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Al Sheikh Muhammed Jameel Didi (Dhivehi: މުޙައްމަދު ޖަމީލުދީދީ) (May 1, 1915 - March 15, 1989), popularly known as Jameel Didi, was a Maldivian political figure and poet who was famous for his writings and speeches. He was born on 1 May 1915 to Abdullah Kamaaludhin the Attorney General and Fenfoa'gan'duvaru Aminaa Didi. At first, he studied at the Majeedhiyya School and later went abroad to Egypt and studied at Al-Azhar University. After returning, he became a member of the sentence committee (niyaa kanda alhaa komety). He later served as Minister of Justice from 10 September 1953 and as Attorney General from 30 May 1956 ad.
The Maldives, officially the Republic of Maldives, is a small country in South Asia, located in the Arabian Sea of the Indian Ocean. It lies southwest of Sri Lanka and India, about 1,000 kilometres (620 mi) from the Asian continent. The chain of 26 atolls stretches from Ihavandhippolhu Atoll in the north to Addu Atoll in the south. Comprising a territory spanning roughly 298 square kilometres (115 sq mi), the Maldives is one of the world's most geographically dispersed sovereign states as well as the smallest Asian country by land area and population, with around 427,756 inhabitants. Malé is the capital and the most populated city, traditionally called the "King's Island" for its central location.
Egypt, officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a country in the northeast corner of Africa, whose territory in the Sinai Peninsula extends beyond the continental boundary with Asia, as traditionally defined. Egypt is bordered by the Gaza Strip and Israel to the northeast, the Gulf of Aqaba and the Red Sea to the east, Sudan to the south, Libya to the west, and the Mediterranean Sea to the north. Across the Gulf of Aqaba lies Jordan, across the Red Sea lies Saudi Arabia, and across the Mediterranean lie Greece, Turkey and Cyprus, although none share a land border with Egypt.
Al-Azhar University is a university in Cairo, Egypt. Associated with Al-Azhar Mosque in Islamic Cairo, it is Egypt's oldest degree-granting university and is renowned as "Sunni Islam’s most prestigious university". In addition to higher education, Al-Azhar oversees a national network of schools with approximately two million students. As of 1996, over 4000 teaching institutes in Egypt were affiliated with the University.
Muhammad Jameel Didi has written many books. To help with the Dhivehi grammar he has written a book called "Fiyavalhu", and he has written "kudakudhinge bageecha 1" and "kudakudhinge bageecha 2" two Dhivehi children's books. He has also written Islamic books such as "Thauleemuh Dhiyana" and "Dhuroosul Akhlaaq"
The Maldivian national anthem, Gaumii salaam, uses lyrics written by Jameel Didi in 1948 and until 1972 was sung to the tune of Auld Lang Syne which he heard on his uncle's alarm clock.
"Auld Lang Syne" is a Scots-language poem written by Robert Burns in 1788 and set to the tune of a traditional folk song. It is well known in many countries, especially in the English-speaking world, its traditional use being to bid farewell to the old year at the stroke of midnight on New Year's Eve. By extension, it is also sung at funerals, graduations, and as a farewell or ending to other occasions. The international Scouting movement in many countries uses it to close jamborees and other functions.
Many of Jameel's children and grandchildren were and are renowned politicians in the governments of Presidents Maumoon and Nasheed. Sheikh Jameel Didi died on March 15, 1989 at the age of 73. He is buried in Galolhu Cemetery where many of the Maldivian royal family are buried. After his death the honour of Usthazul Jeel (the teacher of the generation) was bestowed upon him by President Maumoon Abdul Gayoom.
Maumoon Abdul Gayoom is a Maldivian politician and an Islamic scholar who ruled the country as the President of Maldives from 1978 to 2008. After serving as Minister of Transport, he was nominated as President by the Majlis (Parliament) of the Maldives and succeeded Ibrahim Nasir in 1978. He was defeated in the October 2008 presidential election. In opposition, he continued to serve as leader of the Dhivehi Rayyithunge Party until January 2010, when he retired from active politics.
Mohamed Nasheed, GCSK is a Maldivian politician, who served as the fourth President of the Maldives from 2008 to 2012. He was the first democratically elected president of the Maldives and one of the founders of the Maldivian Democratic Party.
Muhammad Jameel was one of the foremost Maldivian learned men. He translated religious books and foreign tales or fables, adapting them to the island context, making a contribution to Maldivian folklore.Jameel was one of the national heroes of maldives and will be.
Ibrahim Nasir Rannabandeyri Kilegefan, KCMG, NGIV was a Maldivian politician who served as Prime Minister of the Maldives under Sultan Muhammad Fareed Didi from December 1957 to 1968 and succeeded him to become the first President of the Second Republic from 1968 to 1978.
"Qaumii Salaam" is the current national anthem of the Maldives. The lyrics were written by Muhammad Jameel Didi in 1948, and the melody was composed by Sri Lankan maestro Pandith Amaradeva in 1972.
Fathulla Jameel was the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Maldives from 1978 to 2005.
Abdul Majeed served as Sultan of the Maldives from 1944 to 1952. At the time, the Maldives were a British protectorate. Didi is recognized a reformer and has been described as "the father of the modern Maldives".
Majeediyya School is the first Maldivian government school, located in Malé, Maldives. It was a single gender school that used to teach only boys students to the secondary level of education until the introduction of Primary Education in 2010 when the school was opened to both genders. English medium is followed in teaching with the exception of Dhivehi and Islam. In 2010 Majeediyya School became first school in the Republic of Maldives that has changed its teaching methods from traditional blackboard to the modern electronic whiteboard with iBoards in all classes.
King Muhammad Fareed Didi, , the son of the Sultan Prince Abdul Majeed Didi, was the last Sultan of Maldives and the first Maldivian Monarch to assume the title of "King" with the style of "Your Majesty". He was the Sultan of Maldives from March 7, 1954 until November 11, 1968. He was deposed in 1968 from the throne when Maldives became a republic, and died the following year.
Thinadhoo is the capital of Gaafu Dhaalu Atoll and the proposed capital for the Upper South Province of the Maldives. It has its own dialect of Dhivehi which is considerably different from northern and mid-Maldivian speech.
The Dhivehi Rayyithunge Party is a political party of the Maldives. On 2 June 2005, the nation’s 50-member parliament voted unanimously to allow and operate political parties in Maldives. DRP subsequently submitted its registration on 21 July 2005 and was the second registered political party in the second Republic of the Maldives.
Husain Salahuddin, was an influential Maldivian writer, poet, essayist and scholar.
Several Dhivehi scripts have been used by Maldivians during their history. The early Dhivehi scripts fell into the abugida category, while the more recent Thaana has characteristics of both an abugida and a true alphabet. An ancient form of Nagari script, as well as the Arabic and Latin scripts, have also been extensively used in the Maldives, but with a more restricted function. Latin was official only during a very brief period of the Islands' history.
Imad H. Latheef, is a Maldivian journalist, columnist and a commentator. He was the foreign news editor, in Haveeru newspaper in Maldives.
Dr. Hassan Saeed was Attorney General of the Maldives from 11 November 2003 to 5 August 2007. He ran as an independent candidate for the Presidency of the Maldives, and placed third of six candidates. Saeed was appointed as the Attorney-General at the age of 33 by President Maumoon Abdul Gayoom on 11 November 2003. He is a scholar on Islam and wrote about liberal Islam in his book Freedom of Religion, Apostasy, and Islam published in 2004.
Mohamed Jameel Ahmed is a Maldivian lawyer and politician who was the fourth Vice President of the Maldives from 2013 to 2015. He previously served as Minister of Justice from July 2005 to August 2007, as Minister of Civil Aviation and Communication from November 2008 to May 2009 and as Minister of Home Affairs from February 2012 to May 2013. He was once a member of the New Maldives group. In 2015, he was impeached by the parliament and removed from office.
Hussain Rasheed Ahmed is a Maldivian Sunni Islamic scholar and political leader in Republic of the Maldives. He is also the first elected President of Adhaalath Party, a political party in the Republic of Maldives known for its Sunni Islamic positions. He is very fluent in Arabic, Urdu. Sheikh Hussain Rasheed is well known for his controversial public talks on political issues and his Islamic lectures and sermons (Khutbahs). He's famous as "an Islamic religious politician in the Maldives, the only one who can make tough decisions wisely, find sustainable solutions for different types of controversial issues." by some of his supporters. From President Mohamed Nasheed's government, first he was appointed as the co-chair of "Riyaasee Commission", then he was appointed as Minister of State for Home Affairs, 23 December 2010 he was appointed as Minister of State for Islamic Affairs.
Mulee'aage is the "Official Residence of the President of the Maldives". The Mulee'aage is located in the ward of Henveiru in the historic center of Malé. It is in close proximity of the Medhu Ziyaarai, the Friday Mosque, and the Munnaru.
Honorable Al-Usthaaz Ibrahim Shihab (1926–1988), was an influential Maldivian writer, poet, essayist and statesman. He was the son of scholar Husain Salaahuddin.
Aminath Faiza was a Maldivian Dhivehi language poet and author.
Al Amir Mohammed Waheed Deen served as the Vice President of the Maldives from April 25, 2012 to November 10, 2013. He was appointed by President Mohamed Waheed Hassan on February 15, 2012, following the disputed resignation of the previous president, Mohamed Nasheed. He is also the Chairman of Bandos Island Resort. Deen is the son of Prince Abdullah Imaaduddeen and Koli Dhon Didi. He is also a member of the Maldivian Royal Family as his grandfather was Sultan Muhammad Imaaduddeen IV. He previously served as Minister of Atolls Development and Minister of Youth and Sports until August 2008 under Maumoon Abdul Gayoom. He resigned from the Vice President’s post hours before the end of the presidential term, and after the country’s last ditch attempt to elect a new president before the constitutional deadline of November 11 failed after the Supreme Court suspended the runoff which was slated for 10 November. Neither the Vice President nor the Government stated the cause of the resignation.
Abdul Majeed Mahir is a Maldivian politician, born in Fuvahmulah to Funaadu Ganduvaru Aisha Didi of Fuvahmulah and Velaanaagey Mohamed Didi of Male, Maldives. He served high government posts during the reign of his nephew, President Ibrahim Nasir, such as the position of Deputy Minister of Finance and the position of Deputy Minister of Peace and Security according to some sources. He also served as the President of Male Municipality from 1960 to 1961 and served in the Management of MWSC during the reign of President Maumoon Abdul Gayoom.
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