Music of Madeira

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Bailinho da Madeira Madeirenses.jpg
Bailinho da Madeira

The Music of Madeira reflects its cultural heritage, this can be seen in the local Folklore music, which in Madeira is widespread and mainly uses local musical instruments such as the machete, rajao, brinquinho and cavaquinho, which are used in traditional folkloric dances like the bailinho da Madeira.

Madeira Autonomous Region of Portugal in the archipelago of Madeira

Madeira, officially the Autonomous Region of Madeira, is one of the two autonomous regions of Portugal. It is an archipelago situated in the north Atlantic Ocean, southwest of Portugal. Its total population was estimated in 2016 at 289,000. The capital of Madeira is Funchal, which is located on the main island's south coast.

Folklore Legends, music, oral history, proverbs, jokes, popular beliefs, fairy tales, etc.

Folklore is the expressive body of culture shared by a particular group of people; it encompasses the traditions common to that culture, subculture or group. These include oral traditions such as tales, proverbs and jokes. They include material culture, ranging from traditional building styles to handmade toys common to the group. Folklore also includes customary lore, the forms and rituals of celebrations such as Christmas and weddings, folk dances and initiation rites. Each one of these, either singly or in combination, is considered a folklore artifact. Just as essential as the form, folklore also encompasses the transmission of these artifacts from one region to another or from one generation to the next. Folklore is not something one can typically gain in a formal school curriculum or study in the fine arts. Instead, these traditions are passed along informally from one individual to another either through verbal instruction or demonstration. The academic study of folklore is called folklore studies, and it can be explored at undergraduate, graduate and Ph.D. levels.

The machete is a small stringed instrument from Madeira, Portugal. The instrument has a double bulged body, traditionally made of wood, with a small rib and contains four metallic strings, which depending on the region, is attached by wooden pegs. Nowadays however, its is not uncommon to see the instrument being made out of linden or poplar. In contrast to this, its slightly larger cousin, the machete de rajão has five metal strings. Historians believe the machete was introduced in Madeira as Braguinha from Braga, and it is the immediate predecessor of the ukulele, being introduced to Hawaii by Portuguese immigrants in the late 19th century.



Emigrants from Madeira also influenced the creation of new musical instruments. In the 1880s, the ukulele was created, based on two small guitar-like instruments of Madeiran origin, the cavaquinho and the rajao. The ukulele was introduced to the Hawaiian Islands by Portuguese immigrants from Madeira and Cape Verde. [1] Three immigrants in particular, Madeiran cabinet makers Manuel Nunes, José do Espírito Santo, and Augusto Dias, are generally credited as the first ukulele makers. [2] Two weeks after they disembarked from the SS Ravenscrag in late August 1879, the Hawaiian Gazette reported that "Madeira Islanders recently arrived here, have been delighting the people with nightly street concerts." [3]

Ukulele member of the guitar family

The ukulele or ukelele is a member of the guitar family of instruments. It generally employs four nylon or gut strings or four courses of strings. Some strings may be paired in courses, giving the instrument a total of six or eight strings.

Cavaquinho small plucked string instrument of the European guitar family

The cavaquinho is a small Portuguese string instrument in the European guitar family, with four wire or gut strings.

Hawaiian Islands An archipelago in the North Pacific Ocean, currently administered by the US state of Hawaii

The Hawaiian Islands are an archipelago of eight major islands, several atolls, numerous smaller islets, and seamounts in the North Pacific Ocean, extending some 1,500 miles from the island of Hawaiʻi in the south to northernmost Kure Atoll. Formerly the group was known to Europeans and Americans as the Sandwich Islands, a name chosen by James Cook in honor of the then First Lord of the Admiralty John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich. The contemporary name is derived from the name of the largest island, Hawaii Island.

Famous musicians

Ana da Silva is a founding member of The Raincoats. In February 2005, she released a solo album The Lighthouse on Chicks on Speed Records.

Luís Alberto Figueira Gonçalves Jardim is a Portuguese percussionist, born in the Madeira Island, best known for his work with producer Trevor Horn.

Pedro Camacho Portuguese film and video game composer

Pedro Macedo Camacho is a Portuguese composer of classical and religious music as well as film and video game scores. He is known for his Requiem to Inês de Castro and his score for Star Citizen.

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The music of Hawaii includes an array of traditional and popular styles, ranging from native Hawaiian folk music to modern rock and hip hop. Hawaii's musical contributions to the music of the United States are out of proportion to the state's small size. Styles like slack-key guitar are well known worldwide, while Hawaiian-tinged music is a frequent part of Hollywood soundtracks. Hawaii also made a contribution to country music with the introduction of the steel guitar. In addition, the music which began to be played by Puerto Ricans in Hawaii in the early 1900s is called cachi cachi music, on the islands of Hawaii.

Portuguese music includes many different styles and genres, as a result of its history. These can be broadly divided into classical music, traditional/folk music and popular music and all of them have produced internationally successful acts, with the country seeing a recent expansion in musical styles, especially in popular music.

Serra may refer to:

A tiple, is a plucked-string chordophone of the guitar family. A tiple player is called a tiplista. The first mention of the tiple comes from musicologist Pablo Minguet e Irol in 1752. Although many variations of the instrument exist, the tiple is mostly associated with Colombia, and is considered the national instrument.

Portugal in the Eurovision Song Contest

Portugal has participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 51 times since its debut at the 1964 contest. Since then it has missed five contests. The contest is broadcast in Portugal by Rádio e Televisão de Portugal (RTP). Portugal won the contest for the first time in 2017 and hosted the 2018 contest in Lisbon.

Kroncong is the name of a ukulele-like instrument and an Indonesian musical style that typically makes use of the kroncong, the band or combo or ensemble consists of a flute, a violin, a melody guitar, a cello in pizzicato style, string bass in pizzicato style, and a female or male singer.

Dança comigo (Vem ser feliz) song

"Dança comigo " was the Portuguese entry in the Eurovision Song Contest 2007, performed in Portuguese, French, Spanish and English by Sabrina after she was voted the winner of the 2007 edition of Festival da Canção, the national selection final.

Portugal in the Eurovision Song Contest 2008

Portugal was represented at the Eurovision Song Contest 2008 by Vânia Fernandes with the song "Senhora do mar ", being the forty-second Portuguese appearance at the yearly contest.

Let Me Love You (Tamara Todevska, Vrčak and Adrijan Gaxha song) 2008 song performed by Tamara Todevska

"Vo Ime Na Ljubovta", is a song by Tamara Todevska, Vrčak and Adrian Gaxha. The trio competed with the song at Skopje Fest 2008. The song won, having been awarded the most televotes by the general public and the 7-member expert jury. The English language version represented Republic of Macedonia at the 2008 Eurovision Song Contest in Belgrade, Serbia, on 22 May 2008. It was performed at number eighteen, following Evdokia Kadi's "Femme Fatale" and preceding Vânia Fernandes' "Senhora do mar " but did not acquire enough points to proceed to the final stage of the competition. It was voted the 10th qualifier by the televote, but the juries chose Sweden to pass.

Vânia Fernandes Portuguese singer

Vânia Sofia Olim Marote de Ribeiro Fernandes is a Portuguese singer from Funchal, Madeira (Portugal).

Senhora do mar (Negras águas) song performed by Vânia Fernandes

"Senhora do mar " is a song recorded by Portuguese singer Vânia Fernandes. The song was written by Andrej Babić and Carlos Coelho. It is best known as the Portuguese entry at the Eurovision Song Contest 2008, held in Belgrade, Serbia. It was the winner of the 2008 edition of Festival da Canção, the national selection final, after receiving a total of 17,650 votes (35%), more than the double of votes received by the runner-up.

Andrej Babić Croatian songwriter

Andrej Babić is a Croatian songwriter who has written many Eurovision songs since 2003. He has written songs for four countries: Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Slovenia and Portugal.

Flor-de-Lis band

For the French symbol and other uses of Fleur-de-lis, seeFleur-de-lis (disambiguation)


The rajão is a 5-stringed instrument from Madeira, Portugal. The instrument traces back to the country's regional folk music, where it is used in folklore dances of Portugal in addition to other stringed instruments from the same region.

Vida minha song by singer Filipa Sousa

"Vida minha" is a song by singer Filipa Sousa. It represented Portugal in the Eurovision Song Contest 2012. It failed to reach the final on 26 May.


  1. Nidel, Richard (2004). World Music: The Basics . Routledge. p. 312. ISBN   978-0-415-96800-3.
  2. Roberts, Helen (1926). Ancient Hawaiian Music. Bernice P. Bishop Museum. pp. 9–10.
  3. King, John (2000). "Prolegomena to a History of the 'Ukulele". Ukulele Guild of Hawai'i. Archived from the original on 3 August 2004. Retrieved February 2, 2016.
  4. "Video: Vânia Fernandes – Senhora Do Mar (Negras Águas) (Portugal) Live 2008 Eurovision Song Contest". Eurovision Song Contest. September 15, 2016. Retrieved November 2, 2018.