Mount Bross

Last updated
Mount Bross
Mt Bross.jpg
Highest point
Elevation 14,178 ft (4,321 m) [1] [2]
Prominence 312 ft (95 m) [3]
Parent peak Mount Cameron [3]
Isolation 0.99 mi (1.59 km) [3]
Listing Colorado Fourteener 22nd
Coordinates 39°20′08″N106°06′28″W / 39.335446°N 106.1077257°W / 39.335446; -106.1077257 Coordinates: 39°20′08″N106°06′28″W / 39.335446°N 106.1077257°W / 39.335446; -106.1077257 [1]
Geography
USA Colorado location map.svg
Red triangle with thick white border.svg
Mount Bross
Location Park County, Colorado, U.S. [4]
Parent range Mosquito Range [3]
Topo map USGS 7.5' topographic map
Alma, Colorado [1]
Climbing
Easiest route Hike

Mount Bross is a high mountain summit in the Mosquito Range of the Rocky Mountains of North America. The 14,178-foot (4,321 m) fourteener is located in Pike National Forest, 4.1 miles (6.6 km) northwest by north (bearing 327°) of the Town of Alma in Park County, Colorado, United States. [1] [2] [3] [4] Mount Bross is named in honor of William Bross, who owned property in the area. [5]

Contents

Geography

With a topographic prominence in the range of 292 to 332 feet (89 to 101 m), Mount Bross barely qualifies as an independent peak by the standard 300 foot prominence rule. It is often climbed together with Mount Lincoln and nearby Mount Democrat. [6]

On March 9, 1869, Daniel Plummer and Joseph Myers, both of Alma, Colorado, filed claim on the first silver mine on Mount Bross. They named their holding "The Dwight". The adjoining Moose Mine, which Plummer and Myers filed in 1871, became the most productive silver mine in Park County. A native of Pennsylvania, Myers later became a town trustee in Fairplay, the county seat of Park County. [7] The Dolly Varden Mine, discovered by George Brunk and Assyria "Cy" Hall in 1872, ranked second in silver production to the Moose Mine but outpaced the Moose in the richness of its ore. At the time the Dolly Varden opened, Hall was the sheriff of Park County. [7]

The pioneering American Presbyterian missionary, Sheldon Jackson went there from Denver to preach the gospel to the miners. He later established missions in Alaska. [8]

In 2005, the summit of Mount Bross was closed to the public because of safety concerns related to mines and trail access through private land. [9] [10] [11]

"No Public Access" sign near Kite Lake. No Public Access to Mount Bross sign near Kit Lake.jpg
"No Public Access" sign near Kite Lake.

See also

Related Research Articles

Park County, Colorado County in Colorado, US

Park County is a county located in the U.S. state of Colorado. As of the 2010 census, the population was 16,206. The county seat is Fairplay. The county was named after the large geographic region known as South Park, which was named by early fur traders and trappers in the area.

Alma, Colorado Statutory Town in Colorado, United States

Alma is a statutory town located in Park County, Colorado, United States. The town population was 270 at the 2010 United States Census.

Fairplay, Colorado Statutory Town in Colorado, United States

Fairplay is the statutory town that is the county seat and the most populous municipality of Park County, Colorado, United States. Fairplay is located in South Park at an elevation of 9,953 feet (3,034 m). The town is the fifth-highest incorporated place in the State of Colorado. The population was 679 at the U.S. Census 2010.

Fourteener

In the mountaineering parlance of the Western United States, a fourteener is a mountain peak with an elevation of at least 14,000 ft (4267 m). The 96 fourteeners in the United States are all west of the Mississippi River. Colorado has the most (53) of any single state; Alaska is second with 29. Many peak baggers try to climb all fourteeners in the contiguous United States, one particular state, or another region.

Sheldon Jackson American Presbyterian missionary

Sheldon Jackson was a Presbyterian minister, missionary, and political leader. During this career he travelled about one million miles and established more than one hundred missions and churches, mostly in the Western United States. He is best remembered for his extensive work in Colorado and the Alaska Territory, and for his efforts to suppress Native American languages.

Mount Lincoln (Colorado)

Mount Lincoln is the eighth-highest summit of the Rocky Mountains of North America and the U.S. state of Colorado. The prominent 14,293-foot (4356.5 m) fourteener is the highest summit of the Mosquito Range and the eleventh-highest summit in the contiguous United States. Mount Lincoln is located in Pike National Forest, 5.2 miles (8.3 km) north-northwest of the Town of Alma in Park County, Colorado, United States. The summit of Mount Lincoln is the highest point in Park County and the entire drainage basin of the Missouri River. The mountain was named in honor of Abraham Lincoln, 16th President of the United States.

Mosquito Range

The Mosquito Range is a high mountain range in the Rocky Mountains of central Colorado in the United States. The peaks of the range form a ridge running north–south for roughly 40 mi (64 km) from southern Summit County on the north end, then along the boundary between Lake and Park Counties. The ranges forms a high barrier separating the headwaters of the Arkansas River near Leadville from South Park and the headwaters of the South Platte River near Fairplay. The highest peak in the range is Mount Lincoln at an elevation of 14,286 ft. Other fourteeners in the range are Quandary Peak, Mount Bross (14,172 ft), Mount Democrat (14,148 ft), and Mount Sherman (14,036 ft).

El Diente Peak

El Diente Peak is a high summit in the San Miguel Mountains range of the Rocky Mountains of North America. The 14,165-foot (4,317 m) peak is located in the Lizard Head Wilderness of San Juan National Forest, 10.5 miles (16.9 km) north by east of the Town of Rico in Dolores County, Colorado, United States. "El Diente" is Spanish for "The Tooth", a reference to the shape of the peak.

Mount Wilson (Colorado)

Mount Wilson is the highest summit of the San Miguel Mountains range of the Rocky Mountains of North America. The prominent 14,252-foot (4,344 m) fourteener is located in the Lizard Head Wilderness of San Juan National Forest, 10.6 miles (17.1 km) north by east of the Town of Rico in Dolores County, Colorado, United States. Mount Wilson should not to be confused with the lower Wilson Peak nearby.

Mount Eolus Mountain in Colorado, United States

Mount Eolus is a high mountain summit of the Needle Mountains range of the Rocky Mountains of North America. The 14,090-foot (4,295 m) fourteener is located in the Weminuche Wilderness of San Juan National Forest, 27.4 miles (44.1 km) northeast by north of the City of Durango in La Plata County, Colorado, United States.

Mount Belford

Mount Belford is a high mountain summit of the Collegiate Peaks in the Sawatch Range of the Rocky Mountains of North America. The 14,203-foot (4,329 m) fourteener is located in the Collegiate Peaks Wilderness of San Isabel National Forest, 15.0 miles (24.1 km) northwest by west of the Town of Buena Vista in Chaffee County, Colorado, United States.

Tabeguache Peak

Tabeguache Peak is one of the fourteeners of the US state of Colorado. It is a near neighbor of the higher peak Mount Shavano, which lies approximately 1/2 mile to the southeast, and is close to being a subpeak of the latter. According to William Bright an American Linguist specialized in Native American and South Asian languages and descriptive linguistics it is pronounced "TAB-uh-wahch". According to Mountaineer Louis Dawson the name is pronounced "tab-uh-wash," with the accent on the first syllable. It lies just east of the Continental Divide and just west of the Arkansas River, in the south-central part of the Sawatch Range. It is located within the San Isabel National Forest and is in Chaffee County.

Ellingwood Point

Ellingwood Point is a high mountain summit in the Sangre de Cristo Range of the Rocky Mountains of North America. The 14,048-foot (4,282 m) fourteener is located on the Sierra Blanca Massif, 9.9 miles (16.0 km) north by east of the Town of Blanca, Colorado, United States, on the drainage divide separating in Rio Grande National Forest and Alamosa County from San Isabel National Forest and Huerfano County. Ellingwood Point was named in honor of Albert Russell Ellingwood, an early pioneer of mountain climbing in the Western United States and in Colorado in particular.

Missouri Mountain

Missouri Mountain is a high mountain summit in the Collegiate Peaks of the Sawatch Range of the Rocky Mountains of North America. The 14,074-foot (4,290 m) fourteener is located in the Collegiate Peaks Wilderness of San Isabel National Forest, 15.2 miles (24.5 km) northwest by west of the Town of Buena Vista in Chaffee County, Colorado, United States. Missouri Mountain is separated from its eastern neighbor Mount Belford by Elkhead Pass.

Mount Democrat

Mount Democrat is a high mountain summit in the Mosquito Range of the Rocky Mountains of North America. The 14,155-foot (4,314 m) fourteener is located 5.4 miles (8.7 km) northwest of the Town of Alma, Colorado, United States, on the Continental Divide separating San Isabel National Forest and Lake County from Pike National Forest and Park County.

Mount Sherman

Mount Sherman is a high mountain summit in the Mosquito Range of the Rocky Mountains of North America. The 14,043-foot (4,280 m) fourteener is located 6.8 miles (11.0 km) east by south of the City of Leadville, Colorado, United States, on the drainage divide separating Lake County from Park County. The mountain was named in honor of General William Tecumseh Sherman.

In mountaineering in the United States, a thirteener is a mountain that exceeds 13,000 feet (3,962.4 m) above mean sea level, similar to the more familiar "fourteeners," which exceed 14,000 feet (4,267.2 m). In most instances, "thirteeners" refers only to those peaks between 13,000 and 13,999 feet in elevation.

Mount Silverheels

Mount Silverheels is a high and prominent mountain summit in the Front Range of the Rocky Mountains of North America. The 13,829-foot (4,215 m) thirteener is located in Pike National Forest, 4.9 miles (7.9 km) northeast of the Town of Alma in Park County, Colorado, United States.

South Park Community Church United States historic place

The South Park Community Church is an historic Carpenter Gothic-style church building located at 600 Hathaway Street in Fairplay, Park County, Colorado. Built in 1874, the church was founded by Presbyterian missionary Sheldon Jackson. Its board and batten siding and lancet windows are typical of Carpenter Gothic churches. Originally the Sheldon Jackson Memorial Chapel, the structure is now the South Park Community (Presbyterian) Church.

The Orphan Boy mine, also known as The Orphan, is a defunct gold and silver mine located some 12,000 feet in elevation along the Continental Divide near the town of Alma in Park County in central Colorado.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 "MT BROSS ET". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey . Retrieved October 20, 2014.
  2. 1 2 The elevation of Mount Bross includes an adjustment of +2.045 m (+6.71 ft) from NGVD 29 to NAVD 88.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 "Mount Bross, Colorado". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved October 20, 2014.
  4. 1 2 "Mount Bross". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey . Retrieved October 29, 2014.
  5. Name History of Mount Bross - 14ers http://www.14ers.com/php14ers/historyview.php?parmpeak=Mt.%20Bross&parmcat=Name%20History
  6. Louis W. Dawson II (1994). Dawson's Guide to Colorado's Fourteeners, Volume 1 . Blue Clover Press. ISBN   0-9628867-1-8.
  7. 1 2 Laura King Van Dusen, "Boom and Bust on Bross, When Silver Reigned, 1868-1893", Historic Tales from Park County: Parked in the Past (Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press, 2013), ISBN   978-1-62619-161-7, pr. 135-136.
  8. Laura King Van Dusen, "Sheldon Jackson's Fairplay Church: One of More than One Hundred in Western U.S.; Jackson Arrested, Jailed in Alaska; Contributed to Settlement of the West", Historic Tales from Park County: Parked in the Past, pp. 69-77.
  9. "Access Update -- Summer 2010". Colorado Fourteeners Initiative. Archived from the original on July 9, 2010. Retrieved 2013-09-03.CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  10. Tillie Fong (2011-07-19). "Trails on Fourteeners may be opened". Rocky Mountain News. Retrieved 2008-06-28.
  11. Jim Hughes (2006-01-24). "Bill protecting fourteeners' landowners climbs in House". The Denver Post. Retrieved 2011-07-19.