Morteza-Qoli Bayat

Last updated
Morteza-Qoli Bayat
Morteza-Qoli Bayat portrait.jpg
28th Prime Minister of Iran
In office
25 November 1944 13 May 1945
Monarch Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
Preceded by Mohammad Sa'ed
Succeeded by Ebrahim Hakimi
Personal details
Born 1890
Arak, Iran
Died 10 May 1958(1958-05-10) (aged 68)
Tehran, Iran
Resting place Najaf, Iraq
Political party Reformers' Party (1920s) [1]

Morteza Gholi Bayat (Mortezā Qoli Bayāt, aka Sahām al-Soltān, 1890–10 May 1958) was a Prime Minister of Iran.

Prime Minister of Iran former a political post in Iran

The Prime Minister of Iran was a political post in Iran that had existed during several different periods of time starting with the Qajar era until its most recent revival from 1979 to 1989 following the Iranian Revolution.

Born in Arak, Iran into a family of Irans' ancient tribal nobility, Chieftains of the Bayat tribe, to Haj Abbas Qoli-Khan Saham al-Molk Araki, he first founded the Democratic party of Arak.

Arak, Iran City in Markazi, Iran

Arak, is the capital of Markazi Province, Iran. At the 2011 census, its population was 526,182, in 160,761 families. This city nicknamed the Industrial Capital of Iran.

The Bayat tribe is one of the Oghuz tribes in Turkmenistan, Iran, Turkey, Azerbaijan, Iraq, and Syria. When Oghuz Turks started to migrate from the Aral steppes to Khorasan in the 11th and 13th centuries, Bayat people spread throughout the region. They are sub-ethnic groups of Turkmens, Turkish and Azerbaijanis. Bayats are Muslim and speak a southern dialect of Azerbaijani language in Azerbaijan and Iran, or their own dialect of Turkish in Turkey.

He was heavily involved in the termination of the Qajar dynasty. In 1925, he became Minister of Finance under Prime Minister Mohammad Ali Foroughi. He was elected numerous times to the Parliament of Iran as a representative of Arak.

Qajar dynasty monarchy state of Iran from 1789 until 1925

The Qajar Empire, also referred to as Qajar Iran, officially the Sublime State of Persia, was the state ruled by the Qajar dynasty, an Iranian royal dynasty of Turkic origin, specifically from the Qajar tribe, from 1789 to 1925. The Qajar family took full control of Iran in 1794, deposing Lotf 'Ali Khan, the last Shah of the Zand dynasty, and re-asserted Iranian sovereignty over large parts of the Caucasus. In 1796, Mohammad Khan Qajar seized Mashhad with ease, putting an end to the Afsharid dynasty, and Mohammad Khan was formally crowned as Shah after his punitive campaign against Iran's Georgian subjects. In the Caucasus, the Qajar dynasty permanently lost many of Iran's integral areas to the Russians over the course of the 19th century, comprising modern-day Georgia, Dagestan, Azerbaijan and Armenia.

Mohammad Ali Foroughi Iranian politician

Mohammad Ali Foroughi also known as Zoka-ol-Molk was a teacher, diplomat, nationalist, writer, politician and Prime Minister of Iran.

In 1935 he served as Minister of Treasury under Prime Minister Ali Soheili.

Ali Soheili Prime Minister of Iran

Ali Soheili was a Prime Minister of Iran.

He introduced his cabinet as Prime Minister of Iran in 1944. His administration however only lasted 5 months and 20 days, and was succeeded by Ebrahim Hakimi. He served as Minister again on a few other occasions.

Ebrahim Hakimi Prime Minister of Iran

Ebrahim Hakimi was an Iranian statesman, who served as prime minister of Iran on three occasions.

The visit of Charles de Gaulle to Iran took place during his administration. Under the presence of the Allies in Iran, Tehran also declared war on Japan during his administration.

Charles de Gaulle 18th President of the French Republic

Charles André Joseph Marie de Gaulle was a French army officer and statesman who led the French Resistance against Nazi Germany in World War II and chaired the Provisional Government of the French Republic from 1944 to 1946 in order to establish democracy in France. In 1958, he came out of retirement when appointed President of the Council of Ministers by President René Coty. He was asked to rewrite the Constitution of France and founded the Fifth Republic after approval by referendum. He was elected President of France later that year, a position he was reelected to in 1965 and held until his resignation in 1969. He was the dominant figure of France during the Cold War era, and his memory continues to influence French politics.

Japan Constitutional monarchy in East Asia

Japan is an island country in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies off the eastern coast of the Asian continent and stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and the Philippine Sea in the south.

He was buried in Najaf, Iraq.

See also

Related Research Articles

Ali Amini Prime Minister of Iran from 6 May 1961 to 19 July 1962

Ali Amini was an Iranian politician and writer who was the Prime Minister of Iran from 6 May 1961 to 19 July 1962.

Ziaeddin Tabatabaee Prime Minister of Iran

Seyyed Zia'eddin Tabatabaee was an Iranian politician and the Prime Minister of Iran (Persia) from February to May 1921 under Ahmad Shah, the last Shah of the Qajar dynasty.

Amir Abdollah Tahmasebi Iranian politician and general

Abdollah Khan Amir Tahmasebi was a Persian senior military commander, instrumental in the fall of the Qajar dynasty and rise to power of Reza Shah Pahlavi.

Ahmad Amir-Ahmadi military leader and cabinet Minister of Iran

Sepahbod Ahmad Amir-Ahmadi (1884–1974) was a military leader and cabinet Minister of Iran.

Ahmad Matin-Daftari Prime Minister of Iran

Ahmad Matin-Daftari, also known as Mo'in al-Dowleh, was a Prime Minister of Iran.

Ali Mansur Iranian Prime Minister

Ali Mansur was a Prime Minister of Iran.

Mohammad Saed Prime Minister of Iran

Muhammad Sa'ed Maraghei was a Prime Minister of Iran.

Mohsen Sadr Iranian politician

Mohsen Sadr (1871 – 19 October 1962) was a Prime Minister of Iran.

Mahmud Mahmud Iranian politician

Mahmud Mahmud was an Iranian politician and historian. He served as Governor of Tehran, Member of Parliament, and Minister of Post and Telegraph.

Abdolhossein Hazhir Iranian prime minister

Abdolhosein Hazhir was a Prime Minister of Iran.

Mahmoud Djam Prime Minister of Iran

Mahmoud Modir al-Molk Djam was a prime minister of Iran from 1935 to 1939.

Hossein Ala Prime Minister of Iran

Hosein Alā was Prime Minister of Iran in 1951 and from 1955 to 1957.

Ahmad Qavam Prime Minister of Iran

Ahmad Qavam, also known as Qavam os-Saltaneh, was a politician who served as Prime Minister of Iran five times.

Vossug ed Dowleh Prime Minister of Iran

Hassan Vossug ed Dowleh was Prime Minister of Qajar era Iran. He served as Prime Minister of Iran twice.

Manouchehr Eghbal Iranian prime minister

Manuchehr Eqbal was one of the prime ministers of Iran.

Fathollah Khan Akbar Prime Minister of Iran

Fathollah Khan Akbar was an Iranian Prime Minister. He was Minister of Justice in several Iranian Cabinets. He was a representative of Iranian Parliament from Ahwaz. He is the 17th Prime Minister of Iran serving from October 1920 to February 1921 when he was deposed by a Coup by Seyyed Zia'eddin Tabatabaee and Reza Khan.

References

  1. Abrahamian, Ervand (1982). Iran Between Two Revolutions. Princeton University Press. p. 121. ISBN   0-691-10134-5.
Political offices
Preceded by
Mohammad Sa'ed
Prime Minister of Iran
1944–1945
Succeeded by
Ebrahim Hakimi