Municipalities of Baja California Sur

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Map of Mexico with Baja California Sur highlighted
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Municipalities of Baja California Sur

Baja California Sur is a state in Northwest Mexico that is divided into five municipalities. [1] According to the 2015 Mexican Intercensal Survey, Baja California Sur is the second least populous state with 712,029 inhabitants and the 11th largest by land area spanning 74,745.12 square kilometres (28,859.25 sq mi). [1] [2]

Baja California Sur State of Mexico

Baja California Sur, officially the Estado Libre y Soberano de Baja California Sur, is the second-smallest Mexican state by population and the 31st admitted state of the 31 states which, with Mexico City, make up the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico.

Mexico Country in the southern portion of North America

Mexico, officially the United Mexican States, is a country in the southern portion of North America. It is bordered to the north by the United States; to the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; to the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and to the east by the Gulf of Mexico. Covering almost 2,000,000 square kilometres (770,000 sq mi), the nation is the fifth largest country in the Americas by total area and the 13th largest independent state in the world. With an estimated population of over 120 million people, the country is the tenth most populous state and the most populous Spanish-speaking state in the world, while being the second most populous nation in Latin America after Brazil. Mexico is a federation comprising 31 states and Mexico City, a special federal entity that is also the capital city and its most populous city. Other metropolises in the state include Guadalajara, Monterrey, Puebla, Toluca, Tijuana and León.

Municipalities are the second-level administrative divisions of Mexico, where the first-level administrative division is the state. As of the establishment of two new municipalities in Chiapas in September 2017, there are 2,448 municipalities in Mexico, not including the 16 delegaciones of Mexico City. The internal political organization and their responsibilities are outlined in the 115th article of the 1917 Constitution and detailed in the constitutions of the states to which they belong.

Municipalities in Baja California Sur are administratively autonomous of the state according to the 115th article of the 1917 Constitution of Mexico. [3] Every three years, citizens elect a municipal president (Spanish: presidente municipal) by a plurality voting system who heads a concurrently elected municipal council (ayuntamiento) responsible for providing all the public services for their constituents. The municipal council consists of a variable number of trustees and councillors (regidores y síndicos). [4] Municipalities are responsible for public services (such as water and sewerage), street lighting, public safety, traffic, supervision of slaughterhouses and the maintenance of public parks, gardens and cemeteries. [5] They may also assist the state and federal governments in education, emergency fire and medical services, environmental protection and maintenance of monuments and historical landmarks. Since 1984, they have had the power to collect property taxes and user fees, although more funds are obtained from the state and federal governments than from their own income. [5]

Constitution of Mexico supreme norm of the Mexican united states.

The Constitution of Mexico, formally the Political Constitution of the United Mexican States is the current constitution of Mexico. It was drafted in Santiago de Querétaro, in the State of Querétaro, by a constitutional convention, during the Mexican Revolution. It was approved by the Constitutional Congress on 5 February 1917. It is the successor to the Constitution of 1857, and earlier Mexican constitutions.

A presidente municipal is the chief of government of municipios in Mexico. This title was also used in the Philippines under the Spanish and American colonization; it is comparable to a mayor of the town or city. The position is comparable to the county executive of a county in the United States or to the mayor of a city in the United States, although the jurisdiction of a presidente municipal includes not only a city but the municipality surrounding it. Nationally, this position is also equivalent to that of Head of Government of the Federal District and that is why these positions are sometimes referred to as "mayors" in English-language publications.

Plurality voting is an electoral system in which each voter is allowed to vote for only one candidate, and the candidate who polls the most among their counterparts is elected. In a system based on single-member districts, it may be called first-past-the-post (FPTP), single-choice voting, simple plurality or relative/simple majority. In a system based on multi-member districts, it may be referred to as winner-takes-all or bloc voting. The system is often used to elect members of a legislative assembly or executive officers. It is the most common form of the system, and is used in most elections in the United States, the lower house in India, elections to the House of Commons and English local elections in the United Kingdom and Canada.

The largest municipality by population in Baja California Sur is Los Cabos, with 287,671 residents, and the smallest is Loreto with 18,912 residents. [1] The largest municipality by area in Baja California Sur and second largest in Mexico is Mulegé, which spans 32,111.91 km2 (12,398.48 sq mi), while Los Cabos is the smallest at 3,760.02 km2 (1,451.75 sq mi). [2] The first municipality to incorporate was Loreto on July 2, 1822, and the newest municipality is Los Cabos which incorporated April 10, 1980. [6]

Los Cabos Municipality Municipality in Baja California Sur, Mexico

Los Cabos is a municipality located at the southern tip of Mexico's Baja California Peninsula, in the state of Baja California Sur. It encompasses the two towns of Cabo San Lucas and San José del Cabo linked by a twenty-mile Resort Corridor of beach-front properties and championship golf courses. The area was remote and rural until the latter 20th century, when the Mexican government began to develop Cabo San Lucas for tourism, which then spread east to the municipal seat. The main draw is the climate and geography, where desert meets the sea, along with sport fishing, resorts and golf. This tourism is by far the main economic activity with over two million visitors per year. Over 1 million visit from the United States.

Loreto Municipality, Baja California Sur Municipality in Baja California Sur, Mexico

Loreto is a municipality of the Mexican state of Baja California Sur. It was created in 1992 from the partition of the neighboring Comondú Municipality. The municipal seat is in the town of Loreto, which was the former capital of Las Californias during Spanish colonial times.

Mulegé Municipality Municipality in Baja California Sur, Mexico

Mulegé is the northernmost municipality of the Mexican state of Baja California Sur. It is the second-largest municipality by area in the country, with an area of 32,092.2 km². In the census of 2010 it had a population of 59,114 inhabitants. Isla Natividad is part of the municipality.

Municipalities

San José del Cabo Place in Baja California Sur, Mexico

San José del Cabo is a city located in southern Baja California Sur state, Mexico. It is the seat of Los Cabos Municipality lying at a shallow bay 20 miles (32 km) northeast of Cabo San Lucas on the Gulf of California. The city has a population of 93,069 as of 2015. San José del Cabo together with Cabo San Lucas are known as Los Cabos. Together they form a metropolitan area of 305,983 inhabitants.

La Paz, Baja California Sur City in Baja California Sur, Mexico

La Paz is the capital city of the Mexican state of Baja California Sur and an important regional commercial center. The city had a 2015 census population of 244,219 inhabitants, making it the most populous city in the state. Its metropolitan population is somewhat larger because of the surrounding towns, such as El Centenario, Chametla and San Pedro. It is in La Paz Municipality, which is the fourth-largest municipality in Mexico in geographical size and reported a population of 290,286 inhabitants on a land area of 20,275 km2 (7,828 sq mi).

Ciudad Constitución Place in Baja California Sur, Mexico

Ciudad Constitución is a city in the Mexican state of Baja California Sur. It is the seat of Comondú Municipality. As of 2015, the city had a total population of 44,918 inhabitants.. Ciudad Constitución is a small city which serves as a gateway to Magdalena Bay.

Dagger-14-plain.png State capital

NameMunicipal seatPopulation
(2015) [1] [7]
Population
(2010) [8]
ChangeLand area [2] Population density
(2015)
Incorporation date [6]
km2sq mi
Comondú Ciudad Constitución 72,56470,816+2.5%18,367.997,091.92April 22, 1850
La Paz Dagger-14-plain.png La Paz 272,711251,871+8.3%15,868.466,126.85February 16, 1831
Loreto Loreto 18,91216,738+13.0%4,636.741,790.25July 2, 1822
Los Cabos San José del Cabo 287,671238,487+20.6%3,760.021,451.75April 10, 1980
Mulegé Santa Rosalía 60,17159,114+1.8%32,111.9112,398.48April 22, 1850
Baja California Sur 712,029637,026+11.8%74,745.1228,859.25
Mexico [9] 119,938,473112,336,538+6.8%1,972,550761,606

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 "Número de habitantes". INEGI (National Institute of Statistics and Geography). Retrieved July 15, 2017.
  2. 1 2 3 "Unidad de Microrregiones Cédulas de Información Municipal (SCIM)" (in Spanish). Secretaría de Desarrollo Social. Retrieved November 18, 2017.
  3. "Constitución Política de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos". Article 115,  of 1917 (in Spanish). Retrieved September 27, 2017.
  4. OECD (November 12, 2004). New Forms of Governance for Economic Development. OECD Publishing. p. 121. ISBN   9264015329.
  5. 1 2 International Business Publications (2009). Mexico Company Laws and Regulations Handbook. p. 42. ISBN   1-4330-7030-8.
  6. 1 2 Estado de Baja California Sur. División Territorial de 1810 a 1995 (PDF) (in Spanish). Mexico: INEGI. 1996. p. 67. ISBN   970-13-1491-3.
  7. "Tabulados de la Encuesta Intercensal 2015" (xls) (in Spanish). INEGI . Retrieved July 15, 2017.
  8. "Localidades y su población por municipio según tamaño de localidad" (PDF) (in Spanish). INEGI . Retrieved July 15, 2017.
  9. "Población" (in Spanish). INEGI . Retrieved January 20, 2018.