Mount Eolus

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Mount Eolus
Mount Eolus.jpg
Mount Eolus
Highest point
Elevation 14,090 ft (4,295 m) [1] [2]
Prominence 1,024 ft (312 m) [2]
Isolation 1.69 mi (2.72 km) [2]
Listing Colorado fourteeners 33rd
Coordinates 37°37′18″N107°37′22″W / 37.621778°N 107.622693°W / 37.621778; -107.622693 Coordinates: 37°37′18″N107°37′22″W / 37.621778°N 107.622693°W / 37.621778; -107.622693 [3]
Geography
USA Colorado location map.svg
Red triangle with thick white border.svg
Mount Eolus
Location in Colorado
Location La Plata County, Colorado, U.S. [3]
Parent range San Juan Mountains,
Needle Mountains [2]
Topo map USGS 7.5' topographic map
Columbine Pass, Colorado [3]
Climbing
Easiest route Scramble (Class 3)

Mount Eolus is a high mountain summit of the Needle Mountains range of the Rocky Mountains of North America. The 14,090-foot (4,295 m) fourteener is located in the Weminuche Wilderness of San Juan National Forest, 27.4 miles (44.1 km) northeast by north (bearing 29°) of the City of Durango in La Plata County, Colorado, United States. [1] [2] [3]

Contents

Named after the Greek god of the wind, the mountain was originally referred to as "Aeolus" in the 1874 Hayden Survey. [4] The current spelling of "Eolus" was first used in the Wheeler Survey of 1878. [5]

Climbing

Mount Eolus is one of three fourteeners in the Needle Mountains; the others are Sunlight Peak and Windom Peak. All three peaks are located around the cirque known as Upper Chicago Basin. Eolus lies to the west of the upper basin, while the other peaks lie on the east side. These mountains are among the most remote of Colorado's fourteeners and have a strong wilderness character.

North Eolus, elevation 14,045 ft (4,281 m), is a northern subpeak of Mount Eolus, though it is not usually counted as a separate peak or as an official fourteener, since it has a topographic prominence of only 179 ft (55 m). [6] It is sometimes climbed in conjunction with Eolus. [7]

Elevation

Mount Eolus' elevation is very close to, and may even be higher than, that of nearby Windom Peak. If this is the case, Mount Eolus would be the highest summit of the Needle Mountains, La Plata County, and the entire San Juan River drainage basin.

Recent surveying with a Trimble GPS unit determined the following elevations, confirming that Windom is truly the monarch of the basin.

Eolus: 14085.4 ft +/- 2.1’

Windom: 14089.9 ft +/- 1.4’

See also

Related Research Articles

Fourteener

In the mountaineering parlance of the Western United States, a fourteener is a mountain peak with an elevation of at least 14,000 ft (4267 m). The 96 fourteeners in the United States are all west of the Mississippi River. Colorado has the most (53) of any single state; Alaska is second with 29. Many peak baggers try to climb all fourteeners in the contiguous United States, one particular state, or another region.

La Plata Peak

La Plata Peak is the fifth-highest summit of the Rocky Mountains of North America and the U.S. state of Colorado. The prominent 14,343-foot (4,372 m) fourteener is located in the Collegiate Peaks Wilderness of San Isabel National Forest, 22.7 miles (36.5 km) northwest by west of the Town of Buena Vista in Chaffee County, Colorado, United States.

Uncompahgre Peak

Uncompahgre Peak is the sixth highest summit of the Rocky Mountains of North America and the U.S. state of Colorado. The prominent 14,321-foot (4365.0 m) fourteener is the highest summit of the San Juan Mountains and the highest point in the drainage basin of the Colorado River and the Gulf of California. It is located in the Uncompahgre Wilderness in the northern San Juans, in northern Hinsdale County approximately 7 miles (11 km) west of the town of Lake City.

Weminuche Wilderness

The Weminuche Wilderness is a wilderness area in southwest Colorado managed by the United States Forest Service as part of the San Juan National Forest on the west side of the Continental Divide and the Rio Grande National Forest on the east side of the divide. It is about 5 miles (8.0 km) south east of the town of Silverton and about 15 miles (24 km) northeast of Durango. At 499,771 acres (2,022.50 km2), it is the largest wilderness area in the state of Colorado. The wilderness was named after the Weminuche Indians.

Mount Wilson (Colorado)

Mount Wilson is the highest summit of the San Miguel Mountains range of the Rocky Mountains of North America. The prominent 14,252-foot (4,344 m) fourteener is located in the Lizard Head Wilderness of San Juan National Forest, 10.6 miles (17.1 km) north by east of the Town of Rico in Dolores County, Colorado, United States. Mount Wilson should not to be confused with the lower Wilson Peak nearby.

Windom Peak

Windom Peak is the highest summit of the Needle Mountains range of the Rocky Mountains of North America. The prominent 14,093-foot (4,296 m) fourteener is located in the Weminuche Wilderness of San Juan National Forest, 28.2 miles (45.4 km) northeast by north of the City of Durango in La Plata County, Colorado, United States. The summit of Windom Peak is the highest point in La Plata County and the entire San Juan River drainage basin. The mountain was named in honor of Minnesota senator William Windom.

Sunlight Peak

Sunlight Peak is a high mountain summit of the Needle Mountains range of the Rocky Mountains of North America. The 14,065-foot (4,287 m) fourteener is located in the Weminuche Wilderness of San Juan National Forest, 28.5 miles (45.8 km) northeast by north of the City of Durango in La Plata County, Colorado, United States.

Mount Belford

Mount Belford is a high mountain summit of the Collegiate Peaks in the Sawatch Range of the Rocky Mountains of North America. The 14,203-foot (4,329 m) fourteener is located in the Collegiate Peaks Wilderness of San Isabel National Forest, 15.0 miles (24.1 km) northwest by west of the Town of Buena Vista in Chaffee County, Colorado, United States.

Needle Mountains

The Needle Mountains are a subrange of the San Juan Mountains of the Rocky Mountains located in the southwestern part of the U.S. State of Colorado. Much of the range is protected in the Weminuche Wilderness of the San Juan National Forest. The range is notable for having some of the most rugged mountains in the state, and includes many technical climbs and scrambles. A small but dramatic east-west subrange in the northern section is known as the Grenadier Range.

Chicago Basin comprises the upper portion of the Needle Creek watershed in the Needle Mountains (Colorado), a subrange of the San Juan Mountains in the US State of Colorado. It lies within the Weminuche Wilderness, part of the San Juan National Forest. Needle Creek is an east-side tributary of the Animas River. The basin is a popular destination in summer for climbers and backpackers. The upper portion of the basin is surrounded by three fourteeners: Mount Eolus, Windom Peak, and Sunlight Peak. Columbine Pass lies to the east of the lower basin.

Pigeon Peak

Pigeon Peak, elevation 13,978 ft (4,260 m), is a summit in the Needle Mountains, a subrange of the San Juan Mountains in the southwestern part of the US State of Colorado. It rises dramatically on the east side of the Animas River, 1.5 miles (2.4 km) west of the fourteener Mount Eolus. It is located in the Weminuche Wilderness, part of the San Juan National Forest.

Jupiter Mountain

Jupiter Mountain is a high mountain summit in the Needle Mountains range of the Rocky Mountains of North America. The 13,836-foot (4,217 m) thirteener is located in the Weminuche Wilderness of San Juan National Forest, 27.7 miles (44.6 km) northeast by north of the City of Durango in La Plata County, Colorado, United States.

References

  1. 1 2 The elevation of Mount Eolus includes an adjustment of +1.756 m (+5.76 ft) from NGVD 29 to NAVD 88.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 "Mount Eolus, Colorado". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved October 20, 2014.
  3. 1 2 3 4 "Mount Eolus". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey . Retrieved October 20, 2014.
  4. Dziezynski, James (1 August 2012). Best Summit Hikes in Colorado: An Opinionated Guide to 50+ Ascents of Classic and Little-Known Peaks from 8,144 to 14,433 Feet. Wilderness Press. p. 275. ISBN   978-0-89997-713-3.
  5. Bright, William (1993). Colorado Place Names. Boulder, Colo.: Johnson Books. ISBN   1-55566-102-5.
  6. "North Eolus, Colorado". Summits of the World. peakbagger.com. Retrieved September 29, 2014.
  7. Louis W. Dawson II (1996). Dawson's Guide to Colorado's Fourteeners, Volume 2 . Blue Clover Press. ISBN   0-9628867-2-6.