| Ottoman Caliph |
Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques
|33rd Ottoman Sultan (Emperor)|
|Reign||30 May 1876 – 31 August 1876|
|Successor||Abdul Hamid II|
|Born||21 September 1840|
Istanbul, Ottoman Empire
|Died||29 August 1904 63) (aged|
Istanbul, Ottoman Empire
|Burial||30 August 1904|
New Mosque, Istanbul
|Consorts|| Mevhibe Kadın |
|Issue|| Şehzade Mehmed Selaheddin |
Murad V (Ottoman Turkish : مراد خامس) (21 September 1840 – 29 August 1904) was the 33rd Sultan of the Ottoman Empire who reigned from 30 May to 31 August 1876.
Ottoman Turkish, or the Ottoman language, is the variety of the Turkish language that was used in the Ottoman Empire. It borrows, in all aspects, extensively from Arabic and Persian, and it was written in the Ottoman Turkish alphabet. During the peak of Ottoman power, Arabic and Persian vocabulary accounted for up to 88% of the Ottoman vocabulary, while words of foreign origin heavily outnumbered native Turkish words.
Sultan is a position with several historical meanings. Originally, it was an Arabic abstract noun meaning "strength", "authority", "rulership", derived from the verbal noun سلطة sulṭah, meaning "authority" or "power". Later, it came to be used as the title of certain rulers who claimed almost full sovereignty in practical terms, albeit without claiming the overall caliphate, or to refer to a powerful governor of a province within the caliphate. The adjective form of the word is "sultanic", and the dynasty and lands ruled by a sultan are referred to as a sultanate.
The Ottoman Empire, historically known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries. It was founded at the end of the 13th century in northwestern Anatolia in the town of Söğüt by the Oghuz Turkish tribal leader Osman I. After 1354, the Ottomans crossed into Europe, and with the conquest of the Balkans, the Ottoman beylik was transformed into a transcontinental empire. The Ottomans ended the Byzantine Empire with the 1453 conquest of Constantinople by Mehmed the Conqueror.
He was born in Istanbul.His father was Abdulmejid I. His mother, whom his father married in Constantinople on 1 August 1839, was Şevkefza Valide Sultan, an ethnic Circassian from the Ubykh tribe, daughter of Mehmed Bey Zaurum and his wife Cemile Hanım.
Istanbul, formerly known as Byzantium and Constantinople, is the most populous city in Turkey and the country's economic, cultural and historic center. Istanbul is a transcontinental city in Eurasia, straddling the Bosporus strait between the Sea of Marmara and the Black Sea. Its commercial and historical center lies on the European side and about a third of its population lives in suburbs on the Asian side of the Bosporus. With a total population of around 15 million residents in its metropolitan area, Istanbul is one of the world's most populous cities, ranking as the world's fourth largest city proper and the largest European city. The city is the administrative center of the Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality. Istanbul is a bridge between the East and West.
Abdülmecid I or Tanzimatçı Sultan Abdülmecid due to the Tanzimat reforms he conducted, he is also known as Abdulmejid and similar spellings, was the 31st Sultan of the Ottoman Empire and succeeded his father Mahmud II on 2 July 1839. His reign was notable for the rise of nationalist movements within the empire's territories. Abdulmejid wanted to encourage Ottomanism among the secessionist subject nations and stop the rise of nationalist movements within the empire, but failed to succeed despite trying to integrate non-Muslims and non-Turks more thoroughly into Ottoman society with new laws and reforms. He tried to forge alliances with the major powers of Western Europe, namely the United Kingdom and France, who fought alongside the Ottoman Empire in the Crimean War against Russia. In the following Congress of Paris on 30 March 1856, the Ottoman Empire was officially included among the European family of nations. Abdulmejid's biggest achievement was the announcement and application of the Tanzimat (reorganization) reforms which were prepared by his father and effectively started the modernization of the Ottoman Empire in 1839. For this achievement, one of the Imperial anthems of the Ottoman Empire, the March of Abdulmejid, was named after him.
The Circassians, also known by their endonym Adyghe, are a Northwest Caucasian ethnic group native to Circassia, many of whom were displaced in the course of the Russian conquest of the Caucasus in the 19th century, especially after the Russo-Circassian War in 1864.
Murad became the Sultan when his uncle Abdülaziz was deposed. He was highly influenced by French culture and was a liberal.He reigned for 93 days before being deposed on the grounds that he was mentally ill. As a result, he was unable to deliver the Constitution that his supporters had sought. The ensuing political instability caused by his ousting moved the empire closer to the disastrous war with Russia, then ruled by Alexander II.
Abdülaziz was the 32nd Sultan of the Ottoman Empire and reigned between 25 June 1861 and 30 May 1876. He was the son of Sultan Mahmud II and succeeded his brother Abdulmejid I in 1861.
Liberalism is a political and moral philosophy based on liberty, consent of the governed, and equality before the law. Liberals espouse a wide array of views depending on their understanding of these principles, but they generally support limited government, individual rights, capitalism, democracy, secularism, gender equality, racial equality, internationalism, freedom of speech, freedom of the press and freedom of religion.
Alexander II was the Emperor of Russia from 2 March 1855 until his assassination on 13 March 1881. He was also the King of Poland and the Grand Duke of Finland.
Murad V was the first and only sultan member of the Grand Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons of Turkey.
The history of Freemasonry in Turkey stretches back to the 18th century under Ottoman imperial rule.
An important primary source about his life comes from the memoirs of one of his consorts, Filizten Kalfa, written in the 1930s.
Filizten Kalfa was a lady-in-waiting to Sultan Murad V of the Ottoman Empire.
He died at Çırağan Palace, Ortaköy, Istanbul, and was buried in Istanbul on 30 August 1904. His brother, Abdul Hamid II, ascended the throne on 31 August 1876.
Çırağan Palace, a former Ottoman palace, is now a five-star hotel in the Kempinski Hotels chain. It is located on the European shore of the Bosporus, between Beşiktaş and Ortaköy in Istanbul, Turkey.
Ortaköy in Greek known as Agios Fokas in the Byzantine period and Mesachorion later, is a neighbourhood, formerly a small village, within the Beşiktaş district of Istanbul, Turkey, located in the middle of the European bank of the Bosphorus.
Abdul Hamid II was the 34th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire and the last Sultan to exert effective control over the fracturing state. He oversaw a period of decline, with rebellions particularly in the Balkans, and he had an unsuccessful war with the Russian Empire followed by a successful war against the Kingdom of Greece in 1897. Hamid II ruled from August 31, 1876 until he was deposed shortly after the 1908 Young Turk Revolution, on April 27, 1909. In accordance with an agreement made with the Republican Young Ottomans, he promulgated the first Ottoman Constitution of 1876 on December 23, 1876, which was a sign of progressive thinking that marked his early rule. Later, however, he noticed Western influence on Ottoman affairs and citing disagreements with the Parliament, suspended both the short-lived constitution and Parliament in 1878 and accomplished highly effective power and control.
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Murad married five times and had five children. His marriages were:
Mehmed VI Vahideddin, who is also known as Şahbaba among his relatives, was the 36th and last Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, reigning from July 4, 1918 until November 1, 1922 when the Ottoman Empire dissolved after World War I and became the nation of the Republic of Turkey on October 29, 1923. The brother of Mehmed V, he became heir to the throne after the 1916 suicide of Abdülaziz's son Şehzade Yusuf Izzeddin as the eldest male member of the House of Osman. He acceded to the throne after the death of Mehmed V. He was girded with the Sword of Osman on 4 July 1918, as the thirty-sixth padishah. His father was Sultan Abdulmejid I and mother was Gülüstü Hanım, an ethnic Abkhazian, daughter of Prince Tahir Bey Çaçba and his wife Afişe Lakerba, originally named Fatma Çaçba. Mehmed was removed from the throne when the Ottoman sultanate was abolished in 1922.
Abdulmejid II was the last Caliph of Ottoman Dynasty, nominally the 37th Head of the Ottoman Imperial House from 1922 to 1924.
Ahmed Nihad, 38th Head of the Imperial House of Osman from 1944 to 1954, was the 38th and second post-imperial head of the Imperial House of Osman.
Şehzade Yusuf Izzeddin was an Ottoman prince, the son of Sultan Abdülaziz and his first wife Dürrünev Kadın.
Şevkefza Kadın was the fourth wife of Sultan Abdulmejid I of the Ottoman Empire. She held the position of Valide Sultan from 30 May 1876 to 31 August 1876, when her son Şehzade Murad ascended the throne as Murad V.
Şehzade Mehmed Selaheddin was an Ottoman prince, the only son of Sultan Murad V, and his second wife Reftarıdil Kadın.
Şehzade Ömer Hilmi was the third son of Mehmed V, by his third wife Mihrengiz Kadın. He was educated privately. He received the Collar of the Hanedan-i-Ali-Osman and the Nişan-ı-Ali-Imtiyaz, GC of the Order of Leopold of Austria (1917).
Sultanzade is an Ottoman title for sons of sultana or imperial princesses, female descendants of sovereign in male line. The feminine equivalent is hanımsultan.
Cemile Sultan was an Ottoman princess, the daughter of Sultan Abdulmejid I and Düzdidil Kadın. She was the half sister of Sultans Murad V, Abdul Hamid II, Mehmed V, and Mehmed VI.
Behice Hanım was the twelfth wife of Sultan Abdul Hamid II of the Ottoman Empire.
Resan Hanım was the fifth wife of Sultan Murad V of the Ottoman Empire.
Bedrifelek Kadın was the second wife and chief consort of Sultan Abdul Hamid II of the Ottoman Empire.
Saliha Sultan was an Ottoman princess, the daughter of Sultan Mahmud II and Aşubcan Kadın. She was the half-sister of Sultans Abdulmejid I and Abdülaziz.
Şehzade Mehmed Abdülkerim was an Ottoman prince, grandson of the 34th Ottoman sultan, Abdul Hamid II by his third son Şehzade Mehmed Selim. In 1933, Abdul Kerim was invited to Japan by their government, presumably with an eye towards leveraging his status as the Ottoman pretender to aid the Japanese Empire in outreach to Central Asian Muslims in conflict with the Soviet Union.
Hatice Sultan was an Ottoman princess, the eldest daughter of Sultan Murad V and his third wife Şayan Kadın.
Hüma Sultan was an Ottoman princess, the daughter of Şehzade Mehmed, the son of Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent and his wife, Hürrem Sultan.
Şehzade Mehmed Selim was an Ottoman prince, the son of Sultan Abdul Hamid II and his wife Bedrifelek Kadın.
Fatma Sultan was an Ottoman princess, the daughter of Sultan Murad V and Resan Hanım.
Murad VBorn: 21 September 1840 Died: 29 August 1904
| Sultan of the Ottoman Empire |
30 May 1876 – 31 Aug 1876
Abdul Hamid II
|Sunni Islam titles|
| Caliph of the Ottoman Caliphate |
30 May 1876 – 31 Aug 1876
Abdul Hamid II