Mount Harvard

Last updated
Mount Harvard
Mount Harvard (Colorado) - 2006-07-16.jpg
Highest point
Elevation 14,421 ft (4395.6 m) [1]
NAVD88
Prominence 2360 ft (719 m) [2]
Isolation 14.92 mi (24.0 km) [2]
Listing
Coordinates 38°55′28″N106°19′15″W / 38.9244084°N 106.3207352°W / 38.9244084; -106.3207352 Coordinates: 38°55′28″N106°19′15″W / 38.9244084°N 106.3207352°W / 38.9244084; -106.3207352 [1]
Geography
USA Colorado location map.svg
Red triangle with thick white border.svg
Mount Harvard
Location High point of Chaffee County, Colorado, United States [2]
Parent range Sawatch Range, Highest summit
of the Collegiate Peaks [2]
Topo map USGS 7.5' topographic map
Mount Harvard, Colorado [3]
Climbing
First ascent August 19, 1869 (first recorded)
Easiest route Hike

Mount Harvard is the third highest summit of the Rocky Mountains of North America and the U.S. state of Colorado. The prominent 14,421-foot (4395.6 m) fourteener is the highest summit of the Collegiate Peaks and the fourth highest summit in the contiguous United States. Mount Harvard is located in the Collegiate Peaks Wilderness of San Isabel National Forest, 11.7 miles (18.9 km) northwest by west (bearing 304°) of the Town of Buena Vista in Chaffee County, Colorado, United States. The summit of Mount Harvard is the highest point in Chaffee County and is higher than any point in the United States east of its longitude. The mountain was named in honor of Harvard University. [1] [4] [2] [3]

Contents

History

Mount Harvard was named in 1869 by members of the first Harvard Mining School class, while on expedition with professor Josiah Dwight Whitney, the namesake of Mount Whitney. The same group named the peak next to Harvard Mount Yale, after Whitney's alma mater. The group climbed Yale first, and estimated that it was over 14,000 feet in height. On August 19, 1869, the first recorded ascent of Harvard was made by expedition members S. F. Sharpless and William M. Davis. Harvard and Yale were the first 14,000 foot mountains in the Sawatch range to be named after universities. Later, nearby mountains were named for Princeton, Columbia, and Oxford, leading to the name "Collegiate Peaks" for this part of the Sawatch Range.

The pole

In 1962, three Harvard men attempted to erect a fourteen-foot metal pole on the top of Harvard, with a sign that read "Mt. Harvard, 14,434. This sign erected at an altitude of 14,434 making it the second highest point in the contiguous United States." Before they could reach the top of the mountain darkness set in, and the group was forced to abandon the pole a few hundred yards short of the summit. The next year, two Harvard men (Tim Wirth, who later represented Colorado's Second Congressional District and then served a term in the U.S. Senate, and his brother John), along with a Cornell graduate carried the pole the extra distance, and completed the task. The pole sat on the mountain for roughly twenty years, until it disappeared at some time in the 1980s, most likely as part of an effort to clean up Colorado's fourteeners.

See also

Related Research Articles

Mount Elbert

Mount Elbert is the highest summit of the Rocky Mountains of North America and the highest point in the U.S. state of Colorado and the entire Mississippi River drainage basin. The ultra-prominent 14,440-foot (4401.2 m) fourteener is the highest peak in the Sawatch Range and the second-highest summit in the contiguous United States after Mount Whitney. Mount Elbert is located in San Isabel National Forest, 12.1 miles (19.4 km) southwest of the City of Leadville in Lake County, Colorado.

Mount Columbia (Colorado)

Mount Columbia is a high mountain summit of the Collegiate Peaks in the Sawatch Range of the Rocky Mountains of North America. The 14,077-foot (4,291 m) fourteener is located in the Collegiate Peaks Wilderness of San Isabel National Forest, 9.9 miles (16.0 km) northwest by west of the Town of Buena Vista in Chaffee County, Colorado, United States. The mountain was named in honor of Columbia University in the City of New York and in commemoration of its rowing victory at the renowned Henley Royal Regatta in 1878.

Fourteener

In the mountaineering parlance of the Western United States, a fourteener is a mountain peak with an elevation of at least 14,000 ft (4267 m). The 96 fourteeners in the United States are all west of the Mississippi River. Colorado has the most (53) of any single state; Alaska is second with 29. Many peak baggers try to climb all fourteeners in the contiguous United States, one particular state, or another region.

Mount Massive

Mount Massive is the second-highest summit of the Rocky Mountains of North America and the U.S. state of Colorado. The prominent 14,428-foot (4,398 m) fourteener of the Sawatch Range is located in the Mount Massive Wilderness of San Isabel National Forest, 10.6 miles (17.1 km) west-southwest of the City of Leadville in Lake County, Colorado, United States. Mount Massive edges out the third-highest summit of the Rockies, Mount Harvard, by 7 feet (2.1 m), but falls short of Mount Elbert by 12 feet (3.7 m). It ranks as the third-highest peak in the contiguous United States after Mount Whitney and Mount Elbert.

Sawatch Range Mountain range in Colorado

The Sawatch Range is a high and extensive mountain range in central Colorado which includes eight of the twenty highest peaks in the Rocky Mountains, including Mount Elbert, at 14,440 feet (4,401 m) elevation, the highest peak in the Rockies.

Collegiate Peaks Wilderness

The Collegiate Peaks Wilderness is a 168,000-acre (680 km2) area located in central Colorado between Leadville and Buena Vista to the east and Aspen to the west and Crested Butte to the southwest. Most of the area is in the San Isabel and Gunnison National Forests, with a smaller area in the White River National Forest southeast of Aspen. Most of the area is in northwest Chaffee County with smaller portions in Gunnison, Pitkin, and Lake counties.

Mount Antero

Mount Antero is the highest summit of the southern Sawatch Range of the Rocky Mountains of North America. The prominent 14,276-foot (4351.4 m) fourteener is located in San Isabel National Forest, 12.2 miles (19.6 km) southwest by south of the Town of Buena Vista in Chaffee County, Colorado, United States. The mountain is named in honor of Chief Antero of the Uintah band of the Ute people.

Mount Yale

Mount Yale is a high and prominent mountain summit of the Collegiate Peaks in the Sawatch Range of the Rocky Mountains of North America. The 14,200-foot (4328.2 m) fourteener is located in the Collegiate Peaks Wilderness of San Isabel National Forest, 9.4 miles (15.2 km) west by north of the Town of Buena Vista in Chaffee County, Colorado, United States. The mountain was named in honor of Eli Yale of Yale University.

Mount Princeton

Mount Princeton is a high and prominent mountain summit of the Collegiate Peaks in the Sawatch Range of the Rocky Mountains of North America. The 14,204 feet (4,329 m) fourteener is located in San Isabel National Forest, 7.8 miles (12.6 km) southwest of the Town of Buena Vista in Chaffee County, Colorado, United States. The mountain was named in honor of Princeton University.

Mount Shavano

Mount Shavano is a high mountain summit in the southern Sawatch Range of the Rocky Mountains of North America. The 14,231-foot (4,338 m) fourteener is located in San Isabel National Forest, 6.5 miles (10.5 km) north by west of the community of Maysville in Chaffee County, Colorado, United States. The mountain was named in honor of Ute Chief Shavano.

Mount Belford

Mount Belford is a high mountain summit of the Collegiate Peaks in the Sawatch Range of the Rocky Mountains of North America. The 14,203-foot (4,329 m) fourteener is located in the Collegiate Peaks Wilderness of San Isabel National Forest, 15.0 miles (24.1 km) northwest by west of the Town of Buena Vista in Chaffee County, Colorado, United States.

Mount Oxford (Colorado)

Mount Oxford is a high mountain summit of the Collegiate Peaks in the Sawatch Range of the Rocky Mountains of North America. The 14,160-foot (4,316 m) fourteener is located in the Collegiate Peaks Wilderness of San Isabel National Forest, 14.2 miles (22.9 km) northwest of the Town of Buena Vista in Chaffee County, Colorado, United States. The mountain was named in honor of the University of Oxford.

Missouri Mountain

Missouri Mountain is a high mountain summit in the Collegiate Peaks of the Sawatch Range of the Rocky Mountains of North America. The 14,074-foot (4,290 m) fourteener is located in the Collegiate Peaks Wilderness of San Isabel National Forest, 15.2 miles (24.5 km) northwest by west of the Town of Buena Vista in Chaffee County, Colorado, United States. Missouri Mountain is separated from its eastern neighbor Mount Belford by Elkhead Pass.

Grizzly Peak (Sawatch Range)

Grizzly Peak is a high and prominent mountain summit of the Collegiate Peaks in the Sawatch Range of the Rocky Mountains of North America. The 13,995-foot (4265.6 m) thirteener is located 2.6 miles (4.2 km) south-southwest of Independence Pass, Colorado, United States, on the Continental Divide separating San Isabel National Forest and Chaffee County from White River National Forest and Pitkin County.

Winfield Peak (Colorado)

Winfield Peak is a mountain summit of the Collegiate Peaks in the Sawatch Range of the Rocky Mountains of North America. The 13,084-foot (3,988 m) summit is located in Chaffee County, Colorado, U.S., two miles north of the ghost town of Winfield.

Mount Blaurock

Mount Blaurock is a high mountain summit of the Collegiate Peaks in the Sawatch Range of the Rocky Mountains of North America. The 13,623-foot (4,152 m) thirteener is located in San Isabel National Forest, 21.1 miles (33.9 km) northwest by west of the Town of Buena Vista in Chaffee County, Colorado, United States. Mount Blaurock was named in honor of Carl Blaurock, a co-founder of the Colorado Mountain Club and one of the first two persons to climb all of Colorado's fourteeners.

Emerald Peak

Emerald Peak is a high mountain summit of the Collegiate Peaks in the Sawatch Range of the Rocky Mountains of North America. The 13,911-foot (4,240 m) thirteener is located in the Collegiate Peaks Wilderness of San Isabel National Forest, 14.7 miles (23.7 km) west-northwest of the Town of Buena Vista in Chaffee County, Colorado, United States.

Ice Mountain (Colorado)

Ice Mountain is a high mountain summit of the Collegiate Peaks in the Sawatch Range of the Rocky Mountains of North America. The 13,958-foot (4,254 m) thirteener is located in the Collegiate Peaks Wilderness, 17.1 miles (27.5 km) west-northwest of the Town of Buena Vista, Colorado, United States, on the Continental Divide separating San Isabel National Forest and Chaffee County from White River National Forest and Pitkin County.

Mount Hope (Colorado)

Mount Hope is a high mountain summit of the Collegiate Peaks in the Sawatch Range of the Rocky Mountains of North America. The 13,939-foot (4,249 m) thirteener is located in San Isabel National Forest, 20.1 miles (32.3 km) northwest of the Town of Buena Vista in Chaffee County, Colorado, United States.

Garfield Peak (Colorado)

Garfield Peak is a high mountain summit of the Collegiate Peaks in the Sawatch Range of the Rocky Mountains of North America. The 13,787-foot (4,202 m) thirteener is located 5.6 miles (9.0 km) south-southwest of Independence Pass, Colorado, United States, on the Continental Divide separating San Isabel National Forest and Chaffee County from White River National Forest and Pitkin County. Garfield Peak was named in honor of James A. Garfield, 20th President of the United States.

References

  1. 1 2 3 "HARVARD". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey . Retrieved December 31, 2015.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 "Mount Harvard, Colorado". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved December 31, 2015.
  3. 1 2 "Mount Harvard". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey . Retrieved November 14, 2014.
  4. The elevation of Mount Harvard includes an adjustment of +2.084 m (+6.84 ft) from NGVD 29 to NAVD 88.