Municipality of Brda
The village of Hum in the municipality
Location of the Municipality of Brda in Slovenia
|• Mayor||Franc Mužič (LDS)|
|• Total||72 km2 (28 sq mi)|
|• Density||80/km2 (210/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02 (CEST)|
The Municipality of Brda (pronounced [ˈbəɾda] ; Slovene : Občina Brda, Italian : Comune di Collio) is a municipality in western Slovenia. It is located in the Slovenian Littoral region, extending from the Italian border to the Soča River. It is bounded by Sabotin Hill (609 meters or 1,998 feet) to the east and Korada Hill (812 meters or 2,664 feet) to the north.
The people speak a distinctive Slovene dialect belonging to the Littoral dialect group.
The municipality comprises the Slovenian part of the Gorizia Hills (Slovene : Goriška brda, Italian : Collio Goriziano), which are one of the most important wine-producing microregions in Slovenia. It enjoys a mild Mediterranean climate and it is protected from the strong Bora wind, which frequently blows in other parts of the Slovenian Littoral.
In addition to the municipal seat of Dobrovo, the municipality also includes the following settlements:
Agriculture is an important part of the local economy: besides grapes, cherries are the most important agricultural product in the municipality, followed by apricots, pears, figs, and plums. Together with the Vipava Valley, Brda produces most of the persimmons in Slovenia. Small amounts of olive oil are also produced.
The wine varieties grown in Brda include Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon, Pinot noir, Pinot gris, and Sauvignon vert.
Brda is the native land of the poet Alojz Gradnik, who was born in the village of Medana.
The Slovene Littoral is one of the five traditional regions of Slovenia. Its name recalls the former Austrian Littoral, the Habsburg possessions on the upper Adriatic coast, which the Slovene Littoral was part of.
Sauvignon vert is a white wine grape of the species Vitis vinifera prevalent in the Italian region of Friuli. It is widely planted in Chile where it was historically mistaken for Sauvignon blanc. The grape is distinct from the California planting of Muscadelle which is also called Sauvignon vert.
Dolegna del Collio is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Gorizia in the Italian region Friuli-Venezia Giulia, located about 50 kilometres (31 mi) northwest of Trieste and about 15 kilometres (9 mi) northwest of Gorizia, on the border with Slovenia. As of 31 December 2004, it had a population of 419 and an area of 12.5 square kilometres (4.8 sq mi).
San Floriano del Collio is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Gorizia in the Italian region Friuli-Venezia Giulia, located about 40 kilometres (25 mi) northwest of Trieste and about 6 kilometres (4 mi) northwest of Gorizia, on the border with Slovenia, and borders the following municipalities: Brda (Slovenia), Capriva del Friuli, Cormons, Gorizia, Mossa.
The Vipava Valley is a valley in the Slovenian Littoral, roughly between the village of Podnanos to the east and the border with Italy to the west. The main towns are Ajdovščina and Vipava.
Friuli-Venezia Giulia wine is wine made in the northeastern Italian region of Friuli-Venezia Giulia. Once part of the Venetian Republic and with sections under the influence of the Austro-Hungarian Empire for some time, the wines of the region have noticeable Slavic and Germanic influences. There are 11 Denominazione di origine controllata (DOC) and 3 Denominazione di Origine Controllata e Garantita (DOCG) in the Friuli-Venezia Giulia area. The region has 3 Indicazione Geografica Tipica (IGT) designations Alto Livenza, delle Venezie and Venezia Giulia. Nearly 62% of the wine produced in the region falls under a DOC designation. The area is known predominantly for its white wines which are considered some of the best examples of Italian wine in that style. Along with the Veneto and Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol, the Friuli-Venezia Giulia forms the Tre Venezie wine region which ranks with Tuscany and Piedmont as Italy's world class wine regions.
Ribolla Gialla is a white wine grape grown most prominently in the Friuli region of northeast Italy. The grape is also found in Slovenia where it is known as Rebula. In Friuli, the grape thrives in the region around Rosazzo and Gorizia. In Slovenia, the grape is grown prominently in the Brda region. The grape is not related to the Friuli red wine grape Schioppettino, which is also known as Ribolla Nera. The obscure, lower quality Ribola Verde grape is a mutated version that is not widely used.
Slovenian wine is wine from Slovenia. Viticulture and winemaking has existed in this region since the time of the Celts and Illyrians tribes, long before the Romans would introduce winemaking to the lands of France, Spain and Germany.
The Gorizia Hills is a hilly microregion in western Slovenia and northeastern Italy. It lies on the right bank of the Soča (Isonzo) river, north and west of the Italian town of Gorizia, after which it is named. The region has around 120 square kilometres and 7,000 inhabitants, mostly ethnic Slovenes, with a small number of Friulian speakers in its westernmost part.
The Colli Orientali del Friuli is a Denominazione di origine controllata (DOC) located in the Italian wine region of Friuli-Venezia Giulia. The region is located in the province of Udine and is sub-divided into three main sections; Ramandolo in the north, Cialla and Corno di Rosazzo. The climate and soil is very similar to the neighboring DOC of Collio Goriziano and the two region share many winemaking similarities as well. The main distinction between the Colli Orientali del Friuli and Collio Goriziano lie in the increased red and dessert wine production of the Colli Orientali del Friuli. The region also includes within its boundaries the three Denominazione di Origine Controllata e Garantita (DOCG) of the Friuli-Venezia Giulia Ramandolo and the two passito wine DOCGs of Colli Orientali del Friuli Picolit and Colli Orientali del Friuli Picolit-Cialla.
Haloze is a geographical sub-region of Slovenia. It is in the northeast of the country, in the Styria region.
Medana is a village in the Municipality of Brda in the Slovene Littoral region of Slovenia. It is located in the Gorizia Hills, a wine-producing region on the border with Italy. The parish church in the village is dedicated to the Assumption of Mary and belongs to the Diocese of Koper. Medana is the birthplace of the Slovene poet Alojz Gradnik and is known for its annual Poetry and Wine Days festival, which takes place in late August.
Brdice pri Neblem is a small settlement northwest of Dobrovo near Neblo in the Municipality of Brda in the Littoral region of Slovenia.
Breg pri Golem Brdu is a small settlement south of Golo Brdo in the Municipality of Brda in the Littoral region of Slovenia, on the border with Italy.
Dolnje Cerovo is a settlement in the Municipality of Brda in the Littoral region of Slovenia on the border with Italy.
Vrhovlje pri Kožbani is a small settlement northwest of Kožbana in the Municipality of Brda in the Littoral region of Slovenia on the border with Italy.
The Littoral dialect group is a group of very heterogeneous dialects of Slovene. The Littoral dialects are spoken in most of the Slovenian Littoral and in the western part of Inner Carniola. They are also spoken by Slovenes in the Italian provinces of Trieste and Gorizia, and in the mountainous areas of eastern Friuli.
The Brda dialect is a Slovene dialect in the Littoral dialect group, spoken northwest of Gorizia and Nova Gorica in Slovenia and Italy.
The Municipality of Tolmin is a municipality in northwestern Slovenia. Its seat and largest settlement is Tolmin.
Collio Goriziano is an Italian wine and winemaking region in northeast Italian region of Friuli-Venezia Giulia, located in the northernmost part of the Province of Gorizia, in the Italian part of the Gorizia Hills, which extend to neighboring Slovenia. It has been recognized with the official the status of DOC. Colli Goriziano predominately produces white wines with Friulano, Ribolla Gialla, Malvasia Istriana, Chardonnay, Pinot bianco, Pinot grigio, and Sauvignon blanc being the leading varietals. Red wine is also produced under the Collio Rosso designation and is usually a blend of Merlot, Cabernet franc, and Cabernet Sauvignon.