Myauk Pyinthe (Kunhsaw)

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Myauk Pyinthe
မြောက်ပြင်သည်
Queen of the Northern Palace of Pagan
Tenure1044
Predecessorunknown
Successor Saw Mon Hla
Chief Queen Consort of Pagan
Tenurec. 1014–1021
Predecessor Taung Pyinthe
Successorunknown
Bornc. 990
Pagan (Bagan)
Died?
Pagan
Spouse Saw Rahan II
Kunhsaw Kyaunghpyu
Sokkate
Issue Anawrahta
House Pagan
Religion Theravada Buddhism

Myauk Pyinthe (Burmese : မြောက်ပြင်သည်, pronounced  [mjauʔ pjìɴ ðɛ̀] or [mjauʔ bjìɴ ðɛ̀] ; lit. "Queen of the Northern Palace") was a queen consort of three kings of Pagan, Saw Rahan II, Kunhsaw Kyaunghpyu and Sokkate, and the mother of King Anawrahta, the founder of the Pagan Empire. [1]

Contents

Brief

According to the royal chronicles, she was of royal descent and the youngest of three sisters. She and her two elder sisters were married off to King Saw Rahan (c. 1000). Her two elder sisters became known as Taung Pyinthe ("Queen of the Southern Palace") and Ale Pyinthe ("Queen of the Central Palace") while she received the title, Myauk Pyinthe ("Queen of the Northern Palace"). [1] [2] In 1001, they became queens consort of Kunhsaw who seized the throne by assassinating Saw Rahan. On 11 May 1014, Myauk Pyinthe gave birth to a child, Min Saw (later known as Anawrahta). [3] She later became Queen of the Southern Palace, or the chief queen. [1]

In 1021, Kunhsaw was overthrown and forced to become a monk by his adopted sons Kyiso and Sokkate. [2] Myauk Pyinthe and Min Saw also moved next to the monastery where the deposed king lived on as a monk. The arrangement last until 1044 when Sokkate, who had become king since 1044, forcibly raised Myauk Pyinthe, his maternal aunt, as his queen. [4] It angered Min Saw, who promptly revolted against his cousin. Min Saw slayed Sokkate on 11 August 1044 in single combat on horseback, and seized the throne. [note 1] Chronicles say that the queen dedicated two temples named Pottalin and Yin-Wut-Kyut, after hearing the news of her son's victory over Sokkate. [5] [6]

Notes

  1. Per Zata's horoscope section (Zata 1960: 83) as translated by the editors of (Yazawin Thit Vol. 1 2012: 95, footnote #1).

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References

  1. 1 2 3 Yazawin Thit Vol. 1 2012: 93
  2. 1 2 Hmannan Vol. 1 2003: 227
  3. Yazawin Thit Vol. 1 2012: 95, footnote #2
  4. Hmannan Vol. 1 2003: 228
  5. Hmannan Vol. 1 2003: 229–230
  6. Yazawin Thit Vol. 1 2012: 95

Bibliography

Myauk Pyinthe (Kunhsaw)
Born:c. 990
Royal titles
Preceded by
Taung Pyinthe
Chief Queen Consort of Pagan
1014–1021
Succeeded by
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