Murrieta, California

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Murrieta, California
Murrieta-kalmia.jpg
Murrieta skyline, toward Palomar Mountain
Flag of Murrieta, California.gif
Seal of the City of Murrieta.png
Motto: 
"The Future of Southern California"
Riverside County California Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Murrieta Highlighted.svg
Usa edcp relief location map.png
Red pog.svg
Murrieta, California
Location in the contiguous United States
Coordinates: 33°34′10″N117°12′09″W / 33.56944°N 117.20250°W / 33.56944; -117.20250
Country Flag of the United States.svg United States
State Flag of California.svg  California
County Flag of Riverside County, California.png Riverside
Incorporated July 1, 1991 [1]
Named for Juan Murrieta
Government
  Type Council–manager [2]
   Mayor Lisa DeForest
   Mayor Pro Tem Lori Stone
   City council [3] Jon Levell
Ron Holliday
Cindy Warren
   City manager Kim Summers [2]
Area
[4]
  Total33.65 sq mi (87.15 km2)
  Land33.61 sq mi (87.06 km2)
  Water0.04 sq mi (0.09 km2)  0.11%
Elevation
[5]
1,175 ft (334 m)
Population
 (2020) [6]
  Total110,949
  Estimate 
(2022) [7]
113,783
  Rank 4th in Riverside County
57th in California
263rd in the United States
  Density3,385.39/sq mi (1,306.95/km2)
Time zone UTC−8 (Pacific)
  Summer (DST) UTC−7 (PDT)
ZIP codes
92562–92564
Area code 951
FIPS code 06-50076
GNIS feature IDs 1667919, 2411199
Website www.murrietaca.gov

Murrieta /mjʊəriˈɛtə/ is a city in southwestern Riverside County, California, United States. The population of Murrieta was 110,949 as of the 2020 census. [6] Murrieta experienced a 133.7% population increase between 2000 and 2010, making Murrieta one of the fastest-growing cities in the state during that period. Largely residential in character, Murrieta is typically characterized as a bedroom community. Murrieta is bordered by the city of Temecula to the south, the cities of Menifee and Wildomar to the north, and the unincorporated community of French Valley to the east. Murrieta is located in the center of the Los Angeles-San Diego mega-region. Murrieta is named for Juan Murrieta, a Californio ranchero who founded the town. [8]

Contents

History

The Luiseño tribe inhabited the area. [9]

For most of its history, Murrieta was not heavily populated. On June 9, 1873, [10] Domingo Pujol, Francisco Sanjurjo, and Juan and Ezequiel Murrieta purchased the Rancho Pauba and Rancho Temecula Mexican land grants, comprising 52,000 acres (210 km2) in the area. Ezequiel returned to Spain and turned the land over to his younger brother, Juan Murrieta (1844–1936), who brought 7,000 sheep [11] to the valley in 1873, using the meadows to feed his sheep. The partnership dissolved in 1876 and Ezequiel and Juan Murrieta retained 15,000 acres of the northern half of the Temecula Rancho. [12] Ezequiel and Juan Murrieta granted a right-of-way, one hundred feet wide to the California Southern Railroad through the Temecula Rancho on April 28, 1882, so that the railroad could be constructed through the valley. [13]

Murrieta, circa 1915 Murrieta, California (circa 1915).webp
Murrieta, circa 1915

In 1884, the Temecula Land and Water Company purchased about 14,500 acres from Juan Murrieta and mapped a townsite along the California Southern Railroad. [14] Others discovered the valley after the construction of a depot in 1887 [15] that connected Murrieta to the Southern California Railroad's transcontinental route. By 1890, some 800 people lived in Murrieta. [16] Today much of the site (about 50 acres) is home to a Bible college and conference center, owned by Calvary Chapel Costa Mesa, which has invested millions of dollars into restoring and rebuilding the old resort rooms. [17] When the trains stopped in 1935, tourists—the lifeblood of the town—were much harder to come by. The boom that Murrieta had experienced due to the train and the hot springs gradually died, leaving Murrieta as a small country town. [18]

Although US Route 395 had passed through Murrieta, it was not until Interstate 15 was built in the early 1980s that another boom began to take hold. By the late 1980s, suburban neighborhoods were being constructed, and people began moving to the Murrieta area from cities and towns in San Diego and Orange Counties, as well as other parts of Riverside County. [19]

In 1990, residents began a campaign for city status which resulted in the incorporation of the City of Murrieta on July 1, 1991. By then the population was 24,000, a major increase from 2,200 in 1980. Between 1991 and 2007, the city's population further increased to an estimated 97,257 residents, and at the 2010 United States Census the city's population was 103,466, making it the largest city in southwestern Riverside County at that time. [16]

In July 2014, Murrieta garnered national attention following days of citizen protests of detained immigrants. [20] Murrieta residents successfully blocked busloads of illegal immigrant detainees. [21] They were en route to a temporary relocation and detention facility, which the federal government had planned to establish in the town. [22]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 33.6 sq mi (87.1 km2), of which 99.89% of it is land and 0.11% is covered by water. Murrieta Creek runs southeasterly through the Murrieta Valley. Warm Springs Creek is a tributary of Murrieta Creek that also passes through the city.

Climate

Climate data for Murrieta, California
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Mean daily maximum °F (°C)67
(19)
66
(19)
71
(22)
73
(23)
78
(26)
83
(28)
91
(33)
91
(33)
89
(32)
79
(26)
74
(23)
66
(19)
77.4
(25.2)
Mean daily minimum °F (°C)41
(5)
41
(5)
45
(7)
48
(9)
52
(11)
55
(13)
62
(17)
61
(16)
57
(14)
52
(11)
46
(8)
40
(4)
50
(10)
Average precipitation inches (mm)3.22
(82)
4.16
(106)
.94
(24)
.73
(19)
.24
(6.1)
.01
(0.25)
.07
(1.8)
.01
(0.25)
.14
(3.6)
1.32
(34)
1.18
(30)
3.54
(90)
15.56
(395)
Source: weathercurrents.com [23]

Murrieta has a Mediterranean climate or dry-summer subtropical (Köppen climate classification Csa). Murrieta has an average of 263 sunshine days and 35 days with measurable precipitation annually. [24] April through November is warm to hot and dry with average high temperatures of 77–91 °F (25–33 °C) and lows of 48–60 °F (9–16 °C). The period of November through March is somewhat rainy. The city is also subject to the phenomenon typical of a microclimate: temperatures can vary as much as 18 °F (10 °C) between inland areas and the coast, with a temperature gradient over 1 °F per mile (0.3 °C/km) from the coast inland. Murrieta gets on average 31 days a year of some type of precipitation. Murrieta averages 16 inches (410 millimetres) of precipitation annually, which mainly occurs during the winter and spring (November through April) with generally light rain showers, but sometimes heavy rainfall and thunderstorms. Snowfall is rare in the city basin, but nearby mountain slopes typically receive snowfall each winter.[ citation needed ]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
1990 1,628
2000 44,2822,620.0%
2010 103,466133.7%
2020 110,9497.2%
2022 (est.)113,783 [7] 2.6%
U.S. Decennial Census [25] [26]

2010

The 2010 United States Census [27] reported that Murrieta had a population of 103,466. The population density was 3,078.1 inhabitants per square mile (1,188.5/km2). The racial makeup of Murrieta was 72,137 (69.7%) White (55.7% non-Hispanic White), [28] 5,601 (5.4%) African American, 741 (0.7%) Native American, 9,556 (9.2%) Asian, 391 (0.4%) Pacific Islander, 8,695 (8.4%) from other races, and 6,345 (6.1%) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 26,792 persons (25.9%). The census reported 103,037 people (99.6% of the population) lived in households, 291 people (0.3%) lived in noninstitutionalized group quarters, and 138 people (0.1%) were institutionalized.

Of the 32,749 households, 48.4% had children under the age of 18 living in them, 62.8% were opposite-sex married couples living together, 3,814 (11.6%) had a female householder with no husband present, and 1,642 (5.0%) had a male householder with no wife present, with 1,626 (5.0%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships and 192 (0.6%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. About 5,208 households (15.9%) were made up of individuals, and 2,248 (6.9%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.15. There were 26,033 families (79.5% of all households); the average family size was 3.51.

The population was distributed as 31,471 people (30.4%) under the age of 18, 9,891 people (9.6%) aged 18 to 24, 28,144 people (27.2%) aged 25 to 44, 23,555 people (22.8%) aged 45 to 64, and 10,405 people (10.1%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33.4 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.2 males.

The 35,294 housing units averaged 1,050.0 per square mile (405.4/km2), of which 23,110 (70.6%) were owner-occupied and 9,639 (29.4%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 3.1%; the rental vacancy rate was 7.8%; 73,518 people (71.1% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 29,519 people (28.5%) lived in rental housing units.

2000

As of the census [29] of 2000, 44,282 people, 14,320 households, and 11,699 families resided in the city. The population density was 1,560.0 inhabitants per square mile (602.3/km2). The 14,921 housing units averaged 525.6 per square mile (202.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 81.6% White, 3.4% African American, 0.7% Native American, 4.0% Asian, 6.0% from other races, and 4.3% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 17.5% of the population.

Of the 14,320 households, 47.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 70.2% were married couples living together, 8.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.3% were not families. About 14.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.1 and the average family size was 3.4; 33.7% of the population of the city was under the age of 18, 6.4% were from 18 to 24, 30.8% were from 25 to 44, 17.6% were from 45 to 64, and 11.4% were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.7 males.

According to a 2007 estimate, the median income for a household in the city was $78,883, and the median income for a family was $90,930. [30] [31] Men had a median income of $49,107 versus $32,468 for women. The per capita income for the city was $23,290. About 3.0% of families and 4.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.3% of those under age 18 and 5.4% of those age 65 or over.

Crime

Murrieta was the safest city in Riverside County in 2012, [32] and in 2009, Murrieta was listed as the second-safest city (over 100,000 in population) in the United States, behind Irvine, California.[ citation needed ]

Economy

Westward view of Murrieta and Temecula Murrieta01.JPG
Westward view of Murrieta and Temecula

Top employers

According to the city's 2023 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, [33] the top employers in the city are:

#Employer# of Employees
1 Murrieta Valley Unified School District 2,518
2 Rancho Springs Medical Center 1,550
3 Loma Linda University Medical Center 1,158
4 County of Riverside 907
5City of Murrieta432
6 Target 410
7Oak Grove Center329
8 Walmart 304
9Encompass Health Rehabilitation Hospital194
10Murrieta Health & Rehabilitation Center184

Arts and culture

The Town Square is the location of the Murrieta Police Department, Murrieta Public Library, City Hall, a senior center, and $2 million veterans memorial. [34]

Parks and recreation

Glen Arbor Park Glen Arbor Park - Murrieta, California.jpg
Glen Arbor Park

There are over 52 parks in the city of Murrieta, including one community pool, one skate park, three sports parks, two dog parks, two disc golf courses, an equestrian park, and various natural areas. [35]

Bear Creek Golf and Country Club was designed by Jack Nicklaus, and Presidents Gerald Ford and Ronald Reagan have played there. The Golf Club at Rancho California was designed by Robert Trent Jones, Sr. [36]

Government

Murrieta vote by party in presidential elections [37]
Year Democratic Republican Third Parties
2020 [38] 42.46% 23,18455.52%30,3162.02% 1,103
2016 [39] 36.42% 14,88757.35%23,4416.22% 2,543
2012 [40] 36.52% 13,52061.58%22,7991.91% 706
2008 [41] 40.01% 14,57358.49%21,3061.50% 548
2004 [42] 29.60% 8,98869.61%21,1360.78% 238
2000 [43] 32.70% 5,69064.75%11,2682.56% 445
1996 [44] 32.43% 4,31757.52%7,65810.05% 1,338
1992 [45] 25.94% 2,87445.97%5,09328.09% 3,112

In the United States House of Representatives, Murrieta is in California's 48th congressional district , represented by Republican Darrell Issa. [46] In the United States Senate, California is represented by Democrats Laphonza Romanique Butler and Alex Padilla.

In the California State Legislature, Murrieta is in the 32nd Senate District , represented by Republican Kelly Seyarto, and in the 71st Assembly District , represented by Republican Kate Sanchez. [47]

In the Riverside County Board of Supervisors, Murrieta is in the Third District, represented by Chuck Washington. [48]

Education

The city of Murrieta is served by the Murrieta Valley Unified School District (MVUSD). The district contains eleven elementary (K-5) schools, four middle (6-8) schools, three comprehensive high (9-12) schools (Murrieta Valley High School, Vista Murrieta High School, Murrieta Mesa High School), one continuation school (Creekside High School), and one independent study school.

Calvary Chapel Bible College operated at the Murrieta Hot Springs Resort site from 1994 until 2022. Its affiliated private comprehensive (K-9) school at Calvary Chapel Murrieta also serves the Murrieta community. There had been a senior high school in the Calvary Chapel Murrieta system, but it closed in 2019. [49] Mt. San Jacinto College is the nearest community college (with locations in Temecula and Menifee) and the University of California, Riverside (UCR) is the nearest public university. The city is also home to a University of Phoenix learning center and an Azusa Pacific University satellite campus. [50] [51]

Media

The area of southwest Riverside County is served by television station Channel 27, broadcast from a hilltop in Murrieta. [52]

Infrastructure

Transportation

Murrieta is served by two major Interstate highways: I-15 runs through the western portion of the city while I-215 runs through the eastern portion. Historic U.S. Route 395 (Jefferson Avenue/Ivy Street/Washington Avenue) passes through the city's downtown, and State Route 79 (Winchester Road) defines much of the city's eastern border.

The Riverside Transit Agency (RTA)'s Routes 23, 61, 205, and 206 provide bus transit to Murrieta. [53]

The French Valley Airport, used for general aviation, is located just east of the city limits. [54]

The city may become host to the high-speed rail (HSR) that voters approved in 2008 with Prop 1A. [55] The proposed HSR station is projected to handle 8,000 daily riders. The program-level HSR route alignment has placed this station near the I-15 and I-215 freeway interchange. [56]

Public safety

The Murrieta Fire Department was an all-volunteer fire department for 38 years. In 1987, it became a municipal fire protection district. It has been the city's primary paramedic service provider since 2000, and changed its name in 2017 to Murrieta Fire and Rescue. As of 2022, the department has five stations throughout the city, and operates a primary fleet of four type-1 engines, one quint-style truck, and two type-6 engines.

The Murrieta Police Department was founded in 1992. As of 2022, the department had about 100 sworn officers and approximately 50 support staff.

Hospitals

Murrieta is served by two hospitals: Loma Linda University Medical Center and Rancho Springs Medical Center.

Notable people

See also

Further reading

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