Muhammad Safdar

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Lt Gen
Muhammad Safdar
23rd Governor of Punjab
In office
21 October 1999 29 October 2001
President General Pervez Musharraf
Preceded by Zulfiqar Ali Khosa
Succeeded by Khalid Maqbool
Pakistani Ambassador to Morocco
Personal details
Nationality Pakistani
Political party Independent (politician)
Alma mater Military College Jhelum
ProfessionLt Gen
Chief Minister of Punjab (Pakistan) Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi
Military service
AllegianceFlag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan
Service/branchFlag of the Pakistani Army.svg  Pakistan Army
Years of service1954–1989
RankLt. Gen
Unit Punjab Regiment
Commands Command and Staff College
7th Infantry Division
National Defence University, Pakistan
Battles/wars Indo-Pakistani War of 1965
Chief of General Staff Indo-Pakistani War of 1971
Post-Retirement Work Pakistani Ambassador to Morocco
vice-chancellor of the Punjab University

Lt. General Muhammad Safdar (Urdu : محمد صفدر) is the former Governor of Punjab, the largest province of Pakistan, having served from 1999 to 2001. He has previously also served as the ambassador to Morocco and the Vice Chancellor of the University of the Punjab till 1993.


Army career

Muhammad Safdar belongs to Chakwal, Pakistan and is a graduate of Military College Jhelum. Later he joined Pakistan Army. During his military career, Safdar commanded an infantry brigade and the 7th Infantry Division, Peshawar, served as commandant of the Command and Staff College, Quetta from 1982 to 1985 and then reached his professional peak as Chief of General Staff (CGS) in the GHQ having served there from 1986 to 1988. His last military appointment was commandant of the National Defence College from 1988 to 1989. Safdar retired from active service in July 1989.

Military College Jhelum

Military College Jhelum or MCJ, is a military high school, located at Sarai Alamgir but now in, Pakistan. Though it is physically located in Gujrat District, due to its very close proximity it is still associated with the City of Jhelum, and is considered to be in the cantonment limit of Jhelum. The institution feeds the Pakistan Military Academy, Kakul. Military College Jhelum is one of three military colleges in Pakistan; the others being Military College Murree and Military College Sui.

Pakistan Army Ground warfare branch of Pakistans military

The Pakistan Army is the principal land warfare uniformed service branch of the Pakistan Armed Forces. It came into its modern existence from the British Indian Army that ceased to exist following the partition of British India that resulted in the parliamentary act that established the independence of Pakistan from the United Kingdom on 14 August 1947. According to the estimation provided by the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) in 2017, the Pakistan Army has approximately 550,000 active duty personnel, supported by the Army Reserve and the Army National Guard. In Pakistan, the age of military enlistment is 17–23 years of age for voluntary military service; soldiers cannot be deployed for combat until age 18 according to its nation's constitution.

The 7th Infantry Division, also known as the Golden Arrow and Peshawar Division, is the Pakistan Army's oldest and most battle-hardened division. The officers and men of the Golden Arrow Division have fought in all of Pakistan's Wars and have an unmatched combat service record.

Political career

Safdar was the Pakistani Ambassador to Morocco, vice-chancellor of the Punjab University and then Governor of Punjab. The general stayed as the governor of Punjab till 29 October 2001 until he was replaced by Lahore corps commander Lt Gen Khalid Maqbool.

Morocco Country in North Africa

Morocco, officially the Kingdom of Morocco, is a country located in the Maghreb region of North West Africa with an area of 710,850 km2 (274,460 sq mi). Its capital is Rabat, the largest city Casablanca. It overlooks the Mediterranean Sea to the north and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. Morocco claims the areas of Ceuta, Melilla and Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera, all of them under Spanish jurisdiction.

University of the Punjab public sector university primarily located in Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan

The University of the Punjab, also referred to as Punjab University, is a public research university located in Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan. Punjab University is the oldest public university in Pakistan. With multiple campuses in Gujranwala, Jhelum, and Khanspur, the university was formally established by the British Government after convening the first meeting for establishing higher education institutions in October 1882 at Simla. Punjab University was the fourth university to be established by the British colonial authorities in the Indian subcontinent; the first three universities were established in other parts of British India.

IV Corps (Pakistan)

The IV Corps is a corps of Pakistan Army. Having established in 1965 after the Indo-Pakistani September War, it is currently stationed in Lahore, Punjab Province of Pakistan. The current corps commander is Lieutenant General Majid Ehsan.


Brigadier (r) Shaukat Qadir, a political and defence analyst, had this to say about command attributes of Safdar, "In the course of my career I came across very few inspiring senior officers; most noteworthy among them was General Safdar, who later became VC Punjab University and, very briefly, Governor Punjab, and whose extraordinary dynamism in peace inspired one to believe that he would be a success in war." [1]

Shaukat Qadir is an independent Risk and Security Analyst who works generally in South Asia, particularly in Pakistan and Afghanistan. He started his career as a pilot in the Pakistan Air Force (PAF) and then moved to the Pakistan Army. He retired in 1998 as a Brigadier. In 1999, he became the founder and vice-president, and later president, of the semi-independent think tank Islamabad Policy Research Institute (IPRI). In 2001, he sought early retirement due to disagreements with the military government. Since then, he has been visiting faculty at the Fatima Jinnah Women University, writing in various national and international newspapers and journals, and working as an independent Security and Risk Assessment consultant. He is also currently a Senior Analyst at Wikistrat.

Brigadier (r) Raja Azizur Rehman, a close friend and colleague of the governor, said this about the new governor when he was appointed in 1999, "he is consistent, professionally very sound, cool and calm. Has immense capacity for work and excels in shifting the essentials. He is soft-spoken and likes to listen, He carries a very happy team. He is very clear about his objectives and leaves no stone unturned to achieve that." The general is reputed to be well versed in the art of getting things done.

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  1. Shaukat Qadir. "Command attributes (III)" Archived 6 October 2008 at the Wayback Machine .Daily Times, 17 May 2008
Military offices
Preceded by
Mirza Aslam Beg
Chief of General Staff
Succeeded by
Mian Muhammad Afzaal
Political offices
Preceded by
Zulfiqar Ali Khosa
Governor of Punjab
Succeeded by
Khalid Maqbool