Mouxy

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Mouxy
Vue sur Mouxy (bourg) par la D913 (route du Revard)..jpg
The D913 road in Mouxy
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Coat of arms
Location of Mouxy
Mouxy
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Mouxy
Auvergne-Rhone-Alpes region location map.svg
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Mouxy
Coordinates: 45°40′58″N5°56′07″E / 45.6828°N 5.9353°E / 45.6828; 5.9353 Coordinates: 45°40′58″N5°56′07″E / 45.6828°N 5.9353°E / 45.6828; 5.9353
Country France
Region Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Department Savoie
Arrondissement Chambéry
Canton Aix-les-Bains-2
Intercommunality CA Grand Lac
Government
  Mayor (20202026) Laurent Filippi
Area
1
6.28 km2 (2.42 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018) [1]
2,226
  Density350/km2 (920/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
73182 /73100
Elevation349–1,530 m (1,145–5,020 ft)
Website www.mairie-mouxy.fr
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Mouxy is a commune in the Savoie department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in south-eastern France.

Contents

Geography

Dominated by Mount Revard, the Town of Mouxy is located on the heights above Aix-les-Bains, to which it is adjacent. It is part of the urban area of Chambéry. [2] It is also part of the agglomeration community of Grand Lac. [3]

The important nearby towns of Annecy to the north, and Chambéry to the south, are located at distances as the crow flies of 28.9 km [18.0 mi] [4] and 12.5 km [7¾ miles], respectively. [5]

Neighboring towns

Mouxy is bordered by four municipalities: Pugny-Chatenod on the north, Drumettaz-Clarafond on the south, Aix-les-Bains [6] on the east, and Les Déserts on the west.

Many localities make up the collective community such as Chenoz, Montecovie, La Croix Balmont, Le Crêt, Le Faubourg, Le Biollay, and Le Mentens.

The town is 628 hectares [6.28 km2, 2.425 sq. mi.] in area; the elevations range over almost 1200 meters [3940 feet]: from 349 to 1,530 meters [1,145 to 5,020 ft]. [7] The lowest point lies at the edge of Aix-les-Bains [6] to the south of the town, the high point is the top of Mount Revard. Downtown is located at an elevation of about 405 m [1,329 ft]. the municipality overlooks Lake Bourget, the largest natural lake in France, and offers a view of the surrounding peaks including the croix du Nivolet, the Chartreuse Massif, Mount Granier and the Cat's Tooth. It extends from the Aix-les-Bains plain to the Massif of Bauges. The population density decreases as you approach Mount Revard. Indeed, some places are absolutely vertical, without access, and unbuildable.

Geology

The particular geology of the area surrounding Aix-Les-Bains, [6] including Mouxy, was the subject of a study published in December 2009. This study focuses on the geological evolution of the scene surrounding Aix-Les-Bains [6] to explain the peculiarity of the local thermal system and is entitled: the Influence of paleoclimatic events on the functioning of an alpine thermal system (France): contribution of modeling thermal-hydrodynamique. [8]

Terrain of the municipality consists of glacial alluvium with the Urgonian Limestone Formation in the locality. Climbing up the slopes of the Bauges Massif, there are several types of rocks and limestone-marl but above all, the Urgonian Limestone Formation is largely found near the Revard and in almost all of the massif. [9]

History

The evolution of the commune is marked by the history of Aix-les-Bains, and in particular the importance of Lake Bourget and the hot springs of the city of Aix that always made Aix-les-Bains a showplace of therapeutic mineral bathing. One can also say, more generally, that the history of Mouxy is closely linked to that of the Department of Savoy.

Neolithic and antiquity

The site was inhabited since the Neolithic Era. [10] Indeed, some sedentary farming communities settled in the Plains and the great valleys of average altitude. The first real phase of occupation by people was observed from deposits at organic geological levels preserved at Saint-Pierre-de-Curtille (Lake Bourget). [11]

The area was then occupied by the people of the Allobroges. [12] The [area of the Allobroges was occupied by the Roman legions following their victory in 121 B.C.E. [13]

By 443, the Roman General Aëtius had ceded Sapaudia the Latin name of present-day Savoy to a germain people, the Burgundians. [14]

Middle Ages

Mouxy was a parish - Mauseu ecclesia - which depended on the Priory of Clarafont according to an act of 1344. During this period, a new church dedicated to Saint-John-the-Greater was built. Previously, the Mouxy area depended on either the Priory of Saint-Pol or Saint-Hippolyte in Aix. The parish was subsequently attached to the Priory of Aix in the 16th century. We learn that the priest of the Church, in 1340, offered to the Bishop during his pastoral visit a stipend of 9 florins. In 1494, the income of the parish priest was estimated to be 50 guilders. The Church did not originally have an image of its patron saint, or other object of worship. By 1678 it had relics of Saint James, Saint Alexis and the true cross. [15]

The village of Mouxy had about 30 households in 1494 and 1497. In the following century, proceeds to 42 households and 440 communicants. They were 420 communicants in 1667. The number subsequently continued to reach approximately 300 inhabitants of whom there were 220 communicants in 1729. [15]

Contemporary

In 1860, the period of the unification of Italy led to the question of the future of the Duchy of Savoy. The latter was part of a transaction between the King of Piedmont-Sardinia, Victor Emmanuel I of Sardinia, and the Emperor of the French, Napoleon III. Following the Treaty of Turin which saw the annexation of Savoy by France, Mouxy became as throughout the territory of the Duchy henceforth now French. [16]

World War II

On June 10, 1940, Mussolini declared war on France; [17] Savoie was caught in a vise. The fighting with Italy began in the Alps. The Italian army of 22 divisions and 321,000 men commanded by Crown Prince Umberto of Savoy and General Alfredo Guzzoni occupied the Petit-Saint-Bernard and the Mont-Cenis sectors. Against this force, 185,000 men of French General René Olry managed to resist. In the Valley, the Germans crossed the Rhône in Culoz and entered Aix and its surrounding towns and villages, Chambéry had not yet fallen. [18] The signing of the 22 June 1940 armistice ended fighting. [19]

A second armistice, with Italy, was signed June 24 which provided for Italy's occupation of Haute-Tarentaise and the demilitarization of the border. This situation was to become explosive for the entire department. [20]

Important dates

January 1, 1943: the Italians occupied all of Savoy. They controlled the Franco-Swiss border. [21]

April 16, 1943: complete closure of the Franco-Swiss border from April 16 to May 3, 1943; September 1943: a roundup of Jews by the Gestapo occurred in Chambéry; German troops invaded Savoy. [22]

The end of the war

August 21, 1944, Aix and its surroundings were liberated. The occupiers surrendered to the encircling forces beginning at 23:30. A departmental Committee of Liberation and Resistance movements, was established, and Lucien Rose became prefect. [23] In the aftermath of the Second World War, the territory was disrupted.

Many territorial changes occurred in the 1950s and mainly during the [30 years of postwar prosperity known in France as the] Trente Glorieuses [(Glorious Thirty, the 30-years immediately following World War II)]. These changes resulted in the construction of new housing, and as a result, development of urban life in still-rural areas.

Later, in the context of sustainable development, in 1995 the Rhône-Alpes region developed regional natural parks enhanced by the Massif des Bauges (regional natural park of the Bauges). [24]

Mont Revard and its influence in the 20th century

Mouxy connects the Valley of Aix-les-Bains to the mountain. The Revard ski station in 1908, was the first ski resort in France, [25] which participated actively in the construction of infrastructure of transport through Mouxy (rack and cable car) to carry skiers to the Summit, and this until [the system was improved] in 1969. Mouxy thus had two stations.

Demographic growth

Like its peripheral communes, Mouxy has had (and is still having) a strong increase in population since the 1930s, particularly in the 1980s. At the departmental level, the rural exodus has been pronounced. [26]

The main points at the departmental level are the increase in the size of the cities, a location in the heart of important communication routes and the creations of universities such as Technolac (important high-tech research and development facility about ten kilometers from Mouxy). [27] [28] [29]

See also

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References

  1. "Populations légales 2018". INSEE. 28 December 2020.
  2. Unité urbaine de Chambéry (73601), INSEE
  3. Intercommunalité-Métropole de CA Grand Lac (200068674), INSEE
  4. « Orthodromie entre "Mouxy" et "Annecy" », on the web site lion1906 de Lionel Delvarre (accessed 18 juillet 2014)
  5. « Orthodromie entre "Mouxy" et "Chambéry" », on the web site lion1906 de Lionel Delvarre (accessed 18 July 2014)
  6. 1 2 3 4 Google maps
  7. Répertoire géographique des communes, published by the Institut national de l'information géographique et forestière, [read online]
  8. L'Influence d'évènements paléoclimatiques sur le fonctionnement d'un système thermal alpin (France) : contribution de la modélisation thermale-hydrodynamique
  9. « Aperçu géologique d'ensemble sur le massif des Bauges », on the web site geol-alp.com de Maurice Gidon (accessed 18 juillet 2014)
  10. Le résumé de la préhistoire savoisienne in savoie.free.fr. Accessed on 27/07/2014
  11. Document [PDF] accessed on this page from the Archive UNIGE/Université de Genève. accessed on 27/07/2014
  12. Henri Ménabréa, Histoire de la Savoie, La Fontaine de Siloé (réimpr. 2009) (1re éd. 1933), 676 p., p. 10
  13. Aristide Béruard, Marius Hudry, Juliette Châtel et Alain Favre, Découvrir l'Histoire de la Savoie, Centre de la Culture Savoyarde, 1998, 240 p. ( ISBN   2-9511379-1-5), p. 25 and following; Roland Edighoffer, Histoire de la Savoie, PUF, coll. Que sais-je, 1992, 128 p., p. 13
  14. Justin Favrod, Les Burgondes. Un royaume oublié au coeur de l'Europe, vol. 4, Collection le savoir suisse, 2002, 142 p. ( ISBN   978-2-88074-596-7), p. 44, La Sapaudia est donnée aux débris du peuple burgonde pour être partagée avec les indigènes
  15. 1 2 Mémoires, vol. 3, t. VI, Chambéry, Académie de Savoie - Imprimerie Chatelain, 1878, 798 p., p. 96, 387, 468–469, 712
  16. Mouxy (et les territoires de la Savoie) deviennent français. Article : le rattachement de Nice et de la Savoie à la France (1860), accessed on 30/07/2014
  17. 10 juin 1940, Herodote.net, accessed on 31/07/2014
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  20. Jacques Le Groignec, Pétain et De Gaulle., Nouvelles Editions Latines, 1998, 399 p. ( ISBN   978-2-84206-359-7), read online p.145.
  21. Gabriel Grandjacques, La montagne-refuge: les juifs au pays du Mont-Blanc : Saint-Gervais, Megève- 1940–1944., La fontaine de Siloë, 2007, 295 p. ( ISBN   978-2-84206-359-7, [On Google Livres read online]), p. 272
  22. Christian Villermet, A noi Savoia : histoire de l'occupation italienne en Savoie : novembre 1942-septembre 1943., Savoie, La fontaine de Siloë, 1999, 221 p. ( ISBN   978-2-84206-099-2), p. 170
  23. Frank Georgi, Soufflons nous-mêmes notre forge: une histoire de la Fédération de la métallurgie CFTC CFDT, 1920–1974., ( ISBN   978-2-7082-2939-6)
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  25. François Fouger, "L'importance des sociétés de chemin de fer dans le développement de la première station de ski française, le Mont-Revard", on le site de la revue des patrimoines In Situ (accessed on 18 juillet 2014)
  26. « Le Conseil général de Savoie sous la IVe République », TER soutenu par Maurice Descollaz, sous la direction d'André Palluel-Guillard, Chambéry, 1990.
  27. [PDF] Données statistiques sur la Savoie, sur INSEE, accessed 1 August 2014
  28. Croquis des axes de communication en France métropolitaine, sur le web pedagogique, accessed 1 August 2014
  29. « home page », on the web site of Savoie Technolac (accessed 18 juillet 2014)