Mount Carmel, Pennsylvania

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Borough of Mount Carmel
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View of Mount Carmel from the northeast
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Location of Mount Carmel in Northumberland County, Pennsylvania.
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Mount Carmel
Location of Mount Carmel in Pennsylvania
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Mount Carmel
Mount Carmel (the United States)
Coordinates: 40°47′47″N76°24′44″W / 40.79639°N 76.41222°W / 40.79639; -76.41222 Coordinates: 40°47′47″N76°24′44″W / 40.79639°N 76.41222°W / 40.79639; -76.41222
CountryUnited States
StatePennsylvania
County Northumberland
Settled1770
Incorporated, TownshipNovember 14, 1854
Incorporated, BoroughNovember 3, 1862
Government
  MayorPhillip "Bing" Cimino (D)
Area
[1]
  Total0.66 sq mi (1.70 km2)
  Land0.66 sq mi (1.70 km2)
  Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
1,309 ft (399 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total5,893
  Estimate 
(2017) [2]
5,650
  Density8,599.70/sq mi (3,322.39/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (EST)
  Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
17851
Area code(s) 570 Prefixes: 339, 554
272 Prefixes: none
FIPS code 42-51496
FIPS 51496
Website www.mountcarmelborough.org

Mount Carmel is a borough in Northumberland County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 5,893 at the 2010 census. It is located 88 miles (141 km) northwest of Philadelphia and 71 miles (114 km) northeast of Harrisburg, in the Anthracite Coal Region. It is completely encompassed by Mount Carmel Township.

Borough (Pennsylvania) borough in Pennsylvania

In the U.S. commonwealth of Pennsylvania, a borough is a self-governing municipal entity, best thought of as a town, usually smaller than a city, but with a similar population density in its residential areas. Sometimes thought of as "junior cities", boroughs generally have fewer powers and responsibilities than full-fledged cities.

Northumberland County, Pennsylvania County in the United States

Northumberland County is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the population was 94,528. Its county seat is Sunbury. The county was formed in 1772 from parts of Lancaster, Berks, Bedford, Cumberland, and Northampton Counties and named for the county of Northumberland in northern England. Northumberland County is a fifth class county according to the Pennsylvania's County Code.

Pennsylvania State of the United States of America

Pennsylvania, officially the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a state located in the northeastern, Great Lakes and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States. The Appalachian Mountains run through its middle. The Commonwealth is bordered by Delaware to the southeast, Maryland to the south, West Virginia to the southwest, Ohio to the west, Lake Erie and the Canadian province of Ontario to the northwest, New York to the north, and New Jersey to the east.

Contents

History

Sawmill operator, Albert Bradford, gave Mount Carmel its name because of its elevation and beautiful setting in the mountains. He decided that it deserved a special name and named it after the holy mountain in Israel. Mount Carmel began as a logging town. Coal wasn't discovered until 1790 by Isaac Tomlinson. It took twenty-four years until the first shipment of anthracite was shipped from the borough. Mount Carmel Inn was opened in 1812 by Richard Yarnall and was strategically located on the Centre Turnpike (also known as the Reading-Sunbury Road or Old Reading Road) halfway between Pottsville and Danville. During the latter part of 1854 the Philadelphia and Sunbury Railroad was completed from Shamokin to Mt. Carmel, which led to the opening and development of a number of collieries in the region. During the same year, the Locust Mountain Coal and Iron Company commenced making extensive openings and improvements upon their valuable coal lands in the vicinity of Mt. Carmel, building breakers for two collieries - the Coal Ridge and Locust Mountain collieries. [3] The township was erected in 1854, formed from part of Coal Township; by 1862 the borough was incorporated within the township.

Mount Carmel Mountain in Israel

Mount Carmel is a coastal mountain range in northern Israel stretching from the Mediterranean Sea towards the southeast. The range is a UNESCO biosphere reserve. A number of towns are situated there, most notably the city of Haifa, Israel's third largest city, located on the northern slope.

Israel country in the Middle East

Israel, also known as the State of Israel, is a country in Western Asia, located on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea. It has land borders with Lebanon to the north, Syria to the northeast, Jordan on the east, the Palestinian territories of the West Bank and Gaza Strip to the east and west, respectively, and Egypt to the southwest. The country contains geographically diverse features within its relatively small area. Israel's economic and technological center is Tel Aviv, while its seat of government and proclaimed capital is Jerusalem, although the state's sovereignty over Jerusalem has only partial recognition.

Anthracite A hard, compact variety of coal that has a submetallic luster

Anthracite, often referred to as hard coal, is a hard, compact variety of coal that has a submetallic luster. It has the highest carbon content, the fewest impurities, and the highest energy density of all types of coal and is the highest ranking of coals.

Mount Carmel was among the first towns in the country to have its streets lit by electricity. Thomas Edison placed one of his first generators plants here in 1883. The Edison Plant in Mount Carmel was the 7th in the world.

Thomas Edison American inventor and businessman

Thomas Alva Edison was an American inventor and businessman, who has been described as America's greatest inventor. He developed many devices in fields such as electric power generation, mass communication, sound recording, and motion pictures. These inventions, which include the phonograph, the motion picture camera, and the long-lasting, practical electric light bulb, had a widespread impact on the modern industrialized world. He was one of the first inventors to apply the principles of organized science and teamwork to the process of invention, working with many researchers and employees. He established the first industrial research laboratory.

In the past, there were extensive anthracite mining interests here and in the vicinity. In earlier years, the borough had manufactories of miners' caps, cement blocks, cigars, shirts, stockings, etc., and large silk and planing mills, foundry and machine shops, a knitting mill, lumber yards, a packing plant, and wagon works. Currently that area supports light manufacturing in paper and plastics.

Timeline

Charles II of England 17th-century King of England, Ireland and Scotland

Charles II was king of England, Scotland, and Ireland. He was king of Scotland from 1649 until his deposition in 1651, and king of England, Scotland and Ireland from the restoration of the monarchy in 1660 until his death.

William Penn English real estate entrepreneur, philosopher, early Quaker and founder of the Province of Pennsylvania

William Penn was the son of the admiral and politician Sir William Penn, and an English nobleman, writer, early Quaker, and founder of the English North American colony the Province of Pennsylvania. He was an early advocate of democracy and religious freedom, notable for his good relations and successful treaties with the Lenape Native Americans. Under his direction, the city of Philadelphia was planned and developed.

Province of Pennsylvania English, from 1707, British, possession in North America between 1681 and 1776

The Province of Pennsylvania, also known as the Pennsylvania Colony, was founded in English North America by William Penn on March 4, 1681 as dictated in a royal charter granted by King Charles II. The name Pennsylvania, which translates roughly as "Penn's Woods", was created by combining the Penn surname with the Latin word sylvania, meaning "forest land". The Province of Pennsylvania was one of the two major restoration colonies, the other being the Province of Carolina. The proprietary colony's charter remained in the hands of the Penn family until the American Revolution, when the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania was created and became one of the original thirteen states. "The lower counties on Delaware", a separate colony within the province, would breakaway during the American Revolution as "the Delaware State" and also be one of the original thirteen states.

Geography

Buildings in Mount Carmel View of Mount Carmel 1.JPG
Buildings in Mount Carmel
MountCarmelPAsatellitephotoUSGS.gif

Mount Carmel is located at 40°47′47″N76°24′44″W / 40.79639°N 76.41222°W / 40.79639; -76.41222 (40.796447, -76.412231) [4] in the ridge-and-valley zone of the central Appalachian Mountains. It is drained by the Shamokin Creek and is part of the Lower Susquehanna watershed. [5] According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 0.7 square miles (1.7 km2), all of it land.

Appalachian Mountains mountain range in the eastern United States and Canada

The Appalachian Mountains, often called the Appalachians, are a system of mountains in eastern North America. The Appalachians first formed roughly 480 million years ago during the Ordovician Period. They once reached elevations similar to those of the Alps and the Rocky Mountains before experiencing natural erosion. The Appalachian chain is a barrier to east–west travel, as it forms a series of alternating ridgelines and valleys oriented in opposition to most highways and railroads running east–west.

Shamokin Creek tributary of the Susquehanna River

Shamokin Creek is a tributary of the Susquehanna River in Northumberland County, Pennsylvania, in the United States. It is approximately 32.4 miles (52.1 km) long and flows through Mount Carmel, Mount Carmel Township, Coal Township, Shamokin, Ralpho Township, Shamokin Township, Snydertown, Upper Augusta Township, and Sunbury. The watershed of the creek has an area of 137 square miles (350 km2). It experiences significant impacts by abandoned mine drainage and many abandoned mine drainage discharges are in its watershed. Various other impairments also affect parts of the creek's watershed. Shamokin Creek is in the Appalachian Mountains section of the Ridge and Valley physiographic province. Rock formations consisting of sandstone, shale, and anthracite deposits occur in the watershed.

Susquehanna River river in the northeastern United States

The Susquehanna River is a major river located in the northeastern and mid-Atlantic United States. At 464 miles (747 km) long, it is the longest river on the East Coast of the United States that drains into the Atlantic Ocean. With its watershed, it is the 16th-largest river in the United States, and the longest river in the early 21st-century continental United States without commercial boat traffic.

Mount Carmel's terrain is mostly flat. The borough's land is mostly urban. Mount Carmel is served by Pennsylvania Route 61. [6]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1870 1,289
1880 2,37884.5%
1890 8,254247.1%
1900 13,17959.7%
1910 17,53233.0%
1920 17,469−0.4%
1930 17,9672.9%
1940 17,780−1.0%
1950 14,222−20.0%
1960 10,760−24.3%
1970 9,317−13.4%
1980 8,190−12.1%
1990 7,196−12.1%
2000 6,390−11.2%
2010 5,893−7.8%
Est. 20175,650 [2] −4.1%
Sources: [7] [8] [9]

As of the census [8] of 2000, there were 6,390 people, 3,035 households, and 1,678 families residing in the borough. The population density was 9,655.6 people per square mile (3,738.2/km2). There were 3,629 housing units at an average density of 5,483.6 per square mile (2,123.0/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 98.56% White, 0.06% African American, 0.16% Native American, 0.28% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.25% from other races, and 0.67% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.89% of the population.

There were 3,035 households, out of which 21.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.8% were married couples living together, 12.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44.7% were non-families. 41.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 24.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.10 and the average family size was 2.86.

In the borough the population was spread out, with 19.7% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 23.8% from 25 to 44, 23.6% from 45 to 64, and 25.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.6 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $22,168, and the median income for a family was $35,217. Males had a median income of $28,168 versus $20,595 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $14,858. About 14.2% of families and 18.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.1% of those under age 18 and 15.1% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

Federal

United States Congress

State

Pennsylvania General Assembly

Education

Map of Northumberland County, Pennsylvania School Districts Map of Northumberland County Pennsylvania School Districts.png
Map of Northumberland County, Pennsylvania School Districts

Public schools

Residents of Mount Carmel may attend the local, public schools operated by Mount Carmel Area School District which provides taxpayer funded preschool and full day kindergarten through 12th grade. In 2014, the District's enrollment declined to 1,583 students. In 2014, Mount Carmel Area School District ranked 380th out of 496 public schools for academic achievement of its pupils, by the Pittsburgh Business Times. In 2013, the District ranked 323rd. [10]

Mount Carmel Area School District operates three schools: Mount Carmel Area Elementary School Grades Pre-K through 6th, Mount Carmel Area Junior High School and Mount Carmel Area High School. The district spends just $8,600 per student per year on school operations, the lowest figure in the state. [11]

Opportunity Scholarship Tax Credit Program In April 2014, the Pennsylvania Department of Education (PDE) released a report identifying one Mount Carmel Area School District school as among the lowest achieving schools for reading and mathematics in 2013. [12] Mount Carmel Area High School was among the 15% lowest achieving schools in the Commonwealth. Parents and students may be eligible for scholarships to transfer to another public or nonpublic school through the state's Opportunity Scholarship Tax Credit Program passed in June 2012. [13] [14] The scholarships are limited to those students whose family's income is less than $60,000 annually, with another $12,000 allowed per dependent. Maximum scholarship award is $8,500, with special education students receiving up to $15,000 for a year's tuition. Parents pay any difference between the scholarship amount and the receiving school's tuition rate. Students may seek admission to neighboring public school districts. Each year the PDE publishes the tuition rate for each individual public school district. [15] Fifty-three public schools in Allegheny County are among the lowest-achieving schools in 2011. According to the report, parents in 414 public schools (74 school districts) were offered access to these scholarships. For the 2012-13 school year, eight public school districts in Pennsylvania had all of their schools placed on the list including: Sto-Rox School District, Chester Upland School District, Clairton City School District, Duquesne City School District, Farrell Area School District, Wilkinsburg Borough School District, William Penn School District and Steelton-Highspire School District. [16] Funding for the scholarships comes from donations by businesses which receive a state tax credit for donating.

AYP history

In 2012, Mount Carmel Area School District declined to Warning Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) status due to lagging student achievement. [17] In 2011, Mount Carmel Area School District achieved Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP).

In 2014, Mount Carmel Area School District's graduation rate was 88%. [18] In 2013, Mount Carmel Area School District's graduation rate was 87.93%. [19] Mount Carmel high school aged students may choose to attend Northumberland County Career Technology Center for training in the trades.

Mount Carmel residents may also apply to attend any of the Commonwealth's 14 public cyber charter schools (in 2013) at no additional cost to the parents. Locally, SusQ Cyber Charter School operates in Bloomsburg. The resident’s public school district is required to pay the charter school and cyber charter school tuition for residents who attend these public schools. [20] [21] By Commonwealth law, if the District provides transportation for its own students, then the District must provide transportation to any school that lies within 10 miles of its borders. Residents may also seek admission for their school aged child to any other public school district. When accepted for admission, the student's parents are responsible for paying an annual tuition fee set by the Pennsylvania Department of Education. In 2012, the tuition fees for Mount Carmel Area School District were: Elementary School - $6,811, High School - $8,189. [22]

Central Susquehanna Intermediate Unit #16 provides a wide variety of services to children living in its region which includes Mount Carmel Area School District. Early screening, special educations services, speech and hearing therapy and many other services like driver education are available. Services for children during the preschool years are provided without cost to their families when the child is determined to meet eligibility requirements.

Transportation

Highways

Railroads

Philadelphia and Reading RR Station in Mt Carmel, c.1917 Philadelphia and Reading RR Station Mt Carmel PA c 1917.png
Philadelphia and Reading RR Station in Mt Carmel, c.1917

Public transportation

The Lower Anthracite Transportation System offers a two-route transit system weekdays and Saturdays from Mount Carmel with buses meeting in Coal Township to Mount Carmel and surrounding communities. A third route, operated seasonally, operates to Knoebel's Amusement Resort.

Notable residents

See also

Related Research Articles

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Coal Township, Northumberland County, Pennsylvania Township in Pennsylvania, United States

Coal Township is a township in Northumberland County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population at the 2010 Census was 10,383, down from 10,628 at the 2000 census.

Shamokin, Pennsylvania City in Pennsylvania, United States

Shamokin is a city in Northumberland County, Pennsylvania, surrounded by Coal Township at the western edge of the Anthracite Coal Region in central Pennsylvania. It was named after a Saponi Indian village, Schahamokink. At the 2010 decennial United States Census, the population was 7,374, approximately half what it was in 1950.

Mahanoy City, Pennsylvania Borough in Pennsylvania, United States

Mahanoy City is a borough located 38 miles (61 km) southwest of Wilkes-Barre and 13 miles southwest of Hazleton, in northern Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania in the southern Coal Region. It is located entirely within but is not part of Mahanoy Township. The name "Mahanoy" is believed to be a variation of the Native American word 'Maghonioy', or "the salt deposits".

Shamokin Dam, Pennsylvania Borough in Pennsylvania, United States

Shamokin Dam is a small borough in Snyder County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 1,502 at the 2000 census.

Pennsylvania Route 61 highway in Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania Route 61 is an 81.801 mi (131.65 km)-long state highway in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. The route is signed on a north–south direction, from U.S. Route 222 Business in Reading to U.S. Route 11 and U.S. Route 15 in Shamokin Dam. PA 61 meets up with Pennsylvania Route 54 in Ashland and these highways split just outside Ashland. PA 54 goes towards Mount Carmel and PA 61 heads towards Centralia.

Lehigh and Mahanoy Railroad

The Lehigh and Mahanoy Railroad, originally the Quakake Railroad, was a rail line connecting Black Creek Junction, in the Lehigh Valley, with Quakake, Delano, and Mount Carmel. Opened from Black Creek Junction to Quakake in 1858 and to Mount Carmel in 1860, it allowed anthracite coal mined along the line and bridge traffic to move east towards New York City. After 1866, it was merged into the Lehigh Valley Railroad to become its Mahanoy Branch.

Pennsylvania Route 901 highway in Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania Route 901 is a 26.4-mile-long (42.5 km) state route located in eastern Pennsylvania. The western terminus of the route is at PA 61 in the Coal Township hamlet of Ranshaw. Its eastern terminus is at PA 183 in Cressona. PA 901 runs northwest-southeast through forested mountains in the Coal Region within Northumberland and Schuylkill counties. The route runs concurrent with PA 54 between Locust Gap and Merrian in Mount Carmel Township before it leaves Northumberland County for Schuylkill County. PA 901 has an interchange with Interstate 81 (I-81) and continues southeast to Minersville. The route runs concurrent with U.S. Route 209 to Pottsville before it splits south and continues to PA 183.

1877 Shamokin uprising

The 1877 Shamokin uprising occurred in Shamokin, Pennsylvania, in July 1877, as one of the several cities in the state where strikes occurred as part of the Great Railroad Strike of 1877. The Great Strike was the first in the United States in which workers across the country united in an action against major companies. In many cities, the railroad workers were joined by other industrial workers in general strikes.

The Lower Anthracite Transportation System (LATS) is a small transportation system serving Mount Carmel, Pennsylvania and the surrounding area, primarily of Northumberland County.

Coal Run (Shamokin Creek tributary) river in United States of America

Coal Run is a tributary of Shamokin Creek in Northumberland County, Pennsylvania, in the United States. It is approximately 4.7 miles (7.6 km) long and flows through Mount Carmel Township, Coal Township, and Shamokin. The watershed of the stream has an area of 6.25 square miles (16.2 km2). The stream is designated as an impaired waterbody due to metals from abandoned mine drainage. It is an ephemeral stream. Virtually all of the watershed is in coal mining regions.

Mount Carmel Area High School

Mount Carmel Area High School is located at 600 West 5th Street, Mount Carmel, Northumberland County, Pennsylvania. In 2016, enrollment declined to 420 pupils in 9th through 12th grades, with 55% of pupils eligible for a free lunch due to the family meeting the federal federal poverty level. The poverty level is to increase in years to come. Additionally, 12.6% of pupils received special education services, while none of the pupils were identified as gifted. The school employed 39 teachers. Per the Pennsylvania Department of Education, 100% of the teachers were rated "Highly Qualified" under the federal No Child Left Behind Act. It is the sole high school operated by the Mount Carmel Area School District.

References

  1. "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Mar 24, 2019.
  2. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved March 24, 2018.
  3. Bell, Herbert (1891). History of Northumberland County, Pennsylvania (TXT). Brown, Runk, & Co., Publishers. Retrieved 2008-01-03.
  4. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  5. http://cfpub.epa.gov/surf/huc.cfm?huc_code=02050301
  6. https://maps.google.com/maps?f=d&source=s_d&saddr=Mount%20Carmel,%20Northumberland,%20PA
  7. "Census of Population and Housing". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  8. 1 2 "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  9. "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 17 June 2013. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  10. Pittsburgh Business Times (April 5, 2013). "Guide to Pennsylvania Schools Statewide ranking 2013".
  11. Brow, Emma (23 April 2015). "Pa. schools are the nation's most inequitable. The new governor wants to fix that". Washington Post. Retrieved 23 April 2015.
  12. Pennsylvania Department of Education (April 2014). "2014-15 List of Low Achieving Schools".
  13. Pennsylvania Department of Education (July 2013). "Opportunity Scholarship Tax Credit Program".
  14. Pennsylvania Department of community and Economic Development (2014). "Opportunity Scholarship Tax Credit Program FAQ".
  15. Pennsylvania Department of Education (May 2012). "Tuition rate Fiscal Year 2011-2012".
  16. Olsen, Laura, State list of failing schools has 53 in county, Pittsburgh Post Gazette, July 26, 2012
  17. Pennsylvania Department of Education (September 21, 2012). "Mount Carmel Area School District AYP Overview 2012".
  18. Pennsylvania Department of Education, Mount Carmel Area School District Fast Facts 2014, November 6, 2014
  19. Pennsylvania Department of Education, Mount Carmel Area School District Fast Facts 2013, October 4, 2013
  20. Pennsylvania Department of Education (2013). "Charter Schools".
  21. Pennsylvania Department of Education (2013). "What is a Charter School?".
  22. Pennsylvania Department of Education (May 2013). "Pennsylvania Public School District Tuition Rates".
  23. "Ellen Albertini Dow (Obituary)". New York Times. 6 May 2015.