|Canton||Vallée de l'Isle|
|• Mayor (2020–2026)||Stéphane Triquart|
|3.85 km2 (1.49 sq mi)|
|• Density||710/km2 (1,800/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Elevation||42–106 m (138–348 ft) |
(avg. 50 m or 160 ft)
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
Mussidan (Occitan : Moissida) is a commune in the Dordogne department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.
On January 16, 1944, 35 hostages were arrested by the Germans for acts of resistance. They were deported to German work camps.
On June 11, 1944, Francs-Tireurs et Partisansdestroyed a German armoured train at Mussidan station. During the fight, eight guerrillas and the train guard were killed. At the same time a convoy of the powerful 11th Panzer Division of the Wehrmacht from Bordeaux arrived. The guerrillas were obliged to withdraw. As a reprisal, a detachment of the Gestapo from Périgueux led by Second Lieutenant Michaël Hambrecht, reinforced by a platoon of the Carlingue led by Alexandre Villaplane, head of one of the five sections of the North African Brigade and former captain of the France football team at the 1930 World Cup in Uruguay, 350 men over the age of sixteen from the city and its surroundings were arrested. The village was plundered by the North Africans. In the evening, 47 civilians were shot near the town hall; five others were massacred in the street, including Raoul Grassin, the mayor of the town, and a councillor. Eight boys were under 18. Only two people survived despite their serious injuries. The Mussidan massacre constitutes the largest massacre of civilians committed in the Dordogne during the Second World War, the tenth largest in France. 115 inhabitants were deported.
These sufferings earned Mussidan the award of the 1939-1945 war cross on November 11, 1948, a distinction also awarded to eighteen other municipalities in the Dordogne.
It is twinned with:
Maurice Papon was a French civil servant who led the police in major prefectures from the 1930s to the 1960s, before he became a Gaullist politician. When he was secretary general for the police in Bordeaux during World War II, he participated in the deportation of more than 1600 Jews. He is also known for his activities in the Algerian War (1954–1962), during which he tortured insurgent prisoners as prefect of the Constantinois department, and ordered, as prefect of the Paris police, the severe repression of a pro-National Liberation Front (FLN) demonstration against a curfew that he had "advised."
Béthune is a city in northern France, sub-prefecture of the Pas-de-Calais department.
Lorient is a town and seaport in the Morbihan department of Brittany in North-Western France.
Rouffignac-Saint-Cernin-de-Reilhac is a commune in the Dordogne department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.
The arrondissement of Périgueux is an arrondissement of France in the Dordogne department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region. It has 143 communes. Its population is 175,309 (2016), and its area is 2,869.3 km2 (1,107.8 sq mi).
Lalinde is a commune in the Dordogne department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France. It lies on the Dordogne River and was enclosed within fortified walls of which little remains today.
The Military Administration in France was an interim occupation authority established by Nazi Germany during World War II to administer the occupied zone in areas of northern and western France. This so-called zone occupée was renamed zone nord in November 1942, when the previously unoccupied zone in the south known as zone libre was also occupied and renamed zone sud.
Numerous internment camps and concentration camps were located in France before, during and after World War II. Beside the camps created during World War I to intern German, Austrian and Ottoman civilian prisoners, the Third Republic (1871–1940) opened various internment camps for the Spanish refugees fleeing the Spanish Civil War (1936–1939). Following the prohibition of the French Communist Party (PCF) by the government of Édouard Daladier, they were used to detain communist political prisoners. The Third Republic also interned German anti-Nazis.
Badefols-sur-Dordogne is a commune in the Dordogne department in southwestern France. The commune is situated on the river Dordogne.
The Tulle massacre was the roundup and summary execution of civilians in the French town of Tulle by the 2nd SS Panzer Division Das Reich in June 1944, three days after the D-Day landings in World War II.
Flers is a commune in the Orne department in Normandy, France.
Aiguebelette-le-Lac is a commune and village in the Savoie department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in south-eastern France. In 2016, it had a population of 249 people. It is named after and lies near the southeastern shore of Lac d'Aiguebelette, one of the largest natural lakes of France. Le Port is a small port on the lake, with a beach. The commune contains the Château d'Aiguebelette, a medieval structure which is in a ruinous state, while the main church in the area, dedicated to Saint Andrew, was restored in 1854.
Buchères is a commune in the Aube department in north-central France.
Bugeat is a commune in the Corrèze department in central France in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region. Its inhabitants are called les Bugeacois and les Bugeacoises.
Église-Neuve-d'Issac is a commune in the Dordogne department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.
Couvonges is a commune in the Meuse department in Grand Est in north-eastern France.
The Camp de Rivesaltes, also known as Camp Maréchal Joffre, was a military camp in the commune of Rivesaltes nearby Perpignan in the department of Pyrénées-Orientales in the South of France. The camp was also used to detain civil populations several times between 1939 and 2007. Its darkest period was in 1942, when 2,251 Jews, including 110 children, were transferred from Rivesaltes via the Drancy internment camp to the Nazi extermination camp Auschwitz, where they were murdered.
Ascq is a former commune on the Marque river in the Nord department in northern France, at seven kilometers from Belgium. Agricultural village until the Industrial Revolution, the former independent commune merged with others to become a district of the new town planned community of Villeneuve-d'Ascq since 1970. The operatic bass Louis-Henri Obin (1820–1895) was born in Ascq.
The Holocaust in France was the persecution, deportation, and annihilation of Jews and Roma between 1940 and 1944 in occupied France, metropolitan Vichy France, and in Vichy-controlled French North Africa, during World War II. The persecution began in 1940, and culminated in deportations of Jews from France to Nazi concentration camps in Nazi Germany and Nazi-occupied Poland. The deportation started in 1942 and lasted until July 1944. Of the 340,000 Jews living in metropolitan/continental France in 1940, more than 75,000 were deported to death camps, where about 72,500 were killed. The government of Vichy France and the French police participated in the roundup of Jews. Although most deported Jews died, the survival rate of the Jewish population in France was up to 75%, which is one of the highest survival rates in Europe.
The canton of Vallée de l'Isle is an administrative division of the Dordogne department, southwestern France. It was created at the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015. Its seat is in Neuvic.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mussidan .|