Mulayam Singh Yadav
|President of the Samajwadi Party|
|Preceded by||Position established|
|Succeeded by||Akhilesh Yadav|
|Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha|
23 May 2019
|Preceded by||Tej Pratap Singh Yadav|
|Preceded by||Ramakant Yadav|
|Succeeded by||Akhilesh Yadav|
|Preceded by||D. P. Yadav|
|Succeeded by||Ram Gopal Yadav|
|15th Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh|
29 August 2003 –13 May 2007
5 December 1993 –3 June 1995
|Preceded by||President's Rule|
5 December 1989 –24 June 1991
|Preceded by||Narayan Datt Tiwari|
|Succeeded by||Kalyan Singh|
|Minister of Defence (India)|
1 June 1996 –19 March 1998
|Prime Minister||H. D. Deve Gowda, I. K. Gujral|
|Preceded by||Pramod Mahajan|
|Succeeded by||George Fernandes|
|Member of Legislative Assembly, Uttar Pradesh|
|Preceded by||Natthu Singh|
|Succeeded by||Bishambhar Singh Yadav|
|Preceded by||Bishambhar Singh Yadav|
|Succeeded by||Balram Singh Yadav|
|Preceded by||Balram Singh Yadav|
|Succeeded by||Shivpal Singh Yadav|
|Born||22 November 1939|
Saifai, United Provinces, British India
|Political party||Samajwadi Party (1992-present)|
|Spouse(s)||(1) Malati Devi (2) Sadhana Gupta|
|Relations|| Shivpal Singh Yadav (brother)|
Ram Gopal Yadav (cousin)
Dimple Yadav (daughter-in-law)
Kamla Devi Yadav (sister)
Dharmendra Yadav (nephew)
Akshay Yadav (nephew)
Tej Pratap Singh Yadav (grandnephew)
Aparna Yadav (daughter-in-law)
|Children||Akhilesh Yadav, Prateek Yadav|
|Residence||Saifai, Etawah district, Uttar Pradesh|
|Education||Masters of Arts|
|Alma mater|| K. K. College, Etawah |
A.K. College, Shikohabad
Mulayam Singh Yadav (born 22 November 1939) is an Indian politician from Uttar Pradesh and the founder-patron of the Samajwadi Party. He served for three non-consecutive terms as the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh from 1989 to 1991, 1993 to 1995 and 2003 to 2007 respectively and also served as the Minister of Defence, Government of India from 1996 to 1998 in the United Front. He is currently the Member of Parliament, representing the constituency of Mainpuri in the Lok Sabha.He had also earlier served as the Member of Parliament from Azamgarh.
Mulayam Singh Yadav was born to Murti Devi and Sughar Singh Yadav on 22 November 1939 in Saifai village, Etawah district, Uttar Pradesh, India.
Yadav had three degrees—B.A., B.T. and M.A. in political science from Karm Kshetra Post Graduate College in Etawah, A. K. College in Shikohabad, and B. R. College, Agra University respectively.
Yadav had married twice. His first wife, Malti Devi, suffered complications while giving birth to their first child, Akhilesh Yadav. She was in a vegetative state until May 2003 when she died. Akhilesh went on to become the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh from 2012 to 2017.Yadav had a relationship with Sadhana Gupta while still married to Malti Devi in the 1980s and the couple had a son named Prateek in 1988. Gupta was not well known until February 2007, when the relationship was admitted in India's Supreme Court. Prateek Yadav manages the land-holdings of the Yadav family.
Main Mulayam Singh Yadav , a film about his life, is scheduled for release in October 2020. Actor Amyth Sethi will play the title role in the movie which is directed by Suvendu Raj Ghosh and produced by Meena Sethi Mondal.
Groomed by leaders such as Ram Manohar Lohia and Raj Narain, Yadav was first elected as a Member of the Legislative Assembly in Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh in 1967. Yadav served eight terms there.In 1975, during Indira Gandhi's imposition of the Emergency, Yadav was arrested and kept in custody for 19 months. He first became a state minister in 1977. Later, in 1980, he became the president of the Lok Dal (People's Party) in Uttar Pradesh which became a part of the Janata Dal (People's Party) afterwards. In 1982, he was elected leader of the opposition in the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Council and held that post until 1985. When the Lok Dal party split, Yadav launched the Krantikari Morcha party.
Yadav first became Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh in 1989.
After the collapse of the V. P. Singh national government in November 1990, Yadav joined Chandra Shekhar's Janata Dal (Socialist) party and continued in office as chief minister with the support of the Indian National Congress (INC). His government fell when the INC withdrew their support in April 1991 in the aftermath of developments at the national level where it has earlier withdrawn its support for Chandra Shekhar's government. Mid-term elections to Uttar Pradesh assembly were held in mid-1991, in which Mulayam Singh's party lost power to the BJP.
In 1992, Yadav founded his own Samajwadi Party (Socialist Party). In 1993, he allied with the Bahujan Samaj Party for the elections to Uttar Pradesh assembly due to be held in November 1993.The alliance between Samajwadi Party and Bahujan Samaj Party prevented the return of BJP to power in the state. Yadav became chief minister of Uttar Pradesh with the support of Congress and Janata Dal. His stand on movement for demanding separate statehood for Uttarakhand was as much controversial as his stand on Ayodhya movement in 1990 was. There was a firing on Uttarakhand activists at Muzaffarnagar on 2 October 1994, something for which Uttarakhand activists held him responsible. He continued holding that post until his ally opted into another alliance in June 1998.
In 2002, following a fluid post-election situation in Uttar Pradesh, the Bharatiya Janata Party and Bahujan Samaj Party joined to form a government under Dalit leader Mayawati, who was considered to be Yadav's greatest political rival in the state.The BJP pulled out of the government on 25 August 2003, and enough rebel legislators of the Bahujan Samaj Party left to allow Yadav to become the Chief Minister, with the support of independents and small parties. He was sworn in as chief minister of Uttar Pradesh for the third time in September 2003. It is widely believed that this change was done with the blessings of the BJP, which was also ruling at the Centre then.
Yadav was still a member of the Lok Sabha when he was sworn in as chief minister. In order to meet the constitutional requirement of becoming the member of state legislature within six months of being sworn in, he contested the assembly by-election from Gunnaur assembly seat in January 2004. Yadav won by a record margin, polling almost 94 per cent of the votes.
With the hope of playing a major role at the centre, Yadav contested the 2004 Lok Sabha elections from Mainpuri while still Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh. He won the seat and his Samajwadi Party won more seats in Uttar Pradesh than all other parties. However the Congress party, which formed the coalition government at the centre after the elections, had majority in the Lok Sabha with the support of the Communist parties.As a result, Yadav could not play any significant role at the centre, Yadav resigned from the Lok Sabha and chose to continue as chief minister of Uttar Pradesh until the 2007 elections, when he lost to the BSP.
In 1996, Yadav was elected to the eleventh Lok Sabha from Mainpuri constituency.In the United Front coalition government formed that year, his party joined and he was named India's Defence Minister. That government fell in 1998 as India went in for fresh elections, but he returned to the Lok Sabha that yearfrom Sambhal parliamentary constituency. After the fall of Atal Bihari Vajpayee government at the centre in April 1999, he did not support the Congress party in the formation of the government at the Centre. He contested Lok Sabha elections of 1999 from two seats, Sambhal and Kannauj, and won from both. He resigned from Kannauj seat for his son Akhilesh in the by-elections.
The crime of rape became a capital offence in India following the 2012 Delhi gang rape incident. Yadav has opposed this change in the law, saying that "Boys will be boys. Boys commit mistakes".In response to 2014 Badaun gang rape and Yadav's comments, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said “We say no to the dismissive, destructive attitude of, 'Boys will be boys'". On 19 August 2015, Yadav remarked that gang-rapes are impractical and rape-victims in those cases tend to lie. He was summonsed by the judicial magistrate of Kulpahar court in Uttar Pradesh for that remark.
Yadav has said it is necessary for India to support a sovereign and independent Tibet. He said that a past government had made a “big mistake” on the issue and noted that he had spoken against it at the time.He believed that Tibet was a traditional buffer between China and India and that India should support the Dalai Lama and Tibetan independence. Claiming that China had secreted nuclear weapons in Pakistan, he cautioned that “China is our enemy, not Pakistan. Pakistan can do us no damage”.
Since the young Akhilesh Yadav became Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh in 2012, surpassing Mulayam's brother Shivpal Singh Yadav, the Yadav family was divided into two feuding groups. One of the groups, led by Akhilesh, enjoyed the support of his father's cousin and National General Secretary Ram Gopal Yadav. The rival group was led by Mulayam Singh and supported by his brother and State Chief of Party, Shivpal Yadav, and a friend, former MP Amar Singh. Akhilesh had fired his uncle twice from his cabinet as it was seen by many as a direct challenge to his father, who has steadily supported Shivpal over Akhilesh.On 30 December 2016, Mulayam Yadav expelled his son Akhilesh and his cousin Ram Gopal from the party for six years on the grounds of indiscipline, only to revoke the decision 24 hours later. Akhilesh, in response, stripped his father off the party presidency and instead named him the chief patron of the party following the national convention of the party on 1 January 2017. Mulayam termed the national convention as illegal and directly expelled his cousin, Ram Gopal Yadav, who had convened the national executive convention. But the Election commission of India ruled that Ram Gopal Yadav had the right to convene that executive convention, and reversed Mulayam's order. Hence Akhilesh Yadav officially became the new national leader of the party.
The Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) is a national level political party in India that was formed to represent Bahujans, referring to Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, and Other Backward Castes (OBC), along with religious minorities. According to Kanshi Ram, when he founded the party in 1984, the Bahujans comprised 85 percent of India's population, but were divided into 6,000 different castes. The party claims to be inspired by the philosophy of Gautama Buddha, B. R. Ambedkar, Mahatma Jyotiba Phule, Narayana Guru, Periyar E. V. Ramasamy and Chhatrapati Shahuji Maharaj. Kanshi Ram named his protégée, Mayawati, as his successor in 2001. The BSP has its main base in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh where it was the second-largest party in the 2019 Indian general election with 19.3% of votes and in the 2017 Uttar Pradesh elections with over 22% of votes. Its election symbol is an elephant.
Samajwadi Party is a political party in India headquartered in New Delhi. It is mainly based in Uttar Pradesh.
The Jan Morcha was an Indian political party founded by V. P. Singh after he left the Indian National Congress party in 1987 upon being dismissed as Defence Minister by Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi. Together with Arun Nehru, Arif Mohammed Khan, Mufti Mohammad Sayeed, Vidya Charan Shukla, Ram Dhan, Raj Kumar Rai and Satyapal Malik, Singh formed a nucleus of opposition to the Rajiv Gandhi government that had a commanding majority in the Lok Sabha.
Kalyan Singh is a former Governor of Rajasthan and former Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh in India, belonging to Bharatiya Janata Party.
Ramakant Yadav is an Indian politician for the Azamgarh in Uttar Pradesh.
Prof. Ram Gopal Yadav is an Indian politician from Uttar Pradesh. He is a member of the Rajya Sabha representing the Samajwadi Party.
Parasnath Yadav was an Indian politician and 7 times MLA in Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh, 3 times Minister in Government of Uttar Pradesh and 2 times Member of Parliament Lokasabha from Jaunpur. He was struggling from bladder cancer for many years, eventually he died on the 12 June 2020 at his house in Jaunpur district, Uttar Pradesh. He had a problem with Prostate. Due to this, his right leg was swollen. Apart from this, he also had a problem in urination. He went to Mumbai for treatment. He was undergoing treatment at Kokilaben Hospital. He was returned to Jaunpur from Mumbai a few days ago of die due to the Corona epidemic.
Akhilesh Yadav is an Indian politician and president of the Samajwadi Party who served as the 20th Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh from 2012 to 2017. Having assumed office on 15 March 2012 at the age of 38, he is the youngest person to have held the office. Yadav is the Member of Parliament for Azamgarh in the 17th Lok Sabha, being elected in 2019. His first significant success in politics was being elected as the Member of the Lok Sabha for the Kannauj constituency in 2000. He is the son of veteran politician Mulayam Singh Yadav, the founder-patron of Samajwadi Party who has served as the Minister of Defence in the Government of India and three terms as Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh.
For politician from MP, see Uday Pratap Singh For other people called Uday Singh, see Uday Singh (disambiguation)
Dimple Yadav is an Indian Politician. A member of the Samajwadi Party, Yadav was, for two terms, the Member of the Indian Parliament representing Kannauj. Her husband is the Samajwadi Party President and former Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, Akhilesh Yadav.She is the daughter in law of Mulayam Singh Yadav, former Defence Minister of India & founder-patron of Samajwadi Party.
Shivpal Singh Yadav is a politician from Uttar Pradesh, India. He was born in Saifai village, Etawah district, and is a younger brother of Samajwadi Party leader Mulayam Singh Yadav and uncle of the former Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, Akhilesh Yadav. He was a Member of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly, representing the Jaswantnagar seat in Etawah district, between 2007–12. He is the founder of Pragatisheel Samajwadi Party (Lohiya).
Raja Ram Pandey was an Indian politician from the Samajwadi Party. He was three term member of legislative assembly and had also represented Vishwanathganj assembly constituency of Pratapgarh district, Uttar Pradesh. He was in Cabinet of chief minister Akhilesh Yadav.
Sunil Singh Yadav also known as Sunil Singh Sajan is an Indian politician Sunil elected as Member of Legislative Council from Lucknow-Unnao seat 2016-2022). He was assigned Dairy And Milk State Minister in Akhilesh Yadav's cabinet in Uttar Pradesh. He is National President of Samajwadi Party Kshatra Sabha.
Tej Narayan Pandey is an Indian politician who represents Ayodhya as a Member of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly. He is a member of Samajwadi party. He is elected as MLA of 2012 Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly election from Ayodhya.
The partial list of political families of Uttar Pradesh state of India and their notable members:
Aruna Kori is an Indian politician and social Worker. She represented to Bilhaur constituency as MLA by Samajwadi Party. And she was also the Minister of Women Welfare and Culture of Government of Uttar Pradesh,
Raj Kishor Singh is an Indian politician who served as a member of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly for the state Samajwadi Party from 2002-2017. Singh is a former minister for Horticulture and minister for Panchayati raj. Before the government of Mulayam Singh, Mr Singh was also a cabinet minister. In the UP East Raj Kishor, Singh is the mass leader of Rajput.
The Mahagathbandhan, or MGB, or simply the Gathbandhan (Alliance), was an anti-Congress, anti-BJP, Indian political alliance formed in the run-up to the 2019 general election under the leadership of two former Chief Ministers of Uttar Pradesh, Akhilesh Yadav of the Samajwadi Party and Mayawati of the Bahujan Samaj Party, along with Ajit Singh’s Rashtriya Lok Dal and several other political parties, contesting in different states of India.
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Mulayam Singh Yadav|
|Party political offices|
Mulayam Singh Yadav
| Leader of the Samajwadi Party in the 16th Lok Sabha |