Mount Ritter

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Mount Ritter
Ritter and banner.jpg
Mount Ritter (on the left) from the John Muir Trail
Highest point
Elevation 13,149 ft (4,008 m)  NAVD 88 [1]
Prominence 3,957 ft (1,206 m) [1]
Parent peak Red Slate Mountain [1]
Listing
Coordinates 37°41′22″N119°11′57″W / 37.689378°N 119.1990298°W / 37.689378; -119.1990298 Coordinates: 37°41′22″N119°11′57″W / 37.689378°N 119.1990298°W / 37.689378; -119.1990298 [3]
Geography
Location Ansel Adams Wilderness,
Madera County, California, U.S.
Parent range Ritter Range, Sierra Nevada
Topo map USGS Mount Ritter
Geology
Age of rock Cretaceous
Mountain type Metavolcanic rock
Climbing
First ascent 1872 by John Muir [4]
Easiest route Snow/rock scramble

Mount Ritter is the highest mountain in Madera County, California, in the Western United States, at an elevation of 13,149 feet (4,008 m). It is also the highest and most prominent peak of its namesake, the Ritter Range, a subrange of the Sierra Nevada in the Ansel Adams Wilderness of the Inyo and Sierra National Forests. Mount Ritter is the 15th highest mountain peak in California with at least 500 meters of topographic prominence.

Contents

Geography

Mount Ritter is made of strikingly dark rock and is quite prominent due to its height and isolation. [1] It is in the middle of the Ritter Range, which includes neighboring Banner Peak and the Minarets. The prominent and memorable shape of the Ritter–Banner pair is visible from high elevations far to the north and south in the Sierra Nevada.

Mount Ritter was named by Josiah Whitney, chief of the California Geological Survey, for Carl Ritter, who had been a teacher of his when he was a student in Berlin during the 1840s. [5]

See also

Related Research Articles

Ansel Adams Wilderness

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Minarets (California)

The Minarets are a series of jagged peaks located in the Ritter Range, a sub-range of the Sierra Nevada Mountains in the state of California. They are easily viewed from Minaret Summit, which is accessible by auto. Collectively, they form an arête, and are a prominent feature in the Ansel Adams Wilderness which was known as the Minaret Wilderness until it was renamed in honor of Ansel Adams in 1984.

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Mount Williamson

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Banner Peak

Banner Peak is the second tallest peak in the Ritter Range of California's Sierra Nevada. The mountain is 12,942 feet (3,945 m) tall, and there are several glaciers on its slopes. It lies within the boundaries of the Ansel Adams Wilderness; at the foot of the peak lie Garnet Lake, Lake Ediza, and the famous Thousand Island Lake. Banner Peak is near the town of Mammoth Lakes; from there, climbers can hike to the foot of the mountain where various routes reach the summit, the easiest of which is a class 2 from the west end of Thousand Island Lake and then the saddle between Banner Peak and the slightly taller Mount Ritter. Other nearby lakes include Lake Catherine and Shadow Lake.

Ritter Range

The Ritter Range is a small mountain range within California's Sierra Nevada. Most of the mountain range lies within the Ansel Adams Wilderness.

Mount Winchell

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Mount Rose (Nevada) Mountain in the United States

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Olancha Peak

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Minaret Summit

Minaret Summit is a mountain pass on Highway 203 in the central Sierra Nevada. The pass, lying on the Madera-Mono County border, is within the Mammoth Ranger District of the Inyo National Forest and located near Devils Postpile National Monument, Mammoth Lakes, and Mammoth Mountain. The elevation of the pass is about 9,265 ft (2,824 m). Highway 203 ends at Minaret Summit. The road continues, now called Reds Meadow Road, until its dead end at the Reds Meadow Pack Station near the Rainbow Falls trailhead.

Mount Maclure

Mount Maclure is the nearest neighbor to Mount Lyell, the highest point in Yosemite National Park. Mount Maclure is the fifth-highest mountain of Yosemite. Mount Maclure is located at the southeast end of the Cathedral Range, about 0.6 miles (0.97 km) northwest of Lyell. The summit is on the boundary between Madera and Tuolumne counties which is also the boundary between the park and the Ansel Adams Wilderness. It was named in honor of William Maclure, a pioneer in American geology who produced the first geological maps of the United States. Maclure Glacier, one of the last remaining glaciers in Yosemite, is situated on the mountain's northern flank.

Carson Peak

Carson Peak is a 10,908-foot-elevation mountain summit located in the Sierra Nevada mountain range, in Mono County of northern California, United States. It is situated in the Ansel Adams Wilderness, on land managed by Inyo National Forest. It is approximately 3.5 miles (5.6 km) southwest of the community of June Lake, 2.0 miles (3.2 km) south of Silver Lake, and 2.25 miles (3.62 km) northwest of San Joaquin Mountain, the nearest higher neighbor. The mountain is visible from various locations along the June Lake Loop, and from the nearby June Mountain ski area. The summit offers impressive views of Mount Ritter and Banner Peak. Topographic relief is significant as it rises 3,700 feet (1,130 meters) above the valley in 1.2 mile. The mountain consists of granite of Lee Vining Canyon. Carson Peak is considered an eastern Sierra classic by backcountry skiers drawn to routes called the "Devils Slide" and "Petes Dream".

Mount Johnson (California)

Mount Johnson is a 12,871-foot-elevation mountain summit located on the crest of the Sierra Nevada mountain range in California, United States. It is situated on the shared boundary of Kings Canyon National Park with John Muir Wilderness, and along the common border of Fresno County with Inyo County. It is also 18 miles (29 km) west of the community of Big Pine, 0.9 mile southeast of Mount Gilbert, and one mile west-northwest of Mount Goode. Mount Johnson ranks as the 187th-highest summit in California. Topographic relief is significant as the southwest aspect rises 3,670 feet (1,120 meters) above LeConte Canyon in 1.5 mile, and the north aspect rises 3,100 feet above South Lake in 2.5 miles.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 "Mount Ritter, California". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 2009-08-09.
  2. "Sierra Peaks Section List" (PDF). Angeles Chapter, Sierra Club . Retrieved 2009-08-09.
  3. "Mount Ritter". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey . Retrieved 2009-08-09.
  4. Muir, John. "The Mountains of California" . Retrieved 2009-08-09.
  5. Browning, Peter (1986). Place Names of the Sierra Nevada. Berkeley: Wilderness Press. p. 183. ISBN   0-89997-047-8.