|This article is part of a series on the|
The municipalities of Brazil (Portuguese : municípios do Brasil) are administrative divisions of the Brazilian states. Brazil currently has 5,570 municipalities, which, given the 2019 population estimate of 210,147,125, makes an average municipality population of 37,728 inhabitants. The average state in Brazil has 214 municipalities. Roraima is the least subdivided state, with 15 municipalities, while Minas Gerais is the most, with 853. Northern states are divided into small numbers of large municipalities (e.g. Amazonas is divided into only 62 municipalities), and therefore they cover large areas incorporating several separated cities or towns that do not necessarily conform to one single conurbation. Southern and eastern states on the other hand, are divided into many small municipalities (e.g. Minas Gerais is divided into 853 municipalities), and therefore large urban areas usually extend over several municipalities which form one single conurbation.
The Federal District cannot be divided into municipalities, which is why its territory is composed of several administrative regions. These regions are directly managed by the government of the Federal District, which exercises constitutional and legal powers that are equivalent to those of the states, as well as those of the municipalities, thus simultaneously assuming all the obligations arising from them.
The 1988 Brazilian Constitution treats the municipalities as parts of the Federation and not simply dependent subdivisions of the states. Each municipality has an autonomous local government, comprising a mayor (prefeito) and a legislative body called municipal chamber ( câmara municipal ). Both the local government and the legislative body are directly elected by the population every four years. These elections take place at the same time all over the country; the last municipal elections were held on 15 November 2020. Each municipality has the constitutional power to approve its own laws, as well as collecting taxes and receiving funds from the state and federal governments.However, municipal governments have no judicial power per se, and courts are only organised at the state or federal level. A subdivision of the state judiciary, or comarca , can either correspond to an individual municipality or encompass several municipalities.
The seat of the municipal administration is a nominated city (cidade), with no specification in the law about the minimum population, area or facilities. The city always has the same name as the municipality, as they are not treated as distinct entities. Municipalities can be subdivided, only for administrative purposes, into districts (normally, new municipalities are formed from these districts). Other populated sites are villages, but with no legal effect or regulation. Almost all municipalities are subdivided into neighbourhoods ( bairros ), although most municipalities do not officially define their neighbourhood limits (usually small cities in the countryside).
Municipalities can be split or merged to form new municipalities within the borders of the state, if the population of the involved municipalities expresses a desire to do so in a plebiscite.However, these must abide by the Brazilian Constitution, and forming exclaves or seceding from the state or union is expressly forbidden.
The federative units of Brazil are subnational entities with a certain degree of autonomy and endowed with their own government and constitution, which together form the Federative Republic of Brazil. There are 26 states and one federal district. The states are generally based on historical, conventional borders which have developed over time. The states are divided into municipalities, while the Federal District assumes the competences of both a state and a municipality.
Bauru is a Brazilian municipality in midwestern region of the state of São Paulo. It is the main city of the mesoregion and microregion of Bauru. The population is 379,297 in an area of 667.68 km2. Established in 1896, its boundaries are Reginópolis to the north, Arealva to the northeast, Pederneiras to the east, Agudos and Piratininga to the south and Avaí to the west.
Military Police are the preventive state police of the states and of the Federal District of Brazil. The Military Police units are the main ostensive police force at the state level and are responsible for policing and maintaining the public order. Their formations, rules and uniforms vary depending on the state. Investigative work and forensics are undertaken by the Civil Police of each state.
Regional Electoral Court is a level of the electoral court system in Brazil. The regional courts are in charge of elections at the state level.
Brazil is divided into several types and levels of subdivisions.
The Regional Federal Courts are the courts of appeal of Federal Courts of Brazil. They represent the second instance courts of the Brazilian Federal Justice system and are responsible not only for appeal processes against trial court decisions, but also for writs of security, Habeas corpus, and Habeas data against acts by federal judges, motions to set aside judgments, criminal revisions, and conflicts of jurisdiction.
The Miss Brazil 2000 pageant took place April 7, 2000. Each state and the Federal District competed for their state and went win the title of the Brazilian Crown. The winner would enter the Miss Universe beauty pageant.
The Miss Brazil 2001 pageant took place March 26, 2001. Each state and the Federal District competed for their state and went win the title of the Brazilian Crown. The winner would enter Miss Universe 2001. Miss Internacional Brazil would enter Miss International 2001. This year was the first time that Miss Brazil World was separated from the pageant for only 1 year with winner of that contest competing at Miss World 2001.
The Miss Brazil 2002 pageant took place 7 April 2002. Each state and the Federal District competed for their state and went to win the title of the Brazilian crown. The winner entered Miss Universe 2002. Miss Brazil Mundo would enter Miss World 2002. Miss Internacional Brazil would enter Miss International 2002. The winner was dethroned after coming back from Miss Universe due to being married at the time of the pageant. The first runner-up, Taíza Thomsen from Santa Catarina, was subsequently crowned Miss Brazil.
The Miss Brazil 2003 pageant took place on April 26, 2003. Each state and the Federal District competed to win the title of the Brazilian crown. The winner entered Miss Universe 2003. Miss Brazil Mundo would enter Miss World 2003. Miss Internacional Brazil entered Miss International 2003.
Código de Endereçamento Postal is the Brazilian postal code system commonly known as CEP. Introduced in 1972 as a sequence of five digits, it was expanded to eight digits in 1992 to allow for more precise localization. The standard format is "nnnnn-nnn".
The Miss Brazil 2010 pageant took place May 08, 2010, in the Memorial da América Latina in São Paulo. Each state and the Federal District competed for the title, won by Débora Lyra of Minas Gerais. She will represent the country at Miss Universe 2010. Miss Brazil International is Lílian Lopes Pereira who will represent Brazil at Miss International 2010. Miss Brazil Continente Americano is Marylia Bernardt who will enter in Miss Continente Americano 2010.
The Brazilian municipal elections of 2012 took place on October 7 and on October 28. Over 138 million voters chose mayors, deputy mayors and city councillors for the 5,568 municipalities of Brazil. These were the first elections in which the recently registered parties Partido Pátria Livre (PPL) and Partido Social Democrático (PSD) participated; they were both recognized by the Superior Electoral Court in 2011. Political parties whose candidates wished to run for the 2012 elections had to be registered at the TSE for at least one year before the election date, while candidates also had to be affiliated to a party for the same period of time. Conventions for the selection of candidates within the parties occurred between 10 and 30 June, while the registry of candidates and alliances with the Regional Electoral Courts took place until July 5. Electoral campaign was authorized from the moment a candidacy had been registered. The free electoral program – two daily slots on free-to-air TV and radio for political advertising paid by the Electoral Justice fund – ran weekdays from 21 August until 4 October. According to the current Brazilian electoral law, the two-round system – should the leading candidate receive less than 50% +1 of the votes – is only available for cities with more than 200,000 voters. This includes all state capitals, with the exception of Boa Vista, Roraima and Palmas, Tocantins, plus 59 other municipalities. The free electoral program for the second round ran from 13 October until 26 October.
The Miss Brazil 2012 was the 58th edition of the Miss Brazil pageant, was held in Fortaleza on September 29, 2012. The winner was Gabriela Markus who has represented your home country in the 2012 Miss Universe pageant. Twenty six delegates from each state and the Federal District competed for the crown. Current titleholder, Priscila Machado of Rio Grande do Sul, crowned her successor at the end of the event.
Events from the year 2012 in Brazil.
Miss Brazil 2013, the 59th edition of the Miss Brazil pageant, was held in Belo Horizonte on September 28, 2013. The winner was Jakelyne Oliveira, who represented Brazil in the 2013 Miss Universe pageant. Twenty-six delegates from each state and the Federal District competed for the crown. The previous titleholder, Gabriela Markus of Rio Grande do Sul, crowned her successor at the end of the event.
Events in the year 2005 in Brazil.
Events in the year 1997 in Brazil.
Miss Brazil 1999 was the 45th edition of the Miss Brazil pageant. It was held on 8 April 1999 at Scala Rio in Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil and was hosted by Deise Nunes. Michella Marchi of Mato Grosso do Sul crowned her successor Renata Fan of Rio Grande do Sul at the end of the event. Fan represented Brazil at the Miss Universe 1999 pageant. 1st Runner-Up, Paula Carvalho of Rio de Janeiro, represented Brazil at Miss World 1999 and 2nd Runner-Up, Alessandra Nascimento of Minas Gerais, represented the country at Miss International 1999.