Moulin Rouge

Last updated

Moulin Rouge
Cheret MoulinRouge ParisCancan.jpg
Poster by Jules Chéret, 1890
Address82 Boulevard de Clichy
Paris
France
Coordinates 48°53′03″N2°19′57″E / 48.88417°N 2.33250°E / 48.88417; 2.33250 Coordinates: 48°53′03″N2°19′57″E / 48.88417°N 2.33250°E / 48.88417; 2.33250
Type Cabaret
Capacity 850
Construction
Opened6 October 1889
Architect Adolphe Willette and Édouard-Jean Niermans
Website
Moulinrouge.fr

Moulin Rouge [1] ( /ˌmlæ̃ˈrʒ/ , French:  [mulɛ̃ ʁuʒ] ; lit.'"Red Mill"') is a cabaret in Paris, France.

Contents

The original house, which burned down in 1915, was co-founded in 1889 by Charles Zidler and Joseph Oller, who also owned the Paris Olympia. Close to Montmartre in the Paris district of Pigalle on Boulevard de Clichy in the 18th arrondissement, it is marked by the red windmill on its roof. The closest métro station is Blanche.

Moulin Rouge is best known as the birthplace of the modern form of the can-can dance. Originally introduced as a seductive dance by the courtesans who operated from the site, the can-can dance revue evolved into a form of entertainment of its own and led to the introduction of cabarets across Europe. Today, the Moulin Rouge is a tourist attraction, offering musical dance entertainment for visitors from around the world. The club's decor still contains much of the romance of fin de siècle France.

History

Creation and early success

The Moulin Rouge in 1900 Moulin Rouge 1900.jpg
The Moulin Rouge in 1900

The Belle Époque was a period of peace and optimism marked by industrial progress, and a particularly rich cultural exuberance was about at the opening of the Moulin Rouge. The Expositions Universelles of 1889 and 1900 are symbols of this period. The Eiffel Tower was also constructed in 1889, epitomising the spirit of progress along with the culturally transgressive cabaret. [2] Japonism, an artistic movement inspired by the Orient, with Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec as its most brilliant disciple, was also at its height. Montmartre, which, at the heart of an increasingly vast and impersonal Paris, retained a bucolic village atmosphere; festivities and artists mixed, with pleasure and beauty as their values. On 6 October 1889, the Moulin Rouge opened in the Jardin de Paris, at the foot of the Montmartre hill. Its creator Joseph Oller and his Manager Charles Zidler were formidable businessmen who understood the public's tastes. The aim was to allow the very rich to come and 'slum it' in a fashionable district, Montmartre. The extravagant setting – the garden was adorned with a gigantic elephant – allowed people from all walks of life to mix. Workers, residents of the Place Blanche, artists, the middle classes, businessmen, elegant women, and foreigners passing through Paris rubbed shoulders. Nicknamed "The First Palace of Women" by Oller and Zidler, the cabaret quickly became a great success.

The Moulin Rouge in Autochrome Lumiere color, 1914, before the 1915 fire Paris 1914 Moulin Rouge.jpg
The Moulin Rouge in Autochrome Lumière color, 1914, before the 1915 fire

The ingredients for its success: [1]

Toulouse-Lautrec and Mr Tremolada, Zidler's assistant and Moulin-Rouge manager, Paris, 1892. Toulouse Lautrec 22.jpg
Toulouse-Lautrec and Mr Tremolada, Zidler's assistant and Moulin-Rouge manager, Paris, 1892.

Greatest moments

Operetta and grand shows

Priority ticket for the S.A. du Theatre-Concert du Moulin-Rouge, issued 15 February 1904 Theatre-Concert du Moulin-Rouge 1904.jpg
Priority ticket for the S.A. du Théatre-Concert du Moulin-Rouge, issued 15 February 1904

Mistinguett years

Mistinguett at the Moulin Rouge Mistinguett Moulin Rouge.jpg
Mistinguett at the Moulin Rouge

After Mistinguett

Vu (magazine) Ndeg77 Adelaide Hall star of Blackbirds at the Moulin Rouge Vu (magazine) Ndeg77.JPG
Vu (magazine) N°77 Adelaide Hall star of Blackbirds at the Moulin Rouge
The shows went on during the German occupation. Bundesarchiv Bild 101I-129-0480-25, Paris, deutsche Soldaten vor dem Moulin Rouge.jpg
The shows went on during the German occupation.

Renewal

The Moulin Rouge at midnight Moulin Rouge, Paris April 2011.jpg
The Moulin Rouge at midnight
The Moulin Rouge at midday Moulin Rouge, 17 April 2011.jpg
The Moulin Rouge at midday

Films

Documentaries

Books

Illustrated books

About Moulin Rouge and its characters

Legacy

Enterprises

The Moulin Rouge in Paris was a source of inspiration for:

Film

Music

Stage adaptations

See also

Notes and references

  1. 1 2 "Histoire du Moulin Rouge". MoulinRouge.fr.
  2. "Moulin Rouge® Official website".
  3. https://www.pariscityvision.com/en/paris-by-night/moulin-rouge/big-times-big-names-moulin-rouge "Big Times and Big Names at the Moulin Rouge," article on pariscityvision.com
  4. Chapters 10 & 11, Underneath A Harlem Moon ... the Harlem to Paris Years of Adelaide Hall by Iain Cameron Williams. Continuum Int. Publishing, ISBN   0826458939.
  5. Jaques Habas, Les secrets du moulin rouge, 2010
  6. Emotion in Motion: Tourism, Affect and Transformation, Dr David Picard, Professor Mike Robinson, Ashgate Publishing, 28 November 2012
  7. Compare 'Für Volk and Führer: The Memoir of a Veteran of the 1st SS Panzer Division Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler, Erwin Bartmann, Helion and Company, 19 October 2013'
  8. Paris under the occupation[Gilles Perrault & Pierre Azema], Gilles Perrault; Jean-Pierre Azéma London : Deutsch, 1989.
  9. 1 2 3 "Jacki Clerico". The Daily Telegraph . 18 January 2013. Retrieved 24 January 2013.
  10. Jacques Pessis et Jacques Crépineau, The Moulin Rouge, October 2002
  11. "Doris Haug, maîtresse de ballet du Moulin Rouge, est morte". 13 August 2014 via Le Monde.

Related Research Articles

Cabaret venue for a mixed variety show of music & theatrical revue

Cabaret is a form of theatrical entertainment featuring music, song, dance, recitation, or drama. It is mainly distinguished by the performance venue, which might be a pub, a casino, a restaurant, or a nightclub with a stage for performances. The audience, often dining or drinking, does not typically dance but usually sits at tables. Performances are usually introduced by a master of ceremonies or MC. The entertainment, as done by an ensemble of actors and according to its European origins, is often oriented towards adult audiences and of a clearly underground nature. In the United States striptease, burlesque, drag shows, or a solo vocalist with a pianist, as well as the venues which offer this entertainment, are often advertised as cabarets.

Montmartre hill in the north of Paris, France

Montmartre is a large hill in Paris's 18th arrondissement. It is 130 m (430 ft) high and gives its name to the surrounding district, part of the Right Bank in the northern section of the city. The historic district established by the City of Paris in 1995 is bordered by rue Caulaincourt and rue Custine on the north, rue de Clignancourt on the east, and boulevard de Clichy and boulevard de Rochechouart to the south, containing 60 ha. Montmartre is primarily known for its artistic history, the white-domed Basilica of the Sacré-Cœur on its summit, and as a nightclub district. The other church on the hill, Saint Pierre de Montmartre, built in 1147, was the church of the prestigious Montmartre Abbey. On August 15, 1534, Saint Ignatius of Loyola, Saint Francis Xavier and five other companions bound themselves by vows in the Martyrium of Saint Denis, 11 rue Yvonne Le Tac, the first step in the creation of the Jesuits.

Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec French painter

Henri Marie Raymond de Toulouse-Lautrec-Monfa, commonly known as just Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, was a French painter, printmaker, draughtsman, caricaturist, and illustrator whose immersion in the colorful and theatrical life of Paris in the late 19th century allowed him to produce a collection of enticing, elegant, and provocative images of the modern, sometimes decadent, affairs of those times.

<i>Moulin Rouge!</i> 2001 film directed by Baz Luhrmann

Moulin Rouge! is a 2001 jukebox musical romantic drama film directed, co-produced, and co-written by Baz Luhrmann. The film tells the story of a young English poet/writer, Christian, who falls in love with the star of the Moulin Rouge, cabaret actress and courtesan Satine. It uses the musical setting of the Montmartre Quarter of Paris, France. The film is the third part of Luhrmann's "Red Curtain Trilogy," following Strictly Ballroom and Romeo + Juliet.

The music of France reflects a diverse array of styles. In the field of classical music, France has produced several prominent romantic composers, while folk and popular music have seen the rise of the chanson and cabaret style. The earliest known sound recording device in the world, the phonautograph, was patented in France by Édouard-Léon Scott de Martinville in 1857. France is also the 5th largest market by value in the world, and its music industry has produced many internationally renowned artists, especially in the nouvelle chanson and electronic music.

Can-can dance

The can-can, is a high-energy, physically demanding dance that became a popular music-hall dance in the 1840s, continuing in popularity in French cabaret to this day. Originally danced by both sexes, it is now traditionally associated with a chorus line of female dancers. The main features of the dance are the vigorous manipulation of skirts and petticoats, along with high kicks, splits, and cartwheels.

Jules Chéret French painter and lithographer

Jules Chéret was a French painter and lithographer who became a master of Belle Époque poster art. He has been called the father of the modern poster.

La Goulue can-can dancer from France

La Goulue, was the stage name of Louise Weber, a French can-can dancer who was a star of the Moulin Rouge, a popular cabaret in the Pigalle district of Paris, near Montmartre. Weber became known as La Goulue because as an adolescent, she was known for guzzling cabaret patrons' drinks while dancing. She also was referred to as the Queen of Montmartre.

Moulin de la Galette cabaret in 18th arrondissement of Paris, France

The Moulin de la Galette is a windmill and associated businesses situated near the top of the district of Montmartre in Paris. Since the 17th century the windmill has been known for more than just its milling capabilities. Nineteenth-century owners and millers, the Debray family, made a brown bread, galette, which became popular and thus the name of the windmill and its businesses, which have included a famous guinguette and restaurant. In the 19th century, Le Moulin de la Galette represented diversion for Parisians seeking entertainment, a glass of wine and bread made from flour ground by the windmill. Artists, such as Renoir, van Gogh, and Pissarro have immortalized Le Moulin de la Galette; likely the most notable was Renoir's festive painting, Bal du moulin de la Galette.

<i>At the Moulin Rouge</i> c.1895 painting by Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, Art Institute of Chicago

At the Moulin Rouge is an oil-on-canvas painting by French artist Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec. It was painted between 1892 and 1895. It is one of a number of works by Toulouse-Lautrec depicting the Moulin Rouge cabaret built in Paris in 1889; the others include At the Moulin Rouge, The Dance, and the poster Moulin Rouge: La Goulue.

Valentin le désossé French dancer

Valentin le Désossé was the stage name of Jacques Renaudin, a French can-can dancer who was a star of the Moulin Rouge in the 1890s as the partner of Louise Weber, known as La Goulue.

Paradis Latin theatre in Paris, France

The Paradis Latin is a theater at number 28, rue du Cardinal Lemoine, in the Latin Quarter of Paris, in the fifth arrondissement, near Notre-Dame, the Panthéon, and the Tour d'Argent restaurant. The closest métro stations are Cardinal Lemoine and Jussieu.

Musée de Montmartre French museum and former home of several artists, including Renoir and Valadon

The Musée de Montmartre is located in Montmartre, at 8-14 rue Cortot in the 18th (XVIII) arrondissement of Paris, France. It was founded in 1960 and was classified as a Musée de France in 2003. The buildings were formerly the home of several famous artists, including Pierre-Auguste Renoir and Suzanne Valadon.

<i>Le Moulin de la Galette</i> (Van Gogh series) painting series by Vincent van Gogh

Le Moulin de la Galette is the title of several paintings made by Vincent van Gogh in 1886 of a windmill, the Moulin de la Galette, which was near Van Gogh and his brother Theo's apartment in Montmartre. The owners of the windmill maximized the view on the butte overlooking Paris, creating a terrace for viewing and a dance hall for entertainment.

<i>Moulin Rouge: La Goulue</i>

Moulin Rouge: La Goulue is a poster by French artist Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec. It is a colour lithograph from 1891, probably printed in about 3,000 copies, advertising the famous dancers La Goulue and "No-Bones" Valentin, and the new Paris dance hall Moulin Rouge. Although most examples were pasted as advertising posters and lost, surviving examples are in the collection of the Indianapolis Museum of Art and many other institutions.

Le Trianon (theatre) theatre in Paris, France

Le Trianon is a theatre and concert hall in Paris. It is located at 80, boulevard de Rochechouart, in the 18th arrondissement of Paris, at the foot of the hill of Montmartre.

Jacki Clérico was a French businessman who owned the Moulin Rouge cabaret of Paris from 1962 until his death in 2013. Clérico is credited with reviving the popularity of the Moulin Rouge over the course of fifty years.

<i>At the Moulin Rouge, The Dance</i> painting by Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec

At the Moulin Rouge, the Dance is an oil-on-canvas painted by French artist Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec. It was painted in 1890, and is the second of a number of graphic paintings by Toulouse-Lautrec depicting the Moulin Rouge cabaret built in Paris in 1889. It portrays two dancers dancing the can-can in the middle of the crowded dance hall. A recently discovered inscription by Toulouse-Lautrec on the back of the painting reads: "The instruction of the new ones by Valentine the Boneless." This means that the man to the left of the woman dancing, is Valentin le désossé, a well-known dancer at the Moulin Rouge, and he is teaching the newest addition to the cabaret. To the right, is a mysterious aristocratic woman in pink. The background also features many aristocratic people such as poet Edward Yeats, the club owner and even Toulouse-Lautrec's father. The work is currently displayed at the Philadelphia Museum of Art.

<i>Années folles</i> A socio-economic period of French history

The term Années folles refers to the decade of the 1920s in France. It was coined to describe the rich social, artistic, and cultural collaborations of the period. The same period is also referred to as the Roaring Twenties or the Jazz Age in the United States. In Germany, it is sometimes referred to as the Golden Twenties because of the economic boom that followed World War I.

<i>Moulin Rouge!</i> (musical) musical based on the 2001 film

Moulin Rouge! The Musical is a jukebox musical with a book by John Logan. The musical is based on the 2001 film Moulin Rouge! directed by Baz Luhrmann and written by Luhrmann and Craig Pearce.