Mrocza

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Mrocza
Mrocza market square11.jpg
Town square
POL Mrocza COA.svg
Coat of arms
Poland adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Mrocza
Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Mrocza
Coordinates: 53°14′33″N17°35′56″E / 53.24250°N 17.59889°E / 53.24250; 17.59889 Coordinates: 53°14′33″N17°35′56″E / 53.24250°N 17.59889°E / 53.24250; 17.59889
CountryFlag of Poland.svg  Poland
Voivodeship Kuyavian-Pomeranian
County Nakło
Gmina Mrocza
Town rights1393
Area
  Total4.32 km2 (1.67 sq mi)
Population
 (2006)
  Total4,203
  Density970/km2 (2,500/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
89-115
Vehicle registration CNA
Website http://www.mrocza.pl/

Mrocza [ˈmrɔt͡ʂa] (German : Mrotschen, 1942-45: Immenheim) is a town in Nakło County, Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, northern Poland, with 4,181 inhabitants (2004). It is located in the ethnocultural region of Krajna.

Contents

History

Saint Nicholas and Assumption church Mrocza sMikolaj WnNMP church1.jpg
Saint Nicholas and Assumption church

Mrocza was granted town rights by Polish King Władysław II Jagiełło in 1393. It was a private town, administratively located in the Nakło County in the Kalisz Voivodeship in the Greater Poland Province of the Polish Crown. [1]

Following the joint German-Soviet invasion of Poland, which started World War II in September 1939, the town was invaded and then occupied by Germany. In October–November 1939, as part of the Intelligenzaktion , the German gendarmerie and Selbstschutz carried out mass arrests of local Poles, including the town's mayor. [2] Arrested Poles were then murdered by the Germans in large massacres, including in nearby Paterek. [2] Two Poles from Mrocza were also murdered by the Russians in the large Katyn massacre in April–May 1940. [3] The Germans also carried out expulsions of Poles, and in 1942, they renamed the town Immenheim to erase traces of Polish origin, however the historic name was restored after the German occupation ended in 1945.

Sports

Tarpan Mrocza sports club is based in the town, with football, weightlifting and duplicate bridge sections. [4] It is the former club of Adrian Zieliński, 2012 Olympic champion in weightlifting.

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References

  1. Atlas historyczny Polski. Wielkopolska w drugiej połowie XVI wieku. Część I. Mapy, plany (in Polish). Warszawa: Instytut Historii Polskiej Akademii Nauk. 2017. p. 1b.
  2. 1 2 Wardzyńska, Maria (2009). Był rok 1939. Operacja niemieckiej policji bezpieczeństwa w Polsce. Intelligenzaktion (in Polish). Warszawa: IPN. p. 163.
  3. "Dzień Pamięci - 80 rocznica Zbrodni Katyńskiej oraz 10 rocznica katastrofy lotniczej pod Smoleńskiem". Mrocza.pl (in Polish). Retrieved 20 March 2021.
  4. "O klubie". Tarpan Mrocza (in Polish). Retrieved 20 March 2021.