Municipalities (Albanian : bashki) are the basic administrative divisions of Albania. Prior to 2015, there were two types of municipalities in Albania: municipalities with an urban character called bashki, and municipalities with a rural character called komunë (commune). Municipalities are all divided into at least two "administrative units" (njësi administrative), which are sometimes referred to as "municipal units" or "units of local governance". Administrative units are composed of one or more cities, villages, or neighbourhoods and constitute the third- and final-level administrative divisions of Albania.
In 2014, the government introduced a new administrative scheme that was implemented in June 2015 with local elections, whereby municipalities were reduced to 61 in total and rural komuna were abolished.Most defunct municipalities are now administrative units and may also be cities, villages, or neighbourhoods.
|Belsh||Belsh, Fierzë, Grekan, Kajan, Rrasë||196.55 km2 (75.89 sq mi)||19,503||32,389||Arif Tafani (PS)|
|Berat||Berat, Otllak, Roshnik, Sinjë, Velabisht||380.21 km2 (146.80 sq mi)||60,031||98,875||Ervin Demo (PS)|
|Bulqizë||Bulqizë, Fushë-Bulqizë, Gjoricë, Martanesh, Ostren, Shupenzë, Trebisht, Zerqan||678.73 km2 (262.06 sq mi)||31,210||40,223||Lefter Alla (PS)|
|Cërrik||Cërrik, Gostimë, Klos, Mollas, Shalës||189.77 km2 (73.27 sq mi)||27,445||46,652||Andis Sala (PS)|
|Delvinë||Delvinë, Vergo||183.01 km2 (70.66 sq mi)||7,598||18,078||Majlinda Qilimi (PS)|
|Devoll||Bilisht, Hoçisht, Miras, Progër, Qendër Bilisht||458.01 km2 (176.84 sq mi)||26,716||42,388||Eduard Duro (PS)|
|Dibër||Arras, Fushë-Çidhën, Kala e Dodës, Kastriot, Lurë, Luzni, Maqellarë, Melan, Muhurr, Peshkopi, Selishtë, Sllovë, Tomin, Zall-Dardhë, Zall-Reç||938.65 km2 (362.41 sq mi)||61,619||78,940||Dionis Imeraj (PS)|
|Divjakë||Divjakë, Grabian, Gradishtë, Remas, Tërbuf||359.41 km2 (138.77 sq mi)||34,254||53,372||Fredi Kokoneshi (PS)|
|Dropull||Dropull i Poshtëm, Dropull i Sipërm, Pogon||448.45 km2 (173.15 sq mi)||3,503||23,131||Dhimitraq Toli (PS)|
|Durrës||Durrës, Ishëm, Katund i Ri, Manëz, Rrashbull, Sukth||338.96 km2 (130.87 sq mi)||175,110||299,989||Valbona Sako (PS)|
|Elbasan||Bradashesh, Elbasan, Funarë, Gjergjan, Gjinar, Gracen, Labinot-Fushë, Labinot-Mal, Papër, Shirgjan, Shushicë, Tregan, Zavalinë||872.61 km2 (336.92 sq mi)||141,714||205,892||Gledian Llatja (PS)|
|Fier||Cakran, Dërmenas, Fier, Frakull, Levan, Libofshë, Mbrostar Ura, Portëz, Qendër, Topojë||620.83 km2 (239.70 sq mi)||120,655||196,324||Armando Subashi (PS)|
|Finiq||Aliko, Dhivër, Finiq, Livadhja, Mesopotam||444.28 km2 (171.54 sq mi)||11,862||39,055||Kristo Kiço (M.E.G.A)|
|Fushë-Arrëz||Blerim, Fierzë, Fushë-Arrëz, Iballë, Qafë-Mali||540.77 km2 (208.79 sq mi)||7,405||11,651||Fran Tuçi (PS)|
|Gjirokastër||Antigonë, Cepo, Gjirokastër, Lazarat, Lunxhëri, Odrie, Picar||469.55 km2 (181.29 sq mi)||25,301||52,054||Flamur Golemi (PS)|
|Gramsh||Gramsh, Kodovjat, Kukur, Kushovë, Lenie, Pishaj, Poroçan, Skënderbegas, Sult, Tunjë||739.75 km2 (285.62 sq mi)||24,231||36,305||Klodian Tace (PS)|
|Has||Fajzë, Gjinaj, Golaj, Krumë||400.01 km2 (154.44 sq mi)||16,790||21,247||Liman Morina (PS)|
|Himarë||Himarë, Horë-Vranisht, Lukovë||572.22 km2 (220.94 sq mi)||5,738||27,049||Jorgo Goro (PS)|
|Kamëz||Kamëz, Paskuqan||37.20 km2 (14.36 sq mi)||104,190||125,632||Rakip Suli (PS)|
|Kavajë||Golem, Helmas, Kavajë, Luz i Vogël, Synej||199.00 km2 (76.83 sq mi)||40,094||79,556||Redjan Krali (PS)|
|Këlcyrë||Ballaban, Dishnicë, Këlcyrë, Sukë||304.86 km2 (117.71 sq mi)||6,113||12,468||Klement Ndoni (PS)|
|Klos||Gurrë, Klos, Suç, Xibër||357.72 km2 (138.12 sq mi)||16,618||16,618||Ilmi Hoxha (PS)|
|Kolonjë||Barmash, Çlirim, Ersekë, Leskovik, Mollas, Novoselë, Qendër Ersekë, Qendër Leskovik||864.74 km2 (333.88 sq mi)||11,070||19,919||Erion Isai (PS)|
|Konispol||Konispol, Markat, Xarrë||226.26 km2 (87.36 sq mi)||8,245||17,737||Shuap Beqiri (PS)|
|Korçë||Drenovë, Korçë, Lekas, Mollaj, Qendër Bulgarec, Vithkuq, Voskop, Voskopojë||806.67 km2 (311.46 sq mi)||75,994||129,065||Sotiraq Filo (PS)|
|Krujë||Bubq, Cudhi, Fushë-Krujë, Krujë, Nikël, Kodër-Thumanë||339.20 km2 (130.97 sq mi)||59,814||79,608||Artur Bushi (PS)|
|Kuçovë||Kozare, Kuçovë, Lumas, Perondi||160.33 km2 (61.90 sq mi)||31,262||55,293||Kreshnik Hajdari (PS)|
|Kukës||Arrën, Bicaj, Bushtricë, Grykë-Çajë, Kalis, Kolsh, Kukës, Malzi, Shishtavec, Shtiqën, Surroj, Tërthore, Topojan, Ujmisht, Zapod||934.80 km2 (360.93 sq mi)||47,985||59,393||Safet Gjici (PS)|
|Kurbin||Fushë Kuqe, Laç, Mamurras, Milot||276.25 km2 (106.66 sq mi)||46,291||72,987||Majlinda Cara (PS)|
|Lezhë||Balldren, Blinisht, Dajç, Kallmet, Kolsh, Lezhë, Shëngjin, Shënkoll, Ungrej, Zejmen||514.97 km2 (198.83 sq mi)||65,633||106,245||Pjerin Ndreu (PS)|
|Libohovë||Libohovë, Qendër Libohovë, Zagori||248.42 km2 (95.92 sq mi)||3,667||7,158||Luiza Mandi (PS)|
|Librazhd||Hotolisht, Librazhd, Lunik, Orenjë, Polis, Qendër Librazhd, Stëblevë||793.99 km2 (306.56 sq mi)||31,892||44,181||Kastriot Gurra (PS)|
|Lushnjë||Allkaj, Ballagat, Bubullimë, Dushk, Fier-Shegan, Golem, Hysgjokaj, Karbunarë, Kolonjë, Krutje, Lushnjë||372.91 km2 (143.98 sq mi)||83,659||127,438||Fatos Tushe (PS)|
|Malësi e Madhe||Gruemirë, Kastrat, Kelmend, Koplik, Qendër, Shkrel||1,069.91 km2 (413.09 sq mi)||30,823||53,918||Tonin Marinaj (PS)|
|Maliq||Gorë, Libonik, Maliq, Moglicë, Pirg, Pojan, Vreshtas||656.89 km2 (253.63 sq mi)||41,757||64,664||Gëzim Topçiu (PS)|
|Mallakastër||Aranitas, Ballsh, Fratar, Greshicë, Hekal, Kutë, Ngraçan, Qendër Dukas, Selitë||329.37 km2 (127.17 sq mi)||27,062||43,033||Qerim Ismailaj (PS)|
|Mat||Baz, Burrel, Derjan, Komsi, Lis, Macukull, Rukaj, Ulëz||493.81 km2 (190.66 sq mi)||27,600||38,615||Agron Malaj (PS)|
|Memaliaj||Buz, Krahës, Luftinjë, Memaliaj, Memaliaj Fshat, Qesarat||372.30 km2 (143.75 sq mi)||10,657||21,467||Gjolek Guci (PS)|
|Mirditë||Fan, Kaçinar, Kthellë, Orosh, Rrëshen, Rubik, Selitë||870.26 km2 (336.01 sq mi)||22,103||37,384||Ndrec Dedaj (PS)|
|Patos||Patos, Ruzhdie, Zharrëz||82.59 km2 (31.89 sq mi)||22,959||42,738||Rajmonda Balilaj (PS)|
|Peqin||Gjoçaj, Karinë, Pajovë, Peqin, Përparim, Shezë||197.90 km2 (76.41 sq mi)||26,136||38,900||Lorenc Tosku (PS)|
|Përmet||Çarçovë, Frashër, Përmet, Petran, Qendër Piskovë||602.47 km2 (232.61 sq mi)||10,614||20,301||Alma Hoxha (PS)|
|Pogradec||Buçimas, Çërravë, Dardhas, Pogradec, Proptisht, Trebinjë, Udenisht, Velçan||703.37 km2 (271.57 sq mi)||61,530||90,976||Ilir Xhakolli (PS)|
|Poliçan||Poliçan, Tërpan, Vërtop||272.20 km2 (105.10 sq mi)||10,953||18,341||Adriatik Zotkaj (PS)|
|Prrenjas||Prrenjas, Qukës, Rrajcë, Stravaj||323.17 km2 (124.78 sq mi)||24,906||33,031||Nuri Belba (PS)|
|Pukë||Gjegjan, Pukë, Qelëz, Qerret, Rrapë||505.83 km2 (195.30 sq mi)||11,069||16,836||Gjon Gjonaj (PS)|
|Pustec||Pustec||243.60 km2 (94.05 sq mi)||3,290||5,191||Pali Kolefski (PS)|
|Roskovec||Kuman, Kurjan, Roskovec, Strum||118.08 km2 (45.59 sq mi)||21,742||31,548||Majlinda Bufi (PS)|
|Rrogozhinë||Gosë, Kryevidh, Lekaj, Rrogozhinë, Sinaballaj||223.73 km2 (86.38 sq mi)||22,148||40,684||Haxhi Memolla (PS)|
|Sarandë||Ksamil, Sarandë||70.13 km2 (27.08 sq mi)||20,227||50,680||Adrian Gurma (PS)|
|Selenicë||Armen, Brataj, Kotë, Selenicë, Sevaster, Vllahinë||561.52 km2 (216.80 sq mi)||18,476||35,793||Pëllumb Binaj (PS)|
|Shijak||Gjepalaj, Maminas, Shijak, Xhafzotaj||92.24 km2 (35.61 sq mi)||34,513||44,103||Elton Arbana (PS)|
|Shkodër||Ana e Malit, Bërdicë, Dajç, Guri i Zi, Postribë, Pult, Rrethinat, Shalë, Shkodër, Shosh, Velipojë||911.84 km2 (352.06 sq mi)||135,612||200,889||Voltana Ademi (PD)|
|Skrapar||Bogovë, Çepan, Çorovodë, Gjerbës, Leshnjë, Potom, Qendër Skrapar, Vendreshë, Zhepë||832.04 km2 (321.25 sq mi)||12,403||19,072||Adriatik Mema (PS)|
|Tepelenë||Kurvelesh, Lopës, Qendër Tepelenë, Tepelenë||431.50 km2 (166.60 sq mi)||8,949||16,371||Tërmet Peçi (PS)|
|Tiranë||Baldushk, Bërzhitë, Dajt, Farkë, Kashar, Krrabë, Ndroq, Petrelë, Pezë, Shëngjergj, Tiranë, Vaqarr, Zall-Bastar, Zall-Herr||1,110.68 km2 (428.84 sq mi)||557,422||757,361||Erion Veliaj (PS)|
|Tropojë||Bajram Curri, Bujan, Bytyç, Fierzë, Lekbibaj, Llugaj, Margegaj, Tropojë||1,058.04 km2 (408.51 sq mi)||20,517||28,216||Rexhë Byberi (PS)|
|Dimal||Cukalat, Kutalli, Poshnjë, Ura Vajgurore||156.65 km2 (60.48 sq mi)||27,295||39,551||Juliana Memaj (PS)|
|Vau i Dejës||Bushat, Hajmel, Shllak, Temal, Vau i Dejës, Vig-Mnelë||499.35 km2 (192.80 sq mi)||30,438||48,966||Mark Babani (PS)|
|Vlorë||Novoselë, Orikum, Qendër Vlorë, Shushicë, Vlorë||647.94 km2 (250.17 sq mi)||130,827||194,147||Dritan Leli (PS)|
|Vorë||Bërxullë, Prezë, Vorë||82.76 km2 (31.95 sq mi)||25,511||36,230||Shefki Karamuca (PS)|
|—||61||373||28,789.26 km2 (11,115.60 sq mi)||—||2,830,751||4,345,918||—|
Local government is a generic term for the lowest tiers of public administration within a particular sovereign state. This particular usage of the word government refers specifically to a level of administration that is both geographically-localised and has limited powers. While in some countries, "government" is normally reserved purely for a national administration (government), the term local government is always used specifically in contrast to national government – as well as, in many cases, the activities of sub-national, first-level administrative divisions. Local governments generally act only within powers specifically delegated to them by law and/or directives of a higher level of government. In federal states, local government generally comprises a third or fourth tier of government, whereas in unitary states, local government usually occupies the second or third tier of government.
Albania is a unitary parliamentary constitutional republic, where the President of Albania is the head of state and the Prime Minister of Albania the head of government in a multi-party system. The executive power is exercised by the Government and the Prime Minister with its Cabinet. Legislative power is vested in the Parliament of Albania. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. The political system of Albania is laid out in the 1998 constitution. The Parliament adopted the current constitution on 28 November 1998. Due to political instability, the country has had many constitutions during its history. Albania was initially constituted as a monarchy in 1913, briefly a republic in 1925, then it returned to a democratic monarchy in 1928. It later became a socialist republic until the restoration of capitalism and democracy in 1992.
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