(1909-07-12)July 12, 1909 Ōchi, Shimoina District, Nagano Prefecture, Japan
November 6, 2010(2010-11-06) (aged101) Tokyo, Japan
MotoichiKumagai(熊谷 元一,Kumagai Motoichi, 12 July 1909 – 6 November 2010) was a Japanesephotographer and illustrator of books for children, known for his portrayal of rural and school life.
Japan is an island country in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies off the eastern coast of the Asian continent and stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and the Philippine Sea in the south.
Born in Ōchi (会地; now Achi), Shimoina District, Nagano Prefecture, Kumagai worked from 1930 to 1933 as a teacher. He had his first work for children published in the May 1932 issue of the magazine Kodomo no Kuni. In 1936 he bought a Pearlette camera (a Konishiroku derivative of the Vest Pocket Kodak), with a simple meniscus lens, and started to use this to photograph village life; his first photograph collection was published two years later by Asahi Shinbunsha. In 1939 he went to Tokyo as a government photographer and was later sent three times to Manchukuo; after the war, he returned to teach in his village.
Achi is a village located in Nagano Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 October 2016, the village had an estimated population of 6,578, and a population density of 30.7 persons per km². Its total area is 214.43 square kilometres (82.79 sq mi).
Nagano Prefecture is a prefecture located in the Chūbu region of Japan. The capital is the city of Nagano.
Konica was a Japanese manufacturer of, among other products, film, film cameras, camera accessories, photographic and photo-processing equipment, photocopiers, fax machines and laser printers. The company merged with Japanese peer Minolta in 2003, with the new company named Konica Minolta.
The Mainichi Shimbun is one of the major newspapers in Japan, published by The Mainichi Newspapers Co., Ltd.
Kumagai published books of works for children as well as books of photographs. His photographs are held in the permanent collection of the Tokyo Metropolitan Museum of Photography, and a volume of the series Nihon no Shashinka is dedicated to his work. He received various honours for his work, especially since around 1990. The village of Achi created a gallery, Kumagai Motoichi Shashin Dōgakan, for the permanent exhibition of his work.
He died in 2010, in a nursing home in Tokyo, of natural causes.
Books by Kumagai
(As illustrator.) Gakkō ehon: Shūshin no maki (学校ヱホン 修身ノ巻). Tokyo: Suzuki Jin Seidō, 1936. (in Japanese)
(As writer and illustrator.) Jiicha no kodomo no koro (じいちゃの子どものころ). Tokyo: Fuzanbō Intānashonaru, 2005. ISBN4-902385-12-0. (in Japanese)
(As illustrator and photographer.) Ichinensei no toki sensō ga hajimatta: Warera kokumin gakkō funsenki (一年生のとき戦争が始まった われら国民学校奮戦記). Tokyo: Nōsangyoson Bunka Kyōkai, 2005. ISBN4-540-04358-7. (in Japanese)
Shashinka Kumagai Motoichi to media no jidai: Shōwa no kiroku/kioku(写真家・熊谷元一とメディアの時代 昭和の記録/記憶). Tokyo: Seikyūsha, 2005. ISBN4-7872-7205-5. (in Japanese)
(As writer and illustrator.) Kodomo sekai no gen-fūkei (子ども世界の原風景). Iida: Shin'yōsha, 2007. ISBN978-4-88242-191-7. (in Japanese)
(As photographer.) Shinshū Shōwa no gen-fūkei: Kumagai Motoichi Hakuju kinen shashinshū (信州・昭和の原風景 熊谷元一白寿記念写真集). Nagano: Issōsha Shuppan, 2008. ISBN978-4-902842-41-8. (in Japanese)
The International Standard Book Number (ISBN) is a numeric commercial book identifier which is intended to be unique. Publishers purchase ISBNs from an affiliate of the International ISBN Agency.
↑ Motoichi is the reading of 元一 supplied by Kumagai Motoichi Shashin Dōgakan (although this uses Kunrei/Nihon rather than Hepburn romanization and thus spells it Motoiti) and Nihon no shashinka (日本の写真家) / Biographic Dictionary of Japanese Photography(in Japanese) (Tokyo: Nichigai Associates, 2005; ISBN4-8169-1948-1). According to Keiko Suzuki (鈴木佳子, Suzuki Keiko), "Kumagai Motokazu" (in Japanese), 328 Outstanding Japanese Photographers (日本写真家事典, Nihon shashinka jiten; Kyoto: Tankōsha, 2000; ISBN4-473-01750-8), p.114, the reading is Motokazu Kumagai (Motokazu Kumagai).
This page is based on this Wikipedia article Text is available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license; additional terms may apply. Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.
Related Research Articles
Ihei Kimura was one of the most celebrated Japanese photographers of the twentieth century, particularly known for his portrayal of Tokyo and Akita Prefecture.
Masao Horino was one of the most prominent Japanese photographers in the first half of the 20th century in Japan.
Terushichi Hirai was one of the most prominent Japanese photographers in the first half of the 20th century in Japan.
Masataka Takayama was one of the most prominent Japanese photographers in the first half of the twentieth century.
For a younger photographer of the same name, see Akihide Tamura.
Ikkō Narahara is a Japanese photographer. Born in Fukuoka, Narahara studied law at Chuo University and, influenced by statues of Buddha at Nara, art history at the graduate school of Waseda University, from which he received an MA in 1959.
Shōmei Tōmatsu was a Japanese photographer.
Tadahiko Hayashi was a Japanese photographer noted for a wide range of work including documentary and portraiture.
Sakae Tamura was a Japanese photographer, prominent in the years before the war.
Ryōji Akiyama is a Japanese photographer known for his work in Tsugaru and New York. He has also written about photography.
Tomio Kondō was an amateur photographer who lived on and energetically photographed Sado island in the Sea of Japan.
Teikō Shiotani was a photographer from Tottori, Japan.
Ken Domon is one of the most renowned Japanese photographers of the 20th century. He is most celebrated as a photojournalist, though he may have been most prolific as a photographer of Buddhist temples and statuary.
Shigeichi Nagano was a Japanese photographer.
Yōnosuke Natori was a Japanese photographer and editor.
Hiroshi Hamaya was a Japanese photographer active from 1935 to 1999.
Kōtarō Iizawa is a Japanese photography critic, historian of photography, and magazine editor. Born in Sendai, Miyagi in 1954, Iizawa studied photography in Nihon University, graduating in 1977. He obtained his doctorate at University of Tsukuba. Iizawa founded Déjà-vu in 1990 and was its editor in chief until 1994. He coedited the 41-volume series Nihon no Shashinka with Shigeichi Nagano and Naoyuki Kinoshita.
Motoichi is a masculine Japanese given name. Notable people with the name include:
Kumagai, also transliterated as Kumagae, is a Japanese surname. Notable people with the surname include: