Municipality of Jezersko

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Municipality of Jezersko
Občina Jezersko
Jezersko1.jpg
Coat of arms of Jezersko.png
Obcine Slovenija 2006 Jezersko.svg
Location of the Municipality of Jezersko in Slovenia
Coordinates: 46°23′34″N14°29′51″E / 46.39278°N 14.49750°E / 46.39278; 14.49750 Coordinates: 46°23′34″N14°29′51″E / 46.39278°N 14.49750°E / 46.39278; 14.49750
Country Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia
Government
  MayorAndrej Karničar
Area
  Total68.8 km2 (26.6 sq mi)
Population
 (2002) [1]
  Total638
  Density9.3/km2 (24/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02 (CEST)
Website www.jezersko.si OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
Pasture Lake (Plansarsko jezero), an artificial lake in Jezersko Jezersko2.jpg
Pasture Lake (Planšarsko jezero), an artificial lake in Jezersko
Panoramic view towards Zgornje Jezersko Jezersko 12.jpg
Panoramic view towards Zgornje Jezersko

The Municipality of Jezersko (pronounced  [jɛˈzɛːɾskɔ] ; Slovene : Občina Jezersko Loudspeaker.svg pronunciation  ) is a municipality in northern Slovenia. In 1995, Jezersko became part of Preddvor and became an independent municipality in 1998. [2] Originally located in the historic region of Carinthia, it became part of the Upper Carniola Statistical Region in 2005. The seat of the municipality is the town of Zgornje Jezersko.

Contents

Jezersko is located in the remote Kokra Valley in the Kamnik–Savinja Alps, south of the Seeberg Saddle mountain pass and the border with the Austrian state of Carinthia.

History

The name of the area derives from a glacial lake near the settlement of Zgornje Jezersko that started to disappear after an earthquake in 1348. However, it was still described by Johann Weikhard von Valvasor in 1689 as a large lake. [2] It gave the area its German name Seeland (literally "lake land", first recorded as Seelant in 1496), and its Slovene equivalent Jezersko, which came into use at the end of the 19th century. A document from 1391 mentions the church of "St. Oswald by the Lake" (Sv. Ožbolt pri Jezeru).

The remote village was part of the Duchy of Carinthia until 1919, administratively linked to Eisenkappel in the north; however, the residents did not consider themselves "true" Carinthians. [3] It was therefore the only settlement already ceded by the Carinthian Landtag assembly to the newly established State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs, before it was officially adjudicated together with the Meža Valley and Dravograd to the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes by the 1919 Treaty of Saint-Germain.

Settlements

In addition to the municipal seat of Zgornje Jezersko, the municipality also includes the settlement of Spodnje Jezersko.

Economy

Agriculture

The main activities that locals engage in are tourism, cattle breeding, and forestry. Cattle breeding is extensive in Jezersko, both by private farms and larger corporations. Jezersko is also the place of the origin of the breed of sheep known as the Jezersko–Solčava sheep. A sheep festival called the Sheep Dance (Ovčji bal) is held annually in mid-August.

Tourism

Jezersko has a long tourist tradition. There is a 3-star hotel in Jezersko [4] as well as private accommodation in self-catering units at vacation farms. [5] The location of the village offers exceptional views of the surrounding mountains, and it is a starting point for mountain hiking routes to Grintovec, Mount Kočna, and Big Peak (Veliki vrh). The Kranj Lodge at Ledine (Kranjska koča na Ledinah) and the Czech Lodge at Spodnje Ravni (Češka koča na Spodnjih Ravneh) mountain huts are well known to mountain hikers. [6] Lake Planšar (Planšarsko jezero) in Zgornje Jezersko is an artificial lake created after World War II. In winter skiing is also possible.

Related Research Articles

Carniola Traditional region of Slovenia

Carniola is a historical region that comprised parts of present-day Slovenia. Although as a whole it does not exist anymore, Slovenes living within the former borders of the region still tend to identify with its traditional parts Upper Carniola, Lower Carniola, and to a lesser degree with Inner Carniola. In 1991, 47% of the population of Slovenia lived within the borders of the former Duchy of Carniola.

Carinthia State of Austria

Carinthia is the southernmost Austrian state, in the Eastern Alps, and is noted for its mountains and lakes. The main language is German. Its regional dialects belong to the Southern Bavarian group. Carinthian Slovene dialects, forms of a South Slavic language that predominated in the southeastern part of the region up to the first half of the 20th century, are now spoken by a small minority in the area.

Carinthia (Slovenia) Traditional region of Slovenia

Carinthia, also Slovene Carinthia or Slovenian Carinthia, is a traditional region in northern Slovenia. The term refers to the small southeasternmost area of the former Duchy of Carinthia, which after World War I was allocated to the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs according to the 1919 Treaty of Saint-Germain. It has no distinct centre, but a local centre in each of the three central river valleys among the heavily forested mountains.

1920 Carinthian plebiscite 1920 referendum in Austria which determined its border with Yugoslavia

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Karawanks Mountain range along the Austria–Slovenia border

The Karawanks or Karavankas or Karavanks are a mountain range of the Southern Limestone Alps on the border between Slovenia to the south and Austria to the north. With a total length of 120 kilometres (75 mi) in an east–west direction, the Karawanks chain is one of the longest ranges in Europe. It is traversed by important trade routes and has a great tourist significance. Geographically and geologically, it is divided into the higher Western Karawanks and the lower-lying Eastern Karawanks. It is traversed by the Periadriatic Seam, separating the Apulian tectonic plate from the Eurasian Plate.

Bleiburg Place in Carinthia, Austria

Bleiburg is a small town in the south Austrian state of Carinthia (Koroška), south-east of Klagenfurt, in the district of Völkermarkt, some four kilometres from the border with Slovenia.

Duchy of Carniola Historical land, Habsburg crown land

The Duchy of Carniola was an imperial estate of the Holy Roman Empire, established under Habsburg rule on the territory of the former East Frankish March of Carniola in 1364. A hereditary land of the Habsburg monarchy, it became a constituent land of the Austrian Empire in 1804 and part of the Kingdom of Illyria until 1849. A separate crown land from 1849, it was incorporated into the Cisleithanian territories of Austria-Hungary from 1867 until the state's dissolution in 1918. Its capital was Ljubljana.

Upper Carniola Traditional region of Slovenia

Upper Carniola is a traditional region of Slovenia, the northern mountainous part of the larger Carniola region. The centre of the region is Kranj, while other urban centers include Jesenice, Tržič, Škofja Loka, Kamnik, and Domžale. It has around 300,000 inhabitants or 14% of the population of Slovenia.

Eisenkappel-Vellach Place in Carinthia, Austria

Eisenkappel-Vellach is a market town in the Völkermarkt District in the Austrian state of Carinthia. The spa town is the southernmost municipality of Austria, close to the border with Slovenia.

Carinthian Slovenes or Carinthian Slovenians are the indigenous minority of Slovene ethnicity, living within borders of the Austrian state of Carinthia, neighboring Slovenia. Their status of the minority group is guaranteed in principle by the Constitution of Austria and under international law, and have seats in the National Ethnic Groups Advisory Council.

Feistritz im Rosental Place in Carinthia, Austria

Feistritz im Rosental, often referred to as simply Feistritz, is a market town in the district of Klagenfurt-Land in the Austrian state of Carinthia.

Slovene Lands Areas where the Slovene language is spoken

The Slovene lands or Slovenian lands is the historical denomination for the territories in Central and Southern Europe where people primarily spoke Slovene. The Slovene lands were part of the Illyrian provinces, the Austrian Empire and Austria-Hungary. They encompassed Carniola, southern part of Carinthia, southern part of Styria, Istria, Gorizia and Gradisca, Trieste, and Prekmurje. Their territory more or less corresponds to modern Slovenia and the adjacent territories in Italy, Austria, Hungary, and Croatia, where autochthonous Slovene minorities live. In the areas where present-day Slovenia borders to neighboring countries, they were never homogeneously ethnically Slovene.

Zgornje Jezersko Place in Carinthia, Slovenia

Zgornje Jezersko is a settlement and administrative centre of the Municipality of Jezersko in northern Slovenia. It is part of the traditional Slovenian Carinthia region and the Upper Carniola Statistical Region.

Kočna

Kočna at 2,540 metres (8,330 ft) high, is the second-highest mountain in the Kamnik–Savinja Alps and the westernmost peak of the Grintovec Range. Its prominent and easily recognized peak is visible from far around. The mountain has two peaks: the higher Jezersko Kočna and the nearby lower Kokra Kočna.

Carinthia Mount Rinka

Carinthia Mount Rinka or the Cross, with an elevation of 2,433 metres (7,982 ft), is a mountain in the central Kamnik–Savinja Alps in northern Slovenia. It is connected via a pass with Carniola Mount Rinka, the northern ridge descends to the Jezersko Pass and the Savinja Pass, whereas the western ridge with Styria Mount Rinka ends with the Turski Žleb Ravine. There is also the fourth Rinka, called Little Mount Rinka. The names of the mountains reflect their positions at the border between the traditional Slovene regions of Carinthia, Carniola, and Styria.

The Slovenian Mountain Hiking Trail, sometimes also called Transverzala, is a route from Maribor to Ankaran. It covers most of the Slovenian mountain areas including Pohorje, the Julian Alps, the Kamnik-Savinja Alps, the Karawanks, and the southwestern part of Slovenia. It is the oldest hiking track in Europe.

Storžič Lodge

The Storžič Lodge is a mountain hostel in the upper part of the Lomščica Valley, near the Jesenje Pasture in northwestern Slovenia. The first lodge was built in 1938 and was called the Verbič Lodge ; it caught fire one year later. It burned in 1941 when German forces attacked the Storžič Battalion. The current brown shingled hut was built in 1951.

Zois Lodge at Kokra Saddle

The Zois Lodge at Kokra Saddle is a mountain hostel that stands on Kokra Saddle, part of the Kamnik–Savinja Alps. It is named after the brothers Karl Zois (1756–1799), and Sigmund Zois (1747–1819).

Czech Lodge at Spodnje Ravni

The Czech Lodge at Spodnje Ravni is a mountain hostel that stands on the Spodnje Ravni Cirque above the Ravni Combe below the northern part of Mount Grintovec and the Long Ridge. It has been named after the Czechs from Prague who built it in 1900. In the 1970s, it was renovated, but the Czech architectural style remained. It is managed by the Jezersko Mountaineering Club. Its groundskeeper was for 40 years Andrej Karničar, then for 10 ten years Tone Karničar, and since July 2015 Karmen Karničar.

The Austro-Slovene conflict in Carinthia was a military engagement that ensued in the aftermath of World War I between forces loyal to the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs and later the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, and forces loyal to the Republic of German-Austria. The main theater of the conflict was the linguistically mixed region in southeastern Carinthia. The conflict was settled by the Treaty of Saint-Germain in 1919, which stipulated that the territorial dispute be resolved by a plebiscite.

References

  1. Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia, census of 2002
  2. 1 2 Alpe Adria Vita, d. o. o. (July 2009). "Jezersko" (PDF). Priloga št. 1 k Strategiji razvoja in trženja sonaravnega turizma na Gorenjskem 2010 - 2015[Annex No. 1 to the Strategy of the Development and Marketing of the Natural Tourism in the Upper Carniola 2010–2015] (in Slovenian). pp. 128–129.
  3. Kačičnik Gabrič, Alenka (2009). "Jezersko - pozabljeni delček Koroške". Kronika (in Slovenian and English). Zveza zgodovinskih društev Slovenije [Union of Historical Societies of Slovenia]. 57 (1): 29–46. ISSN   0023-4923.
  4. Hotel Planika Jezersko
  5. Makek vacation farm site Archived 2008-12-25 at the Wayback Machine
  6. Slovenian Tourist Board