Musashiyama Takeshi

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Musashiyama Takeshi
武藏山 武
Musashiyama3.jpg
Personal information
Born Takeshi Yokoyama
(1909-12-05)December 5, 1909
Kanagawa, Japan
Died March 15, 1969(1969-03-15) (aged 59)
Height 1.86 m (6 ft 1 in)
Weight 117 kg (258 lb)
Career
Stable Dewanoumi
Record 240-79-71-2draws
Debut January 1926
Highest rank Yokozuna (May 1935)
Retired May 1939
Championships 1 (Makuuchi)
1 (Jūryō)
1 (Makushita)
1 (Jonidan)
Gold Stars 2 (Miyagiyama)
* Up to date as of October 2007.

Musashiyama Takeshi (武藏山 武, December 5, 1909 – March 15, 1969) was a sumo wrestler from Yokohama, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. He was the sport's 33rd yokozuna . He had a rapid rise through the ranks, setting several youth records, and was very popular with the public. However he did not fulfill his great potential at sumo's highest rank, missing many matches because of injury and winning no tournaments.

Sumo full-contact wrestling sport

Sumo is a form of competitive full-contact wrestling where a rikishi (wrestler) attempts to force his opponent out of a circular ring (dohyō) or into touching the ground with any body part other than the soles of his feet.

Yokohama Designated city in Kantō, Japan

Yokohama is the second largest city in Japan by population, and the most populous municipality of Japan. It is the capital city of Kanagawa Prefecture. It lies on Tokyo Bay, south of Tokyo, in the Kantō region of the main island of Honshu. It is a major commercial hub of the Greater Tokyo Area.

Kanagawa Prefecture Prefecture of Japan

Kanagawa Prefecture is a prefecture located in Kantō region of Japan. The capital of the prefecture is Yokohama. Kanagawa is part of the Greater Tokyo Area. Kanagawa Prefecture is home to Kamakura and Hakone, two popular side trip destinations from Tokyo.

Contents

Career

With the Emperor's Cup after winning the May 1931 tournament Musashiyama 1931 Scan10048.JPG
With the Emperor's Cup after winning the May 1931 tournament

Born in Kohoku ward, he came from a poor peasant family, and he entered local sumo tournaments to provide for them. [1] He was scouted by the former Ryōgoku Yūjirō, who persuaded him to join Dewanoumi stable. Musashiyama made his professional debut in January 1926. He was far superior to his early opponents, becoming an elite sekitori at the age of just 19. [1] He reached the top makuuchi division in May 1929, and was runner-up in his second makuuchi tournament. He reached the san'yaku ranks at komusubi in May 1930. His rapid rise was considered miraculous in an era when it was not unusual for new recruits to take several years to even progress from the lowest jonokuchi division. [1] He missed out on the yūshō or tournament championship in March 1931 only because he was of a lower rank than Tamanishiki, who finished with the same score. [1] (There was no playoff system until 1947). However, he won what was to be his only top division championship the next tournament in May 1931.

Kōhoku-ku, Yokohama Ward in Kantō, Japan

Kōhoku-ku (港北区) is one of the 18 wards of the city of Yokohama in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. As of March 1, 2012, the ward had an estimated population of 332,488, with 156,198 households and a population density of 10,588.79 persons per km². The total area was 31.40 km². Kōhoku Ward has the largest population of Yokohama's 18 wards, and ranks second to Naka Ward in the total number of workplaces.

Dewanoumi stable

Dewanoumi stable is a stable of sumo wrestlers, part of the Dewanoumi ichimon or group of stables. It has a long, prestigious history. Its current head coach is former maegashira Oginohana. As of January 2018 it had 14 wrestlers.

A sekitori (関取) is a rikishi who is ranked in one of the top two professional divisions: makuuchi and jūryō. The name literally translates to having taken the barrier, as only a relatively small fraction of those who enter professional sumo achieve sekitori status.

A lean and handsome wrestler, Musashiyama was popular with tournament crowds. [2] His picture sold more copies than any other wrestler. [1] Fighting alongside other popular rikishi such as Tamanishiki, Minanogawa, and his stable mate, sekiwake Tenryū, Musashiyama was expected to become a figurehead of the sumo world for years to come. [1] Two major events, however, had a severe impact on his career. He injured his right elbow in the October 1931 tournament, which reduced his power and never healed properly. [1] Then in January 1932 he was promoted from komusubi to ōzeki , but in the same month Tenryū and many other top wrestlers went on strike against the Japan Sumo Association, demanding reform of the organization, in what was to become known as the Shunjuen Incident. Musashiyama was criticized for his lukewarm support of the strike, but he never felt close to Tenryū's group. [3] In addition, several people insisted that the reason for Tenryū's walkout was Tenryū's jealousy of Musashiyama's fast promotion to ōzeki while he remained at sekiwake. [3] Musashiyama had been considering giving up sumo altogether and turning to boxing instead, but eventually decided to stay in the Sumo Association. [3]

<i>Heya</i> (sumo) training stables in professional sumo

In sumo wrestling, a heya is an organization of sumo wrestlers where they train and live. It can also be termed sumo-beya. All wrestlers in professional sumo must belong to one. There are currently 47 heya, all of which belong to one of six ichimon. They vary in size, with the largest heya having over thirty wrestlers and smallest just two. Most heya are based in and around the Ryōgoku district of Tokyo, sumo's traditional heartland, although the high price of land has led to some newer heya being built in other parts of Tokyo or its suburbs.

The Japan Sumo Association is the body that operates and controls professional sumo wrestling in Japan under the jurisdiction of the Japanese Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT). Rikishi, gyōji (referees), tokoyama (hairdressers), and yobidashi (ushers/handymen), are all on the Association's payroll, but the organisation is run entirely by toshiyori (elders). The organization has its headquarters in Yokoami, Sumida, Tokyo.

Boxing combat sport

Boxing is a combat sport in which two people, usually wearing protective gloves, throw punches at each other for a predetermined amount of time in a boxing ring.

He was promoted to yokozuna in 1935, after finishing as runner-up in the May tournament that year. He had had good scores in the previous two tournaments as well, and had never had a make-koshi or losing score in his career. [1] Nevertheless, his promotion at that point came as a surprise, and it was suggested that it had been engineered by the Takasago ichimon or stable group, so that Musashiyama's Dewanoumi group would be obliged to support the promotion of Minanogawa in return. [4] Unfortunately, Musashiyama proved to be one of the least successful yokozuna ever. He was often absent from tournaments because of his elbow injury and did not win any further championships. He was so popular that he was always in demand to perform on regional tours, and rarely had a chance to recuperate properly from his injury. [1] In his eight tournaments at yokozuna rank, he missed five, withdrew from two, and only managed one kachi-koshi or winning score. In his only kachi-koshi tournament, he faced yokozuna Minanogawa in a battle of two 6–6 yokozuna, and he defeated Minanogawa, which resulted in his opponent having a make-koshi, a very rare result for a yokozuna. [5] He retired at the age of 29 without achieving any lasting success as a yokozuna, in May 1939. He had long been overshadowed by Futabayama, then at the peak of his career.

Takasago stable

Takasago stable is a stable of sumo wrestlers, one of the Takasago group of stables. It is correctly written in Japanese as "髙砂部屋", but the first of these kanji is rare, and is more commonly written as "高砂部屋". The stable was established by former maegashira Takasago Uragorō as Takasago Kaisei-Gumi (高砂改正組) in 1873 and joined the Tokyo Sumo Association in 1878. Takasago stable has produced many successful wrestlers, including six yokozuna and American wrestler Konishiki, as well as the 33rd Kimura Shōnosuke, the tate-gyōji or chief referee.

Retirement from sumo

He remained in the sumo world for a time as a coach, and was known as Dekiyama and then Shiranui Oyakata. However, he left the Sumo Association in 1945. [1] He tried his hand at farming, running a restaurant and operating a pachinko parlour in Tokyo, before returning to his home town to work in the real estate business. [1] He died in 1969. His son also became a sumo wrestler at Dewanoumi stable but did not rise higher than the makushita division. [1]

<i>Pachinko</i> Japanese arcade/gambling game

Pachinko (パチンコ) is a type of mechanical game originating in Japan and is used as both a form of recreational arcade game and much more frequently as a gambling device, filling a Japanese gambling niche comparable to that of the slot machine in Western gaming.

Real estate is "property consisting of land and the buildings on it, along with its natural resources such as crops, minerals or water; immovable property of this nature; an interest vested in this (also) an item of real property, buildings or housing in general. Also: the business of real estate; the profession of buying, selling, or renting land, buildings, or housing." It is a legal term used in jurisdictions whose legal system is derived from English common law, such as India, England, Wales, Northern Ireland, United States, Canada, Pakistan, Australia, and New Zealand.

Top division record

Musashiyama Takeshi [6]
-Spring
Haru basho, Tokyo
March
Sangatsu basho, varied
Summer
Natsu basho, Tokyo
October
Jūgatsu basho, varied
1929WestJūryō#4
110
Champion

 
WestJūryō#4
92
 
EastMaegashira#8
92
 
EastMaegashira#8
74
 
1930EastMaegashira#2
92
EastMaegashira#2
83
EastKomusubi
65
 
EastKomusubi
92
 
1931WestKomusubi
74
 
WestKomusubi
101
 
EastKomusubi
101
 
EastKomusubi
821
 
1932WestŌzeki
53
 
WestŌzeki
73
 
WestŌzeki
83
 
WestŌzeki
83
 
Record given as win-loss-absent    Top Division Champion Top Division Runner-up Retired Lower Divisions

Sanshō key: F=Fighting spirit; O=Outstanding performance; T=Technique     Also shown: =Kinboshi(s); P=Playoff(s)
Divisions: Makuuchi Jūryō Makushita Sandanme Jonidan Jonokuchi

Makuuchi ranks:  Yokozuna Ōzeki Sekiwake Komusubi Maegashira
-Spring
Haru basho, Tokyo
Summer
Natsu basho, Tokyo
Autumn
Aki basho, Tokyo
1933WestŌzeki
83
 
EastŌzeki
64
1d

 
Not held
1934EastŌzeki
83
 
EastŌzeki
92
 
Not held
1935WestŌzeki
82
1d

 
EastŌzeki
92
 
Not held
1936WestYokozuna
353
 
WestYokozuna
0011
 
Not held
1937EastYokozuna
0011
 
EastYokozuna
0013
 
Not held
1938WestYokozuna
544
 
WestYokozuna
76
 
Not held
1939WestYokozuna
0011
 
EastYokozuna
Retired
0015
Record given as win-loss-absent    Top Division Champion Top Division Runner-up Retired Lower Divisions

Key: =Kinboshi(s);   d=Draw(s) (引分);   h=Hold(s) (預り)
Divisions: Makuuchi Jūryō Makushita Sandanme Jonidan Jonokuchi

Makuuchi ranks:  Yokozuna Ōzeki Sekiwake Komusubi Maegashira

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Kuroda, Joe (February 2009). "Rikishi of Old:Musashiyama Takeshi" (PDF). Sumo Fan Magazine. Retrieved 2009-03-12.
  2. Sharnoff, Lora (1993). Grand Sumo. Weatherhill. ISBN   0-8348-0283-X.
  3. 1 2 3 "Rikishi of old: Tenryu Saburo and Shunjuen Incident". Sumo Fan Magazine. Retrieved 2007-10-10.
  4. Kuroda, Joe (August 2006). "Rikishi of Old:Minanogawa Tozo". Sumo Fan Magazine. Retrieved 2008-06-05.
  5. "Natsu 1938 Musashiyama Takeshi". Sumo Reference. Retrieved 2008-06-06.
  6. "Musashiyama Takeshi Rikishi Information". Sumo Reference. Retrieved 2013-06-11.

See also

Glossary of sumo terms Wikimedia list article

The following words are terms used in sumo wrestling in Japan.

Preceded by
Tamanishiki San'emon
33rd Yokozuna
1935–1939
Succeeded by
Minanogawa Tōzō
Yokozuna is not a successive rank, and more than one wrestler can share the title