Sonora is a state in Northwest Mexico that is divided into 72 municipalities.
Sonora, officially Estado Libre y Soberano de Sonora, is one of 31 states that, with Mexico City, comprise the 32 federal entities of United Mexican States. It is divided into 72 municipalities; the capital city is Hermosillo. Sonora is bordered by the states of Chihuahua to the east, Baja California to the northwest and Sinaloa to the south. To the north, it shares the U.S.–Mexico border with the states of Arizona and New Mexico, and on the west has a significant share of the coastline of the Gulf of California.
Mexico, officially the United Mexican States, is a country in the southern portion of North America. It is bordered to the north by the United States; to the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; to the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and to the east by the Gulf of Mexico. Covering almost 2,000,000 square kilometres (770,000 sq mi), the nation is the fifth largest country in the Americas by total area and the 13th largest independent state in the world. With an estimated population of over 120 million people, the country is the eleventh most populous state and the most populous Spanish-speaking state in the world, while being the second most populous nation in Latin America after Brazil. Mexico is a federation comprising 31 states and Mexico City, a special federal entity that is also the capital city and its most populous city. Other metropolises in the state include Guadalajara, Monterrey, Puebla, Toluca, Tijuana and León.
Municipalities are the second-level administrative divisions of Mexico, where the first-level administrative division is the state. As of the establishment of two new municipalities in Chiapas in September 2017, there are 2,448 municipalities in Mexico, not including the 16 delegaciones of Mexico City. The internal political organization and their responsibilities are outlined in the 115th article of the 1917 Constitution and detailed in the constitutions of the states to which they belong.
Municipalities in Sonora are administratively autonomous of the state according to the 115th article of the 1917 Constitution of Mexico.Every three years, citizens elect a municipal president (Spanish: presidente municipal) by a plurality voting system who heads a concurrently elected municipal council (ayuntamiento) responsible for providing all the public services for their constituents. The municipal council consists of a variable number of trustees and councillors (regidores y síndicos). Municipalities are responsible for public services (such as water and sewerage), street lighting, public safety, traffic, supervision of slaughterhouses and the maintenance of public parks, gardens and cemeteries. They may also assist the state and federal governments in education, emergency fire and medical services, environmental protection and maintenance of monuments and historical landmarks. Since 1984, they have had the power to collect property taxes and user fees, although more funds are obtained from the state and federal governments than from their own income.
The Constitution of Mexico, formally the Political Constitution of the United Mexican States is the current constitution of Mexico. It was drafted in Santiago de Querétaro, in the State of Querétaro, by a constitutional convention, during the Mexican Revolution. It was approved by the Constitutional Congress on 5 February 1917. It is the successor to the Constitution of 1857, and earlier Mexican constitutions.
A presidente municipal is the chief of government of municipios in Mexico. This title was also used in the Philippines under the Spanish and American colonization; it is comparable to a mayor of the town or city. The position is comparable to the county executive of a county in the United States or to the mayor of a city in the United States, although the jurisdiction of a presidente municipal includes not only a city but the municipality surrounding it. Nationally, this position is also equivalent to that of Head of Government of the Federal District and that is why these positions are sometimes referred to as "mayors" in English-language publications.
Plurality voting is an electoral system in which each voter is allowed to vote for only one candidate, and the candidate who polls the most among their counterparts is elected. In a system based on single-member districts, it may be called first-past-the-post (FPTP), single-choice voting, simple plurality or relative/simple majority. In a system based on multi-member districts, it may be referred to as winner-takes-all or bloc voting. The system is often used to elect members of a legislative assembly or executive officers. It is the most common form of the system, and is used in most elections in the United States, the lower house in India, elections to the House of Commons and English local elections in the United Kingdom and Canada.
|INEGI code||Municipality||Municipal Seat||Population (2015)|
|002||Agua Prieta||Agua Prieta||82,918|
|016||Benito Juárez||Villa Juárez||21,957|
|017||Benjamín Hill||Benjamín Hill||5,233|
|036||La Colorada||La Colorada||2,076|
|037||Magdalena||Magdalena de Kino||31,180|
|041||Nácori Chico||Nácori Chico||2,019|
|042||Nacozari de García||Nacozari de García||13,843|
|049||Puerto Peñasco||Puerto Peñasco||62,177|
|050||Plutarco Elías Calles||Sonoyta||16,931|
|053||Rosario||Rosario de Tesopaco||5,025|
|055||San Felipe de Jesús||San Felipe de Jesús||407|
|056||San Ignacio Río Muerto||San Ignacio Río Muerto||14,549|
|057||San Javier||San Javier||557|
|058||San Luis Río Colorado||San Luis Río Colorado||192,739|
|059||San Miguel de Horcasitas||San Miguel de Horcasitas||9,081|
|060||San Pedro de la Cueva||San Pedro de la Cueva||1,481|
|061||Santa Ana||Santa Ana||16,248|
|062||Santa Cruz||Santa Cruz||1,768|
|065||Suaqui Grande||Suaqui Grande||1,142|
|070||Villa Hidalgo||Villa Hidalgo||1,523|
|071||Villa Pesqueira||Villa Pesqueira||1,181|
Veracruz is a state in East Mexico that is divided into 212 municipalities.
Quintana Roo is a state in Southeast Mexico that is divided into eleven municipalities. Puerto Morelos, Tulum and Bacalar are the newest municipalities.
Tabasco is a state in Southeast Mexico that is divided into 17 municipalities. According to the 2015 Mexican Intercensal Survey, it is the state that has the 20th largest with 2,238,603 inhabitants and is the 24th largest by land area spanning 24,738 square kilometres (9,551 sq mi).
Yucatán is a state in Southeast Mexico that is divided into 106 municipalities, organized into 7 administrative regions. Most of the names of the municipalities come from the Yucatec Maya language, which is still spoken by more of 30% of the population, according to INEGI (2000).
Oaxaca is a state in Southwest Mexico that is divided into 570 municipalities, more than any other state.
Tlaxcala is a state in East Mexico that is divided into 60 municipalities.
Guerrero is a state in Southwest Mexico that is divided into 81 municipalities. According to the 2015 Mexican Intercensal Survey, Aguascalientes is the 12th most populous state with 3,533,251 inhabitants and the 14th largest by land area spanning 63,803.42 square kilometres (24,634.64 sq mi).
Chiapas is a state in Southwest Mexico. According to the 2015 Mexican Intercensal Survey, it is the state that has the seventh largest population with 5,217,908 inhabitants and the 10th largest by land area spanning 73,560.47 square kilometres (28,401.86 sq mi). Chiapas is officially divided into 124 municipalities, although the establishment of municipal authorities in Belisario Domínguez has been suspended since 2015 pending the resolution of a territorial dispute between Chiapas and the neighbouring state of Oaxaca. A 125th municipality called Honduras de la Sierra, consisting of six ejidos currently part of Siltepec, will be incorporated on October 1, 2018.
Jalisco is a state in West Mexico that is divided into 125 municipalities.
Hidalgo is a state in East Mexico that is divided into 84 municipalities.
Michoacán is a state in West Mexico that is divided into 113 municipalities.
Querétaro is a state in North Central Mexico that is divided into 18 municipalities.
Puebla is a state in East Mexico that is divided into 217 municipalities.
Morelos is a state in South Central Mexico that is currently divided into 33 municipalities. On November 9, 2017, the state legislature approved the creation of four indigenous municipalities, which will come into effect on January 1, 2019. However, due to objections by authorities in Cuautla, it was decided on July 26, 2018 that Tetelcingo would not be included in the list of new municipalities.
Nuevo León is a state in Northeast Mexico that is divided into 51 municipalities.
Nayarit is a state in West Mexico that is divided into twenty municipalities.
Sinaloa is a state in Northwest Mexico that is divided into 18 municipalities.
San Luis Potosí is a state in North Central Mexico that is divided into 58 municipalities.
Tamaulipas is a state in Northeast Mexico that is divided into 43 municipalities.
Mexico is a state in South Central Mexico that is divided into 125 municipalities.