Museum of Chinese in America

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Museum of Chinese in America
MOCA Centre St sunny morn jeh.JPG
The museum in 2015
Museum of Chinese in America
Location215 Centre Street
New York, NY 10013
Type Art, Cultural, History museum
DirectorNancy Yao Maasbach
Curator Herb Tam
Public transit access Subway: Canal Street, 2 blocks away ( NYCS-bull-trans-4-Std.svg NYCS-bull-trans-6-Std.svg NYCS-bull-trans-6d-Std.svg NYCS-bull-trans-J-Std.svg NYCS-bull-trans-N-Std.svg NYCS-bull-trans-Q-Std.svg NYCS-bull-trans-R-Std.svg NYCS-bull-trans-W-Std.svg NYCS-bull-trans-Z-Std.svg trains)
Website Official website

The Museum of Chinese in America (traditional Chinese :美國華人博物館; simplified Chinese :美国华人博物馆; pinyin :Měiguó Huárén Bówùguǎn; Jyutping :Mei5gwok3 Waa4jan4 Bok3mat6gun2; abbreviated MOCA) is a museum in New York City which exhibits Chinese American history. It is a nonprofit 501(c)(3) education and cultural institution that presents the living history, heritage, culture, and diverse experiences of Chinese Americans through exhibitions, educational services and public programs. Much of its collection was damaged or destroyed in a fire in January 2020. After being closed for more than a year following the fire, the museum reopened to the public on July 15, 2021. [1] [2]



Founded in 1980 in Manhattan's Chinatown, the museum began as the New York Chinatown History Project by historian John Kuo Wei Tchen and community resident and activist Charles Lai to promote understanding of the Chinese American experience and to address the concern that "the memories and experiences of aging older generations would perish without oral history, photo documentation, research and collecting efforts." [3] From 1997 to 2006, Fay Chew Matsuda served as director of the museum. [4] [5]

In 2005, the museum received part of a $20 million grant from the Carnegie Corporation, made possible through a donation by then-New York City mayor Michael Bloomberg. [6] [7]

The museum moved to a new site at 215 Centre Street in 2009. [8] The space was designed by architect Maya Lin and was six times as large as the old site. [9] [10] The permanent exhibition, With a Single Step, was designed by Matter Practice. [11] In May 2011, Herb Tam became curator and director of exhibitions. [12]

In 2019, the museum relaunched their gift store with a new partner, the Asian American retail brand Pearl River Mart. Called MOCA Shop by Pearl River, the store is a "curated collection of items that hold great meaning in Chinese American culture." [13]

In January 2020, a fire damaged the building at 70 Mulberry Street, where the museum's collection was held, with about 85,000 items potentially affected by water damage. [14] [15] [16] While it was initially believed that nearly all of them might have been lost, a substantial part was determined to be "very much salvageable" several days after the incident. [17] Around 35,000 items had been digitized and backed up before the fire. [17] Much of the collection was restored by disaster-relief specialists who worked to prevent mold growth and preserve structure. [18]


Menu of Port Arthur Chinese Restaurant, one of the oldest Chinese restaurants in Chinatown, on display Museum of Chinese in America New York July 2013 002.jpg
Menu of Port Arthur Chinese Restaurant, one of the oldest Chinese restaurants in Chinatown, on display

The core exhibition With a Single Step: Stories in the Making of America discusses over 160 years of Chinese American history and is augmented annually with two to four rotating exhibitions on thematic, historic, and artistic subjects.

The Museum in January 2015 presented Waves of Identity: 35 Years of Archiving. [19] The title of the exhibit was inspired by a Chinese proverb, “Each wave of the Yangtze River pushes at the wave ahead.” [20]

Current [21]

Artwork within the 2021 - 2022 "Responses: Asian American Voices Resisting the Tides of Racism" exhibition. PXL 20210807 194020302.jpg
Artwork within the 2021 – 2022 "Responses: Asian American Voices Resisting the Tides of Racism" exhibition.



As of early 2020, MOCA's Collections and Research Center contained more than 85,000 artifacts, photos, memorabilia, documents, oral histories, and art work. [23] The collection covers a timespan of 160 years and includes e.g. historical Chinese restaurant menus, boat tickets, family photographs, and wedding dresses. [17]

Research Center

The Museum's previous gallery space on 70 Mulberry Street is used as an archival center and serves as a research center. The Research Center contains applications, such as Web-based versions of gallery exhibitions and an interactive timeline of Chinese American history. The Center also provides resources on topics such as immigration and diversity. [24] The Research Center was damaged by fire in 2020. [14]

Special collections

Special collections include: [25]

Name of CollectionAbout Collection
Recovering Chinatown: The 9/11 Collection [25] Recovering Chinatown: The 9/11 Collection includes images, videos, oral history, brochures, posters, reports, books, scrapbooks, T-shirts, and other artworks that the museum began collecting shortly after September 11 attacks, which occurred near Chinatown.
Fly to Freedom Collection [25] MOCA's Fly to Freedom Collection includes 173 paper sculptures created by passengers of the ship Golden Venture , which ran aground on June 6, 1993. Many of the nearly 300 passengers, most of whom were illegal immigrants from China, were held in detention by the United States Immigration and Naturalization Service, some for up to four years. Detainees created sculptures first as gifts to pro-bono lawyers who took up their cases, and later, to pass time during their days spent incarcerated.
Oral History Collection [25] MOCA conducted approximately 350 interviews that make up its 7 oral history collections. The conducted between 1980 and 2013, documenting memories and narratives related to the Chinese American experience.
Marcella Dear Collection [25] Donated in 2006 by a longtime museum supporter and area resident, the Marcella Chin Dear collection includes dozens of textiles, hundreds of imported books, numerous boxes of old records, posters, game sets, instruments, family photographs and letters, store signs, ceramics, pieces of furniture, and tools from the family's home and businesses. The Chin family had remained in Manhattan's Chinatown for five generations.
Qipao/Cheongsam Collection [25] MOCA's first qipao/cheongsam collection, donated by Pamela Chen, includes 77 Chinese dresses that were custom-tailored in the 1930s and 1940s and once owned by her mother, Phoebe Shou-Heng Chen (1917–1993). MOCA's second qipao/cheongsam collection, donated by Angela King and her sister Fern Tse, includes 367 family dresses. Angela King's mother was a fashion designer and was involved in the designs of her dresses, usually ordering specific requirements from China. MOCA donated 262 pieces from this collection to the New York Chinese Cultural Center in 2012.
Hazel Ying Lee Collection [25] Comprising primary artifacts including original personal photographs, family letters, documents, newspaper articles, and memorabilia, the collection describes Hazel Ying Lee's experience as a Chinese American woman aviator during the 1930s and 1940s. It was donated by Hazel's sister, Frances M. Tong, as well as filmmaker Alan H. Rosenberg.
CMTA Collection [25] The Chinese Musical and Theatrical Association (CMTA) collection is composed of approximately 26 intricate opera costumes, 24 rare musical instruments, 20 pairs of shoes, 20 hats, 41 fabric samples, 6 shawls, 21 stage props, and numerous related documents. These items depict the Cantonese opera clubs in North America's Chinatowns from the 1930s to the present. These items also reveal how Chinese immigrants adapted opera to modern settings, as well as how opera clubs became culturally important to immigrants.

Legacy Awards Gala

At MOCA's 2015 Legacy Awards Gala, the museum honored several people and organizations for their roles in Chinese-American culture. Honorees were the C.V. Starr Scholars, Hong Kong-born American actor Nancy Kwan, and Kohn Pedersen Fox Associates founding design partner William C. Louie. [26]

2014 honorees included: [27]

2013 honorees included: [27]

2012 honorees included: [27]

2011 honorees included: [27]

2010 honorees included: [27]

2009 honorees included: [27]

See also

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  3. "About Museum of Chinese in America (MOCA)". Museum of Chinese in America. Retrieved 2009-10-27.
  4. Roberts, Sam (2020-08-10). "Fay Chew Matsuda, Steward of Chinese Immigrant Legacy, Dies at 71". The New York Times. ISSN   0362-4331 . Retrieved 2022-07-19.
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  6. Roberts, Sam (2005-07-06). "City Groups Get Bloomberg Gift of $20 Million". New York Times. Retrieved 2009-09-05.
  7. Carnegie Corporation of New York Gift Archived 2009-01-16 at the Wayback Machine
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  12. "Press release: MOCA Announces Appointment of New Curator & Director of Exhibitions". Museum of Chinese in America. 2011-05-10. Retrieved 2012-06-12.
  13. "Pearl River Mart's Latest Shop Opens Today at the Museum of Chinese in America". Bowery Boogie. 2019-01-30.
  14. 1 2 Correal, Annie (2020-01-24). "85,000 Pieces From Beloved Chinatown Museum Likely Destroyed in Fire". The New York Times. ISSN   0362-4331 . Retrieved 2020-01-25.
  15. Olmstead, Molly (2020-01-25). "Fire Thought to Have Destroyed 85,000 Historic Artifacts in New York Chinatown Museum". Slate Magazine. Retrieved 2020-01-25.
  16. Nadeau, Barbie Latza (2020-01-25). "85,000 Pieces From Museum of Chinese in America Destroyed in New York City Fire". The Daily Beast. Retrieved 2020-01-25.
  17. 1 2 3 Katz, Brigit. "Fire at Museum of Chinese in America Caused Less Damage Than Initially Feared". Smithsonian Magazine. Retrieved 2020-02-01.
  18. Jacobs, Julia (2020-03-23). "After the Fire, a Chinatown Museum Sifts Through What Survived". The New York Times. ISSN   0362-4331 . Retrieved 2020-03-23.
  20. "WAVES OF IDENTITY: 35 YEARS OF ARCHIVING | Museum of Chinese in America (MOCA)". Retrieved December 9, 2015.
  21. "Current Exhibitions". Museum of Chinese in America (MOCA). Retrieved September 20, 2021.
  22. "Current Exhibitions | Museum of Chinese in America (MOCA)". Retrieved 2017-10-17.
  23. "Collections | Museum of Chinese in America (MOCA)". Retrieved 2020-02-01.
  24. "About | Museum of Chinese in America (MOCA)". Retrieved 2015-12-09.
  25. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 "Highlights | Museum of Chinese in America (MOCA)". Retrieved 2015-12-09.
  26. "MUSEUM OF CHINESE IN AMERICA'S 2015 LEGACY AWARDS GALA TO HONOR 'BENEFACTORS & BUILDERS' | Museum of Chinese in America (MOCA)". Retrieved 2015-12-09.
  27. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "2015 MOCA Legacy Awards Gala | Museum of Chinese in America (MOCA)". Retrieved 2015-12-09.

Coordinates: 40°42′58″N73°59′58″W / 40.71611°N 73.99944°W / 40.71611; -73.99944