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Municipalities in Croatia (Croatian : općina ; plural: općine) are the second lowest administrative unit of government in the country, and along with cities and towns (grad, plural: gradovi) they form the second level of administrative subdisivion, after counties.
Though equal in powers and administrative bodies, municipalities and towns differ in that municipalities are usually more likely to consist of a collection of villages in rural or suburban areas, whereas towns are more likely to cover urbanised areas. Croatian law defines municipalities as local self-government units which are established, in an area where several inhabited settlements represent a natural, economic and social entity, related to one other by the common interests of the area's population.
As of 2017, the 21 counties of Croatia are subdivided into 128 towns and 428 municipalities.
Municipalities, within their self-governing scope of activities, perform the tasks of local significance, which directly fulfil the citizens’ needs, and which were not assigned to the state bodies by the Constitution or law, and in particular affairs related to the organization of localities and housing, zoning and planning, public utilities, child care, social welfare, primary health services, education and primary schools, culture, physical education and sports, customer protection, protection and improvement of the environment, fire protection and civil defence, local transport.
Municipal council (općinsko vijeće) is the representative body of citizens and the body of local self-government. The councillors are elected for a four-year term on the basis of universal suffrage in direct elections by secret ballot using proportional system with d'Hondt method. The executive head of the municipality is the municipality president (or head of the municipality, općinski načelnik), also elected in direct elections for a four-year term, by majoritarian vote (two-round system) (the deputy president is elected together with the president). He/She (with the deputy president) can be recalled by a referendum. Municipalities have administrative departments as offices of municipal administration (in small municipalities there is unique administrative department) chaired by the heads (principals). They are appointed by the municipal president on the basis of a public competition.
Croatian municipalities are administratively subdivided into "local committee areas" (mjesni odbori) with elected councils.
As of 2015 [update] , there are 428 municipalities in Croatia.
Varaždin County is a county in northern Croatia. It is named after its county seat, the city of Varaždin.
Koprivnica-Križevci County is a county in northern Croatia. Its hyphenated name comes from two entities: the two of its largest cities, Koprivnica and Križevci; Koprivnica is the official capital of the county.
Krapina is a town in northern Croatia and the administrative centre of Krapina-Zagorje County with a population of 4,482 (2011) and a total municipality population of 12,480 (2011). Krapina is located in the hilly Zagorje region of Croatia, approximately 55 km (34 mi) away from both Zagreb and Varaždin.
Čelinac is a town and municipality located in Bosnia and Herzegovina. As of 2013, it has a population of 15,548 inhabitants, while the town of Čelinac has a population of 5,097 inhabitants.
Derventa is a city located in Republika Srpska, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is situated in the Posavina region, northwest of Doboj. As of 2013, the town has of 11,631 inhabitants, while the municipality has 27,404 inhabitants.
Lukavac is a town and municipality located in Tuzla Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina. According to the 2013 census, the town has a population of 12,061 inhabitants, with 44,520 inhabitants in the municipality.
Sesvete is the easternmost city district of Zagreb, Croatia, as well as a standalone settlement. With a total population of 70,009 it is the most populated district as well as the second largest by area (165.255 km2). The settlement population is 54,085.
The counties of Croatia are the primary administrative subdivisions of the Republic of Croatia. Since they were re-established in 1992, Croatia has been divided into 20 counties and the capital city of Zagreb, which has the authority and legal status of both a county and a city. As of 2015, the counties are subdivided into 128 cities and 428 municipalities.
Bosanski Brod is a town and municipality located in Republika Srpska, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is situated on the south bank of the river Sava, in the western part of the Posavina region. As of 2013, the town has a population of 7,637 inhabitants, while the municipality has a population of 16,619 inhabitants.
Dubravica is a municipality in Zagreb County, Croatia. According to the 2001 census, there are 1,586 inhabitants, absolute majority of which are Croats.
Sveti Ivan Zelina is a town in Zagreb County, Croatia.
Mala Subotica is a village and municipality in Međimurje County, Croatia.
Sveta Marija is a village and a municipality in Međimurje County, Croatia. It is located in the south-eastern part of the county, near the Drava River, approximately 27 kilometres south-east of Čakovec and 11 kilometres east of Prelog, the largest and second-largest city of Međimurje County respectively.
Bijeljina municipality, Bosnia and Herzegovina, is divided into subdivisions.
Lake Dubrava is a reservoir on the Drava in northern Croatia. It is administratively divided between Međimurje County and Varaždin County, and is bordered by the municipalities of Prelog, Sveti Đurđ and Veliki Bukovec. The Drava flows into the reservoir near the town of Prelog, while the dam is located near the village of Sveta Marija.