Lithuania is divided into three layers of administrative divisions. The first-level division consists of 10 counties (Lithuanian: singular – apskritis, plural – apskritys). These are sub-divided into 60 municipalities (Lithuanian: plural – savivaldybės, singular – savivaldybė), which in turn are further sub-divided into over 500 smaller groups, known as elderships (Lithuanian: plural – seniūnijos, singular – seniūnija).
At the end of its tenure as a Soviet Socialist Republic, Lithuania's administrative divisions consisted of 44 regions, 12 cities, 80 towns, 19 settlements, and 426 rural districts.The reform of this system was an immediate concern for the new government. The Constitution of Lithuania, ratified in 1992, delegated the power of establishing future administrative units to the Lithuanian Parliament (Seimas). Accordingly, the Seimas passed two fundamental laws: a 1993 law on government representation and a 1994 law specifying the territorial-administrative units and their boundaries. The current system of a set of municipalities under 10 counties was codified by 1995. Several changes were made in 2000, resulting in 60 municipalities. Ordinary municipal councilors are elected every four years from electoral lists using proportional representation. The mayor, who is a member of the council, is elected directly by the residents in a majority vote. Before 2015, the mayors were elected by the municipal councils.
The largest municipality by population in Lithuania is Vilnius City Municipality with 542,626 residents, home to one fifth (18.6%) of the country's population. The smallest municipality by population is Neringa Municipality with 2,879 residents. The largest municipality by land area is Varėna District Municipality, which spans 2,216 km2 (856 sq mi), while the smallest is Alytus City Municipality at 40 km2 (15 sq mi).
Municipalities are established to perform certain functions provided by law. According to the abovementioned Republic of Lithuania Law on Local Self-Government, the functions of municipalities are “functions related to local government, public administration and provision of public services defined by the Constitution and attributed to municipalities by this and other laws”.The processes of integration into international organizations - like the EU and NATO - are considered to be important external factors influencing the development of municipal powers in the country. Lithuania, which has become a member of these organizations, has been assigned completely new responsibilities, some of which, naturally, also belonged to municipalities. In the case of EU integration, municipalities have been assigned the necessary information supply to the European Commission, and in the case of integration into NATO, municipalities have had new functions related to security issues.
|Municipality||County||Administrative center||Area||Pop. (2015)||Density (2015)|
|Akmenė District Municipality||Šiauliai||Naujoji Akmenė||844 km2 (208,556.94 acres; 325.87 sq mi)||21,332||25.3|
|Alytus City Municipality||Alytus||Alytus||40 km2 (9,884.22 acres; 15.44 sq mi)||55,614||1,390.4|
|Alytus District Municipality||Alytus||Alytus||1,403 km2 (346,688.85 acres; 541.70 sq mi)||27,126||19.3|
|Anykščiai District Municipality||Utena||Anykščiai||1,764 km2 (435,893.89 acres; 681.08 sq mi)||26,393||15.0|
|Birštonas Municipality||Kaunas||Birštonas||122 km2 (30,146.86 acres; 47.10 sq mi)||4,371||35.8|
|Biržai District Municipality||Panevėžys||Biržai||1,476 km2 (364,727.54 acres; 569.89 sq mi)||25,937||17.6|
|Druskininkai Municipality||Alytus||Druskininkai||453 km2 (111,938.74 acres; 174.90 sq mi)||20,728||45.8|
|Elektrėnai Municipality||Vilnius||Elektrėnai||509 km2 (125,776.64 acres; 196.53 sq mi)||24,164||47.5|
|Ignalina District Municipality||Utena||Ignalina||1,441 km2 (356,078.85 acres; 556.37 sq mi)||16,806||11.7|
|Jonava District Municipality||Kaunas||Jonava||943 km2 (233,020.37 acres; 364.09 sq mi)||43,875||46.5|
|Joniškis District Municipality||Šiauliai||Joniškis||1,151 km2 (284,418.29 acres; 444.40 sq mi)||23,807||20.7|
|Jurbarkas District Municipality||Tauragė||Jurbarkas||1,506 km2 (372,140.70 acres; 581.47 sq mi)||28,162||18.7|
|Kaišiadorys District Municipality||Kaunas||Kaišiadorys||1,087 km2 (268,603.55 acres; 419.69 sq mi)||31,915||29.4|
|Kalvarija Municipality||Marijampolė||Kalvarija||440 km2 (108,726.37 acres; 169.88 sq mi)||11,486||26.1|
|Kaunas City Municipality||Kaunas||Kaunas||157 km2 (38,795.54 acres; 60.62 sq mi)||301,357||1919.5|
|Kaunas District Municipality||Kaunas||Kaunas||1,495 km2 (369,422.55 acres; 577.22 sq mi)||88,396||59.1|
|Kazlų Rūda Municipality||Marijampolė||Kazlų Rūda||555 km2 (137,143.49 acres; 214.29 sq mi)||12,494||22.5|
|Kėdainiai District Municipality||Kaunas||Kėdainiai||1,677 km2 (414,395.72 acres; 647.49 sq mi)||49,939||29.8|
|Kelmė District Municipality||Šiauliai||Kelmė||1,705 km2 (421,314.68 acres; 658.30 sq mi)||29,559||17.3|
|Klaipėda City Municipality||Klaipėda||Klaipėda||99 km2 (24,463.43 acres; 38.22 sq mi)||156,141||1,577.2|
|Klaipėda District Municipality||Klaipėda||Gargždai||1,340 km2 (331,121.21 acres; 517.38 sq mi)||52,831||39.4|
|Kretinga District Municipality||Klaipėda||Kretinga||989 km2 (244,387.22 acres; 381.86 sq mi)||39,758||40.2|
|Kupiškis District Municipality||Panevėžys||Kupiškis||1,080 km2 (266,873.81 acres; 416.99 sq mi)||18,678||17.3|
|Lazdijai District Municipality||Alytus||Lazdijai||1,306 km2 (322,719.63 acres; 504.25 sq mi)||20,813||15.9|
|Marijampolė Municipality||Marijampolė||Marijampolė||755 km2 (186,564.56 acres; 291.51 sq mi)||58,027||76.9|
|Mažeikiai District Municipality||Telšiai||Mažeikiai||1,219 km2 (301,221.46 acres; 470.66 sq mi)||55,441||45.5|
|Molėtai District Municipality||Utena||Molėtai||1,367 km2 (337,793.06 acres; 527.80 sq mi)||19,233||14.1|
|Neringa Municipality||Klaipėda||Nida||90 km2 (22,239.48 acres; 34.75 sq mi)||2,879||32.0|
|Pagėgiai Municipality||Tauragė||Pagėgiai||536 km2 (132,448.48 acres; 206.95 sq mi)||8,711||16.3|
|Pakruojis District Municipality||Šiauliai||Pakruojis||1,315 km2 (324,943.58 acres; 507.72 sq mi)||21,555||16.4|
|Palanga City Municipality||Klaipėda||Palanga||79 km2 (19,521.33 acres; 30.50 sq mi)||15,379||194.7|
|Panevėžys City Municipality||Panevėžys||Panevėžys||50 km2 (12,355.27 acres; 19.31 sq mi)||95,202||1,904.0|
|Panevėžys District Municipality||Panevėžys||Panevėžys||2,177 km2 (537,948.42 acres; 840.54 sq mi)||37,173||17.1|
|Pasvalys District Municipality||Panevėžys||Pasvalys||1,289 km2 (318,518.84 acres; 497.69 sq mi)||26,213||20.3|
|Plungė District Municipality||Telšiai||Plungė||1,105 km2 (273,051.45 acres; 426.64 sq mi)||36,052||32.6|
|Prienai District Municipality||Kaunas||Prienai||1,032 km2 (255,012.75 acres; 398.46 sq mi)||28,181||27.3|
|Radviliškis District Municipality||Šiauliai||Radviliškis||1,634 km2 (403,770.19 acres; 630.89 sq mi)||39,043||23.9|
|Raseiniai District Municipality||Kaunas||Raseiniai||1,573 km2 (388,696.77 acres; 607.34 sq mi)||35,013||22.3|
|Rietavas Municipality||Telšiai||Rietavas||586 km2 (144,803.75 acres; 226.26 sq mi)||8,096||13.8|
|Rokiškis District Municipality||Panevėžys||Rokiškis||1,806 km2 (446,272.32 acres; 697.30 sq mi)||32,191||17.8|
|Skuodas District Municipality||Klaipėda||Skuodas||911 km2 (225,113.00 acres; 351.74 sq mi)||18,498||20.3|
|Šakiai District Municipality||Marijampolė||Šakiai||1,454 km2 (359,291.22 acres; 561.39 sq mi)||30,321||20.9|
|Šalčininkai District Municipality||Vilnius||Šalčininkai||1,493 km2 (368,928.33 acres; 576.45 sq mi)||32,705||21.9|
|Šiauliai City Municipality||Šiauliai||Šiauliai||81 km2 (20,015.54 acres; 31.27 sq mi)||104,569||1,291.0|
|Šiauliai District Municipality||Šiauliai||Šiauliai||1,807 km2 (446,519.42 acres; 697.69 sq mi)||41,767||23.1|
|Šilalė District Municipality||Tauragė||Šilalė||1,188 km2 (293,561.19 acres; 458.69 sq mi)||24,869||20.9|
|Šilutė District Municipality||Klaipėda||Šilutė||1,714 km2 (423,538.62 acres; 661.78 sq mi)||41,814||24.4|
|Širvintos District Municipality||Vilnius||Širvintos||906 km2 (223,877.48 acres; 349.81 sq mi)||16,333||18.0|
|Švenčionys District Municipality||Vilnius||Švenčionys||1,691 km2 (417,855.20 acres; 652.90 sq mi)||25,719||15.2|
|Tauragė District Municipality||Tauragė||Tauragė||1,179 km2 (291,337.24 acres; 455.21 sq mi)||41,341||35.1|
|Telšiai District Municipality||Telšiai||Telšiai||1,439 km2 (355,584.64 acres; 555.60 sq mi)||43,922||30.5|
|Trakai District Municipality||Vilnius||Trakai||1,207 km2 (298,256.20 acres; 466.03 sq mi)||33,437||27.7|
|Ukmergė District Municipality||Vilnius||Ukmergė||1,395 km2 (344,712.01 acres; 538.61 sq mi)||36,919||26.5|
|Utena District Municipality||Utena||Utena||1,230 km2 (303,939.62 acres; 474.91 sq mi)||40,454||32.9|
|Varėna District Municipality||Alytus||Varėna||2,216 km2 (547,585.53 acres; 855.60 sq mi)||23,528||10.6|
|Vilkaviškis District Municipality||Marijampolė||Vilkaviškis||1,262 km2 (311,846.99 acres; 487.26 sq mi)||39,465||31.3|
|Vilnius City Municipality||Vilnius||Vilnius||400 km2 (98,842.15 acres; 154.44 sq mi)||542,626||1,356.6|
|Vilnius District Municipality||Vilnius||Vilnius||2,129 km2 (526,087.36 acres; 822.01 sq mi)||95,620||44.9|
|Visaginas Municipality||Utena||Visaginas||58 km2 (14,332.11 acres; 22.39 sq mi)||20,249||349.1|
|Zarasai District Municipality||Utena||Zarasai||1,331 km2 (328,897.26 acres; 513.90 sq mi)||17,035||12.8|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Municipalities in Lithuania .|
Politics of Lithuania takes place in a framework of a unitary semi-presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the President of Lithuania is the head of state and the Prime Minister of Lithuania is the head of government, and of a multi-party system.
Local government is a generic term for the lowest tiers of public administration within a particular sovereign state. This particular usage of the word government refers specifically to a level of administration that is both geographically-localised and has limited powers. While in some countries, "government" is normally reserved purely for a national administration (government), the term local government is always used specifically in contrast to national government – as well as, in many cases, the activities of sub-national, first-level administrative divisions. Local governments generally act only within powers specifically delegated to them by law and/or directives of a higher level of government. In federal states, local government generally comprises a third or fourth tier of government, whereas in unitary states, local government usually occupies the second or third tier of government.
The territory of Lithuania is divided into 10 counties, all named after their capitals. The counties are divided into 60 municipalities : 9 city municipalities, 43 district municipalities and 8 municipalities. Each municipality is then divided into elderates. This division was created in 1994 and slightly modified in 2000.
Alytus County is one of ten counties in Lithuania. It is the southernmost county, and its capital is the city of Alytus. Its territory lies within the ethnographic region of Dzūkija. On 1 July 2010, the county administration was abolished, and since that date, Alytus County remains as the territorial and statistical unit.
Šiauliai County is one of ten counties in Lithuania. It is in the north of the country, and its capital is Šiauliai. On 1 July 2010, the county administration was abolished, and since that date, Šiauliai County remains as the territorial and statistical unit.
A seniūnija is the smallest administrative division of Lithuania. An eldership may comprise a very small region consisting of few villages, one single town, or a part of a big city. Elderships vary in size and population depending on their location and nature. A few elderships make up a municipality. Šilainiai (Kaunas) and Dainava (Kaunas) are the most populous elderates, with population counts over 70,000, exceeding the population of some entire municipalities.
Pagėgiai Municipality is a municipality in Tauragė County, Lithuania.
This article is about the administrative divisions of Lithuania.
Varėna District Municipality is a municipality in Alytus County in southern Lithuania.
Jurbarkas District Municipality is a municipality in Tauragė County, Lithuania
The Alytus District Municipality is a municipality in Alytus County, Lithuania, located in the Dzūkija ethnographic region.
Druskininkai Municipality is a municipality in Alytus County, Lithuania.
Lazdijai District Municipality is a municipality in Alytus County, Lithuania.
Tauragė District Municipality is a municipality in Tauragė County, Lithuania
Šilalė District Municipality is a municipality in Tauragė County, Lithuania.
Kėdainiai District Municipality is one of 60 municipalities in Lithuania, located in the central part of the country.
Medininkai is a village in Lithuania, located 26 km (16 mi) from Vilnius and 2 km (1.2 mi) from the Lithuanian–Belarusian border. According to the 2001 census, the village had 508 residents. Medininkai is the administrative center of an eldership. According to a 2010 eldership report, it had 1374 residents, of whom 92.3% were Polish, 3.2% Lithuanian, and 2.9% Russian.
Seniūnaitija(literally "sub-eldership") is the lowest level administrative-territorial unit in Lithuania. Seniūnaitija is led by a seniūnaitis who represents communities of inhabited places. Seniūnaitis are elected for a 2-year tenure. A legal change on 15 September 2008 first allowed the establishment of sub-elderships. The first sub-elderships established by municipalities appeared in November and December 2008, and by 2009, the majority of municipalities had established sub-elderships.