Myślenice

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Myślenice
POL Myslenice 02.jpg
Market Square
POL Myslenice flag.svg
POL Myslenice COA.svg
Lesser Poland Voivodeship location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Myślenice
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Red pog.svg
Myślenice
Coordinates: 49°50′05″N19°56′20″E / 49.83472°N 19.93889°E / 49.83472; 19.93889 Coordinates: 49°50′05″N19°56′20″E / 49.83472°N 19.93889°E / 49.83472; 19.93889
Country Flag of Poland.svg  Poland
Voivodeship POL wojewodztwo malopolskie flag.svg  Lesser Poland Voivodeship
County Myślenice County
Gmina Gmina Myślenice
Government
  MayorJarosław Szlachetka (PiS)
Area
  Total30.1 km2 (11.6 sq mi)
Population
 (2007)
  Total20,261
  Density670/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
32-400
Car plates KMY
Website http://www.myslenice.pl

Myślenice [mɨɕlɛˈɲit͡sɛ] is a town in southern Poland, situated in the Lesser Poland Voivodeship (since 1999), previously in Kraków Voivodeship (1975–1998). Population: 20,261 (2007). The town is divided into six districts. One of them, Zarabie, is a popular local tourist destination. It is located behind the Raba river (Zarabie meaning "Beyond the (River) Raba"), and it has Chełm mountain, with a view tower, a landscape park and ski lifts.

Contents

Myslenice-Zarabie, the River Raba Raba w Myslenicach.JPG
Myślenice-Zarabie, the River Raba

Myślenice is located on the so-called Zakopianka Road, which is a popular name of the European route E77 road, connecting Kraków with Zakopane (the E77 itself separates itself from the Zakopianka at Rabka). Myślenice does not have a train station.

History

Market square and the Church of the Birth of Virgin Mary in Myslenice Myslenice Square 01.jpg
Market square and the Church of the Birth of Virgin Mary in Myślenice

First mentions of Myślenice come from 1253 - 1258. At that time, it was a defensive settlement, with a castle and fortifications, designed to protect Kraków from the south. In 1342, Myślenice received its Magdeburg rights town charter, and it started to develop into a local commercial center. Among visitors who came here, were Mikolaj Rej, who wrote part of his Life of an Honest Man during his stay there; King Władysław II Jagiełło and Queen Jadwiga; German emperor Sigismund; and other personalities. In 1557, Myślenice came under the jurisdiction of Kraków castellans, who were much more concerned with their city. The town began to decline, and it was destroyed in the deluge. In 1772 (see Partitions of Poland), Myślenice was annexed by Austria, and until 1918, it belonged to the province of Galicia. After World War I, the town became part of the Second Polish Republic. On 22 January 1945, Myślenice was liberated by the troops of 38th Army of the 4th Ukrainian Front. Between 1975-1998 the city was part of the Kraków Voivodeship.

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Myślenice is twinned with: [1]

Sports

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "Myślenice - Miasta partnerskie" [Myślenice - Partnership Cities] (in Polish). Archived from the original on 2013-05-02. Retrieved 2013-08-04.
  2. "Portal Bełchatów" [Bełchatów - Partnership Cities]. Miasto Bełchatów [Bełchatów town council] belchatow.pl (in Polish). 2010. Archived from the original on 13 June 2011. Retrieved 22 June 2011.