Iemma Indoor Sports Centre, named in honour of Iemma and operated by the City of Canterbury in partnership with the YMCA NSW, is a modern sports facility that caters for a variety of indoor sports, including netball, basketball, soccer and volleyball as well as incorporating a gym, change rooms, cafeteria and childcare services. The facility was opened in March 2011. [27] [28]

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Carmel Mary Tebbutt is a former Australian politician. She was the Labor Party Member for the former seat of Marrickville in the New South Wales Legislative Assembly until the 2015 election and was Deputy Premier of New South Wales from 2008 to 2011. She was also Minister for Health in the Keneally Government. She is the first woman to hold the position of Deputy Premier of New South Wales.

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Ian Michael Macdonald, a former Australian politician, was a member of the New South Wales Legislative Council from 1988 to 2010 representing the Labor Party. Between 2003 and 2010, Macdonald held a range of ministerial responsibilities in the Carr, Iemma, Rees, and Keneally ministries. Macdonald, who joined the Labor Party in 1972, had his membership of the party terminated in 2013 for bringing the party into disrepute.

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Iemma ministry (2005–07)

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References

  1. Marr, David (17 March 2007). "Suburban son rises". The Sydney Morning Herald . Retrieved 18 March 2007.
  2. Totaro, Paola (21 April 2003). "Out of the shadows". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 26 May 2008.
  3. 1 2 "Lakemba - 2008 New South Wales By-elections". ABC News . Australia. 30 October 2008. Retrieved 22 April 2011.
  4. 1 2 Benson, Simon; Hildebrand, Joe (5 September 2008). "Morris Iemma quits politics to be husband and father". The Daily Telegraph . Australia. Retrieved 22 April 2011.
  5. 1 2 3 4 Davies, Anne; Pearlman, Johnathan (30 July 2005). "Introducing your new premier". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 22 April 2011.
  6. "Marrickville 2007 By-election". ABC News. Australia. 11 April 2007. Retrieved 20 December 2010.
  7. "Failure to shoot straight derails Iemma". nineMSN. Archived from the original on 3 December 2007.
  8. "Anger good, swearing bad: Iemma". The Age. Australia. 11 February 2006.
  9. "Iemma 'hopeful' of victory". Sydney Morning Herald. 24 March 2007.
  10. Benson, Simon (18 July 2007). "Rail unions under pressure". The Daily Telegraph. Australia.
  11. "NSW electricity privatisation bid rejected". ABC News. Australia. 3 May 2008.
  12. Smith, Alexandra; Robins, Brian (5 September 2008). "NSW Premier Morris Iemma resigns". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 5 September 2008.
  13. Smith, Alexandra; Robins, Brian (5 September 2008). "Nathan Rees confirmed as new NSW Premier". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 5 September 2008.
  14. "The Hon. Morris Iemma (1961-)". Former Members of the Parliament of New South Wales . Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  15. Salusinszky, Imre (19 September 2008). "Morris Iemma quits, forcing fourth by-election". The Australian . Retrieved 19 September 2008.
  16. Nicholls, Sean (9 August 2014). "Morris Iemma blasts state Labor leader over Lakemba intervention". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 4 December 2014.
  17. Silmalis, Linda (28 May 2009). "Paralysed Iemma fights to walk again". Daily Telegraph. Australia. Retrieved 28 June 2009.
  18. 1 2 "Morris Iemma's private battle". The Australian . 30 July 2010. Retrieved 4 December 2014.
  19. Hurst, Daniel (30 January 2013). "Iemma in frame as McClelland decides to bring down curtain". The Sydney Morning Herald . Australia. Retrieved 30 January 2013.
  20. Foschia, Liz (11 March 2013). "Iemma turns down offer of federal seat". ABC News. Australian Broadcasting Corporation.
  21. "Labor gives Barton seat to McMahon". ABC News. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 7 April 2013.
  22. Wells, Jamelle (31 March 2014). "ICAC inquiry: Former NSW premier Morris Iemma says Obeid asked him to stop Sydney Water 'obstructing' AWH". ABC News. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 4 December 2014.
  23. "Witness list for the Operation Jasper Segment" (PDF). Operations Indus/Jasper/Acacia Public Inquiry (Press release). Independent Commission Against Corruption. 9 November 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 15 November 2012.
  24. Wells, Jamelle (13 November 2012). "Iemma tells ICAC of relationship between Obeid, Macdonald" (transcript, video, audio). ABC News. Australia. Retrieved 15 November 2012.
  25. Nicholls, Sean (20 November 2014). "Former Labor minister Ian Macdonald prosecuted over Doyles Creek mine deal". The Sydney Morning Herald . Retrieved 21 November 2014.
  26. "ICAC: Former NSW ministers Eddie Obeid and Ian Macdonald to be prosecuted after corruption findings". ABC News . Australia. 20 November 2014. Retrieved 21 November 2014.
  27. "Morris Iemma Indoor Sports Centre (MIISC)". Parks, sporting & community facilities. City of Canterbury. 2011. Archived from the original on 8 December 2014. Retrieved 4 December 2014.
  28. "Morris Iemma Indoor Sports Centre". Centres. YMCA NSW. Archived from the original on 8 December 2014. Retrieved 4 December 2014.

 

New South Wales Legislative Assembly
Preceded by
Guy Yeomans
Member for Hurstville
1991 1999
District abolished
Preceded by
Tony Stewart
Member for Lakemba
1999 2008
Succeeded by
Robert Furolo
Political offices
New title Minister Assisting the Premier on Citizenship
1999 2003
Succeeded by
John Hatzistergos
Preceded by
Ron Dyer
Minister for Public Works and Services
1999 2003
Post abolished
Preceded by
John Watkins
Minister for Sport and Recreation
2001 2003
Succeeded by
Sandra Nori
as Minister for Tourism, Sport and Recreation
Preceded by
Craig Knowles
Minister for Health
2003 2005
Succeeded by
John Hatzistergos
Preceded by
Bob Carr
Premier of New South Wales
2005 2008
Succeeded by
Nathan Rees
Preceded by
Andrew Refshauge
Treasurer of New South Wales
2005 2006
Succeeded by
Michael Costa
Preceded by
Bob Carr
Minister for Citizenship
2005 2008
Succeeded by
Virginia Judge
Preceded by
John Watkins
Minister for State Development
2006 2007
Succeeded by
Ian Macdonald
Party political offices
Preceded by
Bob Carr
Leader of the Australian Labor Party in New South Wales
2005 2008
Succeeded by
Nathan Rees