Mussidan

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Mussidan
Mussidan Crempse (6).JPG
Crempse River
Blason ville fr Mussidan (Dordogne).svg
Coat of arms
Location of Mussidan
Mussidan
France location map-Regions and departements-2016.svg
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Mussidan
Aquitaine-Limousin-Poitou-Charentes region location map.svg
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Mussidan
Coordinates: 45°02′09″N0°21′59″E / 45.0358°N 0.3664°E / 45.0358; 0.3664 Coordinates: 45°02′09″N0°21′59″E / 45.0358°N 0.3664°E / 45.0358; 0.3664
Country France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Department Dordogne
Arrondissement Périgueux
Canton Vallée de l'Isle
Government
  Mayor (20202026) Stéphane Triquart [1]
Area
1
3.85 km2 (1.49 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018) [2]
2,736
  Density710/km2 (1,800/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
24299 /24400
Elevation42–106 m (138–348 ft)
(avg. 50 m or 160 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Mussidan (Occitan : Moissida) is a commune in the Dordogne department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.

Contents

Population

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1793 1,286    
1800 1,176−8.6%
1806 1,411+20.0%
1821 1,630+15.5%
1831 1,700+4.3%
1836 1,953+14.9%
1841 1,744−10.7%
1846 1,862+6.8%
1851 1,919+3.1%
1856 2,028+5.7%
1861 1,917−5.5%
1866 2,070+8.0%
1872 1,980−4.3%
1876 2,062+4.1%
1881 2,025−1.8%
1886 2,037+0.6%
1891 2,206+8.3%
YearPop.±%
1896 2,215+0.4%
1901 2,284+3.1%
1906 2,350+2.9%
1911 2,416+2.8%
1921 2,453+1.5%
1926 2,449−0.2%
1931 2,416−1.3%
1936 2,653+9.8%
1946 3,018+13.8%
1954 3,006−0.4%
1962 3,024+0.6%
1968 3,048+0.8%
1975 3,235+6.1%
1982 3,236+0.0%
1990 2,985−7.8%
1999 2,845−4.7%
2008 2,837−0.3%

Roundup of January 16, 1944

On January 16, 1944, 35 hostages were arrested by the Germans for acts of resistance. They were deported to German work camps. [3]

Battle and executions of June 11, 1944

On June 11, 1944, Francs-Tireurs et Partisans [4] destroyed a German armoured train at Mussidan station. During the fight, eight guerrillas and the train guard were killed. At the same time a convoy of the powerful 11th Panzer Division of the Wehrmacht from Bordeaux arrived. The guerrillas were obliged to withdraw. As a reprisal, a detachment of the Gestapo from Périgueux led by Second Lieutenant Michaël Hambrecht, reinforced by a platoon of the Carlingue led by Alexandre Villaplane, head of one of the five sections of the North African Brigade and former captain of the France football team at the 1930 World Cup in Uruguay, 350 men over the age of sixteen from the city and its surroundings were arrested. The village was plundered by the North Africans. [5] In the evening, 47 civilians were shot near the town hall; five others were massacred in the street, including Raoul Grassin, the mayor of the town, and a councillor. Eight boys were under 18. Only two people survived despite their serious injuries. The Mussidan massacre constitutes the largest massacre of civilians committed in the Dordogne during the Second World War, the tenth largest in France. 115 inhabitants were deported. [3]

These sufferings earned Mussidan the award of the 1939-1945 war cross on November 11, 1948, a distinction also awarded to eighteen other municipalities in the Dordogne. [6]

International relations

It is twinned with:

See also

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References

  1. "Répertoire national des élus: les maires". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020.
  2. "Populations légales 2018". INSEE. 28 December 2020.
  3. 1 2 "Histoire de Mussidan". Agenda 2019 de Mussidan. p. 24..
  4. D'après le panneau d'information intitulé Le 11 juin 1944 à Mussidan, parc Voulgre, Mussidan.
  5. Lormier, Dominique (1994). Les FFI au combat. Jacques Grancher. p. 18. ISBN   9782402100120.
  6. "Communes décorées de la Croix de guerre 1939 - 1945" (PDF).