Murray Harbour, Prince Edward Island

Last updated
Murray Harbour
Community
Rural Municipality of Murray Harbour
MurrayHarbourPE.jpg
Murray Harbour seal.jpg
Canada Prince Edward Island location map 2.svg
Red pog.svg
Location of Murray Harbour in Prince Edward Island
Coordinates: 46°0′24.26″N62°31′32.14″W / 46.0067389°N 62.5255944°W / 46.0067389; -62.5255944
CountryCanada
Province Prince Edward Island
County Kings County
Incorporated (municipality)1953
Founded1786
Area
  Land3.90 km2 (1.51 sq mi)
Population
 (2021)
  Total282
  Density72.3/km2 (187/sq mi)
Canadian Postal code
C0A1V0
Area code(s) 902
Telephone Exchange962
Website http://www.murrayharbour.ca/

Murray Harbour is a community that holds rural municipality status in Prince Edward Island, Canada. [1] It is located in southeastern Kings County.

Contents

Located in the township of Lot 64, the community is named after General the Honourable James Murray, (1721–94), Governor of Quebec (1764–66).

With an area of 3.89 km2 and an extensive waterfront facing a large natural harbour (also named Murray Harbour), the community's primary industry is fishing, most notably lobster and scallops. It also hosts some secondary industry in the form of fish processing and a growing tertiary service economy centred on tourism.

The community has a car repair station, a fire station, a grocery, two restaurants, a number of churches, a marina and a number of wharves. The Community Centre hosts many events throughout the year, including plays, music and comedy shows - including Small Halls Festival - ceilidhs, suppers, painting classes, seniors' events and more. Behind the Community Centre is a large double dog park and an outdoor rink/ball hockey rink. In summer 2017 a huge playground (for ages 5 to 13) and a skate park will be added.

The majority of the community's fishing fleet is berthed at the South River Harbour facility which is operated by Fisheries and Oceans Canada. Other wharves include the Murray Harbour wharf, Machon Point wharf, and Beach Point wharf, as well as the Bowridge Landing Marina.

In recent years, Murray Harbour has attracted many retirees. The climate is a maritime one with only two or three months of cool/cold weather. The summers are pleasant and there is an active arts and social events community.

History

Samuel Holland named Murray Harbour after the Honourable James Murray, (1721–94). [2] According to the first census of Prince Edward Island in 1798, ordered by Governor Fanning, there were only three families resident on Lot 64, Nicolas Hugh, a family of three, William Sencabaugh, a family of five, and a widow, Mrs. Foster with a family of five, United Empire Loyalists. [3] By the beginning of the 18th century, Guernsey's residents were starting to settle in North America. [4] Benjamin Chappell (1740 – 1825) described three notable migrations to Prince Edward Island - the United Empire Loyalists, the Selkirk Settlers, and the Guernsey settlers. He wrote on June 3, 1806 that eight families (the Brehauts, Robertsons, Taudvins, Machons, Marquands, DeJerseys, and Sullivans) who had arrived on a ship from Guernsey on May 16, 1806 had gone to Murray Harbour. [5] :472 The 1901 Census listed 366 heads of households: about 67% were farmers, while another 15% listed their occupation as fishermen. The rest of the people were scattered across many occupations. [6] In the second volume of his 1913 History of the Catholic Church in Prince Edward Island, James MacMillan referred to a "Father Francis" who proselytized "Catholic people living all the way from Rollo Bay to Murray Harbor." [7]

Demographics

Federal census population history of Murray Harbour
YearPop.±%
1956405    
1961407+0.5%
1966397−2.5%
1971367−7.6%
1976419+14.2%
1981443+5.7%
1986404−8.8%
1991 390−3.5%
1996 356−8.7%
2001 357+0.3%
2006 358+0.3%
2011 320−10.6%
2016 258−19.4%
2021 282+9.3%
Source: Statistics Canada
[8] [9] [10] [11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] [17] [18] [19]

In the 2021 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, Murray Harbour had a population of 282 living in 147 of its 186 total private dwellings, a change of

Notable people

Murray Harbour is the hometown of former ice-hockey player Brad Richards. He received the Lady Byng Memorial Trophy and the Conn Smythe Trophy as a member of the Tampa Bay Lightning when the Lightning won the Stanley Cup in 2004 and he was also the alternate captain of the New York Rangers. He also won the Stanley Cup in 2015 with the Chicago Blackhawks.

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References

  1. "Municipal Councils and Contact Information" (PDF). Government of Prince Edward Island. January 27, 2017. Retrieved February 4, 2017.
  2. Alan Rayburn, Geographical Names of Prince Edward Island, p.2-5
  3. Prince Edward Island Census. 1798. By order of Governor Fanning.
  4. "Guernsey's emigrant children". BBC Legacies. Retrieved 22 November 2017.
  5. MacLeod, Ada (1930). "The Oldest Diary on Prince Edward Island" (PDF). The Dalhousie Review: 461–474.
  6. "Island Narratives Program: Murray Harbour".
  7. MacMillan, James (1913). The History of the Catholic Church in Prince Edward Island From 1835 Till 1891. L'Evenement Printing Company. p. 34.
  8. "Table 6: Population by census subdivisions, 1901–1961". 1961 Census of Canada (PDF). Series 1.1: Historical, 1901–1961. Vol. I: Population. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. March 8, 1963. Retrieved February 2, 2022.
  9. "Table 2: Population of Census Subdivisions, 1921–1971". 1971 Census of Canada (PDF). Population. Vol. Census Subdivisions (Historical). Ottawa: Statistics Canada. July 1973. Retrieved February 2, 2022.
  10. "1976 Census of Canada: Population - Geographic Distributions" (PDF). Statistics Canada. June 1977. Retrieved February 2, 2022.
  11. "1981 Census of Canada: Census subdivisions in decreasing population order" (PDF). Statistics Canada. May 1992. Retrieved February 2, 2021.
  12. "1986 Census: Population - Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions" (PDF). Statistics Canada. September 1987. Retrieved February 2, 2022.
  13. "91 Census: Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions - Population and Dwelling Counts" (PDF). Statistics Canada. April 1992. Retrieved February 2, 2022.
  14. "96 Census: A National Overview - Population and Dwelling Counts" (PDF). Statistics Canada. April 1997. Retrieved February 2, 2022.
  15. "Population and Dwelling Counts, for Canada, Provinces and Territories, and Census Subdivisions (Municipalities), 2001 and 1996 Censuses - 100% Data (Prince Edward Island)". Statistics Canada. August 15, 2012. Retrieved February 2, 2022.
  16. "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2006 and 2001 censuses - 100% data (Prince Edward Island)". Statistics Canada. August 20, 2021. Retrieved February 2, 2022.
  17. "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (Prince Edward Island)". Statistics Canada. July 25, 2021. Retrieved February 2, 2022.
  18. "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data (Prince Edward Island)". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2017. Retrieved February 2, 2022.
  19. 1 2 "Population and dwelling counts: Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), Prince Edward Island". Statistics Canada. February 9, 2022. Retrieved March 3, 2022.

Coordinates: 46°0′24.26″N62°31′32.14″W / 46.0067389°N 62.5255944°W / 46.0067389; -62.5255944 (Beach Point)