Mosquito Range

Last updated
Mosquito Range
Mt Lincoln.jpg
Mount Lincoln
Highest point
Peak Mount Lincoln
Elevation 14,286 ft (4,354 m)
Coordinates 39°21′05″N106°06′39″W / 39.35139°N 106.11083°W / 39.35139; -106.11083 Coordinates: 39°21′05″N106°06′39″W / 39.35139°N 106.11083°W / 39.35139; -106.11083
Dimensions
Length40 mi (64 km)NS
Geography
CountryUnited States
StateColorado
Parent range Rocky Mountains
Borders onSawatch Range
Geology
Orogeny Laramide orogeny
Age of rock Cretaceous – Paleogene
Type of rock granite

The Mosquito Range (elevation approximately 14,000 ft) is a high mountain range in the Rocky Mountains of central Colorado in the United States. The peaks of the range form a ridge running north–south for roughly 40 mi (64 km) from southern Summit County on the north end, then along the boundary between Lake and Park Counties. The ranges forms a high barrier separating the headwaters of the Arkansas River near Leadville from South Park and the headwaters of the South Platte River near Fairplay. The highest peak in the range is Mount Lincoln at an elevation of 14,286 ft. Other fourteeners in the range are Quandary Peak (14,272 ft), Mount Bross (14,172 ft), Mount Democrat (14,148 ft), and Mount Sherman (14,036 ft).

Contents

Geology

The mountains are faulted anticlines formed as part of the Sawatch Uplift during the Laramide orogeny around 65 million years ago (Mya). The mountains were originally contiguous with the higher Sawatch Range to the west, but were separated during the formation of the rift valley at the headwaters of the Arkansas River about 35 Mya. The range is primarily of granite. The eastern flank of the range along the rim of South Park is overlain by Paleozoic and Mesozoic sedimentary rocks. The northern end of the range was glaciated during Pleistocene time, forming U-shaped valleys in the canyons.

The high ridge of the range forms a relatively difficult barrier between South Park and the Arkansas headwaters. Several of the high peaks of the range are prominently visible from the southern side of Fremont Pass along State Highway 91 between Climax and Leadville. The range is not traversed by any major highway, but only in two places by backroads over high passes: Mosquito Pass and Weston Pass. Much of the range is located within the Pike National Forest.

Tenmile Mosquito Range.jpg
Tenmile and Mosquito Ranges: (left to right) Loveland Mountain (13,692 ft), Mount Democrat, Mount Bross and Quandary Peak: View from U.S. 285, about 8 mi south ofFairplay

Highest peaks

Weston Pass and the southern Mosquito Range, September 2009 Weston Pass, CO.jpg
Weston Pass and the southern Mosquito Range, September 2009
The eight highest peaks of the Mosquito Range [1]
RankPeakElevation
1 Mount Lincoln [2] 14,293 ft = 4356.5 m
2 Quandary Peak 14,265 ft = 4348.0 m
3 Mount Democrat 14,148 ft = 4312.3 m
4 Mount Sherman 14,036 ft = 4278.2 m
5 Fletcher Mountain 13,951 ft = 4252.3 m
5 Gemini Peak 13,951 ft = 4252.3 m
7 Pacific Peak 13,950 ft = 4252.0 m
8 Horseshoe Mountain 13,898 ft = 4236.1 m

See also

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Kenosha Pass, elevation 10,000 ft (3,000 m), is a high mountain pass located in the Rocky Mountains of central Colorado in the United States.

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Mosquito Pass, with an elevation of 13,185 ft (4,019 m), is a high mountain pass in the Mosquito Range of central Colorado in the United States. It lies on the boundary between Lake and Park counties between Leadville (west) and Fairplay (east). It also lies on the divide between the Arkansas and South Platte Rivers, which is the informal demarcation between the northern and southern parts of Colorado, east of the Continental Divide.

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Mount Bross

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Mount Sherman

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The Arkansas Hills are a mountain range in Central Colorado located between the upper Arkansas River Valley and the upper South Platte River Valley. This landmass is a continuation of the ridge known as the Mosquito Range north of Trout Creek Pass. The range continues for roughly 60 miles south-southwest from Trout Creek Pass to the town of Texas Creek. Few perennial streams flow out of the Arkansas Hills, as the area is arid. The range is in the rain shadow of the much higher Sawatch to the west across the Arkansas River Valley. The City of Salida, Colorado is the most notable municipality near the Arkansas Hills. To the south is the town of Cotopaxi, Colorado. To the east is the town of Guffey, Colorado. The highest points in the Arkansas Hills tend to be between 11,000 and 12,000 feet elevation.

References

  1. This table includes only mountain peaks with a minimum of 100 m (328 ft) of topographic prominence. Using this rule, Mount Bross is barely excluded.
  2. Lipsher, Steve (2002-07-07). "No tall tale: State higher than thought". Denver Post . Retrieved 2007-06-21.