|County seat||Târgu Mureș|
|• Type||County Board|
|• President of the County Board||Ferenc Péter|
|• Prefect2||Mircea Dușa|
|• Total||6,714 km2 (2,592 sq mi)|
|Area rank||11th in Romania|
|• Rank||12th in Romania|
|• Density||82/km2 (210/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
|Area code(s)||+40 x265 4|
|GDP (nominal)||US$ 3.893 billion (2015)|
|GDP per capita||US$ 7,068 (2015)|
|Website|| County Board |
|1The developing regions of Romania have no administrative role. |
2 as of 2007, the Prefect is not a politician, but a public functionary. He (or she) is not allowed to be a member of a political party, and is banned to have any political activity in the first six months after the resignation (or exclusion) from the public functionary corps
3w, x, y, and z are digits that indicate the city, the street, part of the street, or even the building of the address
4x is a digit indicating the operator: 2 for the former national operator, Romtelecom, and 3 for the other ground telephone networks
5used on both the plates of the vehicles that operate only in the county limits (like utility vehicles, ATVs, etc.), and the ones used outside the county
Mureș County (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈmureʃ] , Romanian : Județul Mures, Hungarian : Maros megye) is a county ( județ ) of Romania, in the historical region of Transylvania, with the administrative centre in Târgu Mureș. The county was established in 1968, after the administrative reorganization that re-introduced the historical judeţ (county) system, still used today. This reform eliminated the previous Mureș-Magyar Autonomous Region, which had been created in 1952 within the People's Republic of Romania. Mureș county has a vibrant multicultural fabric that includes Hungarian-speaking Székelys and Transylvanian Saxons, with a rich heritage of fortified churches and towns.
In Hungarian, it is known as Maros megye ( [ˈmɒroʃ ˈmɛɟɛ] ), and in German as Kreis Mieresch. Under Kingdom of Hungary, a county with an similar name (Maros-Torda County, Romanian : Comitatul Mureş-Turda) was created in 1876. There was a county with the same name under the Kingdom of Romania, and a Mureș-Magyar Autonomous Region (1960–1968) under the Socialist Republic of Romania.
The county has a total area of 6,714 km².
The northeastern side of the county consists of the Călimani and Gurghiu Mountains and the sub-Carpathian hills, members of the Inner Eastern Carpathians. The rest of the county is part of the Transylvanian Plateau, with deep but wide valleys.
The main river crossing in the county is the Mureș River. The Târnava Mare River and the Târnava Mică River also cross the county.
Mureş County is bordered by seven other counties: Suceava, Harghita, Brașov, Sibiu, Alba, Cluj and Bistrița-Năsăud.
In 2011, Mureș had a population of 550,846 and the population density was 82/km².
|Ethnic structure (2002)|
|Ethnic structure (2011)|
In terms of religion:
Some of the main tourist attractions in the county are:
|1||TVR 1||Romanian Public Television||1956||Public channel|
|2||TVR 2||Romanian Public Television||1968 (hiatus 1985-1990)||Public channel|
|3||Pro TV Târgu-Mureș||Pro TV||1997||Affiliated stadion|
|4||Antena 1 Târgu-Mureș||Antena 1||1998||Affiliated stadion|
|5||Prima TV Târgu-Mureș||Prima TV||2008||Affiliated station|
|26||TTM||None||2006||Local news channel|
|25||Știi TV||None||2008||Local news channel|
|57||DIGI24 HD Cluj-Napoca||RCS&RDS||2013||Regional news channel|
|63||TVR Târgu-Mureș||Romanian Public Television||2008||Regional station|
|Gliga TV Reghin||Gliga CATV||2001||Local news channel in Reghin|
|DaReghin||None||2009||Local news channel in Reghin|
|Târnava TV||None||2008||Local news channel in Sighișoara and Târnăveni|
The only cable provider in Târgu-Mureș is RCS&RDS, in Reghin is Gliga CATV, and in Sighișoara Teleson .
|FM 102.9||Radio România Târgu-Mureș||1958||Public / news - music||Regional station|
|FM 89.1||PRO FM||1997||Commercial radio||PRO FM||Bucharest|
|FM 90.3||Kiss FM||2003||Commercial radio||Kiss FM||Bucharest|
|FM 90.7||Europa FM||2002||Commercial radio||Europa FM||Bucharest|
|FM 88||Radio GaGa||1994||Eadio GaGa|
|FM 88.4||Rock FM||1997||Rock FM||Bucharest|
|FM 92.7||Radio 21||2002||Radio 21||Bucharest|
|FM 93.6||Radio România Actualități||1928||Radio România Actualități||Bucharest|
|FM 97.1||Erdély FM||2007||Erdély FM|
|FM 98||Radio ZU||2008||Radio Zu||Bucharest|
|FM 100.6||Național FM||2004||Național FM||Oradea|
|FM 101.2||Magic FM||2000||Magic FM||Bucharest|
|FM 101.6||Radio InfoPRO||2005||Radio InfoPRO||Bucharest|
|FM 105.6||Radio SON||2007||Radio SON||Sighișoara|
The predominant industries in the county are:
Mureș County and Sibiu County together produce about 50% of the natural gas developed in Romania. Salt is also extracted in the county.
The Mureș County Council, renewed at the 2020 local elections, consists of 34 counsellors, with the following party composition:
|Democratic Alliance of Hungarians (UDMR)||16|
|National Liberal Party (PNL)||9|
|Social Democratic Party (PSD)||7|
|People's Movement Party (PMP)||2|
Mureș County has 4 municipalities, 7 towns and 91 communes.
The Mureș County Prefecture building of the interwar period.
|Capital city (Reședință de județ)||Târgu Mureș|
|• Total||4,856 km2 (1,875 sq mi)|
|• Density||60/km2 (150/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
Historically, Mureş-Turda County was located in the central-northern part of Greater Romania, in the central part of Transylvania. The capital was Târgu Mureș. After the administrative unification law in 1925, it was renamed to Mureş County, and the territory was reorganized. It was bordered on the south by Târnava-Mică County, on the southwest by Turda County, on the west by Cluj County, on the north by Năsăud County, on the northeast with the counties of Câmpulung and Neamț, and on the southeast with the counties of Ciuc and Odorhei. Most of the territory of the historical county is found in the present Mureş County, except for the northeastern area, which is located in Harghita County, and the northwestern area in Bistrița-Năsăud County today.
Prior to World War I, the territory of the county belonged to Austria-Hungary and identical with the Maros-Torda County of the Kingdom of Hungary. The territory of Mureș County was transferred to Romania from Hungary as successor state to Austria-Hungary in 1920 under the Treaty of Trianon.
In 1938, King Carol II promulgated a new Constitution, and subsequently he had the administrative division of the Romanian territory changed. 10 ținuturi (approximate translation: "lands") were created (by merging the counties) to be ruled by rezidenți regali (approximate translation: "Royal Residents") - appointed directly by the King - instead of the prefects. Mureș County became part of Ținutul Mureș.
In 1940, the county was transferred back to Hungary with the rest of Northern Transylvania under the Second Vienna Award. Beginning in 1944, Romanian forces with Soviet assistance recaptured the ceded territory and reintegrated it into Romania, re-establishing the county. Romanian jurisdiction over the entire county per the Treaty of Trianon was reaffirmed in the Paris Peace Treaties, 1947. The county was disestablished by the communist government of Romania in 1950, and re-established in 1968 when Romania restored the county administrative system.
The county originally consisted of seven districts ( plăṣi ):
A subsequent administrative adjustment added one district, divided Plasa Mureș into two, and divided Plasa Reghin into two, leaving ten districts:
The county had two urban localities: Târgu Mureş (a city) and Reghin (urban commune).
According to the census data of 1930, the county's population was 289,546, of which 45.8% were Romanians, 42.6% Hungarians, 3.9% Germans, 3.9% Romanies, 3.4% Jews, as well as other minorities. By mother tongue, the county population consisted of 45.9% Hungarian speakers, 45.5% Romanian speakers, 3.9% German speakers, 2.2% Yiddish speakers, and 2.1% Romany speakers.In the religious aspect, the population consisted of 32.4% Greek Catholic, 30.3% Reformed, 14.5% Eastern Orthodox, 12.1% Roman Catholic, 3.9% Lutheran, 3.6% Jewish, 2.6% Unitarian, as well as other minorities.
In 1930, the urban population of the county was 47,807, of which 54.3% were Hungarians, 24.3% Romanians, 13.4% Jews, 6.0% Germans, 1.1% Romanies, as well as other minorities. As a mother tongue in the urban population, Hungarian was spoken by 61.2% of the population, followed by Romanian, spoken by 23.6% of the population as mother tongue, Yiddish (7.4%) and German (6.2%). From the religious point of view, the urban population was made up of 32.6% Reformed, 20.1% Roman Catholic, 14.2% Greek Catholic, 14.2% Jewish, 10% Eastern Orthodox, 5.9% Lutheran, 2.3% Unitarian, as well as other minorities.
Transylvania is a historical region that is located in central Romania. Bound on the east and south by its natural borders, the Carpathian mountain range, historical Transylvania extended westward to the Apuseni Mountains. The term sometimes encompasses not only Transylvania proper, but also parts of the historical regions of Crișana and Maramureș, and occasionally the Romanian part of Banat.
Neamț County is a county (județ) of Romania, in the historic region of Moldavia, with the county seat at Piatra Neamț. The county takes its name from the Neamț River.
Bistrița-Năsăud is a county (județ) of Romania, in Transylvania, with the capital city at Bistrița.
Cluj County is a county (județ) of Romania, in Transylvania, with the capital city at Cluj-Napoca.
Sibiu County is a county (județ) of Romania, in the historical region Transylvania, with the capital city Sibiu.
Hunedoara County is a county (județ) of Romania, in Transylvania, with its capital city at Deva. The county is part of the Danube–Criș–Mureș–Tisa Euroregion.
Harghita is a county (județ) in the center of Romania, in eastern Transylvania, with the county seat at Miercurea Ciuc.
Sovata is a town in Mureș County, Transylvania, Romania.
The Mureș is a 789-kilometre-long (490 mi) river in Eastern Europe. Its drainage basin covers an area of 30,332 km2 (11,711 sq mi). It originates in the Hășmașu Mare Range in the Eastern Carpathian Mountains, Romania, rising close to the headwaters of the river Olt, and joins the Tisza at Szeged in southeastern Hungary. In Romania, its length is 761 km (473 mi) and its basin size is 27,890 km2 (10,770 sq mi).
Ciuc County was a county in the Kingdom of Romania. Its capital was Miercurea Ciuc. Its name was derived from the former county of the Kingdom of Hungary, Csík.
Odorhei County was a county in the Kingdom of Romania. The county seat was Odorheiu Secuiesc.
Târnava-Mică County was a county in the Kingdom of Romania, the successor to Kis-Küküllő County of the KIngdom of Hungary. Its capital was Diciosânmartin until 1926, and afterwards at Blaj.
This article discusses the administrative divisions of the Kingdom of Romania between 1941 and 1944. As a result of the Soviet occupation of Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina, Second Vienna Award and the Treaty of Craiova, territories that had previously been part of Romania were lost to the Soviet Union, Hungary and Bulgaria respectively. By September 1940 the administrative system set up in 1938 based on 'ținuturi' (regions) was disbanded and the former counties (județe) were reintroduced.
Alba County is a county (județ) of Romania located in the historic region of Transylvania. Its capital is Alba Iulia, a city with a population of 63,536.
Năsăud County is one of the historic counties of Transylvania, Romania. The county seat was Bistrița.
Târnava-Mare County is one of the historical counties of the Kingdom of Romania, in the historical region of Transylvania. The county seat was Sighișoara.
Turda County was a county in the Kingdom of Romania, as successor to Torda-Aranyos County in Austria-Hungary. Its capital was Turda.
The Centenary March or Centenary March of the Great Union was a civic demonstration organized by George Simion and various non-governmental organizations from Romania and Moldova, known under the collective name "Alliance for the Centenary". It started in Alba Iulia (Romania) on 1 July 2018 and ended in Chișinău (Moldova) on 1 September 2018. Its participants, both Moldovans and Romanians, targeted 300 cities and villages, passing through several points significant for the Great Union.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mureș County .|