Mura Statistical Region

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Mura Statistical Region

Pomurska statistična regija
Mura Statistical Region in Slovenia.svg
Municipalities 27
Largest city Murska Sobota
Area
  Total1,337 km2 (516 sq mi)
Population
 (2020)
  Total114,238
  Density85/km2 (220/sq mi)
Statistics
  Households44776
  Employed33623
  Registered unemployed9094
  College/university students4133
  Regional GDP: EUR 1.435 bn
(EUR 12,267 per capita)

The Mura Statistical Region [1] [2] [3] [4] (Slovene : Pomurska statistična regija) is a statistical region in northeast Slovenia. It is predominantly agricultural with field crops representing over three-quarters of the total agricultural area (twice as much as the Slovene average). Climate and soil combined have made it the region with the highest crop production, but its geographical position and inferior infrastructure put it at a disadvantage and it is the region of Slovenia with the lowest GDP per capita (EUR 12,267) and the highest rate of registered unemployment. [5]

Contents

Municipalities

The Mura Statistical Region comprises the following 27 municipalities:

Demographics

The population in 2020 was 114,238. It has a total area of 1,337 km².

Economy

Employment structure: 57.3% services, 39.9% industry, 2.7% agriculture.

Tourism

It attracts 10.2% of the total number of tourists in Slovenia, most being from Slovenia (62.4%).

Transportation

Related Research Articles

Geography of Slovenia

Slovenia is situated at the crossroads of central and southeast Europe, touching the Alps and bordering the Adriatic Sea. The Alps—including the Julian Alps, the Kamnik-Savinja Alps and the Karawank chain, as well as the Pohorje massif—dominate northern Slovenia along its long border to Austria. Slovenia's Adriatic coastline stretches approximately 43 km (27 mi) from Italy to Croatia. Its part south of Sava river belongs to Balkan peninsula – Balkans.

Carinthia (Slovenia) Traditional region in Slovenia

Carinthia, also Slovene Carinthia or Slovenian Carinthia, is a traditional region in northern Slovenia. The term refers to the small southeasternmost area of the former Duchy of Carinthia, which after World War I was allocated to the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs according to the 1919 Treaty of Saint-Germain. It has no distinct centre, but a local centre in each of the three central river valleys among the heavily forested mountains.

Mur (river) River in Central Europe

The Mur or Mura is a river in Central Europe rising in the Hohe Tauern national park of the Central Eastern Alps in Austria with its source being 1,898 m (6,227 ft) above sea level. It is a tributary of the Drava and subsequently the Danube.

Pohorje

Pohorje, also known as the Pohorje Massif or the Pohorje Mountains, is a mostly wooded, medium-high mountain range south of the Drava River in northeastern Slovenia. According to the traditional AVE classification it belongs to the Southern Limestone Alps. Geologically, it forms part of the Central Alps and features silicate metamorphic and igneous rock. Pohorje is sparsely populated with dispersed villages. There are also some ski resorts.

Coastal–Karst Statistical Region Statistical region

The Coastal–Karst Statistical Region is a statistical region in southwest Slovenia. It covers the traditional and historical regions of Slovenian Istria and most of the Karst Plateau, which traditionally belonged to the County of Gorizia and Gradisca. The region has a sub-Mediterranean climate and is Slovenia's only statistical region bordering the sea. Its natural features enable the development of tourism, transport, and special agricultural crops. More than two-thirds of gross value added are generated by services ; most was generated by activities at the Port of Koper and through seaside and spa tourism. The region recorded almost a quarter of all tourist nights in the country in 2013; slightly less than half by domestic tourists. Among foreign tourists, Italians, Austrians, and Germans predominated. In 2012 the region was one of four regions with a positive annual population growth rate (8.1‰). However, the age structure of the population was less favourable: in mid-2013 the ageing index was 133.3, which means that for every 100 inhabitants under 15 there were 133 inhabitants 65 or older. The farms in this region are among the smallest in Slovenia in terms of average utilised agricultural area per farm and in terms of the number of livestock on farms.

Souvan House

The Souvan House or the Hohn House is the highest building at Town Square in Ljubljana, the capital of Slovenia. It stands near Ljubljana Town Hall on the opposite (western) side of the square and has the address 24 Town Square. The building was originally erected in the late 17th century and renovated upon the plans by Francesco Coconi in 1827, who raised it and added a shallow avant-corps. Its façade from the early 19th-century is one of the highest-quality examples of Biedermeier architecture in the city. It is decorated with reliefs representing trade, art and agriculture, work by the travelling sculptor Martin Kirschner.

Iška

The Iška is a river of central Slovenia. Part of the river valley—the Iška Gorge or Iška Canyon —separates Lower Carniola from Inner Carniola. The river is 31 km (19 mi) long. After flowing past Strahomer, the river follows an almost straight line and joins the Ljubljanica River, and therefore belongs to the Sava and Black Sea basins.

Dragonja

The Dragonja is a 30-kilometre (19 mi) long river in the northern part of the Istrian peninsula. It is a meandering river with a very branched basin and a small quantity of water. It has the pluvial regime and often dries up in summer. It features very diverse living environments and is home to a number of animal and plant species. The Dragonja has been a matter of a territorial dispute between Croatia and Slovenia, with its lowest portion de facto the border of the two countries.

Poljane nad Škofjo Loko Place in Upper Carniola, Slovenia

Poljane nad Škofjo Loko is a settlement in the Poljane Sora Valley in the Municipality of Gorenja Vas–Poljane in the Upper Carniola region of Slovenia.

Upper Carniola Statistical Region Statistical region

The Upper Carniola Statistical Region is a statistical region in northwest Slovenia. It is a region with high mountains, including Mount Triglav, and is almost entirely Alpine. A large part of this statistical region is protected as a national park. The relief and climate are good bases for tourism. In 2013, the region recorded almost 19% of tourist nights in Slovenia, of which 78% were by foreign tourists. The region ranked second in Slovenia in number of tourist beds per 1,000 population, even though it had just over half as many beds as the Coastal–Karst Statistical Region. In 2013, the registered unemployment rate here was the lowest in Slovenia, 3 percentage points lower than the national average and more than 8 percentage points lower than in the Mura Statistical Region, where the registered unemployment rate was the highest. Although agriculture in this region is not among the most important activities, the farms are among the largest in the country both in terms of average utilised agricultural area per farm and in terms of the number of livestock per farm.

Gorizia Statistical Region Statistical region

The Gorizia Statistical Region is a statistical region in western Slovenia, along the border with Italy. It is named after the Italian town of Gorizia.

Littoral–Inner Carniola Statistical Region Statistical region

The Littoral–Inner Carniola Statistical Region is a statistical region in southwest Slovenia. Until January 1, 2015 it was named the Inner Carniola–Karst Statistical Region.

Southeast Slovenia Statistical Region Statistical region

The Southeast Slovenia Statistical Region is a statistical region in southeast Slovenia. It is the largest statistical region. The development of this region is largely the result of industry, which generated nearly half of the gross value added in the region in 2012. According to the latest available data for 2013, 94% of waste water in the region was treated before it was discharged from the public sewage system. This is significantly more than in Slovenia as a whole (78%). The expenditure on research and development (R&D), which amounted to 5.2% of the regional GDP in 2012, highlights the importance of R&D in the region. Businesses accounted for 90% of the sources of financing. The population's age structure in this region is favourable. In mid-2013 the value of the ageing index was 105.2, which means that the ratio between the population 65 or older and the population 15 or less was 105 older people per 100 young people.

Carinthia Statistical Region Statistical region

The Carinthia Statistical Region is a statistical region in northern Slovenia along the border with Austria.

Central Slovenia Statistical Region Statistical region

The Central Slovenia Statistical Region is a statistical region in central Slovenia.

Drava Statistical Region Statistical region

The Drava Statistical Region is a statistical region in Slovenia. The largest town in the region is Maribor. Its name comes from the Drava River and includes land on both banks along its course through Slovenia as well as the Pohorje mountains in the northeast of the region. The Drava is used for the production of hydroelectricity and the fertile land around it is used for agriculture. The share of job vacancies in all available jobs is among the highest in Slovenia and the region has a positive net migration rate but a very high natural decrease, which means an overall decrease in the population.

Savinja Statistical Region Statistical region

The Savinja Statistical Region is a statistical region in Slovenia. The largest town in the region is Celje. It is named after the Savinja River. The region is very diverse in natural geography; it mainly comprises the wooded mountainous terrain attractive to tourists, the fertile Lower Savinja Valley with good conditions for growing hops, the Kozje Hills, and the Velenje Basin with lignite deposits, used for electricity production. In 2013 the region invested more than EUR 127 million in environmental protection. In 2013, the region accounted for 14% of enterprises created and 8% of enterprises shut down. The region has good natural conditions for agriculture. In 2013 this region had more than 11,000 farms, which is 15% of all farms in Slovenia, ranking the region right behind the Drava Statistical Region. In agricultural area utilised and livestock, the region was also in second place. The region is a well-known and popular tourist destination. In 2012, tourist arrivals and overnight stays in the region represented 11.1% of all tourist arrivals in Slovenia and 15.0% of all overnight stays. On average, tourists spent four nights there.

Central Sava Statistical Region Statistical region

The Central Sava Statistical Region is a statistical region in Slovenia. This statistical region in the Sava Hills is the smallest region in the country in terms of both area and population. In early-2010 almost 41,700 people lived on 264 km², meaning that together with the Central Slovenia Statistical Region it is the most densely populated statistical region. The natural and geographic features of this region create conditions for industrial activities and more than a third of gross value added is still generated by manufacturing, mining, and other industry. In 2013, the region once again recorded the highest negative annual population growth rate (−11.9‰), which was mainly a result of migration to other statistical regions. Among all statistical regions in 2013, this region had the highest negative net migration between regions; namely, −9.5. This region also stands out by age of mothers at childbirth. In 2013 first-time mothers in the region were on average 28.5 years old, whereas first-time mothers in the Central Slovenia Statistical Region were on average 1 year older. In the same year, the number of unemployed persons increased further. The registered unemployment rate was among the highest in the country (16.6%). In comparison with other regions, this is 7 percentage points more than in the region with the lowest registered unemployment rate, Upper Carniola, and almost 1 percentage point less than in the region with the highest unemployment rate, the Mura Statistical Region. According to the labour migration index, this is the most residential statistical region. In 2013, 60% of people in the region worked in their region of residence, and 40% worked in another region.

Lower Sava Statistical Region Statistical region

The Lower Sava Statistical Region is a statistical region in Slovenia. It has good traffic accessibility and is located in the Sava and Krka Valleys, with hilly areas with vineyards and an abundance of water. It is the second-smallest statistical region in Slovenia. The only nuclear power plant in the country and Čatež spa are located in the region. The region annually spends EUR 22 million on environmental protection. In 2013, the employment rate in the region was 57.5%. The region was characterized by the largest difference between the employment rate for men and for women. In 2013 this region also stood out in number of convicted persons per 1,000 population (8.3).

Big Pasture Plateau Mountain plateau in the Kamnik-Savinja Alps, Slovenia

The Big Pasture Plateau is a karstified mountain plateau in the Kamnik–Savinja Alps northeast of Kamnik, Slovenia. It measures 5.8 square kilometres and has an average elevation of 1,500 metres above sea level. Its highest point is Mount Gradišče, at 1,666 m (5,466 ft). There are numerous herders' dwellings that comprise several settlement areas: Velika Planina 'Big Pasture', Mala Planina 'Little Pasture', Gojška Planina 'Gozd Pasture', Tiha Dolina 'Quiet Valley', and others. The Big Pasture Plateau is a tourist destination both in winter as a ski resort and in summer as a place for relaxation.

References

  1. OECD. 2012. OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Slovenia 2012. OECD Publishing, p. 324.
  2. Lapuh, Lucija. 2016. Measuring the Impact of the Recession on Slovenian Statistical Regions and their Ability to Recover. Acta geographica Slovenica 56(2): 247–256, pp. 252ff.
  3. Šprah, Lilijana, Tatjana Novak, & Jerneja Fridl. 2016. The Wellbeing of Slovenia's Population by Region: Comparison of Indicators with an Emphasis on Health. Acta geographica Slovenica 54(1): 67–87, p. 68.
  4. Boršič, Darja, & Alenka Kavkler. 2009. Modeling Unemployment Duration in Slovenia Using Cox Regression Models. Transition Studies Review 54(1): 145–156, p. 148.
  5. "Labour force, Slovenia, November 2010 - final data". Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia. 18 January 2011. Retrieved 10 February 2011.

Coordinates: 46°39′00″N16°10′00″E / 46.65000°N 16.16667°E / 46.65000; 16.16667