Municipalities of Sonora

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Map of Mexico with Sonora highlighted Sonora in Mexico (location map scheme).svg
Map of Mexico with Sonora highlighted

Sonora is a state in Northwestern Mexico that is divided into 72 municipalities. [1]

Sonora State of Mexico

Sonora, officially Estado Libre y Soberano de Sonora, is one of 31 states that, with Mexico City, comprise the 32 federal entities of United Mexican States. It is divided into 72 municipalities; the capital city is Hermosillo. Sonora is bordered by the states of Chihuahua to the east, Baja California to the northwest and Sinaloa to the south. To the north, it shares the U.S.–Mexico border primarily with the state of Arizona with a small length with New Mexico, and on the west has a significant share of the coastline of the Gulf of California.

Mexico Country in the southern portion of North America

Mexico, officially the United Mexican States, is a country in the southern portion of North America. It is bordered to the north by the United States; to the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; to the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and to the east by the Gulf of Mexico. Covering almost 2,000,000 square kilometers (770,000 sq mi), the nation is the fourth largest country in the Americas by total area and the 13th largest independent state in the world. With an estimated population of over 129 million people, Mexico is the tenth most populous country and the most populous Spanish-speaking country in the world, while being the second most populous nation in Latin America after Brazil. Mexico is a federation comprising 31 states plus Mexico City (CDMX), which is the capital city and its most populous city. Other metropolises in the country include Guadalajara, Monterrey, Puebla, Toluca, Tijuana, and León.

Municipalities are the second-level administrative divisions of Mexico, where the first-level administrative division is the state. As of the establishment of two new municipalities in Chiapas in September 2017, there are 2,448 municipalities in Mexico, not including the 16 delegaciones of Mexico City. The internal political organization and their responsibilities are outlined in the 115th article of the 1917 Constitution and detailed in the constitutions of the states to which they belong. Municipalities are distinct from cities, a form of Mexican locality, some municipalities as large as states, while cities can be measured in city blocks.

Municipalities in Sonora are administratively autonomous of the state according to the 115th article of the 1917 Constitution of Mexico. [2] Every three years, citizens elect a municipal president (Spanish: presidente municipal) by a plurality voting system who heads a concurrently elected municipal council (ayuntamiento) responsible for providing all the public services for their constituents. The municipal council consists of a variable number of trustees and councillors (regidores y síndicos). [3] Municipalities are responsible for public services (such as water and sewerage), street lighting, public safety, traffic, supervision of slaughterhouses and the maintenance of public parks, gardens and cemeteries. [4] They may also assist the state and federal governments in education, emergency fire and medical services, environmental protection and maintenance of monuments and historical landmarks. Since 1984, they have had the power to collect property taxes and user fees, although more funds are obtained from the state and federal governments than from their own income. [4]

Constitution of Mexico supreme norm of the Mexican united states.

The Constitution of Mexico, formally the Political Constitution of the United Mexican States is the current constitution of Mexico. It was drafted in Santiago de Querétaro, in the State of Querétaro, by a constitutional convention, during the Mexican Revolution. It was approved by the Constitutional Congress on 5 February 1917. It is the successor to the Constitution of 1857, and earlier Mexican constitutions.

A presidente municipal is the chief of government of municipios in Mexico. This title was also used in the Philippines under the Spanish and American colonization; it is comparable to a mayor of the town or city. The position is comparable to the county executive of a county in the United States or to the mayor of a city in the United States, although the jurisdiction of a presidente municipal includes not only a city but the municipality surrounding it. Nationally, this position is also equivalent to that of Head of Government of the Federal District and that is why these positions are sometimes referred to as "mayors" in English-language publications.

Plurality voting is an electoral system in which each voter is allowed to vote for only one candidate, and the candidate who polls the most among their counterparts is elected. In a system based on single-member districts, it may be called first-past-the-post (FPTP), single-choice voting, simple plurality or relative/simple majority. In a system based on multi-member districts, it may be referred to as winner-takes-all or bloc voting. The system is often used to elect members of a legislative assembly or executive officers. It is the most common form of the system, and is used in most elections in the United States, the lower house in India, elections to the House of Commons and English local elections in the United Kingdom and Canada.

INEGI codeMunicipalityMunicipal SeatPopulation (2015) [5] Area [6]
001 Aconchi Aconchi 2,756358.74 km2 (138.5 sq mi)
002 Agua Prieta Agua Prieta 82,9183,631.65 km2 (1,402.2 sq mi)
003 Álamos Álamos 25,6946,947.42 km2 (2,682.4 sq mi)
004 Altar Altar 9,5783,944.90 km2 (1,523.1 sq mi)
005 Arivechi Arivechi 1,163723.80 km2 (279.5 sq mi)
006 Arizpe Arizpe 2,6772,806.78 km2 (1,083.7 sq mi)
007 Atil Atil 582400.43 km2 (154.6 sq mi)
008 Bacadéhuachi Bacadéhuachi 1,0831,530.00 km2 (590.7 sq mi)
009 Bacanora Bacanora 802903.17 km2 (348.7 sq mi)
010 Bacerac Bacerac 1,3671,275.80 km2 (492.6 sq mi)
011 Bacoachi Bacoachi 1,5541,260.65 km2 (486.7 sq mi)
012 Bácum Bácum 23,0531,409.70 km2 (544.3 sq mi)
013 Banámichi Banámichi 1,612773.06 km2 (298.5 sq mi)
014 Baviácora Baviácora 3,312858.96 km2 (331.6 sq mi)
015 Bavispe Bavispe 1,4572,475.82 km2 (955.9 sq mi)
016 Benito Juárez Villa Juárez 21,9573,631.65 km2 (1,402.2 sq mi)
017 Benjamín Hill Benjamín Hill 5,233854.70 km2 (330.0 sq mi)
018 Caborca Heroica Caborca 85,63110,721.84 km2 (4,139.7 sq mi)
019 Cajeme Ciudad Obregón 433,0503,312.05 km2 (1,278.8 sq mi)
020 Cananea Cananea 35,8924,141.17 km2 (1,598.9 sq mi)
021 Carbó Carbó 4,8401,692.66 km2 (653.5 sq mi)
022 Cucurpe Cucurpe 9651,778.55 km2 (686.7 sq mi)
023 Cumpas Cumpas 6,1092,013.5 km2 (777.4 sq mi)
024 Divisaderos Divisaderos 717617.69 km2 (238.5 sq mi)
025 Empalme Empalme 56,177708.53 km2 (273.6 sq mi)
026 Etchojoa Etchojoa 63,2161,220.23 km2 (471.1 sq mi)
027 Fronteras Fronteras 8,6662,839.62 km2 (1,096.4 sq mi)
028 Granados Granados 1,064361.27 km2 (139.5 sq mi)
029 Guaymas Guaymas 158,04612,208.18 km2 (4,713.6 sq mi)
030 Hermosillo Hermosillo 884,27314,880.20 km2 (5,745.3 sq mi)
031 Huachinera Huachinera 1,2311,184.86 km2 (457.5 sq mi)
032 Huásabas Huásabas 890711.17 km2 (274.6 sq mi)
033 Huatabampo Huatabampo 80,5241,169.92 km2 (451.7 sq mi)
034 Huépac Huépac 927317.37 km2 (122.5 sq mi)
035 Imuris Imuris 12,8121,710.30 km2 (660.4 sq mi)
036 La Colorada La Colorada 2,0764,701.34 km2 (1,815.2 sq mi)
037 Magdalena Magdalena de Kino 31,1801,460.23 km2 (563.8 sq mi)
038 Mazatán Mazatán 1,237649.27 km2 (250.7 sq mi)
039 Moctezuma Moctezuma 4,9671,763.39 km2 (680.8 sq mi)
040 Naco Naco 6,160651.80 km2 (251.7 sq mi)
041 Nácori Chico Nácori Chico 2,0192,748.67 km2 (1,061.3 sq mi)
042 Nacozari de García Nacozari de García 13,8433,069.52 km2 (1,185.1 sq mi)
043 Navojoa Navojoa 163,6504,380.69 km2 (1,691.4 sq mi)
044 Nogales Nogales 233,9521,654.76 km2 (638.9 sq mi)
045 Onavas Onavas 468529.48 km2 (204.4 sq mi)
046 Opodepe Opodepe 2,6432,804.25 km2 (1,082.7 sq mi)
047 Oquitoa Oquitoa 372636.64 km2 (245.8 sq mi)
048 Pitiquito Pitiquito 9,51411,979.96 km2 (4,625.5 sq mi)
049 Puerto Peñasco Puerto Peñasco 62,1779,774.45 km2 (3,773.9 sq mi)
050 Plutarco Elías Calles Sonoyta 16,9314,121.15 km2 (1,591.2 sq mi)
051 Quiriego Quiriego 2,8392,705.72 km2 (1,044.7 sq mi)
052 Rayón Rayón 1,4441,106.54 km2 (427.2 sq mi)
053 Rosario Rosario de Tesopaco 5,0253,301.9 km2 (1,274.9 sq mi)
054 Sahuaripa Sahuaripa 5,6265,694.40 km2 (2,198.6 sq mi)
055 San Felipe de Jesús San Felipe de Jesús 407152.80 km2 (59.0 sq mi)
056 San Ignacio Río Muerto San Ignacio Río Muerto 14,5491,144.00 km2 (441.7 sq mi)
057 San Javier San Javier 557793.27 km2 (306.3 sq mi)
058 San Luis Río Colorado San Luis Río Colorado 192,7398,412.75 km2 (3,248.2 sq mi)
059 San Miguel de Horcasitas San Miguel de Horcasitas 9,0811,768.45 km2 (682.8 sq mi)
060 San Pedro de la Cueva San Pedro de la Cueva 1,4811,926.36 km2 (743.8 sq mi)
061 Santa Ana Santa Ana 16,2481,620.65 km2 (625.7 sq mi)
062 Santa Cruz Santa Cruz 1,768880.43 km2 (339.9 sq mi)
063 Sáric Sáric 1,5671,676.23 km2 (647.2 sq mi)
064 Soyopa Soyopa 1,420846.33 km2 (326.8 sq mi)
065 Suaqui Grande Suaqui Grande 1,142889.28 km2 (343.4 sq mi)
066 Tepache Tepache 1,230752.85 km2 (290.7 sq mi)
067 Trincheras Trincheras 1,5773,944.90 km2 (1,523.1 sq mi)
068 Tubutama Tubutama 1,1931,351.60 km2 (521.9 sq mi)
069 Ures Ures 8,7042,618.56 km2 (1,011.0 sq mi)
070 Villa Hidalgo Villa Hidalgo 1,523951.17 km2 (367.2 sq mi)
071 Villa Pesqueira Villa Pesqueira 1,1811,834.13 km2 (708.2 sq mi)
072 Yécora Yécora 6,0123,312.05 km2 (1,278.8 sq mi)

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References

  1. "División municipal. Sonora". www.cuentame.inegi.org.mx. Retrieved 2019-08-04.
  2. "Constitución Política de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos". Article 115,  of 1917 (in Spanish). Retrieved September 27, 2017.
  3. OECD (November 12, 2004). New Forms of Governance for Economic Development. OECD Publishing. p. 121. ISBN   9264015329.
  4. 1 2 International Business Publications (2009). Mexico Company Laws and Regulations Handbook. p. 42. ISBN   1-4330-7030-8.
  5. http://cuentame.inegi.org.mx/monografias/informacion/son/poblacion/
  6. https://archive.li/20120731104257/http://www.e-local.gob.mx/work/templates/enciclo/sonora/