Morteza-Qoli Bayat

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Morteza-Qoli Bayat
Morteza-Qoli Bayat portrait.jpg
28th Prime Minister of Iran
In office
25 November 1944 13 May 1945
Monarch Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
Preceded by Mohammad Sa'ed
Succeeded by Ebrahim Hakimi
Personal details
Born 1890
Arak, Iran
Died 10 May 1958(1958-05-10) (aged 68)
Tehran, Iran
Resting place Najaf, Iraq
Political party Reformers' Party (1920s) [1]

Morteza Gholi Bayat (Mortezā Qoli Bayāt, aka Sahām al-Soltān, 1890–10 May 1958) was a Prime Minister of Iran.

Prime Minister of Iran former a political post in Iran

The Prime Minister of Iran was a political post in Iran that had existed during several different periods of time starting with the Qajar era until its most recent revival from 1979 to 1989 following the Iranian Revolution.

Born in Arak, Iran into a family of Irans' ancient tribal nobility, Chieftains of the Bayat tribe, to Haj Abbas Qoli-Khan Saham al-Molk Araki, he first founded the Democratic party of Arak.

Arak, Iran City in Markazi, Iran

Arak, is the capital of Markazi Province, Iran. At the 2011 census, its population was 526,182, in 160,761 families. This city nicknamed the Industrial Capital of Iran.

The Bayat tribe is one of the Oghuz tribes in Turkmenistan, Iran, Turkey, Azerbaijan, Iraq, and Syria. When Oghuz Turks started to migrate from the Aral steppes to Khorasan in the 11th and 13th centuries, Bayat people spread throughout the region. They are sub-ethnic groups of Turkmens, Turkish and Azerbaijanis. Bayats are Muslim and speak a southern dialect of Azerbaijani language in Azerbaijan and Iran, or their own dialect of Turkish in Turkey.

He was heavily involved in the termination of the Qajar dynasty. In 1925, he became Minister of Finance under Prime Minister Mohammad Ali Foroughi. He was elected numerous times to the Parliament of Iran as a representative of Arak.

Qajar dynasty monarchy state of Iran from 1789 until 1925

The Qajar Empire, also referred to as Qajar Iran, officially the Sublime State of Persia, was the state ruled by the Qajar dynasty, an Iranian royal dynasty of Turkic origin, specifically from the Qajar tribe, from 1789 to 1925. The Qajar family took full control of Iran in 1794, deposing Lotf 'Ali Khan, the last Shah of the Zand dynasty, and re-asserted Iranian sovereignty over large parts of the Caucasus. In 1796, Mohammad Khan Qajar seized Mashhad with ease, putting an end to the Afsharid dynasty, and Mohammad Khan was formally crowned as Shah after his punitive campaign against Iran's Georgian subjects. In the Caucasus, the Qajar dynasty permanently lost many of Iran's integral areas to the Russians over the course of the 19th century, comprising modern-day Georgia, Dagestan, Azerbaijan and Armenia.

Mohammad Ali Foroughi Iranian politician

Mohammad Ali Foroughi also known as Zoka-ol-Molk was a teacher, diplomat, nationalist, writer, politician and Prime Minister of Iran.

In 1935 he served as Minister of Treasury under Prime Minister Ali Soheili.

Ali Soheili Prime Minister of Iran

Ali Soheili was a Prime Minister of Iran.

He introduced his cabinet as Prime Minister of Iran in 1944. His administration however only lasted 5 months and 20 days, and was succeeded by Ebrahim Hakimi. He served as Minister again on a few other occasions.

Ebrahim Hakimi Prime Minister of Iran

Ebrahim Hakimi was an Iranian statesman, who served as prime minister of Iran on three occasions.

The visit of Charles de Gaulle to Iran took place during his administration. Under the presence of the Allies in Iran, Tehran also declared war on Japan during his administration.

Charles de Gaulle 18th President of the French Republic

Charles André Joseph Marie de Gaulle was a French army officer and statesman who led the French Resistance against Nazi Germany in World War II and chaired the Provisional Government of the French Republic from 1944 to 1946 in order to establish democracy in France. In 1958, he came out of retirement when appointed President of the Council of Ministers by President René Coty. He was asked to rewrite the Constitution of France and founded the Fifth Republic after approval by referendum. He was elected President of France later that year, a position he was reelected to in 1965 and held until his resignation in 1969. He was the dominant figure of France during the Cold War era, and his memory continues to influence French politics.

Japan Constitutional monarchy in East Asia

Japan is an island country in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies off the eastern coast of the Asian continent and stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and the Philippine Sea in the south.

He was buried in Najaf, Iraq.

See also

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  1. Abrahamian, Ervand (1982). Iran Between Two Revolutions. Princeton University Press. p. 121. ISBN   0-691-10134-5.
Political offices
Preceded by
Mohammad Sa'ed
Prime Minister of Iran
Succeeded by
Ebrahim Hakimi