Municipalities of Chihuahua

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Map of Mexico with Chihuahua highlighted Chihuahua in Mexico (location map scheme).svg
Map of Mexico with Chihuahua highlighted

Chihuahua is a state in Northwest Mexico that is divided into 67 municipalities. [1] According to the 2015 Mexican Intercensal Survey, Chihuahua is the 11th most populous state with 3,554,877 inhabitants and the largest by land area spanning 247,798.08 square kilometres (95,675.37 sq mi). [1] [2]

Chihuahua (state) State of Mexico

Chihuahua, officially the Free and Sovereign State of Chihuahua, is one of the 31 states of Mexico. It is located in Northwestern Mexico and is bordered by the states of Sonora to the west, Sinaloa to the southwest, Durango to the south, and Coahuila to the east. To the north and northeast, it has a long border with the U.S. adjacent to the U.S. states of New Mexico and Texas. Its capital city is Chihuahua City.

Mexico Country in the southern portion of North America

Mexico, officially the United Mexican States, is a country in the southern portion of North America. It is bordered to the north by the United States; to the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; to the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and to the east by the Gulf of Mexico. Covering almost 2,000,000 square kilometres (770,000 sq mi), the nation is the fifth largest country in the Americas by total area and the 13th largest independent state in the world. With an estimated population of over 120 million people, the country is the eleventh most populous state and the most populous Spanish-speaking state in the world, while being the second most populous nation in Latin America after Brazil. Mexico is a federation comprising 31 states and Mexico City, a special federal entity that is also the capital city and its most populous city. Other metropolises in the state include Guadalajara, Monterrey, Puebla, Toluca, Tijuana and León.

Municipalities are the second-level administrative divisions of Mexico, where the first-level administrative division is the state. As of the establishment of two new municipalities in Chiapas in September 2017, there are 2,448 municipalities in Mexico, not including the 16 delegaciones of Mexico City. The internal political organization and their responsibilities are outlined in the 115th article of the 1917 Constitution and detailed in the constitutions of the states to which they belong.

Contents

Municipalities in Chihuahua are administratively autonomous of the state according to the 115th article of the 1917 Constitution of Mexico. [3] Every three years, citizens elect a municipal president (Spanish: presidente municipal) by a plurality voting system who heads a concurrently elected municipal council (ayuntamiento) responsible for providing all the public services for their constituents. The municipal council consists of a variable number of trustees and councillors (regidores y síndicos). [4] Municipalities are responsible for public services (such as water and sewerage), street lighting, public safety, traffic, supervision of slaughterhouses and the maintenance of public parks, gardens and cemeteries. [5] They may also assist the state and federal governments in education, emergency fire and medical services, environmental protection and maintenance of monuments and historical landmarks. Since 1984, they have had the power to collect property taxes and user fees, although more funds are obtained from the state and federal governments than from their own income. [5]

Constitution of Mexico supreme norm of the Mexican united states.

The Constitution of Mexico, formally the Political Constitution of the United Mexican States is the current constitution of Mexico. It was drafted in Santiago de Querétaro, in the State of Querétaro, by a constitutional convention, during the Mexican Revolution. It was approved by the Constitutional Congress on 5 February 1917. It is the successor to the Constitution of 1857, and earlier Mexican constitutions.

A presidente municipal is the chief of government of municipios in Mexico. This title was also used in the Philippines under the Spanish and American colonization; it is comparable to a mayor of the town or city. The position is comparable to the county executive of a county in the United States or to the mayor of a city in the United States, although the jurisdiction of a presidente municipal includes not only a city but the municipality surrounding it. Nationally, this position is also equivalent to that of Head of Government of the Federal District and that is why these positions are sometimes referred to as "mayors" in English-language publications.

Plurality voting is an electoral system in which each voter is allowed to vote for only one candidate, and the candidate who polls the most among their counterparts is elected. In a system based on single-member districts, it may be called first-past-the-post (FPTP), single-choice voting, simple plurality or relative/simple majority. In a system based on multi-member districts, it may be referred to as winner-takes-all or bloc voting. The system is often used to elect members of a legislative assembly or executive officers. It is the most common form of the system, and is used in most elections in the United States, the lower house in India, elections to the House of Commons and English local elections in the United Kingdom and Canada.

The largest municipality by population is Ciudad Juárez, Mexico's fifth largest municipality with 1,391,180 residents or approximately 39.1% of the state population. [1] The smallest municipality by population is Huejotitán with 952 residents. [1] The largest municipality by land area is Ahumada which spans 16,927.60 km2 (6,535.78 sq mi), and the smallest is Santa Bárbara which spans 346.15 km2 (133.65 sq mi). [2] The first municipality to incorporate was Rosales on July 8, 1820 and the newest municipality is Guachochi which incorporated January 9, 1963. [6]

Ciudad Juárez City in Chihuahua, Mexico

Ciudad Juárez is the most populous city in the Mexican state of Chihuahua. The city is commonly referred to by locals as simply Juárez, and was known as Paso del Norte until 1888. Juárez is the seat of the municipality of Juárez with an estimated population of 1,428,508. The city lies on the Rio Grande river, south of El Paso, Texas, United States. Together with the surrounding areas, the cities form El Paso–Juárez, the second largest binational metropolitan area on the Mexico–U.S. border, with a combined population of almost 2.3 million people.

Huejotitán Village in Chihuahua, Mexico

Huejotitán is a village and seat of the municipality of Huejotitán, in the northern Mexican state of Chihuahua. As of 2010, Huejotitán had a population of 243, down from 244 as of 2005.

Ahumada Municipality Municipality in Chihuahua, Mexico

Ahumada is one of the 67 municipalities of Chihuahua, in northern Mexico. The municipal seat lies at Villa Ahumada. The municipality covers an area of 17,131.5 km².

Municipalities

Chihuahua City City in Chihuahua, Mexico

The city of Chihuahua is the state capital of the Mexican state of Chihuahua. As of 2017, the city of Chihuahua had a population of 878,062 inhabitants. while the metropolitan area had a population of 1,036,806 inhabitants.

Dagger-14-plain.png State capital

NameMunicipal seatPopulation
(2015) [1] [7]
Population
(2010) [8]
ChangeLand area [2] Population density
(2015)
Incorporation date [6]
km2sq mi
Ahumada Miguel Ahumada 12,56811,457+9.7%16,927.606,535.780.7/km2 (1.9/sq mi)July 14, 1894
Aldama [lower-alpha 1] Juan Aldama 24,76122,302+11.0%9,228.443,563.122.7/km2 (6.9/sq mi)December 11, 1824
Allende Valle de Ignacio Allende 8,7518,409+4.1%2,136.76825.014.1/km2 (10.6/sq mi)January 5, 1826
Aquiles Serdán [lower-alpha 2] Santa Eulalia 15,51610,688+45.2%495.82191.4431.3/km2 (81.0/sq mi)November 21, 1844
Ascensión Ascensión 24,96623,975+4.1%12,870.824,969.451.9/km2 (5.0/sq mi)October 18, 1887
Bachiniva Bachiniva 6,1566,011+2.4%953.46368.136.5/km2 (16.7/sq mi)November 21, 1844
Balleza [lower-alpha 3] Mariano Balleza 16,82417,672−4.8%5,414.882,090.703.1/km2 (8.0/sq mi)January 5, 1826
Batopilas Batopilas 11,28914,362−21.4%2,140.81826.575.3/km2 (13.7/sq mi)January 5, 1826
Bocoyna Bocoyna 27,90928,766−3.0%2,710.211,046.4210.3/km2 (26.7/sq mi)November 26, 1911
Buenaventura San Buenaventura 23,43822,378+4.7%7,920.803,058.243.0/km2 (7.7/sq mi)January 5, 1826
Camargo [lower-alpha 4] Santa Rosalía de Camargo 51,57248,748+5.8%13,767.905,315.823.7/km2 (9.7/sq mi)August 4, 1830
Carichi Carichi 9,2118,795+4.7%2,594.731,001.833.5/km2 (9.2/sq mi)November 21, 1844
Casas Grandes Casas Grandes 11,43210,587+8.0%3,759.171,451.423.0/km2 (7.9/sq mi)March 17, 1855
Chihuahua Dagger-14-plain.png Chihuahua 878,062819,543+7.1%8,393.343,240.69104.6/km2 (270.9/sq mi)August 7, 1821
Chínipas Chínipas de Almada 7,5018,441−11.1%1,993.14769.563.8/km2 (9.7/sq mi)November 21, 1844
Coronado José Esteban Coronado 2,0962,284−8.2%1,893.45731.071.1/km2 (2.9/sq mi)May 10, 1860
Coyame del Sotol Santiago de Coyame 1,6841,681+0.2%11,664.604,503.730.1/km2 (0.4/sq mi)November 21, 1844
La Cruz La Cruz 3,8613,982−3.0%1,054.64407.203.7/km2 (9.5/sq mi)April 21, 1868
Cuauhtémoc Ciudad Cuauhtémoc 168,482154,639+9.0%3,613.211,395.0746.6/km2 (120.8/sq mi)July 23, 1927
Cusihuiriachi Cusihuiriachi 4,5945,414−15.1%1,610.56621.842.9/km2 (7.4/sq mi)July 19, 1823
Delicias Delicias 148,045137,935+7.3%533.92206.15277.3/km2 (718.2/sq mi)January 12, 1935
Dr. Belisario Domínguez [lower-alpha 5] San Lorenzo 2,4912,911−14.4%1,034.66399.482.4/km2 (6.2/sq mi)July 19, 1823
El Tule [lower-alpha 6] El Tule 1,6971,869−9.2%470.50181.663.6/km2 (9.3/sq mi)February 22, 1859
Galeana [lower-alpha 7] Hermenegildo Galeana 6,0215,892+2.2%1,731.53668.553.5/km2 (9.0/sq mi)September 21, 1829
Gómez Farías Valentín Gómez Farias 8,9058,624+3.3%854.41329.8910.4/km2 (27.0/sq mi)December 15, 1951
Gran Morelos [lower-alpha 8] San Nicolás de Carretas 2,4663,209−23.2%486.14187.705.1/km2 (13.1/sq mi)July 19, 1823
Guachochi Guachochi 45,54449,689−8.3%6,984.112,696.586.5/km2 (16.9/sq mi)January 9, 1963
Guadalupe Guadalupe 5,2726,458−18.4%6,000.972,316.990.9/km2 (2.3/sq mi)March 17, 1855
Guadalupe y Calvo Guadalupe y Calvo 56,13053,499+4.9%9,649.923,725.855.8/km2 (15.1/sq mi)February 16, 1837
Guazapares Témoris 7,4298,998−17.4%1,825.89704.984.1/km2 (10.5/sq mi)November 21, 1844
Guerrero [lower-alpha 9] Vicente Guerrero 39,06439,626−1.4%5,737.992,215.456.8/km2 (17.6/sq mi)January 5, 1826
Hidalgo del Parral [lower-alpha 10] Hidalgo del Parral 109,510107,061+2.3%1,926.86743.9656.8/km2 (147.2/sq mi)August 7, 1821
Huejotitán [lower-alpha 11] Huejotitán 9521,049−9.2%854.34329.861.1/km2 (2.9/sq mi)November 21, 1844
Ignacio Zaragoza Ignacio Zaragoza 6,9036,934−0.4%2,864.201,105.872.4/km2 (6.2/sq mi)May 24, 1941
Janos Janos 10,97410,953+0.2%7,420.462,865.061.5/km2 (3.8/sq mi)February 16, 1837
Jiménez [lower-alpha 12] José Mariano Jiménez 42,86041,265+3.9%10,789.584,165.884.0/km2 (10.3/sq mi)December 14, 1824
Juárez [lower-alpha 13] Ciudad Juárez 1,391,1801,332,131+4.4%3,550.431,370.83391.8/km2 (1,014.8/sq mi)January 5, 1826
Julimes Julimes 4,4484,953−10.2%4,125.541,592.881.1/km2 (2.8/sq mi)August 28, 1833
López [lower-alpha 14] Villa López (Octaviano López)4,0074,025−0.4%1,350.25521.333.0/km2 (7.7/sq mi)November 21, 1844
Madera Cd. Madera 29,23329,611−1.3%8,748.413,377.783.3/km2 (8.7/sq mi)July 13, 1911
Maguarichi Maguarichi 1,5931,921−17.1%1,007.99389.191.6/km2 (4.1/sq mi)November 21, 1844
Manuel Benavides Manuel Benavides 1,4031,601−12.4%5,032.181,942.940.3/km2 (0.7/sq mi)December 11, 1937
Matachi Matachi 2,9613,104−4.6%728.06281.114.1/km2 (10.5/sq mi)November 21, 1844
Matamoros [lower-alpha 15] Mariano Matamoros 4,3714,499−2.8%1,184.19457.223.7/km2 (9.6/sq mi)July 31, 1874
Meoqui [lower-alpha 16] Pedro Meoqui 44,75243,833+2.1%429.79165.94104.1/km2 (269.7/sq mi)August 7, 1821
Morelos Morelos 7,7978,343−6.5%2,186.92844.383.6/km2 (9.2/sq mi)November 21, 1844
Moris Moris 5,1415,312−3.2%1,809.77698.752.8/km2 (7.4/sq mi)November 21, 1844
Namiquipa Namiquipa 23,25522,880+1.6%4,866.131,878.824.8/km2 (12.4/sq mi)November 21, 1844
Nonoava Nonoava 2,5742,849−9.7%2,004.15773.811.3/km2 (3.3/sq mi)July 19, 1823
Nuevo Casas Grandes Nuevo Casas Grandes 63,41259,337+6.9%2,604.831,005.7324.3/km2 (63.1/sq mi)December 21, 1922
Ocampo [lower-alpha 17] Melchor Ocampo 7,5697,546+0.3%1,798.39694.364.2/km2 (10.9/sq mi)February 16, 1837
Ojinaga [lower-alpha 18] Ojinaga 28,04026,304+6.6%6,804.432,627.214.1/km2 (10.7/sq mi)November 21, 1844
Práxedis G. Guerrero [lower-alpha 19] Praxedis G. Guerrero 5,4864,799+14.3%371.10143.2814.8/km2 (38.3/sq mi)February 22, 1859
Riva Palacio [lower-alpha 20] San Andrés 7,9698,012−0.5%2,266.23875.003.5/km2 (9.1/sq mi)March 17, 1855
Rosales [lower-alpha 21] Santa Cruz de Rosales 16,89616,785+0.7%1,929.71745.078.8/km2 (22.7/sq mi)July 8, 1820
Rosario Valle del Rosario 2,0182,235−9.7%1,174.10453.321.7/km2 (4.5/sq mi)November 21, 1844
San Francisco de Borja San Francisco de Borja 2,1362,290−6.7%1,321.61510.281.6/km2 (4.2/sq mi)July 19, 1823
San Francisco de Conchos San Francisco de Conchos 2,4712,983−17.2%879.98339.762.8/km2 (7.3/sq mi)November 21, 1844
San Francisco del Oro San Francisco del Oro 5,0864,753+7.0%480.75185.6210.6/km2 (27.4/sq mi)November 21, 1844
Santa Bárbara Santa Bárbara 10,72110,427+2.8%346.15133.6531.0/km2 (80.2/sq mi)July 14, 1829
Santa Isabel Santa Isabel 4,0993,937+4.1%670.51258.886.1/km2 (15.8/sq mi)July 19, 1823
Satevo San Francisco Javier de Satevo 3,1593,662−13.7%3,562.151,375.350.9/km2 (2.3/sq mi)November 21, 1844
Saucillo Saucillo 31,19632,325−3.5%3,044.341,175.4310.2/km2 (26.5/sq mi)December 2, 1896
Temósachi Temósachi 6,4256,211+3.4%4,280.771,652.811.5/km2 (3.9/sq mi)November 21, 1844
Urique Urique 20,94720,386+2.8%3,307.241,276.936.3/km2 (16.4/sq mi)December 14, 1860
Uruachi Uruachi 6,0948,200−25.7%2,663.071,028.222.3/km2 (5.9/sq mi)November 21, 1844
Valle de Zaragoza [lower-alpha 22] Valle de Zaragoza 5,1995,105+1.8%2,959.101,142.511.8/km2 (4.6/sq mi)November 21, 1844
Chihuahua 3,554,8773,406,465+4.4%247,798.0895,675.3714.3/km2 (37.2/sq mi)
Mexico [31] 119,938,473112,336,538+6.8%1,972,550761,60660.8/km2 (157.5/sq mi)

Notes

  1. Aldama was originally incorporated as San Gerónimo, changing its name on February 16, 1837. [9]
  2. Aquiles Serdánwas originally incorporated as Santa Eulalia, changing its name on November 17, 1932. [10]
  3. Balleza originally incorporated as San Pablo Tepehuanes, changing its name on February 22, 1859. [11]
  4. Camargo originally incorporated as Santa Rosalía, changing its name on December 3, 1897. [12]
  5. Dr. Belisario Domínguez originally incorporated as San Lorenzo, changing its name on July 6, 1935. [13]
  6. El Tule was originally incorporated as San Antonio del Tule, changing its name on July 30, 1936. [14]
  7. Galeana originally incorporated as San Juan Nepomuceno de Galeana, changing its name on February 16, 1837. [15]
  8. Gran Morelos originally incorporated as Carretas, changing its name on November 17, 1932. [16]
  9. Guerrero originally incorporated as Papigochi, changing its name on January 28, 1869. [17]
  10. Hidalgo del Parral originally incorporated as El Parral, changing its name on October 18, 1887. [18]
  11. Huejotitán originally incorporated as San Gerónimo, changing its name on October 18, 1887. [19]
  12. Jiménez originally incorporated as Guajoquilla, changing its name on July 19, 1898. [20]
  13. Juárez originally incorporated as Paso del Norte, changing its name on July 30, 1888. [21]
  14. López originally incorporated as Atotonilco, changing its name most recently on July 31, 1880. [22]
  15. Matamoros originally incorporated as San Isidro de las Cuevas, changing its name on July 8, 1922. [23]
  16. Meoqui originally incorporated as San Pablo, changing its name on December 11, 1866. [24]
  17. Ocampo originally incorporated as Jesús María, changing its name on November 20, 1893. [25]
  18. Ojinaga originally incorporated as El Norte, changing its name on March 11, 1867 [26]
  19. Práxedis G. Guerrero originally incorporated as San Ignacio, changing its name on October 6, 1932. [27]
  20. Riva Palacio originally incorporated as San Andrés, changing its name on October 29, 1932. [28]
  21. Rosales originally incorporated as Santa Cruz Tapacolmes, changing its name for the most recent time on December 14, 1949. [29]
  22. Valle de Zaragoza was originally incorporated as Pilar de Conchos, changing its name on April 28, 1864. [30]

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References

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