The municipalities of Brazil (Portuguese : municípios do Brasil) are administrative divisions of the Brazilian states. Brazil currently has 5,570 municipalities, which, given the 2019 population estimate of 210,147,125, makes an average municipality population of 37,728 inhabitants. The average state in Brazil has 214 municipalities. Roraima is the least subdivided state, with 15 municipalities, while Minas Gerais is the most subdivided state, with 853.
The Federal District cannot be divided into municipalities, which is why its territory is composed of several administrative regions. These regions are directly managed by the government of the Federal District, which exercises constitutional and legal powers that are equivalent to those of the states, as well as those of the municipalities, thus simultaneously assuming all the obligations arising from them.
The 1988 Brazilian Constitution treats the municipalities as parts of the Federation and not simply dependent subdivisions of the states. Each municipality has an autonomous local government, comprising a mayor (prefeito) and a legislative body called municipal chamber ( câmara municipal ). Both the local government and the legislative body are directly elected by the population every four years. These elections take place at the same time all over the country; the last municipal elections were held on 15 November 2020. Each municipality has the constitutional power to approve its own laws, as well as collecting taxes and receiving funds from the state and federal governments.However, municipal governments have no judicial power per se, and courts are only organised at the state or federal level. A subdivision of the state judiciary, or comarca , can either correspond to an individual municipality or encompass several municipalities.
The seat of the municipal administration is a nominated city (cidade), with no specification in the law about the minimum population, area or facilities. The city always has the same name as the municipality, as they are not treated as distinct entities. Municipalities can be subdivided, only for administrative purposes, into districts (normally, new municipalities are formed from these districts). Other populated sites are villages, but with no legal effect or regulation. Almost all municipalities are subdivided into neighbourhoods ( bairros ), although most municipalities do not officially define their neighbourhood limits (usually small cities in the countryside).
Municipalities can be split or merged to form new municipalities within the borders of the state, if the population of the involved municipalities expresses a desire to do so in a plebiscite.However, these must abide by the Brazilian Constitution, and forming exclaves or seceding from the state or union is expressly forbidden.
Goiás is a state of Brazil, located in the Center-West region of the country. The name Goiás comes from the name of an indigenous community. The original word seems to have been guaiá, a compound of gua e iá, meaning "the same person" or "people of the same origin." It borders the Federal District and the states of Tocantins, Bahia, Minas Gerais, Mato Grosso do Sul and Mato Grosso. The state has 3.3% of the Brazilian population and is responsible for 2.7% of the Brazilian GDP.
The federative units of Brazil are subnational entities with a certain degree of autonomy and endowed with their own government and constitution, which together form the Federative Republic of Brazil. There are 26 states and one federal district. The states are generally based on historical, conventional borders which have developed over time. The states are divided into municipalities, while the Federal District assumes the competences of both a state and a municipality.
Mato Grosso do Sul is one of the Midwestern states of Brazil. Neighboring Brazilian states are Mato Grosso, Goiás, Minas Gerais, São Paulo and Paraná. It also borders the countries of Paraguay, to the southwest, and Bolivia, to the west. The economy of the state is largely based on agriculture and cattle-raising. Crossed in the south by the Tropic of Capricorn, Mato Grosso do Sul generally has a warm, sometimes hot, and humid climate, and is crossed by numerous tributaries of the Paraná River. The state has 1,3% of the Brazilian population and is responsible for 1,5% of the Brazilian GDP.
Bauru is a Brazilian municipality in midwestern region of the state of São Paulo. It is the main city of the mesoregion and microregion of Bauru. The population is 379,297 in an area of 667.68 km². Established in 1896, its boundaries are Reginópolis to the north, Arealva to the northeast, Pederneiras to the east, Agudos and Piratininga to the south and Avaí to the west.
Cruzeiro is a municipality in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. It is located about 220 km (137 mi) from the state capital. It is part of the Metropolitan Region of Vale do Paraíba e Litoral Norte. The population is 82,571 in an area of 305,70 km².
Montes Claros is a city located in northern Minas Gerais state, in Brazil. The population is 413,487 in an area of 3569 km². It was made a seat of a municipality in 1831 and attained city status in 1857.
The Central-West or Center-West Region of Brazil is composed of the states of Goiás, Mato Grosso and Mato Grosso do Sul; along with Distrito Federal, where Brazil's national capital, Brasília, is situated. This Region is right in the heart of Brazil, representing 18.86% of the national territory.
The Brazilian Highway System is the highway system of Brazil. As of 2010, the system consists of almost 2 million kilometers of roads, of which approximately 200,000 km are paved.
Três Fronteiras is a municipality in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. The population is 5,832 in an area of 151.59 km². The elevation is 395 m. The name Três Fronteiras refers to the nearby tripoint of the states São Paulo, Minas Gerais and Mato Grosso do Sul, but the municipality does not touch this tripoint. Most of the population are farmers.
The Regional Federal Courts are the courts of appeal of Federal Courts of Brazil. They represent the second instance courts of the Brazilian Federal Justice system and are responsible not only for appeal processes against trial court decisions, but also for writs of security, Habeas corpus, and Habeas data against acts by federal judges, motions to set aside judgments, criminal revisions, and conflicts of jurisdiction.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Brazil:
The following is an alphabetical list of articles related to the Federative Republic of Brazil.
The Miss Brasil 2002 pageant took place 7 April 2002. Each state and the Federal District competed for their state and went to win the title of the Brazilian crown. The winner entered Miss Universe 2002. Miss Brasil Mundo would enter Miss World 2002. Miss Internacional Brasil would enter Miss International 2002. The winner was dethroned after coming back from Miss Universe due to being married at the time of the pageant. The first runner-up, Taíza Thomsen from Santa Catarina, was subsequently crowned Miss Brazil.
The Miss Brasil 2003 pageant took place on April 26, 2003. Each state and the Federal District competed for their state and to win the title of the Brazilian crown. The winner entered Miss Universe 2003. Miss Brasil Mundo would enter Miss World 2003. Miss Internacional Brasil entered Miss International 2003.
Pirapetinga is a municipality in the state of Minas Gerais in the Southeast region of Brazil. Its estimated population in 2020 was 10,772 inhabitants (IBGE).
The Miss Brasil 2010 pageant took place May 08, 2010, in the Memorial da América Latina in São Paulo. Each state and the Federal District competed for the title, won by Débora Lyra of Minas Gerais. She will represent the country at Miss Universe 2010. Miss Brasil Internacional is Lílian Lopes Pereira who will represent Brazil at Miss International 2010. Miss Brasil Continente Americano is Marylia Bernardt who will enter in Miss Continente Americano 2010.
Events in the year 2005 in Brazil.
Events in the year 2006 in Brazil.
In Brazil, the lords of Casa da Torre de Garcia d'Avila pioneered the livestock industry, often using indigenous labor as cowboys. However, a great drought in the Northeast and the discovery of precious minerals in Minas Gerais at the end of the 18th century moved the cattle ranch in Brazil to the Southeast and South, more specifically São Paulo and Rio Grande do Sul.
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