|Municipalities and cities of Serbia|
Општине и градови Србије
Opštine i gradovi Srbije
|Location||Republic of Serbia|
|Created by||Decree of 29 January 1992|
|Number||145 municipalities + 29 cities|
117 municipalities + 28 cities (de facto, excluding Kosovo ) (as of 2018)
|Populations||1,663 (Crna Trava) – 1,659,440 (Belgrade)|
|Areas||20 sq mi (51 km2) (Sremski Karlovci) – 1,245 sq mi (3,225 km2) (Belgrade)|
The municipalities and cities (Serbian : општине и градови, romanized: opštine i gradovi) are the second level administrative subdivisions of Serbia. The country is divided into 145 municipalities (Serbian Latin : opštine, singular: opština ; 38 in Southern and Eastern Serbia, 42 in Šumadija and Western Serbia, 37 in Vojvodina and 28 in Kosovo and Metohija) and 29 cities (Serbian Latin: gradovi, singular: grad ; 9 in Southern and Eastern Serbia, 10 in Šumadija and Western Serbia, 8 in Vojvodina and one in Kosovo and Metohija), forming the basic level of local government.
Municipalities and cities are the administrative units of Serbia, and they form 29 districts in groups, except the City of Belgrade which is not part of any district.
A city may and may not be divided into city municipalities (Serbian Latin : gradske opštine, singular: gradska opština) depending on their size. Currently, there are six cities in Serbia with city municipalities: Belgrade, Novi Sad, Niš, Požarevac, Užice and Vranje comprise several city municipalities each, divided into "urban" (in the city proper) and "other" (suburban). There are 30 city municipalities (17 in Belgrade, 5 in Niš, and 2 each in Novi Sad, Požarevac, Užice and Vranje).
Like in many other countries, municipalities are the basic entities of local government in Serbia. The head of the municipality is the President of the municipality, while the executive power is held by the Municipal council, and legislative power by the Municipal assembly. Municipal assembly is elected on local elections (held every 4 years), while the President and the Council are elected by the Assembly. Municipalities have their own property (including public service companies) and budget. Only the cities officially have mayors (Serbian Latin : gradonačelnici), although the municipal presidents are often informally referred to as such.
The territory of a municipality is composed of a town (seat of the municipality) and surrounding villages (e.g. the territory of the Municipality of Čoka is composed of the town of Čoka, which is the seat of the municipality, and surrounding villages). The municipality bears the name of the seat town. Only one municipality (Municipality of Gora) does not share the name with the seat town, as the seat of that municipality is the town of Dragaš. This municipality is located in Kosovo, and thus exists only on paper. The territory of the municipality was merged with part of the Municipality of Prizren in 2000 by UNMIK to form new Municipality of Dragaš. This move is not recognised by Serbian Government (see Municipalities and cities of Kosovo section).
Advocates of reform of Serbian local self-government system point out that Serbian municipalities (with 50,000 citizens in average) are the largest in Europe, both by territory and number of residents, and as such can be inefficient in handling citizens' needs and distributing the income from the country budget into most relevant projects.
Cities are another type of local self-government. The territory with the city status usually has more than 100,000 inhabitants, : gradovi, singular: grad), each having an assembly and budget of its own. Only the cities have mayors (Serbian Latin: gradonačelnici, singular: gradonačelnik), although the presidents of the municipalities are often referred to as "mayors" in everyday usage.but is otherwise very similar to municipality. There are 27 cities (Serbian Latin
As with a municipality, the territory of a city is composed of a city proper and surrounding villages (e.g. the territory of the City of Subotica is composed of the Subotica town and surrounding villages). Every city (and municipality) is part of a district. The exception is the capital Belgrade, which is not part of any district.
The city may or may not be divided into city municipalities. Six cities: Belgrade, Novi Sad, Niš, Požarevac, Užice and Vranje comprise several city municipalities. Competences of cities and these municipalities are divided. The municipalities of these cities also have their assemblies and other prerogatives. Two largest city municipalities by number of residents are the Novi Sad (307,760) and New Belgrade (212,104).
Of these six cities, only Novi Sad did not undergo the full transformation, as the newly formed municipality of Petrovaradin exists pretty much only formally;thus, the City municipality of Novi Sad is largely equated to city of Novi Sad. The city of Kragujevac had its own city municipalities from 2002 until 2008. In 2013, the city municipality of Sevojno within the city of Užice was established.
Serbian law still treats Kosovo as an integral part of Serbia (officially the Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija ), although Kosovo declared independence in 2008. The Law on Territorial Organization defines 28 municipalities and 1 city on the territory of Kosovo.Kosovo was under official United Nations' administration (UNMIK) from 1999 to 2008. The UNMIK administration changed the territorial organisation on the territory of Kosovo. In 2000 the municipality of Gora was merged with Opolje (part of the Municipality of Prizren) into the new municipality of Dragaš and one new municipality was created: Mališevo. Later, from 2005 to 2008, seven new municipalities were created: Gračanica, Elez Han, Junik, Parteš, Klokot, Ranilug and Mamuša. However, the Government of Serbia does not recognise the territorial re-organisation of Kosovo, although some of these new-formed municipalities have Serb majority, and some Serbs participate in local elections. In three of those municipalities: Gračanica, Klokot-Vrbovac and Ranilug, Serbian parties won a majority in the 2009 elections.
In the Brussels Agreement, in 2013, Serbia agreed to disband its parallel municipal institutions in Kosovo, while the authorities of Kosovo agreed on creation of the Community of Serb Municipalities. However, both parties acted slowly to put this agreement in power.
This is a list of the municipalities in Serbia, as defined by the Law on territorial organisationIt does not include municipalities in Kosovo created by UNMIK after 1999. The data on population is taken from the 2011 census.
The census was not conducted in Kosovo, which is under administration of UNMIK, so the population numbers are not given for the municipalities in Kosovo.
|29||Veliko Gradište||Braničevo District||344||17,610|
|89||Malo Crniće||Braničevo District||271||11,458|
|105||Petrovac na Mlavi||Braničevo District||655||31,259|
|145||Crna Trava||Jablanica District||312||1,663|
|87||Mali Zvornik||Mačva District||184||12,482|
|43||Gornji Milanovac||Moravica District||836||44,406|
|38||Gadžin Han||Nišava District||325||8,389|
|32||Vladičin Han||Pčinja District||366||20,871|
|26||Bujanovac||Pčinja District||461||18,067 2|
|112||Preševo||Pčinja District||264||3,080 2|
|15||Bela Palanka||Pirot District||951||12,126|
|127||Smederevska Palanka||Podunavlje District||422||50,284|
|28||Velika Plana||Podunavlje District||345||40,902|
|35||Vrnjačka Banja||Raška District||239||27,527|
|9||Bajina Bašta||Zlatibor District||673||26,022|
|94||Nova Varoš||Zlatibor District||581||16,638|
|96||Novi Bečej||Central Banat District||609||23,925|
|95||Nova Crnja||Central Banat District||273||10,272|
|52||Žitište||Central Banat District||525||16,841|
|125||Sečanj||Central Banat District||523||13,267|
|13||Bačka Topola||North Bačka District||596||33,321|
|88||Mali Iđoš||North Bačka District||175||12,031|
|60||Kanjiža||North Banat District||399||25,343|
|124||Senta||North Banat District||293||23,316|
|1||Ada||North Banat District||229||16,991|
|147||Čoka||North Banat District||321||11,398|
|97||Novi Kneževac||North Banat District||305||11,269|
|130||Srbobran||South Bačka District||284||16,317|
|11||Bač||South Bačka District||367||14,405|
|18||Bečej||South Bačka District||487||37,351|
|34||Vrbas||South Bačka District||376||42,092|
|12||Bačka Palanka||South Bačka District||579||55,528|
|14||Bački Petrovac||South Bačka District||158||13,418|
|49||Žabalj||South Bačka District||400||26,134|
|136||Titel||South Bačka District||262||15,738|
|135||Temerin||South Bačka District||170||28,287|
|17||Beočin||South Bačka District||186||15,726|
|131||Sremski Karlovci||South Bačka District||51||8,750|
|109||Plandište||South Banat District||383||11,336|
|100||Opovo||South Banat District||203||10,440|
|67||Kovačica||South Banat District||419||25,274|
|4||Alibunar||South Banat District||602||20,151|
|16||Bela Crkva||South Banat District||353||17,367|
|68||Kovin||South Banat District||730||33,722|
|132||Stara Pazova||Srem District||351||65,792|
|5||Apatin||West Bačka District||333||28,929|
|103||Odžaci||West Bačka District||411||30,154|
|75||Kula||West Bačka District||481||43,101|
|70||Kosovo Polje||Kosovo District||89|
|71||Kosovska Kamenica||Kosovo-Pomoravlje District||509|
|98||Novo Brdo||Kosovo-Pomoravlje District||81|
|72||Kosovska Mitrovica||Kosovska Mitrovica District||336|
|81||Leposavić||Kosovska Mitrovica District||539|
|129||Srbica||Kosovska Mitrovica District||374|
|37||Vučitrn||Kosovska Mitrovica District||353|
|55||Zubin Potok||Kosovska Mitrovica District||328|
|54||Zvečan||Kosovska Mitrovica District||123|
|133||Suva Reka||Prizren District||434|
|42||Gora 1||Prizren District||310|
|№||Crest||City||District||Crest||City municipality||Area [Km²]||Population|
|4||Vršac||South Banat District||none||1,324||52,026|
|6||Zrenjanin||Central Banat District||none||1,324||123,362|
|8||Kikinda||North Banat District||none||782||59,453|
|15||Novi Pazar||Raška District||none||742||100,410|
|16||Novi Sad||South Bačka District||Novi Sad||671.8||307,760|
|17||Pančevo||South Banat District||none||759||123,414|
|23||Sombor||West Bačka District||none||1,178||85,903|
|24||Sremska Mitrovica||Srem District||none||762||79,940|
|25||Subotica||North Bačka District||none||1,008||141,554|
An okrug is one of the first-level administrative divisions of Serbia, corresponding to a "province" in many other countries. The term okrug literally means "encircling", and can also be translated as "county", though it is generally rendered by the Serbian government as "district".
The administrative divisions of Serbia are regulated by the Government of Serbia Enactment of 29 January 1992, and by the Law on Territorial Organization adopted by the National Assembly of Serbia on 29 December 2007.
The 2004 unrest in Kosovo is the worst ethnic violence case in Kosovo since the end of the 1998–99 conflict. The violence erupted in the partitioned town of Mitrovica, leaving hundreds wounded and at least 14 people dead. The unrest was precipitated by misleading reports in the Kosovo Albanian media which falsely claimed that three Kosovo Albanian boys had drowned after being chased into the Ibar River by a group of Kosovo Serbs. UN peacekeepers and NATO troops scrambled to contain a raging gun battle between Serbs and ethnic Albanians. In Serbia the events were also called the March Pogrom, while in Kosovo they are called The March Unrest.
Opolje is a region in the southern part of the municipality of Prizren in southern Kosovo. The region has 19 villages inhabited by Albanians.
Local elections were held in Serbia on 11 May 2008. According to the Constitutional Law adopted by the National Assembly on 30 September 2006 that proclaimed the new constitution, the parliamentary Speaker had to schedule the elections for local administrative units by 31 December 2007. He scheduled them on 2007-12-29. Following the official breakdown of the government on 8 March 2008, early parliamentary elections were held on the same date. A revote was held in three polling stations in Belgrade on 18 May 2008 due to irregularities in the electoral process.
A District is the highest level of administrative divisions of Kosovo. The districts of Kosovo are based on the Serbian Districts of Kosovo and Metohija.
Cultural heritage of Serbia represents the totality of national cultural heritage in Serbia as defined by Serbia's Law on Cultural Goods. Some of national heritage sites in Serbia are also World Heritage Sites.
Eparchy of Raška and Prizren or Eparchy of Raška-Prizren and Kosovo-Metohija, is one of the oldest eparchies of the Serbian Orthodox Church, featuring the seat of the Serbian Orthodox Church, the Serbian Patriarchal Monastery of Peć, as well as Serbian Orthodox Monastery of Visoki Dečani, which together are part of the UNESCO World Heritage sites of Serbia.
The Serbian Football Championship season of 1920–21 was the second championship organised by the Serbian Football Federation after the 1919–20 season. Played among the clubs from the territory of the city of Belgrade, the Belgrade Football Subassociation.
The University of Priština is a public university in Kosovo with a temporary seat in North Mitrovica.
Local elections in Serbia were held on 6 May 2012. Pursuant to the Constitution of Serbia, the parliamentary Speaker signed on 13 March 2012 the Decision on calling the elections for councilors of municipal assemblies, town assemblies and the Belgrade City Assembly for 6 May 2012, with the exception of: the councilors of the municipal assemblies of Aranđelovac, Bor, Vrbas, Vrnjačka Banja, Knjaževac, Kovin, Kosjerić, Kosovska Mitrovica, Leposavić, Negotin, Novo Brdo, Odžaci, Peć, Prijepolje and Ruma and councilors of the Priština Town Assembly, which have already had extraordinary elections in the period from 2008 to 2012, while for councilors of the municipal assembly of Kula, the elections were already called earlier on 29 February 2012.
This is a list of historical administrative divisions of Serbia since the establishment of the Principality of Serbia until today.
The Office for Kosovo and Metohija is a coordination body of the Government of Serbia. It was constituted on 2 August 2012 after the dissolution of Ministry for Kosovo and Metohija. The current office director is Petar Petković.
The 2014–15 Serbian Cup season was the ninth season of the Serbian national football tournament.
Church of St. Stephen was a Serbian Orthodox church located in Donje Nerodimlje, in the municipality of Uroševac, Kosovo and Metohija. It belonged to the Diocese of Raška and Prizren of the Serbian Orthodox Church and it was destroyed by Albanian extremists in 1999.
Local elections were held in most municipalities of Serbia on 21 June 2020, with repeat voting later taking place in some municipalities. The elections were held concurrently with the 2020 Serbian parliamentary election and the 2020 Vojvodina provincial election. Elections on all three levels were initially scheduled for 26 April 2020 but were rescheduled due to the COVID-19 pandemic in the country.
Local elections were held in most municipalities of Serbia on 24 April 2016, with repeat voting later taking place in some municipalities. The elections were held concurrently with the 2016 Serbian parliamentary election and the 2016 Vojvodina provincial election.