Municipalities of Lithuania

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Location of Lithuania in the European Union EU-Lithuania.svg
Location of Lithuania in the European Union

Lithuania is divided into three layers of administrative divisions. The first-level division consists of 10 counties (Lithuanian: singular – apskritis, plural – apskritys). These are sub-divided into 60 municipalities (Lithuanian: plural – savivaldybės, singular – savivaldybė), which in turn are further sub-divided into over 500 smaller groups, known as elderships (Lithuanian: plural – seniūnijos, singular – seniūnija).

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At the end of its tenure as a Soviet Socialist Republic, Lithuania's administrative divisions consisted of 44 regions, 12 cities, 80 towns, 19 settlements, and 426 rural districts. [1] The reform of this system was an immediate concern for the new government. [2] The Constitution of Lithuania, ratified in 1992, delegated the power of establishing future administrative units to the Lithuanian Parliament (Seimas). Accordingly, the Seimas passed two fundamental laws: a 1993 law on government representation and a 1994 law specifying the territorial-administrative units and their boundaries. [2] The current system of a set of municipalities under 10 counties was codified by 1995. [2] Several changes were made in 2000, resulting in 60 municipalities. [3] Ordinary municipal councilors are elected every four years from electoral lists using proportional representation. The mayor, who is a member of the council, is elected directly by the residents in a majority vote. [4] Before 2015, the mayors were elected by the municipal councils.

The largest municipality by population in Lithuania is Vilnius City Municipality with 542,626 residents, home to one fifth (

Powers and functions

Municipalities are established to perform certain functions provided by law. According to the abovementioned Republic of Lithuania Law on Local Self-Government, the functions of municipalities are “functions related to local government, public administration and provision of public services defined by the Constitution and attributed to municipalities by this and other laws”. [5] The processes of integration into international organizations - like the EU and NATO - are considered to be important external factors influencing the development of municipal powers in the country. Lithuania, which has become a member of these organizations, has been assigned completely new responsibilities, some of which, naturally, also belonged to municipalities. In the case of EU integration, municipalities have been assigned the necessary information supply to the European Commission, and in the case of integration into NATO, municipalities have had new functions related to security issues. [6]

Municipalities in Lithuania.png

1 – Vilnius City Municipality
2 – Kaunas City Municipality
3 – Klaipėda City Municipality

4 – Panevėžys City Municipality
5 – Šiauliai City Municipality
6 – Alytus City Municipality

7 – Birštonas Municipality
8 – Palanga City Municipality
9 – Visaginas Municipality
10 – Neringa Municipality

Municipalities

MunicipalityCountyAdministrative center [7] Area [8] Pop. (2015) [8] Density (2015) [8]
Naujoji Akmene COA.svg
Akmenė District Municipality
Šiauliai Naujoji Akmenė 844 km2 (208,556.94 acres; 325.87 sq mi)21,33225.3
Coat of arms of Alytus (Lithuania).svg
Alytus City Municipality
Alytus Alytus 40 km2 (9,884.22 acres; 15.44 sq mi)55,6141,390.4
Alytus district COA.svg
Alytus District Municipality
Alytus Alytus [nb 1] 1,403 km2 (346,688.85 acres; 541.70 sq mi)27,12619.3
Anyksciai COA great.svg
Anykščiai District Municipality
Utena Anykščiai 1,764 km2 (435,893.89 acres; 681.08 sq mi)26,39315.0
Birstonas COA.svg
Birštonas Municipality
Kaunas Birštonas 122 km2 (30,146.86 acres; 47.10 sq mi)4,37135.8
Birzai COA.svg
Biržai District Municipality
Panevėžys Biržai 1,476 km2 (364,727.54 acres; 569.89 sq mi)25,93717.6
Coat of arms of Druskininkai (Lithuania).svg
Druskininkai Municipality
Alytus Druskininkai 453 km2 (111,938.74 acres; 174.90 sq mi)20,72845.8
Elektrenai COA.svg
Elektrėnai Municipality
Vilnius Elektrėnai 509 km2 (125,776.64 acres; 196.53 sq mi)24,16447.5
Coat of arms of Ignalina (Lithuania).svg
Ignalina District Municipality
Utena Ignalina 1,441 km2 (356,078.85 acres; 556.37 sq mi)16,80611.7
Coat of arms of Jonava (Lithuania).svg
Jonava District Municipality
Kaunas Jonava 943 km2 (233,020.37 acres; 364.09 sq mi)43,87546.5
Coat of arms of Joniskis.svg
Joniškis District Municipality
Šiauliai Joniškis 1,151 km2 (284,418.29 acres; 444.40 sq mi)23,80720.7
Jurbarkas COA.svg
Jurbarkas District Municipality
Tauragė Jurbarkas 1,506 km2 (372,140.70 acres; 581.47 sq mi)28,16218.7
Kaisiadorys COA.svg
Kaišiadorys District Municipality
Kaunas Kaišiadorys 1,087 km2 (268,603.55 acres; 419.69 sq mi)31,91529.4
Kalvarija COA great.svg
Kalvarija Municipality
Marijampolė Kalvarija 440 km2 (108,726.37 acres; 169.88 sq mi)11,48626.1
Coat of arms of Kaunas.svg
Kaunas City Municipality
Kaunas Kaunas 157 km2 (38,795.54 acres; 60.62 sq mi)301,3571919.5
Kaunas district COA.svg
Kaunas District Municipality
Kaunas Kaunas [nb 1] 1,495 km2 (369,422.55 acres; 577.22 sq mi)88,39659.1
Coat of arms of Kazlu Ruda (Lithuania).svg
Kazlų Rūda Municipality
Marijampolė Kazlų Rūda 555 km2 (137,143.49 acres; 214.29 sq mi)12,49422.5
Coat of arms of Kedainiai (Lithuania).svg
Kėdainiai District Municipality
Kaunas Kėdainiai 1,677 km2 (414,395.72 acres; 647.49 sq mi)49,93929.8
Kelmes-herbas.svg
Kelmė District Municipality
Šiauliai Kelmė 1,705 km2 (421,314.68 acres; 658.30 sq mi)29,55917.3
Klaipeda City Arms.svg
Klaipėda City Municipality
Klaipėda Klaipėda 99 km2 (24,463.43 acres; 38.22 sq mi)156,1411,577.2
Gargzdai COA.svg
Klaipėda District Municipality
Klaipėda Gargždai 1,340 km2 (331,121.21 acres; 517.38 sq mi)52,83139.4
Kretinga COA.svg
Kretinga District Municipality
Klaipėda Kretinga 989 km2 (244,387.22 acres; 381.86 sq mi)39,75840.2
Kupiskis COA.svg
Kupiškis District Municipality
Panevėžys Kupiškis 1,080 km2 (266,873.81 acres; 416.99 sq mi)18,67817.3
Lazdijai COA.svg
Lazdijai District Municipality
Alytus Lazdijai 1,306 km2 (322,719.63 acres; 504.25 sq mi)20,81315.9
Marijampole COA.svg
Marijampolė Municipality
Marijampolė Marijampolė 755 km2 (186,564.56 acres; 291.51 sq mi)58,02776.9
Coat of arms of Mazeikiai (Lithuania).svg
Mažeikiai District Municipality
Telšiai Mažeikiai 1,219 km2 (301,221.46 acres; 470.66 sq mi)55,44145.5
Coat of arms of Moletai (Lithuania).svg
Molėtai District Municipality
Utena Molėtai 1,367 km2 (337,793.06 acres; 527.80 sq mi)19,23314.1
Coat of arms of Neringa (Lithuania).svg
Neringa Municipality
Klaipėda Nida 90 km2 (22,239.48 acres; 34.75 sq mi)2,87932.0
Pagegiai COA.svg
Pagėgiai Municipality
Tauragė Pagėgiai 536 km2 (132,448.48 acres; 206.95 sq mi)8,71116.3
Coat of arms of Pakruojis (Lithuania).svg
Pakruojis District Municipality
Šiauliai Pakruojis 1,315 km2 (324,943.58 acres; 507.72 sq mi)21,55516.4
Coat of arms of Palanga (Lithuania).svg
Palanga City Municipality
Klaipėda Palanga 79 km2 (19,521.33 acres; 30.50 sq mi)15,379194.7
Coat of Arms of Panevezys.svg
Panevėžys City Municipality
Panevėžys Panevėžys 50 km2 (12,355.27 acres; 19.31 sq mi)95,2021,904.0
Panevezys District COA.svg
Panevėžys District Municipality
Panevėžys Panevėžys [nb 1] 2,177 km2 (537,948.42 acres; 840.54 sq mi)37,17317.1
Pasvalys COA.svg
Pasvalys District Municipality
Panevėžys Pasvalys 1,289 km2 (318,518.84 acres; 497.69 sq mi)26,21320.3
Plunge COA.svg
Plungė District Municipality
Telšiai Plungė 1,105 km2 (273,051.45 acres; 426.64 sq mi)36,05232.6
Prienai COA.svg
Prienai District Municipality
Kaunas Prienai 1,032 km2 (255,012.75 acres; 398.46 sq mi)28,18127.3
Radviliskis Coat of Arms.svg
Radviliškis District Municipality
Šiauliai Radviliškis 1,634 km2 (403,770.19 acres; 630.89 sq mi)39,04323.9
Raseiniai COA.svg
Raseiniai District Municipality
Kaunas Raseiniai 1,573 km2 (388,696.77 acres; 607.34 sq mi)35,01322.3
Rietavas COA.svg
Rietavas Municipality
Telšiai Rietavas 586 km2 (144,803.75 acres; 226.26 sq mi)8,09613.8
Rokiskis COA.svg
Rokiškis District Municipality
Panevėžys Rokiškis 1,806 km2 (446,272.32 acres; 697.30 sq mi)32,19117.8
Skuodas COA.svg
Skuodas District Municipality
Klaipėda Skuodas 911 km2 (225,113.00 acres; 351.74 sq mi)18,49820.3
Sakiai COA.svg
Šakiai District Municipality
Marijampolė Šakiai 1,454 km2 (359,291.22 acres; 561.39 sq mi)30,32120.9
Herb Solecznikow.svg
Šalčininkai District Municipality
Vilnius Šalčininkai 1,493 km2 (368,928.33 acres; 576.45 sq mi)32,70521.9
Coat of arms of Siauliai Grand (Lithuania).svg
Šiauliai City Municipality
Šiauliai Šiauliai 81 km2 (20,015.54 acres; 31.27 sq mi)104,5691,291.0
Siauliai district COA.svg
Šiauliai District Municipality
Šiauliai Šiauliai [nb 1] 1,807 km2 (446,519.42 acres; 697.69 sq mi)41,76723.1
Coat of arms of Silale.svg
Šilalė District Municipality
Tauragė Šilalė 1,188 km2 (293,561.19 acres; 458.69 sq mi)24,86920.9
Coat of arms of Silute (Lithuania).svg
Šilutė District Municipality
Klaipėda Šilutė 1,714 km2 (423,538.62 acres; 661.78 sq mi)41,81424.4
Coat of arms of Sirvintos (Lithuania).svg
Širvintos District Municipality
Vilnius Širvintos 906 km2 (223,877.48 acres; 349.81 sq mi)16,33318.0
Herb Swiecian.svg
Švenčionys District Municipality
Vilnius Švenčionys 1,691 km2 (417,855.20 acres; 652.90 sq mi)25,71915.2
Coat of arms of Taurage (Lithuania).svg
Tauragė District Municipality
Tauragė Tauragė 1,179 km2 (291,337.24 acres; 455.21 sq mi)41,34135.1
Telsiai COA great.svg
Telšiai District Municipality
Telšiai Telšiai 1,439 km2 (355,584.64 acres; 555.60 sq mi)43,92230.5
Trakai district COA.svg
Trakai District Municipality
Vilnius Trakai 1,207 km2 (298,256.20 acres; 466.03 sq mi)33,43727.7
Ukmerge COA.svg
Ukmergė District Municipality
Vilnius Ukmergė 1,395 km2 (344,712.01 acres; 538.61 sq mi)36,91926.5
Coat of arms of Utena (Lithuania).svg
Utena District Municipality
Utena Utena 1,230 km2 (303,939.62 acres; 474.91 sq mi)40,45432.9
Varena COA.svg
Varėna District Municipality
Alytus Varėna 2,216 km2 (547,585.53 acres; 855.60 sq mi)23,52810.6
Vilkaviskis CoA.svg
Vilkaviškis District Municipality
Marijampolė Vilkaviškis 1,262 km2 (311,846.99 acres; 487.26 sq mi)39,46531.3
Grand Coat of arms of Vilnius.svg
Vilnius City Municipality
Vilnius Vilnius 400 km2 (98,842.15 acres; 154.44 sq mi)542,6261,356.6
Vilnius district COA.svg
Vilnius District Municipality
Vilnius Vilnius [nb 1] 2,129 km2 (526,087.36 acres; 822.01 sq mi)95,62044.9
Visaginas COA.svg
Visaginas Municipality
Utena Visaginas 58 km2 (14,332.11 acres; 22.39 sq mi)20,249349.1
Coat of arms of Zarasai.svg
Zarasai District Municipality
Utena Zarasai 1,331 km2 (328,897.26 acres; 513.90 sq mi)17,03512.8

See also

Notes and references

Notes
  1. 1 2 3 4 5 The administrative centers in these municipalities are located outside of the municipality proper.
General
Specific
  1. Conference on Local and Regional Authority Co-operation in the Baltic Sea Area: proceedings, Kaunas, Lithuania, 21-23, April 1999. Council of Europe. January 2000. p. 9. ISBN   978-92-871-4538-3 . Retrieved 16 February 2011.
  2. 1 2 3 Jolanta Vaičiūnienė (2008-11-14). "The Administrative–Territorial Reform in Lithuania: History and Today" (PDF). Council of Europe . Retrieved 16 February 2011.
  3. Local Economic and Employment Development (Program); Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (April 2007). Baltic partnerships: integration, growth and local governance in the Baltic Sea Region. OECD Publishing. p. 75. ISBN   978-92-64-02928-6 . Retrieved 23 February 2011.
  4. "Law on elections to municipal councils". The Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
  5. Dvorak, J. (2021). Response of the Lithuanian municipalities to the First Wave of COVID-19, Balt. Reg., Vol. 13, no. 1, p. 70—88. doi: 10.5922/2079-8555-2021-1-4
  6. Burbulytė-Tsiskarishvili, G., Dvorak,J., Žernytė, A. (2018). Savivaldybių funkcijų ir galių kaita 1994 - 2016 metais. Viešoji politika ir administravimas, t.17, No.3
  7. Municipality administrative centers and coats of arms are given by Statistics Lithuania in subpages under the Portrait of the Regions of Lithuania; e.g. Alytus town municipality Archived 2011-05-26 at the Wayback Machine .
  8. 1 2 3 "Area (land) at the beginning of the year, Population density at the beginning of the year, Resident population at the beginning of the year". Statistics Lithuania . Retrieved 4 February 2016.

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