Mureș County

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Mureș County

Județul Mures

Maros megye
Biserica fortificata din Saschiz vazuta de la Cetatea Taraneasca 3.jpg
Mures county coat of arms.svg
Coat of arms
Mures in Romania.svg
Coordinates: 46°35′N24°37′E / 46.59°N 24.61°E / 46.59; 24.61 Coordinates: 46°35′N24°37′E / 46.59°N 24.61°E / 46.59; 24.61
CountryFlag of Romania.svg  Romania
Development region1 Centru
Historic region Transylvania
County seat Târgu Mureș
Government
  TypeCounty Board
  President of the County BoardFerenc Péter
  Prefect2 Mircea Dușa
Area
  Total6,714 km2 (2,592 sq mi)
Area rank 11th in Romania
Population
 (2011)
  Total550,846 [1]
  Rank 12th in Romania
  Density82/km2 (210/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal Code
54wxyz3
Area code(s) +40 x265 4
Car plates MS5
GDP (nominal)US$ 3.893 billion (2015)
GDP per capita US$ 7,068 (2015)
Website County Board
County Prefecture
1The developing regions of Romania have no administrative role.
2 as of 2007, the Prefect is not a politician, but a public functionary. He (or she) is not allowed to be a member of a political party, and is banned to have any political activity in the first six months after the resignation (or exclusion) from the public functionary corps
3w, x, y, and z are digits that indicate the city, the street, part of the street, or even the building of the address
4x is a digit indicating the operator: 2 for the former national operator, Romtelecom, and 3 for the other ground telephone networks
5used on both the plates of the vehicles that operate only in the county limits (like utility vehicles, ATVs, etc.), and the ones used outside the county

Mureș County (Romanian pronunciation:  [ˈmureʃ] , Romanian : Județul Mures, Hungarian : Maros megye) is a county ( județ ) of Romania, in the historical region of Transylvania, with the administrative centre in Târgu Mureș. The county was established in 1968, after the administrative reorganization that re-introduced the historical judeţ (county) system, still used today. This reform eliminated the previous Mureș-Magyar Autonomous Region, which had been created in 1952 within the People's Republic of Romania. Mureș county has a vibrant multicultural fabric that includes Hungarian-speaking Székelys and Transylvanian Saxons, with a rich heritage of fortified churches and towns.

Contents

Name

In Hungarian, it is known as Maros megye ( [ˈmɒroʃ ˈmɛɟɛ] ), and in German as Kreis Mieresch. Under Kingdom of Hungary, a county with an similar name (Maros-Torda County, Romanian : Comitatul Mureş-Turda) was created in 1876. There was a county with the same name under the Kingdom of Romania, and a Mureș-Magyar Autonomous Region (1960–1968) under the Socialist Republic of Romania.

Geography

The county has a total area of 6,714 km².

The northeastern side of the county consists of the Călimani and Gurghiu Mountains and the sub-Carpathian hills, members of the Inner Eastern Carpathians. The rest of the county is part of the Transylvanian Plateau, with deep but wide valleys.

The main river crossing in the county is the Mureș River. The Târnava Mare River and the Târnava Mică River also cross the county.

Mureş County is bordered by seven other counties: Suceava, Harghita, Brașov, Sibiu, Alba, Cluj and Bistrița-Năsăud.

Neighbours

Demographics

The ethnic map of Mures county in 2002 Mures (Maros) county ethnic.PNG
The ethnic map of Mures county in 2002
The ethnic map of Mures county in 2011 Mures ethnic map.png
The ethnic map of Mures county in 2011

In 2011, Mureș had a population of 550,846 and the population density was 82/km². [1] [2]

Ethnic structure (2002)
Total Romanians Hungarians Roma Germans Other
580,851309,375228,27540,4252,045731
100%53.26%39.30%6.96%0.35%0.12%
Ethnic structure (2011)
Total Romanians Hungarians Roma Germans Other
550,846277,372200,85846,9471,478792
100%52.60%38.09%8.90%0.28%0.13%

In terms of religion:

Mures County
Mures County

Tourism

Some of the main tourist attractions in the county are:

Media

TV stations

ChannelNameNetworkLaunch dateNotes
1 TVR 1 Romanian Public Television 1956Public channel
2 TVR 2 Romanian Public Television 1968 (hiatus 1985-1990)Public channel
3Pro TV Târgu-Mureș Pro TV 1997Affiliated stadion
4Antena 1 Târgu-Mureș Antena 1 1998Affiliated stadion
5Prima TV Târgu-Mureș Prima TV 2008Affiliated station
26 TTM None2006Local news channel
25 Știi TV None2008Local news channel
57 DIGI24 HD Cluj-Napoca RCS&RDS 2013Regional news channel
63 TVR Târgu-Mureș Romanian Public Television 2008Regional station
Gliga TV Reghin Gliga CATV 2001Local news channel in Reghin
DaReghin None2009Local news channel in Reghin
Târnava TV None2008Local news channel in Sighișoara and Târnăveni

The only cable provider in Târgu-Mureș is RCS&RDS, in Reghin is Gliga CATV, and in Sighișoara Teleson .

Radio stations

Târgu-Mureș stations

FrequencyNameLaunch dateFormatNotes
FM 102.9 Radio România Târgu-Mureș 1958 Public / news - music Regional station
FM 89.1PRO FM1997Commercial radio PRO FM Bucharest
FM 90.3Kiss FM2003Commercial radio Kiss FM Bucharest
FM 90.7Europa FM2002Commercial radio Europa FM Bucharest
FM 88Radio GaGa1994 Eadio GaGa
FM 88.4Rock FM1997 Rock FM Bucharest
FM 92.7Radio 212002 Radio 21 Bucharest
FM 93.6Radio România Actualități1928 Radio România Actualități Bucharest
FM 97.1Erdély FM2007 Erdély FM
FM 98Radio ZU2008 Radio Zu Bucharest
FM 100.6Național FM2004 Național FM Oradea
FM 101.2Magic FM2000 Magic FM Bucharest
FM 101.6Radio InfoPRO2005 Radio InfoPRO Bucharest
FM 105.6Radio SON2007 Radio SON Sighișoara

Print

Newspapers and magazines

  • Cuvântul Liber
  • Zi de Zi
  • Ziarul de Mureș
  • Népújság
  • Krónika
  • Vásárhelyi Hírlap

Economy

The predominant industries in the county are:

Mureș County and Sibiu County together produce about 50% of the natural gas developed in Romania. Salt is also extracted in the county.

Politics

The Mureș County Council, renewed at the 2020 local elections, consists of 34 counsellors, with the following party composition: [3]

   PartySeatsCurrent Council
  Democratic Alliance of Hungarians (UDMR)16               
  National Liberal Party (PNL)9               
  Social Democratic Party (PSD)7               
  People's Movement Party (PMP)2               

Administrative divisions

The Cultural Palace built between 1911 and 1913, Targu Mures Palatul Culturii (Targu Mures).jpg
The Cultural Palace built between 1911 and 1913, Târgu Mureș
Sighisoara (German: Schassburg
) Sighisoara, Romania.jpg
Sighișoara (German : Schäßburg)
Reghin (German: Sachsich Regen
) Biserica Saseasca Reghin (1).jpg
Reghin (German : Sächsich Regen)
Ludus (German: Ludasch
) Marosludasi katolikus templom.jpg
Luduș (German : Ludasch)

Mureș County has 4 municipalities, 7 towns and 91 communes.

Historical county

Județul Mureș
County (Județ)
Tg.Mures Prefectura veche.jpg
The Mureș County Prefecture building of the interwar period.
Interbelic Mures County CoA.png
Coat of arms
Romania 1930 county Mures.png
Country Flag of Romania.svg Romania
Historic region Transylvania
Capital city (Reședință de județ) Târgu Mureș
Established1925
Area
  Total4,856 km2 (1,875 sq mi)
Population
 (1930)
  Total289,456
  Density60/km2 (150/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+3 (EEST)

Historically, Mureş-Turda County was located in the central-northern part of Greater Romania, in the central part of Transylvania. The capital was Târgu Mureș. After the administrative unification law in 1925, it was renamed to Mureş County, and the territory was reorganized. It was bordered on the south by Târnava-Mică County, on the southwest by Turda County, on the west by Cluj County, on the north by Năsăud County, on the northeast with the counties of Câmpulung and Neamț, and on the southeast with the counties of Ciuc and Odorhei. Most of the territory of the historical county is found in the present Mureş County, except for the northeastern area, which is located in Harghita County, and the northwestern area in Bistrița-Năsăud County today.

History

Prior to World War I, the territory of the county belonged to Austria-Hungary and identical with the Maros-Torda County of the Kingdom of Hungary. The territory of Mureș County was transferred to Romania from Hungary as successor state to Austria-Hungary in 1920 under the Treaty of Trianon.

In 1938, King Carol II promulgated a new Constitution, and subsequently he had the administrative division of the Romanian territory changed. 10 ținuturi (approximate translation: "lands") were created (by merging the counties) to be ruled by rezidenți regali (approximate translation: "Royal Residents") - appointed directly by the King - instead of the prefects. Mureș County became part of Ținutul Mureș.

In 1940, the county was transferred back to Hungary with the rest of Northern Transylvania under the Second Vienna Award. Beginning in 1944, Romanian forces with Soviet assistance recaptured the ceded territory and reintegrated it into Romania, re-establishing the county. Romanian jurisdiction over the entire county per the Treaty of Trianon was reaffirmed in the Paris Peace Treaties, 1947. The county was disestablished by the communist government of Romania in 1950, and re-established in 1968 when Romania restored the county administrative system.

Administration

Map of Mures County as constituted in 1938. 1938 map of interwar county Mures.jpg
Map of Mureș County as constituted in 1938.

The county originally consisted of seven districts ( plăṣi ): [4]

  1. Plasa Band, headquartered at Band
  2. Plasa Miercurea Nirajului, headquartered at Miercurea Nirajului
  3. Plasa Râciu, headquartered at Râciu
  4. Plasa Reghin, headquartered at Reghin
  5. Plasa Târgu Mureș (also called Plasa Mureș), headquartered at Târgu Mureș
  6. Plasa Teaca, headquartered at Teaca
  7. Plasa Toplița, headquartered at Toplița

A subsequent administrative adjustment added one district, divided Plasa Mureș into two, and divided Plasa Reghin into two, leaving ten districts:

  1. Plasa Band, headquartered at Band
  2. Plasa Gurhiu, headquartered at Gurghiu
  3. Plasa Miercurea Nirajului, headquartered at Miercurea Nirajului
  4. Plasa Mureș de Jos, headquartered at Mureșeni
  5. Plasa Mureș de Sus, headquartered at Târgu Mureș
  6. Plasa Râciu, headquartered at Râciu
  7. Plasa Reghin de Jos, headquartered at Reghin
  8. Plasa Reghin de Sus, headquartered at Suseni
  9. Plasa Teaca, headquartered at Teaca
  10. Plasa Toplița, headquartered at Toplița

The county had two urban localities: Târgu Mureş (a city) and Reghin (urban commune).

Population

According to the census data of 1930, the county's population was 289,546, of which 45.8% were Romanians, 42.6% Hungarians, 3.9% Germans, 3.9% Romanies, 3.4% Jews, as well as other minorities. By mother tongue, the county population consisted of 45.9% Hungarian speakers, 45.5% Romanian speakers, 3.9% German speakers, 2.2% Yiddish speakers, and 2.1% Romany speakers. [5] In the religious aspect, the population consisted of 32.4% Greek Catholic, 30.3% Reformed, 14.5% Eastern Orthodox, 12.1% Roman Catholic, 3.9% Lutheran, 3.6% Jewish, 2.6% Unitarian, as well as other minorities. [6]

Urban population

In 1930, the urban population of the county was 47,807, of which 54.3% were Hungarians, 24.3% Romanians, 13.4% Jews, 6.0% Germans, 1.1% Romanies, as well as other minorities. As a mother tongue in the urban population, Hungarian was spoken by 61.2% of the population, followed by Romanian, spoken by 23.6% of the population as mother tongue, Yiddish (7.4%) and German (6.2%). From the religious point of view, the urban population was made up of 32.6% Reformed, 20.1% Roman Catholic, 14.2% Greek Catholic, 14.2% Jewish, 10% Eastern Orthodox, 5.9% Lutheran, 2.3% Unitarian, as well as other minorities. [6]

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References

  1. 1 2 "Population at 20 October 2011" (in Romanian). INSSE. 5 July 2013. Retrieved 9 July 2013.
  2. National Institute of Statistics, "Populaţia după etnie" Archived 2009-08-16 at the Wayback Machine ("Population by ethnicity")
  3. "Rezultatele finale ale alegerilor locale din 2020" (Json) (in Romanian). Autoritatea Electorală Permanentă. Retrieved 2020-11-02.
  4. Portretul României Interbelice - Județul Mureș
  5. Recensământul general al populației României din 29 decemvrie 1930, Vol. II, pag. 290-297
  6. 1 2 Recensământul general al populației României din 29 decemvrie 1930, Vol. II, pag. 666-669

Media