Muzaffarabad District

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Muzaffarabad
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Muzaffarabad city, Pakistan
Pakistan - Azad Kashmir - Muzaffarabad.svg
Map of Azad Kashmir with Muzaffarabad highlighted
Country Pakistan
Territory Azad Kashmir
Headquarters Muzaffarabad
Government
  District NazimHarris Bin Munir
  District Naib NazimN. Usama Latif
Area
  Total1,642 km2 (634 sq mi)
Population
 (2017)
  Total650,370
  Density396/km2 (1,030/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+05:00 (PST)
Number of Tehsils 3

Muzaffarabad district (مُظفّر آباد) of Azad Kashmir, Pakistan is located on the banks of the Jhelum and the Neelum rivers, and is very hilly. The district is bounded to Punjab in the west and to Kupwara and Baramulla districts of the Kashmir in the east. To the north is Neelum District; the fall on the northeast of the district and Bagh District forms the southern boundary. The total area of the district is 1,642 square kilometres. The city of Muzaffarabad serves as capital of Azad Kashmir.

Contents

It is part of Muzaffarabad Division.

Language and demography

The total population of the district according to the 2017 Census its population stands at 650,370. [1]

The major language of the district is generally considered to be a variety of Pahari. Though occasionally referred to in the literature as Chibhali [2] or Poonchi, [3] it is locally known as Hindko. [4] Its speakers tend to identify more with the Hindko spoken to the west, [5] even though perceiving their speech to be only slightly different from the varieties of Bagh District and of the core Pahari areas further south in Murree. [6] The local dialect has a higher percentage of shared basic vocabulary with the central group of Pahari dialects (83–88%), than with the Hindko of nearby Mansehra and Abbottabad (73–79%). [7]

Another language spoken in the district is Gujari. The local dialect is closely related to the Gujari varieties spoken in Hazara (83–88% similarity in basic vocabulary) and the rest of Azad Kashmir (79–86%). [8] Kashmiri is spoken in the city of Muzaffarabad. It is distinct from, although still intelligible with, the Kashmiri of the Neelam Valley to the north. [9] Other languages spoken include Urdu, Shina and Balti.[ citation needed ]

Administrative divisions

The district of Muzaffarabad is administratively subdivided into three tehsils, which are sub-divided into 51 Union Councils [10]

Education

According to Pakistan District Education Ranking 2017, a report released by Alif Ailaan, Muzaffarabad is ranked at number 6 nationally with an education score of 73.85.

However when it comes to infrastructure, Muzaffarabad ranks at 105, with school infrastructure score of 34.29. There is a serious lack of electricity, drinking water and boundary wall with scores of 11.7, 27.93 and 40.09 respectively. Infrastructure wise , the schools are not conducive to study as they lack some of the basic facilities which should be present in a school.

72% of the schools are primary and only 28% are above primary. Therefore, students graduating out of primary schools do not have sufficient post primary schools to attend. This leads to a steady decrease in enrollment over the classes, especially for girls. The issues on TaleemDo app for the area also relates to the complaint of unsatisfactory infrastructure and a lack of furniture in the buildings used for schooling.[ citation needed ]

Related Research Articles

Azad Kashmir Region administered by Pakistan

Azad Jammu and Kashmir, abbreviated as AJK and commonly known as Azad Kashmir, is a region administered by Pakistan as a nominally self-governing jurisdiction, and constituting the western portion of the larger Kashmir region which has been the subject of a dispute between India and Pakistan since 1947, and between India and China since 1962. The territory shares a border with Gilgit-Baltistan, together with which it is referred to by the United Nations and other international organisations as "Pakistan administered Kashmir". Azad Kashmir is one-sixth of the size of Gilgit-Baltistan. The territory also borders Pakistan's Punjab province to the south and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province to the west. To the east, Azad Kashmir is separated from the Indian administered Kashmir by the Line of Control, the de facto border between India and Pakistan. Azad Kashmir has a total area of 13,297 square kilometres (5,134 sq mi), and a total population of 4,045,366 as per the 2017 Census.

Hindko language and PASHTO

Hindko is a cover term for a diverse group of Lahnda dialects spoken by people of various ethnic backgrounds in several discontinuous areas in northwestern Pakistan, primarily in the provinces of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Punjab.

Abbottabad District District in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Abbottabad District is a district of the Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. It is part of Hazara Division and covers an area of 1,969 km2, with the city of Abbottabad being the principal town. Neighbouring districts are Mansehra to the north, Muzaffarabad to the east, Haripur to the west, and Rawalpindi to the south.

Mansehra District District in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Mansehra District is a district in Hazara Division of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province in Pakistan. Mansehra district and town are named after the Sikh Khalsa Army general Mahan Singh Mirpuri, who founded the city. It is an important and popular tourist destination due to the Lulusar-Dudipatsar National Park and Kaghan Valley area being located in the district and the Karakoram Highway passing through the district. It is main gateway to upper valleys of Kaghan, Naran and also to Gilgit-Baltistan and Azad Kashmir.

Muzaffarabad City in Pakistan

Muzaffarabad is the capital of the Pakistan-administered territory of Azad Jammu and Kashmir.

The Indo-Aryan language spoken on the Pothohar Plateau in the far north of Punjab, as well as in most of the Pakistani territory of Azad Kashmir and in western areas of the Indian territory of Jammu and Kashmir, is known by a variety of names, the most common of which are Pahari and Pothwari.

Bagh District City in Azad Kashmir, Pakistan

Bagh District is one of the ten districts of Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan. The district, which had been part of Poonch District, was created in 1988.

Mirpur District district in Azad Kashmir, Pakistan

Mirpur district is a district in Azad Kashmir. The district is named after the main city, Mirpur. The district of Mirpur has a population of 456,200 and covers an area of 1,010 km2 (390 sq mi). The district is mainly mountainous with some plains. Its hot, dry climate and other geographical conditions closely resemble those of Jhelum and Gujrat, the adjoining districts of Punjab.

Chakwal District District in Punjab, Pakistan

Chakwal District is in Pothohar Plateau of Punjab, Pakistan. It is located in the north of the Punjab province, Chakwal district is bordered by Khushab to its south, Rawalpindi to its north east, Jhelum to its east, Mianwali to its west and Attock to its north west. The district was created out of parts of Jhelum and Attock in 1985.

Neelum River River in Pakistan and India

The Neelum River, or Kishanganga, is a river in the Kashmir region of India and Pakistan; it starts in the Indian city of Gurais and then merges with the Jhelum River near the Pakistani city of Muzaffarabad.

Lahnda also known as Lahndi or Western Punjabi, is a group of north-western Indo-Aryan language varieties spoken in Pakistani Punjab and in parts of the neighbouring Azad Kashmir and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. These terms are exonyms and are not used by the speakers themselves. The emerging languages of this dialect area are Saraiki, Hindko and Pothohari. The validity of Lahnda as a genetic grouping has not been established.

Hindkowans are an Indo-Aryan linguistic-cultural group, which is native to the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, Pothohar Plateau (Punjab), and Azad Kashmir regions of Pakistan. Hindkowans speak various Hindko dialects of the Lahnda language family in contrast to Pashto.

Neelum District District in Azad Kashmir, Pakistan

Neelum District, is the northernmost district of Azad Kashmir, Pakistan. Taking up the larger part of the Neelam Valley, the district has a population of 191,000. It was badly affected by the 2005 Kashmir earthquake.

Kohati

Kohāṭī is a Hindko dialect of Kohat District, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, north-western Pakistan. It is spoken in the city of Kohat as well as in a string of villages running east along the road to Kushalgarh on the Indus. The dominant language of this area is Pashto, to which Kohati has been losing ground at least since Partition. Kohati forms part of the "Hindko proper" group of dialects alongside Awankari, Chacchi and Ghebi.

Punjabi dialects

The Punjabi dialects are the series of dialects spoken in the Punjab region of Pakistan and India. A distinction is usually made between Punjabi in the east and the diverse group of "Lahnda" in the west. The literary languages that have developed on the basis of dialects of this area are Punjabi in eastern and central Punjab, Saraiki in the southwest, Hindko in the northwest, and Pothwari in the north. The varieties of "Greater Punjabi" have a number of characteristics in common, for example the preservation of the Prakrit double consonants in stressed syllables. Nevertheless, there is disagreement on whether they form part of a single language group, with some proposed classifications placing them all within the Northwestern zone of Indo-Aryan, while others reserving this only for the western varieties, and assigning the eastern ones to the Central zone alongside Hindi.

Hattian Bala District District in Azad Kashmir, Pakistan

Hattian Bala is one of the ten districts of Azad Kashmir, Pakistan. Its district headquarters is in the town of Hattian Bala.

Leepa Valley Valley in Pakistan

Leepa Valley is located in Hattian Bala District of Azad Kashmir administered by Pakistan, about 83 kilometres (52 mi) from Muzaffarabad. The valley is divided into the Reshian, Dao Khan, Leepa, and Chananian sections.

Thali dialect Saraiki dialect of Pakistan

Thaḷī is a Lahnda dialect spoken in parts of the Pakistani provinces of Punjab and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. It has a widespread area, starting from Tank to Muzzafargarh on eastern end of Indus River and from Bannu runs down to D I khan at western end of Indus River. It is classified as a northern dialect of Saraiki, although it has also been described as transitional between Shahpuri and the central Saraiki Multani dialect. Its name is derived from the Thal Desert.

Taobat Village in Azad Kashmir, Pakistan

Taobat is a village in Athmuqam Tehsil in Neelam Valley, Azad Kashmir, Pakistan. It is located 200 kilometers (120 mi) from Muzaffarabad and 39 kilometers (24 mi) from Kel. It is the last station in Neelam valley. It is also the nearest location from where Neelam River enters Pakistani territory and becomes River Neelum. In 1998 it had a population of 720.

Kundal Shahi (village) Village in Azad Kashmir, Pakistan

Kundal Shahi is a village and tourist resort in the Neelam Valley in northern Azad Kashmir, Pakistan. It has a scattered settlement area, located on both sides of the Jagran Nallah River, at its confluence with the Neelam River. It is a few minutes walking distance from the Neelam Valley highway, some 74 kilometers (46 mi) by road from Muzaffarabad, and a few kilometres away from the Line of Control between India– and Pakistan-administered Kashmir.

References

  1. "Census 2017: AJK population rises to over 4m". The Nation. Retrieved 2017-09-01.
  2. Grierson 1919, p. 505.
  3. Abbasi 2010, p. 104.
  4. Lothers & Lothers 2010, pp. 26, 80.
  5. Lothers & Lothers 2010, pp. 80, 108.
  6. Lothers & Lothers 2010, pp. 80, 86.
  7. Lothers & Lothers 2010, p. 24–25.
  8. Hallberg & O'Leary 1992, pp. 107, 111–12. For comparison, the shared basic vocabulary with the dialects spoken in the northernmost districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Gilgit, is between 71–74%, with the Hindko of Balakot: 80% and with Urdu: 57%.
  9. Akhtar & Rehman 2007, p. 70.
  10. Information about SPs District Muzaffarabad Archived 2007-11-06 at the Wayback Machine

Bibliography

Coordinates: 34°19′N73°39′E / 34.317°N 73.650°E / 34.317; 73.650