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Muhammad Mian Mansoor Ansari
مولانا منصور انصاري
Ambetha peer, Saharanpur
Muhammad Mian Mansoor Ansari (Urdu : مولانا محمد میاں منصور انصاری), (10 March 1884 – 11 January 1946) was a leader and a political activist of the Indian independence movement. He was grandson of Muhammad Qasim Nanautavi.
The Indian Independence movement was a series of activities which ultimate aim was to end The British Raj. It encompassed activities and ideas aiming to end the East India Company rule (1757–1857) and the British Raj (1857–1947) in the Indian subcontinent. The movement spanned a total of 90 years (1857–1947) considering movement against the British East India Company and the British Indian Empire. The Indian Independence movement includes both protest and militant (violent) mechanisms to root out British Administration from India.
Muhammad Qasim Nanautavi was an Indian Sunni Hanafi Islamic Scholar and was one of the main founders of the Deobandi Movement, starting from the Darul Uloom Deoband.
He was born into a Noble family of Ansari in UP Saharanpur. He grew up in the house of Allama Abdullah Ansari. Mansoor Ansari returned to the Darul-Uloom Deoband and gradually became involved in the Pan-Islamic movement. During World War I, he was among the leaders of the Deoband School, who, led by Shaykhul Hind, left India to seek support of the Central Powers for a Pan-Islamic revolution in India in what came to be known as the Silk Letter Movement.
Uttar Pradesh is a state in northern India. With roughly 200 million inhabitants, it is the most populous state in India as well as the most populous country subdivision in the world. It was created on 1 April 1937 as the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh during British rule, and was renamed Uttar Pradesh in 1950. The state is divided into 18 divisions and 75 districts with the capital being Lucknow. The main ethnic group is the Hindavi people, forming the demographic plurality. On 9 November 2000, a new state, Uttarakhand, was carved out from the state's Himalayan hill region. The two major rivers of the state, the Ganga and Yamuna, join at Allahabad (Prayagraj) and then flow as the Ganga further east. Hindi is the most widely spoken language and is also the official language of the state.
World War I, also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918. Contemporaneously described as "the war to end all wars", it led to the mobilisation of more than 70 million military personnel, including 60 million Europeans, making it one of the largest wars in history. It is also one of the deadliest conflicts in history, with an estimated nine million combatants and seven million civilian deaths as a direct result of the war, while resulting genocides and the resulting 1918 influenza pandemic caused another 50 to 100 million deaths worldwide.
Deobandi is a revivalist movement within Sunni Islam, that started in South Asia. It is centered in India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Bangladesh, has spread to the United Kingdom, and has a presence in South Africa. The name derives from Deoband, India, where the school Darul Uloom Deoband is situated. The movement was inspired by scholar Shah Waliullah Dehlawi (1703–1762), and it was founded in 1867 in the wake of the First War of Indian Independence in northern India a decade earlier.
He received his primary education at Madrasa-e Manba al-Ulum, Gulaothi, where his father was a head-teacher. Graduating from the Dar al-Ulum in A. H. 1321, he served as a teacher and a head-teacher in various places. A year before India became free (15 August 1947), he died after thirty-one years of exile.
The Hero of Silk Letter Movement (Maulana Muhammad Mian Mansoor Ansari), the one He went to Hejaz with Maulana Mahmood Hasan in September 1915 and worked as treasury of the Jama’at. He returned to India in April 1916 with Ghalib Nama (Silk Letter) which he showed to freedom fighters in India and the autonomous area and then took it to Kabul where he reached in June 1916.
Mansoor Ansari went to Kabul during the war to rally the Afghan Amir Habibullah Khan. He joined the Provisional Government of India formed in Kabul in December 1915, and remained in Afghanistan until the end of the war. He traveled to Russia and spent two years in Turkey, as well as passing through many other countries.
Kabul is the capital and largest city of Afghanistan, located in the eastern section of the country. It is also a municipality, forming part of the greater Kabul Province. According to estimates in 2019, the population of Kabul is 5.266 million, which includes all the major ethnic groups of Afghanistan. Rapid urbanization had made Kabul the world's 75th largest city.
Afghanistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located in South-Central Asia. Afghanistan is bordered by Pakistan in the south and east; Iran in the west; Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan in the north; and in the far northeast, China. Its territory covers 652,000 square kilometers (252,000 sq mi) and much of it is covered by the Hindu Kush mountain range. Kabul serves as the capital and its largest city.
Habibullah Khan was the Emir of Afghanistan from 1901 until 1919. He was the eldest son of the Emir Abdur Rahman Khan, whom he succeeded by right of primogeniture in October 1901. His grandfather was Mohammad Afzal Khan.
He was one of the most active and prominent members of the faction of the Indian Freedom Movement led by Muslim clergy who were chiefly from the Islamic School of Deoband.
In 1946, the Indian National Congress requested him to return to India so the British Raj gave him the permission. He remained at Kabul, where he began a programme teaching and translating Tafsir Shiek Mahmudul Hassan Deobandi (known as Kabuli Tafseer).
Muhammad Mian Mansoor Ansari was taken seriously ill and died on 11 January 1946 at Jalalabad (Nangarhar Province). He was buried in the graveyard adjacent to the grave of his Mentors in Laghman (Muhtharlam BaBa). (Laghman, Muhtharlam BaBa is 35 km District, Laghman, Afghanistan)
The Darul Uloom Deoband is an Islamic university in India where the Sunni Deobandi Islamic movement began. It is located at Deoband, a town in Saharanpur district, Uttar Pradesh. The school was founded in 1866 by Muhammad Qasim Nanautavi
Rashīd Aḥmad ibn Hidāyat Aḥmad Ayyūbī Anṣārī Gangohī was an Indian Deobandi Islamic scholar, a leading figure of the Deobandi movement, a Hanafi jurist and scholar of hadith.
Sayyid Hussain Ahmad Madani was an Islamic scholar from the Indian subcontinent. His followers called him Shaykh al-Islām, Shaykh al-Arab Wal Ajam to acknowledge his expertise in hadith and fiqh. He was among the first recipients of the civilian honour of Padma Bhushan in 1954. According to The Nation newspaper, "Deoband dignitaries started their struggle against the imperial subjugation of the Indo-Pak subcontinent at a time when nobody dared to utter a word against the British rule."
Manazir Ahsan Gilani was an Islamic scholar from the Deobandi school of thought, which is one of the major Islamic schools in Indian subcontinent. He produced the notable books like Tadwin-e-Hadith, Muqaddama Tadwin-e-Fiqh and Sawanih Qasmi.
Mahmud al-Hasan (Maḥmūdu'l-Ḥasan) also known as Mahmud Hasan was a Deobandi Sunni Muslim scholar who was active against British rule in India. For his efforts and scholarship he was given the title "Shaykh al-Hind" by the Central Khilafat Committee.
The Silk Letter Movement refers to a movement organised by Deobandi leaders between 1913 and 1920, aimed at freeing India from British rule by forming an alliance with Ottoman Turkey, Imperial Germany, and Afghanistan. This plot was uncovered by the Punjab CID with the capture of letters from Ubaidullah Sindhi, one of the Deobandi leaders then in Afghanistan, to Mahmud al Hasan, another leader then in Persia. The letters were written on silk cloth, hence the name.
Muḥammad Shafī‘ ibn Muḥammad Yāsīn ‘Us̱mānī Deobandī, often referred to as Mufti Muhammad Shafi, was a Pakistani Sunni Islamic scholar of the Deobandi school of Islamic thought. A Hanafi jurist and mufti, he was also an authority on shari'ah, hadith, tafsir, and tasawwuf (Sufism). Born in Deoband, British India, he graduated in 1917 from Darul Uloom Deoband, where he later taught hadith and held the post of Chief Mufti. He resigned from the school in 1943 to devote his time to the Pakistan Movement. After the independence he moved to Pakistan, where he established Darul Uloom Karachi in 1951. Of his written works, his best-known is Ma'ariful Qur'an, a tafsir of the Qur'an.
Jamia Mazahir Uloom Saharanpur is an old madrasa established in Saharanpur city of Uttar Pradesh, India. The Jamiah was founded in November 1866 just six months after Darul Uloom Deoband was founded in May 1866.
Maulana Qari Muhammad Tayyib Qasmi was an Indian Islamic scholar of the Deobandi school of Islamic thought. He was grandson of Muhammad Qasim Nanautavi, the founder of the Darul Uloom Deoband.He was the Mohtamim (vice-chancellor) of Darul Uloom from 1929 to 1981.
Muḥammad Idrīs ibn Muḥammad Ismā‘īl Ṣiddīqī Kāndhlawī was a Deobandi Islamic scholar particularly known as a scholar of hadith and tafsir. He held the post of Shaykh at-Tafsir at Darul Uloom Deoband in India and later migrated to Pakistan where he served as Shaykh al-Hadith wat-Tafsir at Jamia Ashrafia Lahore. Notable among his written works are Ma'ariful Qur'an, a tafsir of the Qur'an, Siratul Mustafa, a sirah (biography) of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, and at-Ta'liq as-Sabih, an Arabic sharh (commentary) on the hadith collection Mishkat al-Masabih. A graduate of both Mazahir Uloom Saharanpur and Darul Uloom Deoband, he studied under scholars including Khalil Ahmad Saharanpuri, Anwar Shah Kashmiri, and Shabbir Ahmad Usmani.
Mian Syed Asghar Hussain was an Indian Sunni Islamic scholar of the Deobandi school of Islamic thought. He was a disciple of Haaji Imdadullah Muhajir Makki and a notable student of Shaykhul Hind Maulana Mahmud-ul-Hasan.
Maulana Murtaza Hasan Chandpuri (1868-1951) was an Indian Islamic Scholar of Deobandi school of Islamic thought. He graduated from Darul Uloom Deoband in 1304 Hijri. He was also among the well-known students of Maulana Muhammad Yaqub Nanautawi. He was a disciple of Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanwi.
Maulana Syed Fakhruddin Ahmad (1889-1972) was an Indian Islamic scholar of the Deobandi school of Islamic thought. He studied under the likes of Maulana Majid Ali Jaunpuri. He served Darul Uloom Deoband as the professor of Hadith after the demise of Maulana Hussain Ahmed Madani.
Maulana Syed Muhammad Miyan Deobandi (1903-1975) was an Indian Sunni Islamic scholar of the Deobandi school of Islamic thought. He was an outstanding writer and historian. His notable students include Mufti Mahmud and Maulana Nizamuddin Asir Adrawi.
Maulana Izaz Ali Amrohi was an Indian Islamic scholar of the Deobandi school of Islamic thought from Amroha, Uttar Pradesh.He served the Darul Uloom Deoband as Chief Mufti twice: first time from 1927 to 1928 and second time from 1944 to 1946.
Muhammad Sufyan Qasmi Siddiqui is a contemporary Indian Muslim scholar of the Deobandi school of Islamic thought. He is grandson of Qari Muhammad Tayyib and current rector (mohtamim) of Darul Uloom Waqf, Deoband.
Maulana Hifzur Rahman Seoharwi was an Indian Islamic scholar of the Deobandi school of Islamic thought and an activist of Indian independence movement. He fought against British rule for about 25 years (1922-1947) and spent eight years in jail.He was a politician as well, he served as member of Indian Parliament for the Indian National Congress from Amroha from 1952 to 1962.