Chihuahua is a state in Northwest Mexico that is divided into 67 municipalities. 3,554,877 inhabitants and the largest by land area spanning 247,798.08 square kilometres (95,675.37 sq mi).According to the 2015 Mexican Intercensal Survey, Chihuahua is the 11th most populous state with
Chihuahua, officially the Free and Sovereign State of Chihuahua, is one of the 31 states of Mexico. It is located in Northwestern Mexico and is bordered by the states of Sonora to the west, Sinaloa to the southwest, Durango to the south, and Coahuila to the east. To the north and northeast, it has a long border with the U.S. adjacent to the U.S. states of New Mexico and Texas. Its capital city is Chihuahua City.
Mexico, officially the United Mexican States, is a country in the southern portion of North America. It is bordered to the north by the United States; to the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; to the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and to the east by the Gulf of Mexico. Covering almost 2,000,000 square kilometres (770,000 sq mi), the nation is the fifth largest country in the Americas by total area and the 13th largest independent state in the world. With an estimated population of over 120 million people, the country is the eleventh most populous state and the most populous Spanish-speaking state in the world, while being the second most populous nation in Latin America after Brazil. Mexico is a federation comprising 31 states and Mexico City, a special federal entity that is also the capital city and its most populous city. Other metropolises in the state include Guadalajara, Monterrey, Puebla, Toluca, Tijuana and León.
Municipalities are the second-level administrative divisions of Mexico, where the first-level administrative division is the state. As of the establishment of two new municipalities in Chiapas in September 2017, there are 2,448 municipalities in Mexico, not including the 16 delegaciones of Mexico City. The internal political organization and their responsibilities are outlined in the 115th article of the 1917 Constitution and detailed in the constitutions of the states to which they belong.
Municipalities in Chihuahua are administratively autonomous of the state according to the 115th article of the 1917 Constitution of Mexico.Every three years, citizens elect a municipal president (Spanish: presidente municipal) by a plurality voting system who heads a concurrently elected municipal council (ayuntamiento) responsible for providing all the public services for their constituents. The municipal council consists of a variable number of trustees and councillors (regidores y síndicos). Municipalities are responsible for public services (such as water and sewerage), street lighting, public safety, traffic, supervision of slaughterhouses and the maintenance of public parks, gardens and cemeteries. They may also assist the state and federal governments in education, emergency fire and medical services, environmental protection and maintenance of monuments and historical landmarks. Since 1984, they have had the power to collect property taxes and user fees, although more funds are obtained from the state and federal governments than from their own income.
The Constitution of Mexico, formally the Political Constitution of the United Mexican States is the current constitution of Mexico. It was drafted in Santiago de Querétaro, in the State of Querétaro, by a constitutional convention, during the Mexican Revolution. It was approved by the Constitutional Congress on 5 February 1917. It is the successor to the Constitution of 1857, and earlier Mexican constitutions.
A presidente municipal is the chief of government of municipios in Mexico. This title was also used in the Philippines under the Spanish and American colonization; it is comparable to a mayor of the town or city. The position is comparable to the county executive of a county in the United States or to the mayor of a city in the United States, although the jurisdiction of a presidente municipal includes not only a city but the municipality surrounding it. Nationally, this position is also equivalent to that of Head of Government of the Federal District and that is why these positions are sometimes referred to as "mayors" in English-language publications.
Plurality voting is an electoral system in which each voter is allowed to vote for only one candidate, and the candidate who polls the most among their counterparts is elected. In a system based on single-member districts, it may be called first-past-the-post (FPTP), single-choice voting, simple plurality or relative/simple majority. In a system based on multi-member districts, it may be referred to as winner-takes-all or bloc voting. The system is often used to elect members of a legislative assembly or executive officers. It is the most common form of the system, and is used in most elections in the United States, the lower house in India, elections to the House of Commons and English local elections in the United Kingdom and Canada.
The largest municipality by population is Ciudad Juárez, Mexico's fifth largest municipality with 1,391,180 residents or approximately 39.1% of the state population. The smallest municipality by population is Huejotitán with 952 residents. The largest municipality by land area is Ahumada which spans 16,927.60 km2 (6,535.78 sq mi), and the smallest is Santa Bárbara which spans 346.15 km2 (133.65 sq mi). The first municipality to incorporate was Rosales on July 8, 1820 and the newest municipality is Guachochi which incorporated January 9, 1963.
Ciudad Juárez is the most populous city in the Mexican state of Chihuahua. The city is commonly referred to by locals as simply Juárez, and was known as Paso del Norte until 1888. Juárez is the seat of the municipality of Juárez with an estimated population of 1,428,508. The city lies on the Rio Grande river, south of El Paso, Texas, United States. Together with the surrounding areas, the cities form El Paso–Juárez, the second largest binational metropolitan area on the Mexico–U.S. border, with a combined population of almost 2.3 million people.
Huejotitán is a village and seat of the municipality of Huejotitán, in the northern Mexican state of Chihuahua. As of 2010, Huejotitán had a population of 243, down from 244 as of 2005.
Ahumada is one of the 67 municipalities of Chihuahua, in northern Mexico. The municipal seat lies at Villa Ahumada. The municipality covers an area of 17,131.5 km².
The city of Chihuahua is the state capital of the Mexican state of Chihuahua. As of 2017, the city of Chihuahua had a population of 878,062 inhabitants. while the metropolitan area had a population of 1,036,806 inhabitants.
|Change||Land area||Population density|
|Ahumada||Miguel Ahumada||12,568||11,457||+9.7%||16,927.60||6,535.78||0.7/km2 (1.9/sq mi)||July 14, 1894|
|Aldama||Juan Aldama||24,761||22,302||+11.0%||9,228.44||3,563.12||2.7/km2 (6.9/sq mi)||December 11, 1824|
|Allende||Valle de Ignacio Allende||8,751||8,409||+4.1%||2,136.76||825.01||4.1/km2 (10.6/sq mi)||January 5, 1826|
|Aquiles Serdán||Santa Eulalia||15,516||10,688||+45.2%||495.82||191.44||31.3/km2 (81.0/sq mi)||November 21, 1844|
|Ascensión||Ascensión||24,966||23,975||+4.1%||12,870.82||4,969.45||1.9/km2 (5.0/sq mi)||October 18, 1887|
|Bachiniva||Bachiniva||6,156||6,011||+2.4%||953.46||368.13||6.5/km2 (16.7/sq mi)||November 21, 1844|
|Balleza||Mariano Balleza||16,824||17,672||−4.8%||5,414.88||2,090.70||3.1/km2 (8.0/sq mi)||January 5, 1826|
|Batopilas||Batopilas||11,289||14,362||−21.4%||2,140.81||826.57||5.3/km2 (13.7/sq mi)||January 5, 1826|
|Bocoyna||Bocoyna||27,909||28,766||−3.0%||2,710.21||1,046.42||10.3/km2 (26.7/sq mi)||November 26, 1911|
|Buenaventura||San Buenaventura||23,438||22,378||+4.7%||7,920.80||3,058.24||3.0/km2 (7.7/sq mi)||January 5, 1826|
|Camargo||Santa Rosalía de Camargo||51,572||48,748||+5.8%||13,767.90||5,315.82||3.7/km2 (9.7/sq mi)||August 4, 1830|
|Carichi||Carichi||9,211||8,795||+4.7%||2,594.73||1,001.83||3.5/km2 (9.2/sq mi)||November 21, 1844|
|Casas Grandes||Casas Grandes||11,432||10,587||+8.0%||3,759.17||1,451.42||3.0/km2 (7.9/sq mi)||March 17, 1855|
| Chihuahua ||Chihuahua||878,062||819,543||+7.1%||8,393.34||3,240.69||104.6/km2 (270.9/sq mi)||August 7, 1821|
|Chínipas||Chínipas de Almada||7,501||8,441||−11.1%||1,993.14||769.56||3.8/km2 (9.7/sq mi)||November 21, 1844|
|Coronado||José Esteban Coronado||2,096||2,284||−8.2%||1,893.45||731.07||1.1/km2 (2.9/sq mi)||May 10, 1860|
|Coyame del Sotol||Santiago de Coyame||1,684||1,681||+0.2%||11,664.60||4,503.73||0.1/km2 (0.4/sq mi)||November 21, 1844|
|La Cruz||La Cruz||3,861||3,982||−3.0%||1,054.64||407.20||3.7/km2 (9.5/sq mi)||April 21, 1868|
|Cuauhtémoc||Ciudad Cuauhtémoc||168,482||154,639||+9.0%||3,613.21||1,395.07||46.6/km2 (120.8/sq mi)||July 23, 1927|
|Cusihuiriachi||Cusihuiriachi||4,594||5,414||−15.1%||1,610.56||621.84||2.9/km2 (7.4/sq mi)||July 19, 1823|
|Delicias||Delicias||148,045||137,935||+7.3%||533.92||206.15||277.3/km2 (718.2/sq mi)||January 12, 1935|
|Dr. Belisario Domínguez||San Lorenzo||2,491||2,911||−14.4%||1,034.66||399.48||2.4/km2 (6.2/sq mi)||July 19, 1823|
|El Tule||El Tule||1,697||1,869||−9.2%||470.50||181.66||3.6/km2 (9.3/sq mi)||February 22, 1859|
|Galeana||Hermenegildo Galeana||6,021||5,892||+2.2%||1,731.53||668.55||3.5/km2 (9.0/sq mi)||September 21, 1829|
|Gómez Farías||Valentín Gómez Farias||8,905||8,624||+3.3%||854.41||329.89||10.4/km2 (27.0/sq mi)||December 15, 1951|
|Gran Morelos||San Nicolás de Carretas||2,466||3,209||−23.2%||486.14||187.70||5.1/km2 (13.1/sq mi)||July 19, 1823|
|Guachochi||Guachochi||45,544||49,689||−8.3%||6,984.11||2,696.58||6.5/km2 (16.9/sq mi)||January 9, 1963|
|Guadalupe||Guadalupe||5,272||6,458||−18.4%||6,000.97||2,316.99||0.9/km2 (2.3/sq mi)||March 17, 1855|
|Guadalupe y Calvo||Guadalupe y Calvo||56,130||53,499||+4.9%||9,649.92||3,725.85||5.8/km2 (15.1/sq mi)||February 16, 1837|
|Guazapares||Témoris||7,429||8,998||−17.4%||1,825.89||704.98||4.1/km2 (10.5/sq mi)||November 21, 1844|
|Guerrero||Vicente Guerrero||39,064||39,626||−1.4%||5,737.99||2,215.45||6.8/km2 (17.6/sq mi)||January 5, 1826|
|Hidalgo del Parral||Hidalgo del Parral||109,510||107,061||+2.3%||1,926.86||743.96||56.8/km2 (147.2/sq mi)||August 7, 1821|
|Huejotitán||Huejotitán||952||1,049||−9.2%||854.34||329.86||1.1/km2 (2.9/sq mi)||November 21, 1844|
|Ignacio Zaragoza||Ignacio Zaragoza||6,903||6,934||−0.4%||2,864.20||1,105.87||2.4/km2 (6.2/sq mi)||May 24, 1941|
|Janos||Janos||10,974||10,953||+0.2%||7,420.46||2,865.06||1.5/km2 (3.8/sq mi)||February 16, 1837|
|Jiménez||José Mariano Jiménez||42,860||41,265||+3.9%||10,789.58||4,165.88||4.0/km2 (10.3/sq mi)||December 14, 1824|
|Juárez||Ciudad Juárez||1,391,180||1,332,131||+4.4%||3,550.43||1,370.83||391.8/km2 (1,014.8/sq mi)||January 5, 1826|
|Julimes||Julimes||4,448||4,953||−10.2%||4,125.54||1,592.88||1.1/km2 (2.8/sq mi)||August 28, 1833|
|López||Villa López (Octaviano López)||4,007||4,025||−0.4%||1,350.25||521.33||3.0/km2 (7.7/sq mi)||November 21, 1844|
|Madera||Cd. Madera||29,233||29,611||−1.3%||8,748.41||3,377.78||3.3/km2 (8.7/sq mi)||July 13, 1911|
|Maguarichi||Maguarichi||1,593||1,921||−17.1%||1,007.99||389.19||1.6/km2 (4.1/sq mi)||November 21, 1844|
|Manuel Benavides||Manuel Benavides||1,403||1,601||−12.4%||5,032.18||1,942.94||0.3/km2 (0.7/sq mi)||December 11, 1937|
|Matachi||Matachi||2,961||3,104||−4.6%||728.06||281.11||4.1/km2 (10.5/sq mi)||November 21, 1844|
|Matamoros||Mariano Matamoros||4,371||4,499||−2.8%||1,184.19||457.22||3.7/km2 (9.6/sq mi)||July 31, 1874|
|Meoqui||Pedro Meoqui||44,752||43,833||+2.1%||429.79||165.94||104.1/km2 (269.7/sq mi)||August 7, 1821|
|Morelos||Morelos||7,797||8,343||−6.5%||2,186.92||844.38||3.6/km2 (9.2/sq mi)||November 21, 1844|
|Moris||Moris||5,141||5,312||−3.2%||1,809.77||698.75||2.8/km2 (7.4/sq mi)||November 21, 1844|
|Namiquipa||Namiquipa||23,255||22,880||+1.6%||4,866.13||1,878.82||4.8/km2 (12.4/sq mi)||November 21, 1844|
|Nonoava||Nonoava||2,574||2,849||−9.7%||2,004.15||773.81||1.3/km2 (3.3/sq mi)||July 19, 1823|
|Nuevo Casas Grandes||Nuevo Casas Grandes||63,412||59,337||+6.9%||2,604.83||1,005.73||24.3/km2 (63.1/sq mi)||December 21, 1922|
|Ocampo||Melchor Ocampo||7,569||7,546||+0.3%||1,798.39||694.36||4.2/km2 (10.9/sq mi)||February 16, 1837|
|Ojinaga||Ojinaga||28,040||26,304||+6.6%||6,804.43||2,627.21||4.1/km2 (10.7/sq mi)||November 21, 1844|
|Práxedis G. Guerrero||Praxedis G. Guerrero||5,486||4,799||+14.3%||371.10||143.28||14.8/km2 (38.3/sq mi)||February 22, 1859|
|Riva Palacio||San Andrés||7,969||8,012||−0.5%||2,266.23||875.00||3.5/km2 (9.1/sq mi)||March 17, 1855|
|Rosales||Santa Cruz de Rosales||16,896||16,785||+0.7%||1,929.71||745.07||8.8/km2 (22.7/sq mi)||July 8, 1820|
|Rosario||Valle del Rosario||2,018||2,235||−9.7%||1,174.10||453.32||1.7/km2 (4.5/sq mi)||November 21, 1844|
|San Francisco de Borja||San Francisco de Borja||2,136||2,290||−6.7%||1,321.61||510.28||1.6/km2 (4.2/sq mi)||July 19, 1823|
|San Francisco de Conchos||San Francisco de Conchos||2,471||2,983||−17.2%||879.98||339.76||2.8/km2 (7.3/sq mi)||November 21, 1844|
|San Francisco del Oro||San Francisco del Oro||5,086||4,753||+7.0%||480.75||185.62||10.6/km2 (27.4/sq mi)||November 21, 1844|
|Santa Bárbara||Santa Bárbara||10,721||10,427||+2.8%||346.15||133.65||31.0/km2 (80.2/sq mi)||July 14, 1829|
|Santa Isabel||Santa Isabel||4,099||3,937||+4.1%||670.51||258.88||6.1/km2 (15.8/sq mi)||July 19, 1823|
|Satevo||San Francisco Javier de Satevo||3,159||3,662||−13.7%||3,562.15||1,375.35||0.9/km2 (2.3/sq mi)||November 21, 1844|
|Saucillo||Saucillo||31,196||32,325||−3.5%||3,044.34||1,175.43||10.2/km2 (26.5/sq mi)||December 2, 1896|
|Temósachi||Temósachi||6,425||6,211||+3.4%||4,280.77||1,652.81||1.5/km2 (3.9/sq mi)||November 21, 1844|
|Urique||Urique||20,947||20,386||+2.8%||3,307.24||1,276.93||6.3/km2 (16.4/sq mi)||December 14, 1860|
|Uruachi||Uruachi||6,094||8,200||−25.7%||2,663.07||1,028.22||2.3/km2 (5.9/sq mi)||November 21, 1844|
|Valle de Zaragoza||Valle de Zaragoza||5,199||5,105||+1.8%||2,959.10||1,142.51||1.8/km2 (4.6/sq mi)||November 21, 1844|
|Chihuahua||—||3,554,877||3,406,465||+4.4%||247,798.08||95,675.37||14.3/km2 (37.2/sq mi)||—|
|Mexico||—||119,938,473||112,336,538||+6.8%||1,972,550||761,606||60.8/km2 (157.5/sq mi)||—|
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