Baja California Sur is a state in Northwest Mexico that is divided into five municipalities. 712,029 inhabitants and the 11th largest by land area spanning 74,745.12 square kilometres (28,859.25 sq mi).According to the 2015 Mexican Intercensal Survey, Baja California Sur is the second least populous state with
Baja California Sur, officially the Estado Libre y Soberano de Baja California Sur, is the second-smallest Mexican state by population and the 31st admitted state of the 31 states which, with Mexico City, make up the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico.
Mexico, officially the United Mexican States, is a country in the southern portion of North America. It is bordered to the north by the United States; to the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; to the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and to the east by the Gulf of Mexico. Covering almost 2,000,000 square kilometres (770,000 sq mi), the nation is the fifth largest country in the Americas by total area and the 13th largest independent state in the world. With an estimated population of over 120 million people, the country is the tenth most populous state and the most populous Spanish-speaking state in the world, while being the second most populous nation in Latin America after Brazil. Mexico is a federation comprising 31 states and Mexico City, a special federal entity that is also the capital city and its most populous city. Other metropolises in the state include Guadalajara, Monterrey, Puebla, Toluca, Tijuana and León.
Municipalities are the second-level administrative divisions of Mexico, where the first-level administrative division is the state. As of the establishment of two new municipalities in Chiapas in September 2017, there are 2,448 municipalities in Mexico, not including the 16 delegaciones of Mexico City. The internal political organization and their responsibilities are outlined in the 115th article of the 1917 Constitution and detailed in the constitutions of the states to which they belong.
Municipalities in Baja California Sur are administratively autonomous of the state according to the 115th article of the 1917 Constitution of Mexico.Every three years, citizens elect a municipal president (Spanish: presidente municipal) by a plurality voting system who heads a concurrently elected municipal council (ayuntamiento) responsible for providing all the public services for their constituents. The municipal council consists of a variable number of trustees and councillors (regidores y síndicos). Municipalities are responsible for public services (such as water and sewerage), street lighting, public safety, traffic, supervision of slaughterhouses and the maintenance of public parks, gardens and cemeteries. They may also assist the state and federal governments in education, emergency fire and medical services, environmental protection and maintenance of monuments and historical landmarks. Since 1984, they have had the power to collect property taxes and user fees, although more funds are obtained from the state and federal governments than from their own income.
The Constitution of Mexico, formally the Political Constitution of the United Mexican States is the current constitution of Mexico. It was drafted in Santiago de Querétaro, in the State of Querétaro, by a constitutional convention, during the Mexican Revolution. It was approved by the Constitutional Congress on 5 February 1917. It is the successor to the Constitution of 1857, and earlier Mexican constitutions.
A presidente municipal is the chief of government of municipios in Mexico. This title was also used in the Philippines under the Spanish and American colonization; it is comparable to a mayor of the town or city. The position is comparable to the county executive of a county in the United States or to the mayor of a city in the United States, although the jurisdiction of a presidente municipal includes not only a city but the municipality surrounding it. Nationally, this position is also equivalent to that of Head of Government of the Federal District and that is why these positions are sometimes referred to as "mayors" in English-language publications.
Plurality voting is an electoral system in which each voter is allowed to vote for only one candidate, and the candidate who polls the most among their counterparts is elected. In a system based on single-member districts, it may be called first-past-the-post (FPTP), single-choice voting, simple plurality or relative/simple majority. In a system based on multi-member districts, it may be referred to as winner-takes-all or bloc voting. The system is often used to elect members of a legislative assembly or executive officers. It is the most common form of the system, and is used in most elections in the United States, the lower house in India, elections to the House of Commons and English local elections in the United Kingdom and Canada.
The largest municipality by population in Baja California Sur is Los Cabos, with 287,671 residents, and the smallest is Loreto with 18,912 residents. 32,111.91 km2 (12,398.48 sq mi), while Los Cabos is the smallest at 3,760.02 km2 (1,451.75 sq mi). The first municipality to incorporate was Loreto on July 2, 1822, and the newest municipality is Los Cabos which incorporated April 10, 1980.The largest municipality by area in Baja California Sur and second largest in Mexico is Mulegé, which spans
Los Cabos is a municipality located at the southern tip of Mexico's Baja California Peninsula, in the state of Baja California Sur. It encompasses the two towns of Cabo San Lucas and San José del Cabo linked by a twenty-mile Resort Corridor of beach-front properties and championship golf courses. The area was remote and rural until the latter 20th century, when the Mexican government began to develop Cabo San Lucas for tourism, which then spread east to the municipal seat. The main draw is the climate and geography, where desert meets the sea, along with sport fishing, resorts and golf. This tourism is by far the main economic activity with over two million visitors per year. Over 1 million visit from the United States.
Loreto is a municipality of the Mexican state of Baja California Sur. It was created in 1992 from the partition of the neighboring Comondú Municipality. The municipal seat is in the town of Loreto, which was the former capital of Las Californias during Spanish colonial times.
Mulegé is the northernmost municipality of the Mexican state of Baja California Sur. It is the second-largest municipality by area in the country, with an area of 32,092.2 km². In the census of 2010 it had a population of 59,114 inhabitants. Isla Natividad is part of the municipality.
San José del Cabo is a city located in southern Baja California Sur state, Mexico. It is the seat of Los Cabos Municipality lying at a shallow bay 20 miles (32 km) northeast of Cabo San Lucas on the Gulf of California. The city has a population of 93,069 as of 2015. San José del Cabo together with Cabo San Lucas are known as Los Cabos. Together they form a metropolitan area of 305,983 inhabitants.
La Paz is the capital city of the Mexican state of Baja California Sur and an important regional commercial center. The city had a 2015 census population of 244,219 inhabitants, making it the most populous city in the state. Its metropolitan population is somewhat larger because of the surrounding towns, such as El Centenario, Chametla and San Pedro. It is in La Paz Municipality, which is the fourth-largest municipality in Mexico in geographical size and reported a population of 290,286 inhabitants on a land area of 20,275 km2 (7,828 sq mi).
Ciudad Constitución is a city in the Mexican state of Baja California Sur. It is the seat of Comondú Municipality. As of 2015, the city had a total population of 44,918 inhabitants.. Ciudad Constitución is a small city which serves as a gateway to Magdalena Bay.
|Change||Land area||Population density|
|Comondú||Ciudad Constitución||72,564||70,816||+2.5%||18,367.99||7,091.92||4.0/km2 (10.2/sq mi)||April 22, 1850|
| La Paz ||La Paz||272,711||251,871||+8.3%||15,868.46||6,126.85||17.2/km2 (44.5/sq mi)||February 16, 1831|
|Loreto||Loreto||18,912||16,738||+13.0%||4,636.74||1,790.25||4.1/km2 (10.6/sq mi)||July 2, 1822|
|Los Cabos||San José del Cabo||287,671||238,487||+20.6%||3,760.02||1,451.75||76.5/km2 (198.2/sq mi)||April 10, 1980|
|Mulegé||Santa Rosalía||60,171||59,114||+1.8%||32,111.91||12,398.48||1.9/km2 (4.9/sq mi)||April 22, 1850|
|Baja California Sur||—||712,029||637,026||+11.8%||74,745.12||28,859.25||9.5/km2 (24.7/sq mi)||—|
|Mexico||—||119,938,473||112,336,538||+6.8%||1,972,550||761,606||60.8/km2 (157.5/sq mi)||—|
Campeche is a state in Southeast Mexico that is divided into eleven municipalities. According to the 2015 Mexican Intercensal Survey, Campeche is the third least populous state with 899,931 inhabitants and the 17th largest by land area spanning 57,693.59 square kilometres (22,275.62 sq mi).
Tabasco is a state in Southeast Mexico that is divided into 17 municipalities. According to the 2015 Mexican Intercensal Survey, it is the state that has the 20th largest with 2,238,603 inhabitants and is the 24th largest by land area spanning 24,738 square kilometres (9,551 sq mi).
Coahuila is a state in Northeast Mexico that is divided into 38 municipalities. According to the 2015 Mexican Intercensal Survey, Coahuila is the 16th most populous state with 2,954,915 inhabitants and the third largest by land area spanning 151,846.16 square kilometres (58,628.13 sq mi).
Aguascalientes is a state in North Central Mexico that is divided into eleven municipalities. According to the 2015 Mexican Intercensal Survey, Aguascalientes is the sixth least populous state with 1,312,544 inhabitants and the fourth smallest by land area spanning 5,630.27 square kilometres (2,173.86 sq mi).
Baja California is a state in Northwest Mexico that is divided into five municipalities.. According to the 2015 Mexican Intercensal Survey, Baja California is the 13th most populous state with 3,315,766 inhabitants and the 12th largest by land area spanning 73,290.08 square kilometres (28,297.46 sq mi).
Guerrero is a state in Southwest Mexico that is divided into 81 municipalities. According to the 2015 Mexican Intercensal Survey, Aguascalientes is the 12th most populous state with 3,533,251 inhabitants and the 14th largest by land area spanning 63,803.42 square kilometres (24,634.64 sq mi).
Chiapas is a state in Southwest Mexico. According to the 2015 Mexican Intercensal Survey, it is the state that has the seventh largest population with 5,217,908 inhabitants and the 10th largest by land area spanning 73,560.47 square kilometres (28,401.86 sq mi). Chiapas is officially divided into 124 municipalities, although the establishment of municipal authorities in Belisario Domínguez has been suspended since 2015 pending the resolution of a territorial dispute between Chiapas and the neighbouring state of Oaxaca. A 125th municipality called Honduras de la Sierra, consisting of six ejidos currently part of Siltepec, will be incorporated on October 1, 2018.
Chihuahua is a state in Northwest Mexico that is divided into 67 municipalities. According to the 2015 Mexican Intercensal Survey, Chihuahua is the 11th most populous state with 3,554,877 inhabitants and the largest by land area spanning 247,798.08 square kilometres (95,675.37 sq mi).
Colima is a state in West Mexico that is divided into ten municipalities. According to the 2015 Mexican Intercensal Survey, it is the state that has the smallest population with 711,235 inhabitants and is the fifth smallest by land area spanning 5,801.75 square kilometres (2,240.07 sq mi).
Durango is a state in Northwest Mexico that is divided into 39 municipalities. According to the 2015 Mexican Intercensal Survey, Durango is the 23rd most populous state with 1,754,754 inhabitants but the 4th largest by land area spanning 123,575.36 square kilometres (47,712.71 sq mi). Durango has a population density of 123,575.36 square kilometres (47,712.71 sq mi) making it Mexico's second-lowest state by population density, after Baja California Sur.
Guanajuato is a state in North Central Mexico that is divided into 46 municipalities. According to the 2015 Mexican Intercensal Survey, Guanajuato is the sixth most populous state with 5,853,677 inhabitants and the 22nd largest by land area spanning 30,691.61 square kilometres (11,850.10 sq mi).
Hidalgo is a state in East Mexico that is divided into 84 municipalities.
Nuevo León is a state in Northeast Mexico that is divided into 51 municipalities.
Zacatecas is a state in North Central Mexico that is divided into 58 municipalities. According to the 2015 Mexican Intercensal Survey, it is the state that has the 8th smallest population with 1,579,209 inhabitants and the 8th largest by land area spanning 75,539 square kilometres (29,166 sq mi).
Comondú is a municipality of the Mexican state of Baja California Sur. It had a population of 70,816 inhabitants in 2010 census (INEGI). With a land area of 16,858.3 km², it is the seventh-largest municipality in area in Mexico. The municipal seat is located in Ciudad Constitución.